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UNIVERSAL SALVATION.

I have been the biting sarcasm of the fiend that hissed A CERTAIN print, devoted to the diffusion of the in their words—" Fear not !"- Independent. doctrine that the guilty and the good are alike happy hereafter, has on its front this text of Scripture:

APOSTASY DESTROYS THE CONFIDENCE " And the angel said unto them, fear not, for behold!

EVEN OF WORLDLY MEN. I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be | It is well known that Frederick the Great took to all people.”—Luke ii, 9, 10.

pride in having his soldiers well disciplined ; and The text is wrongly quoted, as any reader may was therefore particularly attentive to the conduct observe, in respect of its punctuation; and the fact of the subalterns. It is perhaps not so well known that it is attributed to two passages, only the last of that he sometimes manifested a real respect for re which really contains it, does not seem to argue ligious people ; for few men could more clearly disgreat familiarity with that particular portion of the

cern the excellence of the conduct produced by holy Scripture in those who have assumed it. But take it principles. While, therefore, he sneered at Chrisas it stands, and think of it a moment as applied to tianity, he sometimes promoted to offices of trust the doctrine of the universal salvation of men, with those who consistently maintained it. out respect to their character or life! Suppose it to A sergeant, of the name of Thomas, who was very be announced in a family, that all law had been done successful in training his men, and whose whole away by the abolition of penalty; that it was cruel to deportment pleased the king, was often noticed by inflict suffering for sin; and that each child there. him. He inquired respecting the place of the serafter might do as he would, swear, lie, steal, torment, geant's birth, his parents, his religious creed, and the and his compassionate parent would not be able to place of worship which he frequented. On being inpersuade himself to his punishment--would that be formed that he was united with the Moravians, and good tidings ? "

attended their chapel in William Street, he exclaimSuppose it to be announced in the state, that ed, “Oh! Oh! you are a fanatic, are you? Well, prisons were down, and their stones to be used to well ; only take care to do your duty, and improve build palaces for the criminal; that law was an anti- | your men." quated idea, and if men would not do as they ought to 1 The king's common salutation after this, was, do, they must be left to do as they would; that if they | “Well, how do ye do? how are you going on in insisted on indulging their unpleasant propensities, William Street ? ” His majesty at length, in conin burning houses and robbing banks, in cutting rich versation with Thomas's colonel, mentioned his inmen's throats and wreaking outrages too hideous to tention of promoting the sergeant to an office in the i be named upon defenceless women, there was no help commissariat department, upon the death of an aged for it but in the knowledge that the general prin- man who then filled it. ciples of virtue were decidedly opposed to such | The colonel, in order to encourage Thomas, told courses, and in the hope that some time or other him of the king's design. Unhappily this had an they might be brought to be sorry-would that be injurious effect upon the mind of the sergeant: for, "good tidings ? ” Would the calm exulting joy of the alas ! such is the depravity of the human heart, that virtuous and the philanthropic welcome with grati- few can endure the temptation of prosperity without tude such revelations of “ peace ?" or would a yell sustaining spiritual loss. Thomas began to forsake of triumphant malice, and of infuriate lust, and of the assemblies of his Christian brethren ; and when demoniac greed, rise to the skies as a pæan of fiends ? reproved by his minister, he said, “ His heart was

