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Jacob, and the patriarchs, and yet there is room. of Daniel did much to honour the religion of the There are many from the east and from the west, Bible, and carry the convictions of truth to the mind from the north and from the south, and yet there is of the Median king. The Jews fulfilled the Divine room. There are persecuting Manasseh and Paul ; purpose in crucifying the Lord of glory; and afterthere are Mary Magdalene, the demoniac, and Zac ward, by driving the disciples out of Jerusalem, sent cheus the publican; and yet there is room. There is them every where preaching the gospel of the Son of the once incestuous and excommunicated, but after-God. And so it is in all ages of the world, the wicked wards penitent Corinthian, “washed, sanctified, justi- live to execute the purposes of the Divine mind. fied in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit 5. The wicked live in answer to the prayers of of our God;" and there may you also be, though vile God's people. The disciples prayed for the unfruitas they, if, with them, you come in at the call of the ful fig-tree, and it was spared yet another year. gospel; for yet there is room. There is, says St John, Abraham prayed for the deliverance of Sodom, and Rev. vii. 9," a great multitude, which no man can he had the promise that it should be spared if ten number, out of every kindred, and tongue, and na righteous men could be found in it. And so it is now. tion;" multitudes from Europe, Asia, Africa, and Good men are praying that the lives of sinners may America, and yet there is room.
be spared, that they may be brought into his king. By the consideration of your own extreme, perish- dom and made heirs of his grace. Consequently, the ing necessity; by the consideration of the freeness, wicked are permitted to live. the fulness, and sufficiency of the blessings offered; by 6. The wicked live as a means of sanctifying the peothe dread authority, by the mercy and love of the ple of God. The mere fact that the eye of the wicked God that made you, and who is your constant bene- is upon God's people, makes them more watchful. factor; by the meekness and gentleness of Christ; by Every finger of scorn, and every scoffing tongue, and the labours and toils of his life; by the agonies of his every persecuting hand, drives the Christian nearer death; by his repeated injunctions, and by his melt- to God, and strengthens his purposes of holy life. ing invitations; by the operation of the Holy Spirit | They all tend to bring him into a more perfect conupon
1 your hearts, and by the warnings of your own | formity to the will of God, and the spirit of heaven. consciences; by the eternal joys of heaven, and the It was in view of this tendency, that the apostle eternal pains of hell; by these considerations, and by counted it all joy when he fell into divers temptaevery thing sacred, important, and dear to you, I ex- | tions (trials), knowing this, that the trial of our faith bort, I entreat, I charge, I adjure you, I would com worketh patience. pel you, to come in.-President Davies.
7. The incorrigibly wicked live that they may be
fitted for destruction. “Have ye not asked them that WHEREFORE DO THE WICKED LIVE?
go by the way, and do ye not understand their tokens,
that the wicked are reserved unto the day of deThis question was one of deep interest to the afflicted struction? They shall be brought forth to the day patriarch. It has been not less so to many who of wrath." We are told that God "gives up the bave lived since the days of Job, and have exclaimed wicked to uncleanness and vile affections;" and that with the Psalmist, “ These are the ungodly who “after their hardness and impenitent heart, they prosper in the world, they increase in riches."
treasure up unto themselves wrath against the day The wicked are permitted to live,
of wrath, and the revelation of the righteous judg1. That they may develop the depravity of their ment of God.” And also that “ God endures with hearts. It is very common for unregenerate men to much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to dedeny their depravity, and God lets them live that struction. And again, “ God shall send upon them they may demonstrate in their lives the truth of his
strong delusions, that they should believe a lie, that word in regard to human character. Thus, Hazael |
they might be damned who believe not the truth, once exclaimed, “But what! is thy servant a dog, but have pleasure in unrighteousness." that he should do this great thing?" and yet he lived For such ends do the wicked live. Impenitent li to do it with a bloody band. In this demonstration, reader! does it not become you, in view of these the truth is confirmed and good is done.
