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MIDDLE EGYPT or HEPT A

NOMIS.

A EMPHIS was the capital of this part of MV Egypt. Here were many stately temples, especially that of the god Apis, who was honour'd in this city after a particular manner. I shall speak of it hereafter, as well as of the pyramids which stood in the neighbourhood of this place, and rendered it so famous. Memphis was situated on the weft-side

of the Nile. - Theveriot. GRAND CAIRO, which seems to have succeed:. ed Memphis, was built on the other side of that

river. The castle of Cairo is one of the greateft curiosities in Egypt. It stands on a hill without the city; has a rock for its foundation, and is surrounded with walls of a vast height and folidity. You go up to the castle by a way hewn out of the rock, and which is so easy of ascent, that loaded horses and camels get up without difficulty. The greatest rarity in this castle is Joseph's well, so call'd, either because the Egyptians are pleased with ascribing their most remarkable particulars to that great man, or because there is really such a tradition in the country. This is a proof at least, that the work in question is very ancient ; and 'tis certainly worthy the magnificence of the most powerful kings of Egypt. This well, has all it were, two stories, cut out of the rock to a prodigious depth. One descends to the reservoir of water, between the two wells, by a stair-case seven or eight foot broad, consisting of two hundred and twenty steps, and fo contrived, that the oxen employed to throw up the water go down with all imaginable ease, the descent being scarce perceptible.

in well is supplied from a spring, which is almost vels d orndh one in the whole country. The oxen are

continually

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