And how ia it—in the name of good sense and hu- with him, but he was afraid of offending the king." manity, as well as of religion-how is it, that the The minister told him to take good heed that his thought of the abolition of law by the abrogation of heart did not deceive him. Soon after the sergeant's its penalty throughout God's system is a matter for religious declension, he was again accosted by the joy? Suppose it to be true-if it is not too blasphe- king, with “Well, how do you do? how are your mous for supposition—that every objective motive friends in William Strect?” “I do not know, please has been removed from piety, and every outward your majesty,” was the reply. “ Not know! not restraint on the indulgence of sin; that heaven has know!” answered the king ; " bave you been ill?" been promised equally to the miser and the martyr, “No, please your majesty," rejoined the sergeant; to the meditative and devout Christian and the blood. " but I do not see it necessary to attend there soli glutted assassin, to the man who by patient continu. often as I used to do.” “ Then you are not so great ance in well-doing seeks for glory and honour and a fanatic as I thought you," was the royal answer, immortality, and the man who is covetous and licen- In a short time the aged officer died, and the colotious, and who lies in wait to deceive. Suppose this nel waited upon his majesty to inform him of the true, and who are they that should rejoice at it? vacancy, and to remind him of his intention to raise What “ tidings" are there here, except of license to sergeant Thomas to the situation. “No, no!” said guilt; of a most monstrous partiality for the bad in the king," he shall not have it ; he does not go so distinction from the good; of a virtual dissolution often to William Street as he used to do." Surprised of all the bands that bind together God's spiritual with this peremptory refusal, the colonel withdrew, system? What "tidings," save of a dishonoured and on his return found his sergeant waiting for the sovereign, and a desolated creation? If angels had confirmation of his appointment. “I do not know ever come to bear such news, they must have come what is the matter with the king to-day," said the steaming from Pandemonium. And it could only colonel, “but he will not give you the situation.

He says you do not go so often to William Street as there the mighty inward struggles through which you used to do. I do not know what he means ; but the change had been wrought, that as visible in the I suppose you do.” Struck in a moment with the life had stolen upon them imperceptibly. At first awful impropriety of his conduct, he bowed to the the record had sometimes been of anger excited more colonel, and departed to humble himself before God. than once in the day, and repented of, and resolved He ever after adored the Divine mercy, which did against ; and then it would be once in two or three not leave him fully to realize the scriptural threat

days that the record would be opened; and afterward ening, “ The prosperity of fools shall destroy them." but once in the week, or in several consecutive weeks;

and at length, but once perhaps in the whole progress

of the year. And so the good man had “ fought his RIGHT IS MIGHT.

fight," had slowly with difficult but steady and Though the strong wind rent the mountains, and

resolute steps ascended the steep, had reached its brake in pieces the rocks, yet the Lord was not

summit at last, and gained his crown! in the strong wind. Nor was he in the earthquake; nor was he in the fire. In what then was he? In

How many are there who might do likewise ? the still small voice; and this is one of its holy utterances--Right is might. As sure as God liveth-as sure as the Holy One of Israel is the Lord of hosts,

GOD'S TRIUMPH IN THE GOSPEL. the Almighty--right is might. Meekness is might. God hath done something more than proclaim an Patience is might. Humility is might. Self-denial

open way of return to the sinners who stand afar off. and self-sacrifice is might. Faith is might. Love is He has told us how that way is opened. He has might. Every gift of the Spirit is might. The crosa

plained to us the mystery of sinners being brought was two pieces of dead wood; and a helpless, un near, and being taken into acceptance. He has not resisting Man was nailed to it; yet it was mightier

left us to guess, and to wonder, and to suspect the than the world, and triumphed, and will ever triumph purity of his justice and the inflexibility of his truth, over it. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but no and to look upon sin as a trifle that may be easily pure holy deed, or word, or thought. On the other fallen into by the creature, and as easily connived at hand, might--that which the children of earth call by the Creator. He hath' made known his mercy, so, the strong wind, the earthquake,, the fire but not till he got that mercy to meet and be in harperishes through its own violence, self-exhausted and

mony with his truth. He hath published peace, but self-consumed; as our age of the world has been not till he established a firm alliance between peace allowed to witness in the most signal example. For , and righteousness. Along with the revelation of his many of us remember, and they who do not have mercy He hath made an awful vindication of the maheard from their fathers, how the mightiest man on jesty of his high attributes. It is true he conde earth, he who had girt himself with all might, except scended to put himself into the attitude of a petitioner that of right, burst like a tempest cloud, burnt him- 1 and implore the return of sinners, and ply them with self out like a conflagration, and only left the scars the assurances of his willingness to welcome them of his ravages to mark where he had been. Who' back again. Wonderful attitude, indeed, for the

among you can look into an infant's face, and not see God whose law had been trampled upon, and who! 1:a power in it mightier than all the armies of Attila throughout this province of his mighty creation had 1 or Napoleon ?-Archdeacon Hare.

a whole world turned in one wild outcry of rebellion

against him; but, oh! my brethren, we mistake it, HOW TO REPRESS PASSION.