thoughts, to turn your feet unto the ways of right2. The wicked live that the kindness and long eousness, and walk in the testimonies of the Lord ? suffering of God may be made manifest. God is determined to show to the world that he delighteth not in the death of the wicked. Hence he bears long
EXCITEMENT. with him. Like a sympathizing father, he waits to | “Tell the mother,” says the Rev. D. E. Ford in see if the sinner will not put away his transgressions, his Damascus," as she watches the dying agonies of 30 that iniquity will not be his ruin. And this prin- her only babe, to beware of excitement : she has a i ciple of the Divine government he makes the sinner husband left, and for his sake it behoves her to cling demonstrate by permitting him to live.
to life, and hope to be happy. Tell the widower, as 3. The wicked live that they may have space for he tears himself from the coffin of his best earthly repentance. Were they cut down in the moment of treasure, to beware of excitement: his children are their rebellion, repentance and salvation would be spared, and for their sakes he must return to the equally impossible. But God determined to give the cares of life again. Tell the man whose house is sinner the opportunity to choose life, and also to show burning over his head, to beware of excitement; for to the world that those who are lost have rejected calmness and self-possession may facilitate his rescue. the offer of life, and have consequently chosen death, But never tell the sinner who bewails his transand become their own destroyers. And this he doesgressions, who apprehends the terrors of the Lord, by permitting them to live.
who trembles at the thought of judgment to come, 4. The wicked live that they may be instrumental who is uncertain whether the next moment of his in accomplishing the purposes of God. The wrath of life will not find him in hell-never tell that man to man is made to praise God. The selling of Joseph beware of excitement (for what can you set before into Egypt did much to preserve the patriarchal | him to count
n him family, and to accomplish the fulfilment of the cove against a spirit of slumber; caution him against a nant promise which was inade to Abraham. Bel- return to indifference; tell him that the struggle is shaztar's feast was the means of executing the pur- for immortality, and that the alternative is death, pose of God, in his own destruction. The accusers certain, remediless, and eternal."
A SINGULAR TREASURE. A LITTLE boy went to sea with his father, to learn WHERE is it? What is singular respecting it? It to be a sailor. One day his father said to him, “Come,
is of singular value. Gold and precious stones can
not compare with it.' It is worth more than all the my boy, you will never be a sailor if you don't learn
riches of the world. It is singular, in that it never to climb; let me see if you can get up the mast."
does injury, but always does good. This cannot be The boy, who was a nimble little fellow, soon said of treasures of gold and silver. They have been scrambled up; but when he got to the top and saw the undoing of millions for time and for eternity. It at what a height he was, he began to be frightened,
is singular, in that it does not make men proud, ar. and called out, “O father! I shall fall; I am sure
rogant, oppressive, nor vicious. The treasures of gold,
very generally have these effects on the minds of I shall fall; what am I to do?” “Look up, look up,
men. But the more of this singular treasure men my boy," said his father;" if you look down you will
have, the more humble, meek, kind, affable, and be giddy, but if you keep looking up to the flag at virtuous are they. It is singular in that it never the top of the mast, you will descend safely." The produces discontent nor unhappiness in the minds of boy followed his father's advice, and reached the
those who have it, nor is made a source of misery to
those who have it not. Is it so with treasures of gold?', bottom with ease. Learn from this little story to
Do they not disquiet thousands every day? What look more to Jesus and less to yourselves.
corroding cares, what jealousies, family quarrels, litigation, frauds, and almost every species of crime
and vice, are engendered and cherished by the riches SCATTERED YET UNITED.
of the world! It is singular, in that it will endure Let us not be so hide-bound with prejudice as to re- for ever. “Riches certainly make themselves wings: fuse to acknowledge goodness out of our own petty
tty they fly away." The flames consume--the floods sects. I should feel sad indeed if I thought that all carry away. Bankruptcies occur almost every day. the virtue of the world was compromised in the one
At the longest, earthly riches can endure for the communion to which I belong. But
present life only. They can do no good to the dead.
