The Most-favored-nation Clause in Commercial Treaties: Its Function in Theory and in Practice and Its Relation to Tariff Policies
University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1910 - 121 sidor
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The Most-favored-nation Clause in Commercial Treaties: Its Function in ...
Stanley Kuhl Hornbeck
Obegränsad förhandsgranskning - 1910
accorded adopted advantages agree agreement American appears apply arrangements basis become bounty Britain British century claim colonies commerce commercial policy commercial treaties common compensation conceded concerning concessions conditional conditional form considered contain continue contracting parties convention countries demand difference discrimination duties economic effect England English enjoy equal equivalent European exception existing exportation extended fact favor favored-nation force foreign France freely French future Germany give given Glier granted gratuitously guarantee immediately important interpretation Italy July limited matter means ment Moore most-favored most-favored-nation clause most-favored-nation treatment nation navigation object obligations operation original period political position practice present principle privileges protective provisions Prussia question rates reciprocity recognized regards relations rule Spain specified stipulations subjects sugar suggests tariff third tion trade treaty treaty of 1828 unconditional United Visser
Sida 349 - The Most Christian King and the United States engage mutually not to grant any particular favour to other nations, in respect of commerce and navigation, which shall not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy the same favour, freely, if the concession was freely made, or on allowing the same compensation, if the concession was conditional.
Sida 360 - If either party shall hereafter grant to any other nation any particular favor in navigation or commerce, it shall immediately become common to the other party, freely, where it is freely granted to such other nation, or on yielding the same compensation, when the grant is conditional.
Sida 403 - Nor shall any prohibition be imposed on the exportation or importation of any articles, the...
Sida 364 - ... which either contracting party has actually granted, or may hereafter grant, to the subjects or citizens of any other State, shall be extended to the subjects or citizens of the other high contracting party gratuitously...
Sida 374 - ... navigation, which either contracting party has actually granted, or may hereafter grant, to the subjects or citizens of any other State, shall be extended to the subjects or citizens of the other...
Sida 350 - ... those interior regulations which it shall find most convenient to itself; and by founding the advantage of commerce solely upon reciprocal utility and the just rules of free intercourse; reserving withal to each party the liberty of admitting at its pleasure other nations to a participation of the same advantages.
Sida 370 - I would impress upon you that if you intend, in this conflict of commercial treaties, to hold your own, you must be prepared, if need be, to inflict upon the nations which injure you the penalty which is in your hands, that of refusing them access to your markets.
Sida 354 - ... conditional — the other not so amplified. This proviso, when it occurs, is merely explanatory, inserted out of abundant caution. Its absence does not impair the rule of international law that such concessions are only gratuitous (and so transferable) as to third parties when not based on reciprocity or mutually reserved interests as between the contracting parties. This ground has been long and consistently maintained by the United States.
Sida 360 - ... the growth, produce or manufacture of any other foreign country. Nor shall any prohibition be imposed on the...