if we think that the attitude, wonderful as it is, was

the attitude of fallen majesty, or of a God whose An excellent man, for many years a useful and

and throne had been dismantled of all the securities honoured member of the Church, bad inherited a which upheld it. Oh, no! my brethren; in this temper of peculiar violence. IIe became easily ex- mighty triumph of mercy there was the triumph of cited with anger, and his passion when aroused was his every other attribute; and while the messengers almost uncontrollable. He struggled manfully against

of God have a full warrant to pour into the sinner's the propensity after he became a Christian, but not

ear the plaintive tenderness of a father in quest of

his children who had wandered like sheep among the with the success that he desired and sought. At mountains away from him—the warrant is put into! length he hit upon the foilowing expedient: Pro their hands by Him who, having magnified the law curing a suitable book for the purpose, he determined, and made it honourable, has caused the truth and whenever he had been overtaken by passion, to record

the righteousness of God to burst forth in brighter the fact, with all its causes and circumstances: what manifestation than ever upon the eyes of a guilty and others had said, what he had replied, and what the

humbled world.-Posthumous Sermons of Dr Chal.

mer8. issue had been. He thought, and properly, that as ! he undertook to reduce to writing the causes of his anyer, they would be resolved before his mind into

DIVINITY TAUGHT BY AFFLICTION, their true insignificance ; that he should thus have A MINISTER was recovering of a dangerous illness, the grounds of self-abasement, and penitence or when one of his friends addressed himn thus: “Sir, prayer, brought more distinctly to view ; that his though God seems to be bringing you up from the watchfulness would be increased, and that he would gates of death, yet it will be a long time before you be made familiar with the points of peculiar tempta- will sufficieutly retrieve your strength, and regain tion.

vigour enough of mind to preach as usual." The As he thought, so it was. By his sudden death good man answered :-“ You are mistaken, my friend; the record which he had always designed to destroy | for this six weeks'illness has taught me more divinity when he should have ceased to use it, came into the than all my past studies and all my ten years' minis. hands of his children ; and they were able to trace try put together."

THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

133

A MORNING MEDITATION.

BY THE REV. W. JAY, BATH.*

"My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O Lord."- of God in thein, How strange! that what inPsalm vi. 3

creases the greatness of our obligation, should AUTHORS have found the morning the best time diminish the sense of it! Yet it is by the for study and composition. Hence it has been interruption, the suspension, the want of our called the friend of the Muses. It would be comforts, we are made to learn the value of easy to prove that it is equally a friend to the them. Let us guard against this perverseness Graces and the Duties. It is the finest season of ingratitude. Let us remember, that if our for reflection and devotion. David found it so; mercies are common, they must be numerous; and tberefore resolves : “My voice shalt thou and, if numerous, they multiply the claims to hear in the morning, O Lord.” What voice? our praise.

The voice of praise, and the voice of prayer- And shall our gratitude evaporate in a mere 'the one excited by looking back; the other, by morning acknowledgment? Shall we not, by looking forward.

the mercies of God, dedicate ourselves to his "? How much is there in the morning to call service, and be in his fear all the day long?

forth the voice of thanksgiving! Let us think And when we think of the day before us, of the season we have just passed through. how much is there to awaken concern! And How many houseless creatures this night have what is our concern without the attention of had no place where to lay their head! How God ? He shall therefore, in the morning, hear many victims of accident and disease have been not only the voice of praise, but the voice of full of tossing to and fro, until the dawning of prayer. the day; their beds have not comforted them, Who is to guide me through the day upon inor their couch eased their complaint! How which I have entered? How much depends many have been deprived of repose while at- upon one mistake in my movements! And how tending their neighbours, friends, and relations, easily may I go astray! The way of man is