But this singular treasure can never lose its value. “ I have wandered over many lands,"
It is worth immeasurably more after death than in and I have found some goodness, some piety, every the present life. Its highest value is never realized where_some devout men and women, who believed until men have passed into the "bourne whence no in Christ, and were walking in his steps, In the traveller returns." But what is this treasure ? It is Scottish glen and on the moor; in the Alpine gorge a treasure of fear. A very singular treasure, truly.' and on those upland pastures where the shepherd
| Even so. Now, please turn to Isaiah 33d chapter. feeds his flock- the voice of singing ascends to God. 6th verse, and read-“ The fear of the Lord is bis Yonder, down in the deep forest, where a solitary treasure.”—Pilgrim. lamp from a cottage window twinkles through the darkness, an old man is at prayer ! « There kneeling down to heaven's eternal King,
THE EVIDENCES OF CHRISTIANITY.- A person disThese are all members of one church catholic--of covering the proofs of the Christian religion, is like one invisible, but universal communion, " the com- an heir finding the deeds of his estate, Shall he officimunion of saints." They are the scattered sheep of ously condemn them as counterfeit, or cast them one fold, and under one shepherd.
aside without examination ?-Pascal. The Church of God includes all the good that A SOLEMN THợUGIIT.-Reader, you may die any have lived on earth, and that shall live to the end of moment, and you are as near to heaven or hell as time. It is a mighty army, issuing out of the regions you are to death.-Rev. J. A. James. Lof death. gathering out of every clime, and stretch- THE ROOT OF THE EVIL.The moralists of our are. ing into beaven. It includes a multitude whom no whether in lessons from the academic chair, or by | man can number, both among the living and the the insinuating address of fiction and poetry--while dead.-H. M. Field.
they try to mend and embellish human life, have
never struck one effective blow at that ungodliON THE DEATH OF TWO MINISTERS IN
ness of the heart which is the germ of all the dis
tempers in human society.--Dr Chalmers. ONE WEEK.
BirTH AND DEATH.-Those born once only, die Two famous lights in one week are put, not under twic
twice-they die a temporal, and they die an eternal a bushel, but under a gravestone. God is now calling |
| death. But those who are born twice, die only once
for over them the second death hath no power.in his labourers, then who shall gather in his harvest ? Jax He is putting out the lights, and who shall guide us UNBELIEF.-No man is an unbeliever, but because to Emmanuel's land ? God's gardens take a great he will be so; and every man is not an unbeliever deal of dressing; and when dressers are taken away, because the grace of God conquers some, changeth what danger are vineyards in of becoming like the
their wills, and binds them to Christ.-Charnock.
HUMAN PhilosoPHY.-Philosophy is a proud, field of the slothful! The loss of a guide in the way
sullen detector of the poverty and misery of man. to heaven is not a small loss. God pulls out stakes It may turn him from the world with a proud, in Zion's hedge, but few are put in to make up the sturdy contempt ; but it cannot come forward, and gap. But while we obey the precept, “ Pray ye say, “ Here are rest, grace, peace, strength, consolatherefore, the Lord of the harvest, that he will send
PRAYER_It is not the length but the strenoth! forth labourers into his harvest," Lord, fulfil thy promise, “ I will give you pastors according to my
of prayer that is required; nor the labour of the lip
but the travail of the heart that prevails with God. heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and nn. “Let thy words be few," as Solomon says, but full derstanding."- Pauling,
and to the purpose.—Spencer,
THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
Few persons suspect how many novels are present vice and virtue in false colours. They written, and printed, and sold. There are about dress up vice in gaiety, mirth, and long success. five thousand five hundred offered for sale in They put virtue and piety in some odious or rithis country. If a man were to read one a-week diculous posture. Suspicion, jealousy, pride, for seventy-five years, he would not be through revenge, vanity,rivalries, resistance of the laws, the list. There are, of course, many novel-read rebellion against parents, theft, murder, suicide, ers. Something on a great scale will be the and even piracy, are so represented in novels result. What will it be--good or evil ? Let as to diminish, if not to take away, the horror us see.
which all the virtuous feel against these sins It is patural to enquire who write novels ? and crimes. Almost all that is shocking in vice A few pious persons have written works which is combined with some noble quality, so as to are sometimes called novels; but they are too make the hero on the whole an attractive chaserious for the gay, and too gay for the serious racter. The thief, the pirate, and especially so they are seldom read. I have seen but one the rake, are often presented as successful, elesuch for years. They are not in demand. gant, and happy. Novels abound in immodesty Others are written by moral persons, who really and profane allusions or expressions. Wanseem anxious to teach some truth in an easy | tonness, pride, anger, and unholy love, are the way. But nearly or quite all such are thougbt / elements of most of them. They are full of dull, and so they lie, covered with dust, on the aggerations of men and things. They fill the shelves of the bookseller, are sent to auction, mind with false estimates of human life. In sell for a few pence, and are heard of no more. them the romantic prevails over the real. A The popular novels of our day are, to a great book of this sort is very dangerous to the young, extent, written by men whom no wise man for in them the imagination is already too would take for patterns. Indeed, they are powerful for the judgment. known to be lax in principle, and loose in life. 2. Novels beget a vain turn of mind. So England and France contain no men who are true is this, that not one in a hundred of novelmore free from the restraints of sound inorality readers is suspected, or is willing to be susthan their leading novelists. They are literal | pected, of being devout. Who by reading a and “ literary debauchees.”
