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. .* 0 FT HÉ . CHARACTER, MANNERS, RELIGIỌN, GOVERNMENT

OF THE CARTHAGINIANS.

... Se è T. I. CARTH AGE Formd upon the Model of Tyrus, of which

; She was a Colony.

HE Carthaginians ow'd to the Tyrians not only their Origin, but their Manners, their Language, their Customs, their

Laws, their Religion, their Taste for, and Application to Commerce, as the whole Sequel will declare. They spoke the same Language with the Tyrians, or rather with the Canaanites and Ifrae

lites, that is to say,' the Hebrew Tongue, from Bochard, which the Tirian was, at least, entirely deriv'd. Their - Part 2. Names had commonly some particular Meaning : B.&.6.16. Thus Hanno signify'd gracious, bountiful; Dido, i amiable or well belovd; Sophonisba, one wbo keeps faithfully her Husband's Secrets, From a Spirit of

Religion

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HANNIBAL athine Years of Age,Swearing

Enmity to the Romans. P. 251,
Published Feb. i. 1954, 6yJ & P. Knapton

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Religion they likewise joynd the Name of God to
their own, agreeably to the Genius of the Hebrews.
Hannibal, which answers to Ananias, signifies Baal
(or the Lord) has been gracious to me. Afdrubal:
answering to Azartas, signifies the Lord will be our
Succour. It is thus with other Names, Adherbal,
Mabarbal, Mastanabals &c. The Word Pæni, from
which comes Punic, is the same with Phuni or
Phénicians, because they drew their Origin from
Phoenicia. In the Penulus of Plautus is a Scene
which has much exercis'd the Wits of the Learned a.

BUT, the strict and close Union, which always subfifted between the Phenicians and Carthaginians, is fomething still more remarkable. When Cambysos Herodot. resolv'd upon a War with these laft, the Phenicians, L. 3.C.17 who form'd the Strength of his Naval Army, told 19... him plainly that they cou'd not serve him against their Countrymen; and this Declaration oblig'd him to desist. The Carthaginians on their Side were ne- ' ver forgetful of the Place from whence they came, and drew their Origin. They sent regularly every Polyb. Year to Tyrus, a Ship loaden with Presents as a Legation Quit-rent or Acknowledgment paid to their ancient 114. Country; and her tutelar Gods had an annual Sa

Q.Curt. L

4. ¢ 2, 3 crifice offer'd to them by Carthage as to her own" Protectors. The firft Fruits of their Revenues were never negle&ted to be fent, nor the Tithe of the Spoils and Booty taken from their Enemies, as Of ferings to Hercules, one of the principal Gods of Tyrus and Carthage? The Tyrians, to secure froņ : Alexander, besieging their City, the most dear Parts of themselves, their Wives and Children, fent them : to Carthage, where, in the Time of a War greatly Itraitening that City, they were receiv’d and enter* tain'd with a Kindness and á Generosity, such as might be expected from Parents at once the mof

a The firft scene of the 5th tit in the second Book of bis Mif AH, translated into Latin by Ve- cellanies,

I 2

tender

EL

tender and opulent. These constant Marks of a
warm and fincere Acknowledgment are more ho-
nourable to any Nation than the most extended Con-
quests, and the most glorious Victories.
SECT. II. The Religion of the CAR-

: THAGINIANS.
TT appears from feveral Passages of the History
1 of Carthage that her Generals regarded as an
ellential indispensable Duty, the beginning and end-

ing all Enterprizes with the Worship of the Gods. Liv. I. 21. Amilcar Father of the great Hannibal before he n. 1. entered Spain as an Enemy, was careful to sacrifice Ibid."

to the Gods; and his Son, treading in his Steps, - n. 21.

before he left Spain to march against Rome, repair'd to Cadiz to pay his Vows made to Hercules, and make new ones, if that God was propitious to him. After the Battle of Canna, when he acquainted Carthage with the joyful News, he recommended above all things a Thanksgiving to the Gods for the Victories granted by them to his Arms b.

NOR was a religious honouring of the Deity the Ambition of private Persons only; it was the

Genius and Humour of the whole Nation. L. 7. POLYBIUS has transmitted to us a Treaty of p. 09). Peace between Philip King of Macedon and the Care Edit. Gronov.

thaginians, wherein the Respect of the latter for the Deity, their intimate Persuasion of the Gods assisting and presiding over human A&tions, and particularly solemn Treaties made in their Name, Sight and Presence, are sensibly display'd. There we find mention’d five or six different Orders of Divinities; and this Enumeration appears very extraordinary in a publick Act, such as is a Treaty of Peace between two Empires. I shall give my Reader the very

b Pro his tantis totque vi&oriis libus agi haberique, Liv. 1; 23. yerum esse grates Diis immorta- n. 11.

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