in sickness and sorrow! How many, since the | not in himself; it is not in man that walketh to | last setting sun, have entered an awful eternity! direct his steps. “ Cause me to hear thy lovingHow many, this night, have been cut off in kindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust :' their sins! Many have been terrified, robbed, cause me to know the way wherein I should injured, murdered, by wicked and unreasonable walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.” men! How many have been consumed by fire Who is to guard me through the day? And 'or drowned with waier! How many, this night, I am much more exposed when awake than have been engaged in works of darkness; and when asleep. My soul is more exposed-more who, if any knew them, would be in the terrors exposed to sin-and sin is the greatest evil. of the shadow of death! How many have risen And what am I, to resist a corrupt heart, a this morning to pass the day in anguish-how wicked world, and all the powers of darkness ? many to suffer want! How many, who have “Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe. Be all things richly to enjoy, have risen only to thou my arm every morning; my salvation also live another day without God in the world! in the time of trouble.” They lie down and rise up like the beasts that Who is to help me through the day? I perish : God is not in all their thoughts. And have many duties to discharge; I am to live is it otherwise with us? What shall we render soberly, righteously, and godly. I am to walk 1. unto the Lord for all his benefits toward us? in wisdom towards those that are without; I

Bless the Lord, O my soul; and all that is am to speak the truth in love; I am to adorn within me, bless bis holy name. O magnify the doctrine of God my Saviour in all things. 1 the Lord with me, and let us exalt his name “Lord, without thee, I can do nothing. Let together!

thy grace be sufficient for me; and thy strength And with how many of these merciful nights made perfect in weakness." have we been favoured ? Hence, perhaps, we Who is to give me success in the business of have been so little affected with the goodness the day? I know I ought not to be idle, but • From the venerable author's “ Morning Exercises." to be diligently and prudently employed in my

lawful calling. Means are mine; but how much seasons were, with Elizabeth, “the day of small

things”-a day, however, which was to usher in one more is necessary than my wisdom and anxiety!

of greater peace to herself, and of greater promise to “ The blessing of the Lord it maketh rich; and

all who were interested in her spiritual welfare. he addeth no sorrow with it.” “Except the Her conversion from sin unto God was closely conLord build the house, they labour in vain that

nected with the following striking incident; and it

will afterwards be seen that she traced her conversion build it : except the Lord keep the city, the to what then took place. watchman waketh but in vain. It is vain for me

Elizabeth had done something which gave dis

pleasure to her aunt ; and, on being reasoned with, to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread he

she was reminded of the words of God - Be sure of sorrows : for so he giveth his beloved sleep.” your sin will find you out." These words made a Who is to prepare me for the events of the deep impression on her mind at the time; and that

impression was still more deepened on hearing the day? and I know not what the day may bring

hat the day may orig | writer employ the same words on the Sabbath fol- ! rth. Perhaps I may receive the most un- lowing. On going home she wrote these words, and welcome intelligence. Perhaps I may sustain

placed them where they might frequently meet her

eye. As she referred to these words, as leading her losses in property. Perhaps I may meet with

to think and to feel in a way she had never thought mortifications from my fellow.creatures, and or felt before, she would say, that she then “ felt be tried with disappointments in friends. My

what sin was ;” and that, “ from that time she had

prayed, and not merely said her prayers." From child may this day fall sick. The desire of

desire on this period, the change in the whole deportment of mine eyes may be taken away with a stroke. Elizabeth was most pleasing. The amiability and There may be but a step between me and death.

sweetness which characterized her before were so

increased, or rather so directed, that it was a pleaIt is wonderful we live a day through. "May sure to be near her, and to watch her progress from I know how to be abased, or how to abound! | day to day. If in the world I have tribulation, in the Saviour

Towards the middle or the end of spring 1848,

and soon after the death of her mother and grandmay I have peace! So teach me to number my

father, indications of a change in the usual health of days, that I may apply my heart unto wisdom, Elizabeth began to appear. These, however, were that, whether I live, I may live unto the Lord ; so slight at first, and so modified by her uniform

sweetness of disposition, that, save by herself, no or, whether I die, I may die unto the Lord :

serious results were anticipated; and her forebodings so that, living and dying, I may be the Lord's.” were traced only to a childish feeling.

