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bore the same name. At the top of this to
plain, according to the manner of the ani
navigantibus. i. e. Sostratus the Cnidian, le
that his name shouid not be so much as mentio
deed would be very ill placed here. This als
informis us that Softratus, in order that the whole ....ry of that noble structure might be ascribed to
felf, caused the infcription with his own name
carved in the marble, which he afterwards cover
titead of procuring the architect the honour with w
Riches failed not to bring into this city, as is
trati Cnidii architecti itrus † Magno animo Ptolemæi re- nomen inscribi. Plin.
verb *. In this city arts and sciences were also industriously cultivated'; witness that stately edifice, surnamed the Musæum, where the literati used to meer, and were maintained at the publick expence ; and the famous library, which was augmented confiderably by Ptolemy Philadelphus, and which, by the magnificence of the Kings his successors, at last con"tained seven hundred thousand volumes. In Cæsar's Plut. in wars with the Alexandrians, part of this library, Cæl. (plac'd in the t Bruchion,) which con Gifted of four:
ur Seneca de hundred thousand volumes, was unhappily consumed tranquill. by fire.
Pero9GYPT was ever considered by all the
ancients, as the most renowned school for
whence molt arts and sciences were dea s rived. This kingdom bestowed its no. .: blest labours and finest arts on the improving mankind;
and Greece was so sensible of this, that its most il.. luftrious men, as Homer, Pythagoras, Plato; even
its great legislators, Lycurgus and Solon, with many :: more whom it is needless to mention, travelled into
Egypt, there to complete their studies, and draw
from that fountain whatever was most rare and vaF... Juable in every kind of learning. God himself has
given this kingdom a glorious teftimony; when Acts 7.22. praising Moses, he says of him, that he was learned
liin all the wisdom of the Egyptians.::: :.
To give some idea of the manners and customs of Egypt, I shall confine myself principally to these particulars: Its Kings and government ; priests and religion; soldiers and war ; fciences, arts and trades.
The reader must not be surprized, if he sometimes finds, in the customs I take nočice of, a kind of contradiction. This cirçoktance is owing, either