novel of the present day was ever inclined to But do not novels contain many good things, prayer or praise ? Novel-reading is most unwhich cannot be learned elsewhere? I answer, happy in its effects on the female mind. It| They do not. It is confessed that they never so unfits it for devotion, that even in the house teach science. It is no less true, that they per of God levity or tedium commonly rules it. vert history, or supplant it by fiction. This is Thus practical atheism is engendered. The throughout true of Walter Scott, who has excel duties of life are serious and weighty. They led all modern novelists in the charms of style. | whose trade it is to trifle and to nourish vanity The literature of novels is commonly poor, and cannot be expected to be well informed, or wel that of the best cannot compare with the stan disposed respecting serious things. However dard English and French classics. Even Scott's much novel-readers may weep over fictitious best tales are intended to ridicule the best men,
misery, it is found that they generally have and to excuse or extol the worst men of their little or no sympathy with real suffering. Did age. Like Hume, he was an apologist of ty. | you never know a mother to send away a sick rants, whose crimes ought to have taken away child, or a daughter to forsake a sick mother, both their crowns and their lives. The lowest for the purpose of finishing a novel! If irre. occupation of a great mind is to flatter a living ligion and impiety do not flourish under such tyrant. I am mistaken. To burn incense at influences, effects cannot be traced to causes. the shrine of a dead tyrant is the last step in 3. The price of these books is often low, degradation. I beseech you not to read novels. yet the cost of them in a lifetime is very great. I will give my reasons.
Miss W. borrowed some books, yet she paid 1. Their general tendency is to evil. They L.12 in one year for novels alone. Doing this for fifteen years, she would spend L.180. Yet, a virtuous mind with horror, and every judicious her nephews and nieces were growing up with parent with concern. out an education. Mrs L, stinted her family Nor is novel-reading a wholesome recreation. in groceries that she might have a new novel It is not a recreation at all-it is an ensnaring every month. Mr C. pleaded want of means and engrossing occupation. Once begin a novel, to aid the orphan asylum, yet he paid more than and husband, children, prayer, filial duties, are L.10 a-year for novels for his daughters. This esteemed trifes until it is finished. The end of waste is wanton ; no good is received in re- the story is the charm. Who reads a novel a turn.
second time! 4. Novel-reading is a great waste of time Some say, Others do it, and so may we. But rime,
others are no law to us. The prevalence of an " That stuff that life is made of,
evil renders it the more binding on us to resist And which, when lost, is never lost alone,
the current. Because it carries souls upon its wings."
Novel-reading makes none wiser, or better, Nothing is so valuable as that which is of or happier. Io life it helps none, in death it great use, yet cannot be bought with any thing soothes none, but fills many with poignant reelse. We must have time to think calmly and grets. At the bar of God, no man will doubt maturely of a thousand things, to improve our that madness was in his heart when he could minds, to acquire the knowledge of God, and to thus kill time and vitiate his principles. I add, perform many pressing duties. The business 1. Parents, know what books your children of life is to act well our part here, and prepare read. If there were not a novel on earth, you for that solemn exchange of worlds which still should select their reading. Leave not awaits us. He whose time is spent without such a matter to chance, to giddiness, or vice. economy and wasted on trifles, will awake and Give your children good books : a bad book is find himself andone, and will “mourn at the poison. If you love misery, furnish novels to last, when his flesh and his body are consumed, your children. and say, How have I hated instruction, and my 2. Young people, be warned in time. Many, heart despised reproof, and have not obeyed as unsuspecting as you, have been ruined. Be the voice of my teachers, nor inclined mine ear not rebellious to your own undoing. Listen to to them that instructed me."