At this period, Elizabeth had strong convictions ELIZABETH HEARNE.*

of sin. She would often say, “ I am a great sinner:

I have never known a girl of my age so sinful as I THE DEATH-BED OF THE YOUNG BELIEVER. am." On my first visit to Elizabeth, after her illness, From her childhood she had been remarkable for I did not know her peculiar state of mind, and she simplicity of character and sweetness of disposition.

had not confidence to tell me; and my remarks were These two might be said so to grow with her growth

therefore of a general nature, and did not meet her and to strengthen with her strength, that, for the special case. She listened with marked attention to last few years of her life, her constant sweetness of

| all I said, but remarked to her aunt on my leaving, tem per. and her overflowing affection, gained her the that “I did not know how sinful she was, and there

fore I had spoken kindly." esteem and the love of all who came to know her.

Her aunt urged her to For some time previous to that illness which ter- tell me, on my next visit, all her fears and anxieties. minated in her death, Elizabeth manifested a strong

“I cannot," she said; "but I will tell you all my desire to improve herself in every way, and to over

sing. I will try to remember them. Surely I have come a natural slowness which she had in acquiring

read somewhere, ' Confess your faults one to another:' knowledge.

I will do it, dear aunt, but promise you will not hate So soon as the first rays of the morning light

me." .visited her little chamber she was at work ; and if

From this time she enjoyed, and mostly without told at any time that she should sleep a little longer,

interruption, that “ peace which passeth all undershe would softly reply_“I must do it, because I am

standing, and which keeps the heart and mind through slow." She would then be heard repeating some

Christ Jesus." Her sufferings were oftentimes very sweet hymn, or a portion of Scripture, and commit

serere; but amid them all she would sweetly and ting to memory her lessons for the day.

confidingly say, “ It is God's will.” Elizabeth never With all these pleasing symptoms, however, in the

| murmured, never complained. Her patience, her case, it could not positively be said of Elizabeth that resignation, her gratitude, under all her sufferings, she bad undergone any real saving change of heart.

and under all the painful remedies prescribed, were All these symptoms might be traced to her own

remarkable in one so young. An incident will illusinherent amiableness, and to the daily instructions

trate this. One day, on coming into Elizabeth's and counsels of those who were most deeply interested room, the servant remarked, “ I am sorry to see you in her. She displayed many natural graces, for which

suffering so much.” To this she meekly replied, all had reason to be thankful; but as yet, it could not

“My sufferings are nothing to those which the Lord be said of her that she was “a tree of righteousness,

Jesus endured for you and me.” the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified." When any manifestations of deep anxiety or of Her many endearing qualities might have led to the

grief appeared in the countenances or in the illconclusion, that, like the young man in the gospel,

suppressed sobs and tears of those around, she would she was not far from the kingdom of God; but they

gently say, “ Pray for the faith-I will pray that we gave no sure proof that she had entered it. These

all may have more faith.” She would then clasp

her feeble hands, and say, “ Help me, O Lord, my * From a Memoir by her pastor, the Rev. J. Gardner of Birkenhead,

God! O save me according to thy mercy, that they

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may know that this is thy hand, and that thou, In the morning there was no particular indication Lord, has done it." She would then say to such as of a

an immediate change. She was cheerful, and tenwere around her bed, “Who but God could do it? derly affectionate to all. No duty was left undone. I am so ill, and yet so happy." And then, enume- She prayed, and asked one to read the epistle to rating the many acts of kindness on the part of those the Romans, 8th chapter. About half past twelve around, she would add, “ You all do it, but God puts o'clock, she listened most attentively to a favourite it into your hearts."

portion of a reflection in Doddridge's Rise and ProAs Elizabeth advanced in knowledge and in grace, gress of Religion in the Soul, saying, “How beautishe became exceedingly desirous of doing good to all ful, how suitable! read it again"-repeating feebly around her. And of such as came to visit her she the words, “ I will lay me down in peace, and take would say, “I do so wish that I could speak what I my rest." feel for them; but I am a little girl; they will think Soon after this, and in a moment, one of the violent me too young to warn them; and yet I know that spasms came on; and it was soon seen that she was they will not be saved if they do not repent, and now enduring the last struggle. That struggle was pray for new hearts." In this desire for promoting severe, but it was short. During that struggle Elizathe salvation of others, Elizabeth was properly en- beth spake not; but by those expressive movements couraged, and she would speak in succession to all of her hand and head, which had become familiar to the young persons in the house, and to all her com- those around, it was evident that she was aware of bepanions as they came to see her, urging them to fleeing about to enter the dark valley of the shadow of from the wrath to come, and to lay hold on eternal death. At the question, " Are you happy, love? "life. These touching admonitions, entreaties, and a placid, contented smile passed over her countenance prayers, have not, it is hoped, passed away without - a smile, a look, never to be forgotten, but which leaving some salutary impression behind; but the no language could describe; and with this the randay will declare it. To one who was seen to smile somed spirit winged its flight to the mansions of at the simple address of Elizabeth, it was tenderly, bliss. yet reprovingly, said by her, “ You do not think now, Elizabeth lay down in peace and was at rest. In but remember you have a soul."

