Elements of International Law, Volym 2

Framsida
Lea and Blanchard, 1836 - 655 sidor
 

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CHAPTER II
51
Limited sovereignty ib 3 Tributary and vassal states e
52
Personal union under the same sovereign ib 6 Real union under the same sovereign
53
Incorporate union e ib 8 Union between Russia and Polan e ib 9 Federal union
55
Confederated states each retaining its own sovereignty
56
United States of America
66
Swiss confederation e
68
Sovereignty when acquired
70
Identity of a state how affected by external violence
71
By the joint effect of internal and external violence confirmed by treaty
72
Province or colony asserting its independence how considered by other foreign states ºr
74
PART SEcond Absolute INTERNAtros AL RIGHTs of STATEs CHAPTER I
81
Right of intervention
82
Wars of the French Revolution
85
Congress of Troppau and of Laybach
86
Congress of Verona
87
War between Spain and her American colonies
88
British interference in the affairs of Portugal in 1826
89
Interference of the Christian powers of Europe in favour of the Greeks
91
º RIGHTS OF INDEPENDENCE 1 Independence of the state in respect to its internal government
95
Independence of every state in respect to the choice of its rulers
96
Exceptions growing out of compact or other just right of inter vention
97
Exclusive power of civil and criminal legislation
98
Droit dAubaine
99
Personal status
100
Lex loci contractus
105
Foreign sovereign his ambassador army or fleet within the territory of another state
106
Jurisdiction of the state over its public and private vessels on the high seas
107
Consular jurisdiction
109
Independence of the state as to its judicial power ib 14 Extent of the judicial power over criminal offences
110
Extraterritorial operation of a criminal sentence
112
Piracy under the law of nations ib 17 Slave trade whether prohibited by the law of nations
114
Extent of the judicial power as to property within the territory
118
Distinction between the rule of decision and the rule of proce dure as affecting cases in rem
119
Conclusiveness of foreign sentences in rem
120
Extent of the judicial power over foreigners residing within the territory e e
121
Distinction between the rule of decision and rule of proceeding in cases of contract e
124
Conclusiveness of foreign sentences in personal actions
127
CHAPTER III
130
Royal honours º º ib 3 Precedence among princes and states enjoying royal honours ib 4 Usage of the alternat
132
Language used in diplomatic intercourse
133
Titles of sovereign princes and states ib 7 Maritime ceremonials p
135
CHAPTER IV
137
of time
138
Maritime territorial jurisdiction
142
Extent of the term coasts or shore s
143
Claim to contiguous portions of the sea for special purposes
144
Claims to portions of the sea upon the ground of prescription
145
Controversy respecting the dominion of the seas
148
Rivers forming part of the territory of the state
150
Right of innocent passage on rivers flowing through differen states e e
151
Incidental right to use the banks of the rivers ib 14 These rights imperfect in their nature
152
Modification of these rights by compact ib 16 Treaties of Vienna respecting the great European rivers ib 17 Navigation of the Rhine
153
Navigation of the Mississippi
156
Navigation of the St Lawrence
160
PART Third
165
INTERNATIONAL RIGHTS OF STATES IN THEIR PACIFIC RELATIONs CHAPTER I
167
Right to send and obligation to receive public minister ib 3 Rights of legation to what states belonging
168
How affected by civil war or contest for the sovereignty
169
Conditional reception of foreign ministers ib 6 Classification of public ministers
170
Letters of credence s d
172
Full power
173
Cartels truces and capitulations ib 3 Sponsions e
186
Full power and ratification ib 5 The treatymaking power dependent on the municipal constitu tion
187
Auxiliary legislative measures how far necessary to the validi ty of a treaty e
188
Transitory conventions perpetual in their nature
189
Treaties the opération of which cease in certain cases
191
Guarantees
192
Distinction between a surety and a guarantee
193
Treaties of alliance e
194
Casus foederis of a defensive alliance ib 14 Hostages for the execution of treaties
204
Interpretation of treaties ib 16 Mediation e ib 17 Diplomatic history
205
PART FourTH
207
INTERNATIONAL RIGHTs of STATES IN THEIR HostILE RELATIONs CHAPTER I
209
Reprisals
210
Effect of reprisals
211
Embargo previous to declaration of hostilities ib 5 Right of making war in whom vested
212
Public or solemn war e ib 7 Perfect or imperfect war e
213
Rule of reciprocity
218
Debts due to the enemy
219
Trading with the enemy unlawful on the part of subjects of the belligerent state
221
Trade with the common enemy unlawful on the part of al lied subjects e
227
Contracts with the enemy prohibited e e
228
Persons domiciled in the enemys country liable to reprisals
229
Species of residence constituting domicil
230
Merchants residing in the east e e
244
House of trade in the enemys country
246
National character of ships e ib 22 Sailing under the enemys license
247
Rights of war against an enemy
249
Limits to the rights of war against the persons of an enemy ib 3 Exchange of prisoners of war
251
Fremys property how far subject to capture and confiscation
252
Ravaging the enemys territory when lawful
253
Distinction between private property taken at sea or on land
254
Noncommissioned captors
255
Privateers ib 11 Title to property captured in war
256
Validity of maritime captures determined in the courts of the captors country
257
Jurisdiction of the courts of the captor how far exclusive
258
Condemnation by consular tribunal sitting in the neutral country
259
Responsibility of the captors government for the acts of its commissioned cruisers and courts
266
Title to real property how transferred in war jus postliminii
269
Good faith towards enemies
270
Power to conclude an armistice
271
Period of its operation ib 21 Rules for interpreting conventions of truce
272
Recommencement of hostilities on the expiration of truce
273
Capitulations for the surrender of troops and fortresses ib 24 Passports safeconducts and licenses e
275
Licenses to trade with the enemy e ib 26 Authority to grant licenses
277
Ransom of captured property e
278
Contraband of war
281
mys service
326
Penalty for the carrying of contraband
329
Rule of the war of 1756
334
Breach of blockade
336
Right of visitation and search
347
Forcible resistance by an enemy master
351
Right of a neutral to carry his goods in an armed enemy vessel
352
Neutral vessels under enemys convoy liable to capture
353
CHAPTER IV
365
Power of making treaties of peace limited in its extent
366
Effects of a treaty of peace
368
Uti possidetis the basis of every treaty of peace unless the con trary be expressed e
370
From what time the treaty of peace commences its operation
371
In what condition things taken are to be restored
373
Breach of the treaty e e
374

