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Well, is callid Liberality : And 'tis of this Virtue that Persius writes in this Satyr; wherein be not only shews the lawful Use of Riches, but also sharply inveighs against the Vices which are oppos’d to it; and especially of those, which consist in the Defects of Giving or Spending; or in the Abuse of Riches. He writes to Cælius Bassus bis Friend, and a Poet also. Enquires first of bis Health and Studies; and afterwards informs bim of his own, and where he is now resident. He gives an account of himself, that he is endeavouring by little and little to wear off his Vices; and particularly, that he is combating Ambition, and the Desire of Wealth. He dwells upon the latter Vice: And being sensible that few Men either desire or use Riches as they ought, he endeavours to convince them of their Folly; which is the main Design of the whole Satyr.
The S I X T H SA TYR
To Cælius Ballus, & Lyrick Poet.
And seek' in Sabine Air a warm Retreat ?
I And seek, in Sabine Air, &c. of their studies, wascall'd their All the Studious, and particular. Elucubrations, or Nightly Laly the Poets, about the end of bours. They who had Country
August, began to set themselves Seats, retir'd to them while they on Work: Refraining from Wri- Studied : As Perfius did to his, ting, during the Heats of the which was near the Port of the Summer. They wrote by Night, Moon in Etruria ; and Ballus to and sat up the greatest part of it: his which was in the
Country of For which Reafon the Product the Sabines, nearer Rome.
Now fporting on thy Lyre the Loves of Youth,
For me, my warmer Conftitution wants
Secure and free from Business of the Statej
То When I behold a larger Crop than mine:
2. Now sporting on shy Lyre, &c. , five Drinker of Wine. In a Dream, This proves Casius Bassus to have or Vision, call you it which you Been a Lyrick Poet,? 'Tis said please, he thought it was revcáľd of him, that by an Eruption of to him, that the Soul of Pythathe Flaming Mountain Vesuvius, goraswastransmigrated into him: near which the greatest Part of As Pythagoras, before him believe his Fortune lay, he was burnt ed, that himself had been Esmo himself, together with all his phorbws in the Wars of Troy.Com Writings.
mentators differ in placing the 3. Who in a drunken Dream, &c. Order of this soul, and who had I call it a Drunken Dream of it filft I have here given it to Ennius; not that my Author in the Peacock, because it looks. this place gives me any encou more according to the Order ragement for ube Epithet; but of Nature, that it houd lodge because Horaces and all who men- in a Creature of an inferior siou Ennius, fay he was an excell. Species i and so by Gradation
To see a Beggar's Brat in Riches flow,
For me, I'll use my own; and take my Mare;
Where, rise to the informing of a Man. , and not, that any such AcciAnd Perfius favours me, by fay, dent had happen'd'to
one of the ing, that Finnius was the Fifth Friends of Perfius. But, howefrom ihe Pythagorean Peacock. ver, this is the moft Poetical
4 My Friend is Shipwreckid, Description of any in our Alu&c. Perhaps this is only a fine chor : And Gince he and Lucan Tranfition of the Poet, to intro. were fo grear Friends, I know duçc thç Buliacfs of the Saryr; nor bur Lucan might help him,