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Gentleman's Magazine:

AND

Historical Chronicle.

From JULY to DECEMBER, 1820.

VOLUME XC.

(Being THE THIRTEENTH OF A NEW SERIES.)

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TO SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

ON COMPLETING HIS NINETIETH VOLUME.

Year;

lies ;

LOUD roard the storm with fierce and Across the sea-green wave on Gallia's wild career,

land Wheu Time, revolving swift, renewed the The miscreant Louvel rear'd his murd'rous

hand. Deep fleecy snows o'erspread the frozen in Berri's side deep plung'd the deadly ground,

knife; And Desolation held her reign around. The blood fast spouting ends the Prince's But while such scenes, terrific, meet the

life. eye,

What shouts of indignation widely spread, Sylvanus strives fresh pleasures to sup. While Justice, stern, lopp'd off th' assasply.

sin's head. Tho' all the elements contend and rage, What splendid treasures glisten on his

But miscreants too pollute Britannia's

isle, page!

And Cato-street beheld their meetings vile: High on record, what fam'd events ap There Fiends assembled in a close divan, pear!

Foul treasons hatch, and horrid murders Within the circle of the deeting year.

plan: To taste the breath of Devon's tepid air, Arrested by the potent arm of State, Oa Sidmouth's banks; see Kent and suite

The halter closes their untimely fate. repair.

Who but delights to read Sylvanus' page, Mysterious sale a winged arrow sped, Recording teeds of this advent'rous age: Which mingled Edward with th' illustrious What time, that Party with a gallant train, dead.

Stemm'd the fierce torrents of the NorAnd while his breathless corse lamented

thero main.

Than him no skilful Navigator yet, 0! grief on grief! bis Sire, our Monarch, Nearer the Pole, the gelid waters met. dies.

In Melville's Bay, obscur'd from Heaven's Nigh sixty annual rounds George bore the

bright view,
sway,

Fast frozen, pass’d the Winter, with his
Tho' fell disease assail'd his latter day.
The loud laments his virtues best proclaim, And when more genial days dissolved the
And consecrate his Acts on rolls of fame.

sea,
The sun, with roses drest, brings in the Agaio to Westward plough'd his daring

way. day,

But famine, arm'd with every horror great, And gilds the gorgeous pageant with his

Porc'd the bold Chieftain homeward to ray.

retreat, The trumpets swell with animating sound, With trappings fraught, the coursers paw Of State affairs, the Muse forbears to the ground.

sing, Princes, and Knights, and Barons, bend Nor Councils at Troppau will forward bring.

Then, Urban! from thy vast and brilliant The sumptuous Heralds all their pomp

store
display.

Of great events, will only note one more,
The polish'd sabres of the soldiery gleam; Elizabeth is born to Brunswick's Line,
And thro' the cavalcade rich banners May ev'ry blessing on the Princess shine !
stream.

And should she e'er the British Sceptre
Rejoicing multitudes encircle round;

wield, Whose shouts and plaudits thro' the air May not her splendid name to Great Eliza's resound.

yield! The London citizens pour glad acclaims; While George the Fourth, the Garter King

Teversal Rectory, WILLIAM RAWLINS. proclaims.

Dec. 30, 1820.

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PREFACE.

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The completion of another Volume calls upon us to acknowledge with thanks the support which we have received from our Correspondents; and a few words concerning our own exertions will not perhaps be deemed superfluous. The prominent character of our labours has hitherto been that of pleasantly announcing and stating matters in business, literature, taste, and on all other subjects ; in short, catching “the manners living as they rise :” and by this plan, we preserve and celebrate many things, which any other form of publication would fail to do. This we mention, because we sincerely believe that, were it not for the plan upon which we conduct our Publication, matters importantly connected with Science, abstracted from the grand concerns of Life, would meet with no notice whatever ; for instance, Philology, Heraldry, Topography, Biography, various Arts, and articles of Criticism and polite Literature, are thus preserved, without requiring that painful attention which Journals (however meritorious they may be) conducted upon the principle of copying foreign periodical Works, and thus giving Transactions of learned Societies,” by no means include.

Though much has been already done towards illustrating the Local as well as the Biographical History of England, much remains to be performed : our circle in this department is by no means diffused, but we have endeavoured to convey the most remarkable information in a small compass, without attempting to embody local traditions, or substitute anecdotes, unsupported by authority, for facts. The lighter branches of Topography have been treated upon in our Miscellaneous Correspondence; and as it is our wish to render our MAGAZINE a Miscellany which may be valued in future years, we have generally brought forward such Communications as may be hereafter found of utility.

We have long kept an expectant eye to the period when England may boast of a complete system of Topography, and lament that several Counties still remain without an Historian : it is to be hoped, however, that they will not long lie under that imputation; the difficulty yearly decreases, materials are amassed with much greater facility than here tofore; and the most minute investigation may now detect“ falsehood repdered venerable by prejudice.” While, however, we state what we wish to be accomplished, let us not forget what has been done. The Historians of Leicestershire, Surrey, and Cheshire, have happily lived to see their Volumes most favourably received by the Publick. The Histories of the Counties of Hertford, Northampton, Durham, and York, are in a progressive state; Wiltshire will soon be in the Press; and will be followed, it is confidently hoped, by those of Oxford, and Cambridge. The Visitations of Durham (an example which we wish to see followed elsewhere) have been given to the Publick; and the

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