Sidor som bilder


Leave them to manage for thee, and to grant
What their unerring Wisdom sees thec want:
In Goodness as in Greatness they excel;
Ab that we lov'd our felves but half so well !
We, blindly by our headArong Paffions led,
Are hot for Action, and defire to Wed;
Then with for Heirs: But to the Gods alone
Our future Offspring, and our Wives, are known;
Th'audacious Strumpet, and ungracious Son.

Yet, not to rob the Priests of pious Gain,
That Altars be not wholly built in vain ;
Forgive the Gods the reft, and stand confin'd
To Health of Body, and Content of Mind:
A Soul, that can securely Death defie,
And count it Nature's Privilege to dic ;
Serene and manly, hardned to sustain
The Load of Life, and exercis'd in Pain :
Guiltless of Hate, and Proof against Desire;
That all things weighs, and nothing can admire :
That dares prefer the Toils of Hercules
To Dalliance, Banquets, and ignoble Ease.

The Path to Peace is Virtue : what I show,
Thy self may freely on thy felf bestow :
Fortune was never worshipp'd by the Wise;
But, set aloft by Fools, usurps the Skies.

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I U V E N A L.




The ARGUMENT. The Design of this Satyr is to expose and reprebend all manner of Intemperance and Debauchery; but more particularly touches that exorbitant Luxury used by the Romans, in their

Feasting. The Poet draws the Occasion from an Invitation, which he bere makes to bis Friend, to Dine with him; very artfully preparing him, with what he was to ex. pect from bis Treat, by beginning the Satyr with a particular Invective against the Vanity and Folly of some Persons, who having but meán Fortunes in the World, attempted to live up to the height of Men of great Estates and Quality., He bews us, the miserable End of such Spend-thrifts and Gluttons; with the Manner and Courses, which they took to bring themselves to it; advising Men to live within Bounds, and to proportion their Inclinations to the Extent of their Fortune. He


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gives bis Friend a Bill of Fare, of the Entertain-
ment he has provided for him; and from there e
takes occafion to reflect upon the Temperance and
Frugality of the Greatest Men, in former Ages
To which he opposes the Riot and Intemperance of
the present ; attributing to the latter a visible Rea
misness, in the Care of Heaven over the Roman
State. He instances fome lewd Practices at their
Feafts, and by the by, touches the Nobility, with
making Vice and Debauchery the chiefest of their
Pleasures. _He concludes with a repeated Invita.
tion to bis Friend; advising bim (in one particu-,
lar somewhat freely) to a neglect of all Cares and
Disquiets, for the present; and a moderate use of
Pleafuret, for the fuiure.
IF Noble Atticus make plenteous Feafts,

And with luxurious Food indulge his Gueks,
His Wealth and Quality support the Treat ;
In him nor is it Luxury, but South
But when poor - Rutilus spends all his Worth,
In hopes of setting one good Dinner forth;
'Tis down-right Madness; for what greater Fests,
Than Begging Gluttons, or than Beggars Feafts?

But Rutilus is so notorious grown,
That he's the Common Theme of all the Towa.

A Man, in his full Tide of Youthful Blood,
Able for Arms, and for his country's good;

1 The Name of a very emi- | Thameful Degree of Poverty. neat Person in Rome: But here This likewise is here made use it is meant to fignify any one of, as a Common Name to all of great Wealth and Quality. Beggarly Gluttons, such whose

3 One who by his own ex- unreasonable Appetites remain travagant Gluttony, was at after their Eftates are coplu: length reduc'd. to the most med..


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