the shadow of God's wings she now makes her reOn a Sabbath evening, towards the close of her fuge, and all her calamities are over past. life, Elizabeth said to these young friends, “ Now, "Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from I know you can repeat that Catechism-you have henceforth; yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest done so by my dying bed; but you will never know from their labours, and their works do follow them." its value, unless you are laid as I am, and wish to understand it. When you are all asleep, I go through THE RACE-COURSE AND ITS ACCOMPANIit, and it makes the hours short." of such as were older than herself, Elizabeth would say, “ How I

MENTS. wish that I might speak to them of God !-I will pray

BY THE REV. C. B. TAYLER. for them. I do pray for all I love, and I love so Among the facts which, during a long course in tne many." Elizabeth was row 80 feeble that even a little

service of my gracious and adorable Master, have reading caused nervous suffering: still she would not

come under my own observation, and which I trust, abandon any of her exercises. When told that she

with his blessing, may be made useful to my readers, was too ill to do any thing, she would say, “ While are many connected with races, and gambling, and I can, I must do it." For several days previous to the various other evils associated with the raceher decease, when asked what she wished to have

course. I was for ten years placed in a position read to her, she said always, “Something that Christ said "--clearly showing that with her Christ

where those evils—and their name is Legion, for was "all and in all." On my asking her as to the

| they are many-were necessarily brought before me grounds or reasons of her peace in the near prospect

in all their enormity. of death, she would tell me “that her peace arose I fully propose to publish a volume of facts on from her believing that God, for Christ's sake, had this subject at no distant period. I have much to pardoned all her sin.” She would then add-“God

say on the crying evils of the whole system, and facts has been very merciful to me;" and her clear, full expression of countenance, showed how deep and how

are the best arguments. A few of them, in the warm were her emotions. A sweeter or a more ex

meanwhile, I shall now bring before my readers. pressive countenance I never saw; and amid all her I could cite the testimonies of others to prove the sufferings, and in a case of consumption, I have sel evil of races. I could refer to brother-clergymen dom or never seen these equalled--the sweetness at Epsom and Doncaster, who have spoken to me in and the expressiveness of that countenance remained

decided terms of the effects produced by them in untouched. I saw Elizabeth for the last time on the day pre

both those well-known places; but I confine myself ceding her death. Her peace was still unbroken, her to the city of Chester, because I can speak from my hope was still " as an anchor of the soul, sure and own experience, and record facts for the truth of steadfast." It was still full of immortality. I could which I can myself vouch. The crime, the sorrow, see that her weakness was rapidly increasing, and the ruin the deathg, which I have witnessed, the that her end could not be far distant; but I did not think I was conversing with and looking upon this

lamentations which I have heard, are not to be foryoung disciple for the last time on earth. It had, how gotten; and I would add, with all Christian gentleever, I think, been her own impression. When I was ness, but with all Christian faithfulness, they must about to leave she took my hand, and holding it be not be kept back. I can well conceive that many tween hers, she said with more than her wonted ten who defend and promote the evils of which I speak derness, “I cannot reward you, sir, for all your

have been ignorant of these things : but I have not kindness to me, but God will reward vou. Read the close of Matthew xxv." And, quoting the passage,

been ignorant; and at the risk of displeasing some she said, “ Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the

kind and friendly persons, who, I fear, do not desire least of these may brethren, ye have done it unto me." to have their eyes opened, I must record my faithful

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