the voice of kindness, which says, Beware, be5. The effects of novel-reading on morals are ware of novels. disastrous. Many young offenders are made 3. Pastors, see that you do all in your power so by the wretched tales which now abound to break up a practice which will ruin your In one city, in less than three months, three young people, and render your ministry fruitless. youths were convicted of crimes committed in Greatly was I shocked when I heard of one of imitation of the hero of a novel. Here is a you recommending a novel which exposed the court of justice in session. Blood has been arts of the Jesuits. The Jesuits are indeed bad, shed. Men are on trial for their lives. All the but not worse than Sue. parties involved are intelligent and wealthy. 4. Booksellers, let me say a word. A young The community is excited. Crowds throng the man, with a burried manner, entered a drugcourt-room from day to day. The papers are gist's shop, and asked for an ounce of laudanum. filled with the letters which led to the tragical It was refused. He went to another, and got it, end of one, and the misery of many. The whole and next morning was a corpse. Which of scene is painful in the highest degree. Among these druggists acted right? You sell poison the witnesses is one of manly form, polished when you sell novels. They kill souls. You manners, and hoary locks. Even the stranger sell for gain. “Woe to him that coveteth an does him reverence. His country has honoured evil covetousness to his house, that he may set him. He must testify, and so sure as he does his nest on high, that he may be delivered from he will tell the truth; for he has honour, and the power of evil! Thou hast consulted shame blood is concerned. He says, “The husband to thy house by cutting off many people, and of my daughter was kind, honourable, and af hast sinned against thy soul. For the stone fectionate ;” and “ if my daughter has been in shall cry out of the wall, and the beam out of an unhappy state of mind, I attribute it to the the timber shall answer it.” You may make works of Eugene Sue and Bulwer." All these inoney by depraving the public morals, but for cases have been judicially investigated and all these things God will bring you into judgpublished to the world. They have filled many ment.-American Messenger.
rate books. Hosea and Amos are both reported to THE TIME AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF JONAH'S APPEAR
have prophesied in the days of Jeroboam; but, from
the other marks of time given in their writings, they ANCE AS A PROPHET.
could not have begun to prophesy till near the close It is always of importance for a correct understanding of his reign.* The time of Jonah thus treads closely of the prophetical scriptures to know something of on that of Elisha; and we can scarcely doubt that the the time when they were indited, and of the persons
two were for some years contemporaneous. Elisha to whom they were originally addressed. In the case lived to an advanced age, and died some time in the of Jonah it is not difficult to ascertain this, as a pas reign of Joash, before the close of his successful consage in the Second Book of Kings marks with suffi- fict with the Syrians. And as Joash's entire reign cient distinctness the period of his agency in the affairs I did not exceed sixteen years, we may reasonably inof Israel. Speaking of the second Jeroboam, the
fer that Jonah, wbo in the course of that reign apgreat-grandson of Jehu, and the last of his seed that peared on the prophetic stage, had in his early years for any length of time occupied the throne of Israel, sat at the feet of Elisha. His first appearance also the inspired historian says, “ He restored the coast of
| was of a kind that fitly became the successor of that Israel, from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of gentle and huinane ambassador of heaven; for the the plain, according to the word of the Lord God of word then put into the mouth of Jonah, the only diIsrael, which he spake by the hand of his servant rect word, indeed, he is recorded to have uttered conJonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet which was cerning Israel, was a word of mercy and consolation ot Gath-hepher (a town in the tribe of Zebulon); for to the covenant people. It told them, that the Lord the Lord saw the affliction of Israel, that it was very still yearned over them for their good, and would bitter; for there was not any shut up, nor any left, once more drive back the tide of evil which had been nor any helper for Israel; and the Lord said not, that flowing in upon them, and recover the territory they he would blot out the name of Israel from under hea had lost. Yet, while this promise of returning proven, but be saved them by the hand of Jeroboam, the sperity was held out, it was not doubtfully intimated, son of Joash."-(2 Kings xiv. 25–27.)