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Populära avsnitt

Sida 77 - ... is not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers; to consider the Government de facto as the legitimate Government for us; to cultivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy; meeting in all instances the just claims of every power, submitting to injuries from none.
Sida 77 - It is impossible that the Allied Powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness; nor can any one believe that our southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord. It is equally impossible, therefore, that we should behold such interposition in any form with indifference.
Sida 77 - ... principle satisfactory to themselves, to have interposed, by force, in the internal concerns of Spain. To what extent such interposition may be carried on the same principle, is a question in which all independent powers whose governments differ from theirs are interested, even those most remote, and surely none more so than the United States.
Sida 37 - The seat of judicial authority is indeed locally here, in the belligerent country, according to the known law and practice of nations, but the law itself has no locality.
Sida 144 - His Catholic Majesty will permit the citizens of the United States, for the space of three years from this time, to deposit their merchandise and effects in the port of New Orleans, and to export them from thence without paying any other duty than a fair price for the hire of the stores...
Sida 105 - No principle of general law is more universally acknowledged than the. perfect equality of nations. Russia and Geneva have equal rights. It results from this equality, that no one can rightfully impose a rule on another. Each legislates for itself, but its legislation can operate on itself alone.
Sida 77 - Our policy in regard to Europe, which was adopted at an early stage of the wars which have so long agitated that quarter of the globe, nevertheless remains the same, which is not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers; to consider the government de facto as the legitimate government for us...
Sida 80 - Russias, penetrated with the necessity of putting an end to the sanguinary contest which, by delivering up the Greek provinces and the isles of the Archipelago to all the disorders of anarchy, produces daily fresh impediments to the commerce of the European States, and gives occasion to piracies, which not only expose the subjects of the High Contracting Parties to considerable losses, but besides render necessary burdensome measures of protection and repression...
Sida 329 - And whereas it frequently happens that vessels sail for a port or place belonging to an enemy, without knowing that the same is...
Sida 299 - ... as applying to those powers only who recognize this principle; but if either of the two contracting parties shall be at war with a third and the other neutral, the flag of the neutral shall cover the property of enemies whose governments acknowledge this principle, and not of others.

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