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The ARGUMENT. The Judicious Casaubon, in his Proem to this Satyrg.
tells us, That Aristophanes-the Grammarian boa ing, ask'd, wbat Poem of Archilochus his lambicks he preferred before the rest ; answer'd, The bongeft. His Answer may juftly be apply'd to this Fifth Saytr ; which, being of a greater length than any of the rest, is alsó, by far, the most in. Structive : For this reason I have selected it from all the others, and infcrib'd it to my Learned Mas ster Dr. Busby; to whom I am not only obliged my self for the best part of my own Education, and that of my two Sons; but have also receiv'd from him the first and truest Taste of Persius. May be be pleas”d to find in this Transtation, the Gratitude, or at least some small Acknowledgement of bis unworthy Scholar, at the Distance of 24
Years, from the time when I departed from un
der bis Tuition. This Satyr
, consists of two diftin& Parts: The first contains the Praises of the Stoick Philosopher Cornutus, Master and Tutor to our Persius. It also declares the Love and Piety of Persius, to his well-deserving Master; and the mutual friendship which continued betwixt them, after Persius was now grown a Man. As also his Exhortation to Young Noblemen, that they wou'd enter them. felves into his Institution. From bence he makes an artful Transition into the second part of his Subject : wherein he first complains of the Sloth of Scholars, and afterwards perswades them to the pursuit of their true Liberty: Here our Author excellently treats that Paradox of the Stoicks, which affirms, that the Wife or Virtuous Man is only free; and that all Vicious Men are naturally Slaves. And, in the Illustration of this Dogma, he takes up the remaining Part of this inimitable Satyr.
The FIFTH SAT YR.
Inscrib'd to the Reverend Dr. BUS BY.
The Speakers Persius and Cornutus.
PERSIV S. OF
f ancient Use to Poets it belongs,
To with themselves an hundred Mouths and Tongues : Whether to the well-lung'd Tragedians Rage They recommend their Labours of the Stage,
Or fing the Parthian, when transfix'd he lies,
Corn. And why wou'dit thou these mighty Morsels chụsc,
Perf. 'Tis not, indeed, my Talent to engage
1 Progne was Wife to Tereus, eaten by his Father. King of Thracia: Tereus fell in 2 Thyestes and Atrens were Love with Philomela, sister to Brothers, both Kings: Atreuse Progne, ravish'd her, and cut to Revenge himself of his unout her Tongue: In Revenge natural Brother, kill'd the of which, Progne kill'd Itys, Sons of Thyestes, and inviced her own Son by Terens ; and him to eat them. fesv'd him up at a Fcaft, to be
Knock on my Heart: for thou haft skill to find
2 If it sound solid, or be filld with Wind; And, thro’the veilof Words, thou view't the oaked Mind.
For this a hundred Voices I delire,
2. By the Childish Robe, is | Roman Youths wore, were Meant the Pratexia, or first white, and without any Im. Gowns which the Roman Chilpress, or Device on them, to dren of Quality wore : these thew they had yer. Atchier'd were welted with Purple; and nothing in the Wars. on those Welts were faften'd s Socrates, by the Oracle, the Bulla, or little Bells ; was declar'd to be the Wiselt which when they came to the of Mankind: He inftra&ed Age of Puberty, were hung up, many of the Athenian Young and Consecrated to the Lares, Noblemen in Morality, and or Houthold Gods.
among the rest Alcibiadesa The first Shield which the