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Scipio becomes Master of all Spain. He is nan'd Consul, and palles into Africa. Hannibal recall'd

281 Interview between Hannibal and Scipio in "Africa, followed by a Battle

393 Peace concluded between the Carthaginians and Romans. The End of the second Punick War

296 A mort Refle&tion on the Government of Carthage about the Time of the second Punick War

300 Interval between the second and third Punick War

301 SECT I. The Continuation of Hannibal's History

302 Hannibal reforms the Courts of Justice and the Treasury at Carthage

ibid.' Hannibal's Retreat and Death. i 305 Hannibal's Elogy and Character

- 313. SECT II. Differences between the Carthaginians

and Mafiniffa King of Numidia ARTICLE IV. The third Punick War 325

A Digresion concerning the Manners and Character of the second Scipio Africanus 350 The History of the Family and Pofterity of Mafinissa


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ERRATA, in the History of the Egyptians.


Age 4. 1. 2. r. Heptanomis. p. 8. 1. 38. infate -r. imitate; I p. 9. 1. ult. deffroy'd r. design'd; p. 10. 1. 4. and p. 16. 1. 23. to 1. in ; p. 12. 1. 17. r. rise ; p. 15. 1. 26. liitle r. subtle ; p. 16. I. 5. after fame put a ; p. 46. 1. 31. r. Almighty ; p. 62. I. 9. r. Flakes ; p. 63. 1. 28. boiled f. bolled; p. 68. 1. 15. 16. dele, which reigned in this Kingdom of God; p.74. 1. 20. Condu&t r. Court; ib. 1. 22. his to its; ib. I. 27. 1: own's P. 76. 1. 4. Idumis r. Busiris ; p. 83. I. 5. Macbus r. Inachus; p. 93. 1. penult. were r. wore ; P: 24:-1. S: There r, Togfe..

In the Hiftory of the Caribaginians.

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: D Age 123. 1. 5. impartial r. imperfect; p. 131. 1. 10. dele bad

I before supported; p. 139. 1. 9. f, bave bad ; P 141. 1. 25. .: Jupice r. Inju ptice; p. 142. 1. 3. bear r. bave; ib. 1. 10. impi

OMS simperious ; p. 143. 1. 19. r. inexor able; p 145. 1. 11. r.
Mummius ; ib. 1. 24. 1. sichæus ; p. 152. I. 19. r. Durius;
p. 151. 1. 12. and 152. I. 24. 1. Tarraconenfis ; p. 149. Note'.
i Arcudia ; ib. r. Naima or Taimi ; p. 160. &c. Selinuntum r..
Selinus ; p. 162. I. penult. . s. Phalaris ; p. 163. I. 26. Town
r. 'Power; p. 166. I. 23. Arcedia r. Acrădina ; ib. 1. 28. lon-

ger r. long ; p. 171. 1. 28. r. Thegium , p. 189. Note. Son r. : Sort; p: 201. 1. 30. undeniable r. unavoidable ; p. 210. 1. 26. 1. after Besiegers put a ; p. 213. 1. last, furnisb'd r. finißda p. 220.

1. 37. secure r. severe ; p. 227. 1. 27. Excuses r. Exresses; p. 236. 1. 16. of r.or; p. 238. I. 27. arrefting r. wresting ; p. 241. 1. 20. r. bought ; p. 242. l. 7. I. bigber ; p. 249. 1. 28. put Lacinian before Promontory ; p. 251. I. 21, put not before perswading ; p. 255. 1. 8.. was r. were; p. 319. 1. 22. r, withdrad.



SECT. I. The Vsefulness of Prophane Histo

ry, chiefly with regard to Religion. :

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T HE Study of prophane History. We are te would by no means deserve a seri-obferve in

Hiftory beous Attention, or a long Applicati-rides faits

on, if it was confind to a barren and cbroKnowledge of the Facts of Antiquity, and hological

meyi an, Dates,
a dull Inquiry into the Dates and Years of
every remarkable Event. It is of little Con-
cern to us to know that there were once liv-
ing such Men as Alexander, Cæfar, Aristides, the
Cato, and that they flourish'd in this or that
Year of the World; that the Empire of the
Allyrians gave place to that of the Babyloni.
ans, this to the Empire of the Medes and
Persians, who at last themselves yielded to
the superior Force of the Macedonians, in
their Turn fwabow'd up in the mighty Em-
pire of Rome. ?

I. The But it is of great Importance to know by Reasons of what Methods these Empires were founded, the Elevaby what Steps they rose to that Elevation of many of the most



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Grandeur which we admire, wherein confifted their solid Glory and real Happiness, and to

what Causes their Decay and Fall were owing. 2. The Ge. Nor is it less concerning to study carefully eius and the Manners of the People, their Genius, of the Peo their Laws, their Customs; and above all, Ble and to remark what were the Characters, the Sheir Gove-Talents, the Virtues, the very Vices of those

who govern’d thern, and whó, by their good or bad Qualities, contributed to the Rise and Fall of the Empire, which had them for Conductors and Masters.

These are the great Objects which ancient History presents to our Understandings, bringing as it were in Review the Kingdoms and Empires of the old World before us, and along with them all the great Men who have a distinguish'd themselves in any manner ; by which we are instructed less by Precept than Example, above all in the Arts of Empire, in the Science of War, in the Principles of Government, in the Rules of Policy, in the Maxims of Civil Society, and the Conduct

of Life proper to all Ages and Conditions. 2. The Ori- FROM hence likewise we learn, what no gin and Man, who has a Taste and an Inclination for prosessored fine Learning, can be indifferent about, by of Arts and" Sciences, what Means it was that Arts and Sciences

were invented, cultivated, and brought to : Perfection; here the Reader discovers and traces as it were with his Eye their Origin and y Progress; and fees with Admiration that the nearer he approaches to those Places which were the Habitations of the Sons of Noah, the more he finds Arts and Sciences approach

which we are

in in the Art Principles


the mos

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