that all stood in an uncertain and hazardous position. This passage puts it beyond a doubt, that Jonah The mercy of heaven hovered over the land, as it was in the exercise of his prophetical office, certainly ready to take its departure; and the Lord had only not later than the commencement of the reign of not said, he would blot out the name of Israel, but Jeroboam II.; for, the prediction he is recorded to neither had he said, he would preserve it. The fate have uttered respecting the recovery of a part of the of the kingdom hung in a kind of fearful suspense, Israelitish territory from the yoke of Syria was ful- as if He on whom its destinies depended were wait. filled by the hand of Jeroboam. And as this mo. ing the issue of a last trial to decide whether it was narch, in fulfilling it, had to wage a difficult and I to be established in peace or given up to perdition. arduous warfare with Syria, in the course of which he | Such was the posture of affairs in the kingdom of got possession of Damascus, the capital of the king. Israel when Jonah entered on his prophetical career. Jom, and raised Israel anew to much of its former ! But whence originally arose this extreme danger ? plendour and importance, we may certainly con- | How did it happen that, in a religious and moral clude, tbat he was at the time in the vigour of his point of view, they had come into so peculiarly criti. days, and that the couquests achieved by his hand I cal and perilous a condition? It is necessary to know were made much nearer the beginning than the close this, in order rightly to understand the future mission .»f his reign. But the prophecy which foretold the and history of the prophet of Gath-hepher; and it
of these conquests must have been earlier still. will consequently be proper here to take a rapid glance Nay, it was manifestly uttered at a time when the
of the course which this kingdom of Israel had puraffairs of Israel were in the most shattered and de sued since its commencement, and of the kind of dealpressed condition; when, as it is said, “there was ing to which it had been subjected on the part of none shut up or left," that is, confined or left at large; God. when there was neither bond nor free, the inhabis The erection of the kingdom of Israel, or of the ten Cants of all conditions being utterly wasted, and there
tribes, into a distinct and separate government, it is seerned to be none that could act the part of “a help necessary to bear in mind, is constantly represented er for Israel." But the kingdom of Israel was never in such a state at any period during the reign of Je • Thus Amos expressly states, that he began to see his roboam, nor even when he ascended the throne. It | vision concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah and Jeroboam, had been so, indeed, in the days of his father Joash, I two years before the earthquake. Now, this earthquake, we who had found the kingdom reduced to the most ab
learn from Zech. xiv. 5, happened in the reign of Uzziah
king of Judah, who did not begin to reign till about fourteer ject subjection to the king of Syria; but he had gra years before the death of Jeroboam. But Jeroboam reigned «lually restored it, by a succession of victories, to altogether forty-one years, so that at whatever precise period comparative strength, and commenced the prosper
in Uzziah's time the earthquake may have happened, the
two years before it, mentioned by Amos as the commence. 118 career wbich was only continued and carried out
ment of his prophetical agency, necessarily carries us into by Jeroboamn. So that the utterance of Jonah's pre
the latter half of Jeroboarn's reign. Then Hosea is said to diction concerning the recovery of Hamath and Da have prophesied so late as the reign of Hezekiah, king or mascus, seems rather to belong to the earlier part of Judah; and between even the last year of Jeroboam's reign the reign of Joash than to any period of Jeroboam's
and the first of Hezekiah's, a period of about sixty years
intervenes. He must, therefore, have been a very young reign; and, though the fulfilment of it is ascribed
man at the close of Jeroboam's reign, and could not have only to Jeroboam, because it was he who recovered entered on the prophetic office much earlier So that Jonah. the more distant portion of the territory of which it who seems to have uttered a prediction in the days of joash, spake, yet the prophecy itself appears to have equally
was considerably earlier than either of these prophets They included the preceding victories and nearer conquests
were the next to follow him; and as it is probable that the
traiisactions recorded in the book which bears his name of Joash.
took place in the latter period of his life, the book itself may We thus arrive at the result that Jonah was the possibly not be much older than some portions of the writings earliest, in point of time, of all the prophets whose of Hosea and Amos. Various reasons might be assigned for labours and predictions have been recorded in gepa
the Jews not placing his book precisely at the commence.
ment of the minor prophets ; and the belief of Lightfort • From an excellent treatise just published. entitled. (Chronica Temporum) and many others, as to his being ac. Jonah kue Life, Character, and Mission, c., by the Rev,
The Rev. tually later than Hosea and Annos, seems partly to bave
tually later that Patrick Fairbairn of Salton.
arisen from a wrong view of his mission,