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class of effects, it places the same bar in the way of trol? What right, then, has an objector to assume using prayer for the securing of every other class of that the Divine Being, to whom all agencies are pereffects. On this hypothesis, then, prayer should fectly known, and by whom they are perfectly connever be offered at all.
trolled, may not, in answer to prayer, set some of Again, this objection goes to set aside a special those which lie beyond our knowledge into operation, providence in the affairs of mankind. For if the so as to secure the result prayed for? In reply to uniformity of nature forbid the supposition of God's this objection, then, I would say briefly,acting so as to procure an answer to prayer, it equally 1. That there are many, and, for aught we know, forbids our supposing that He will act so as to secure there may be multitudinous agencies in nature, over any other result. If there be no absurdity in sup which we have no control, but which are all under posing that He sends affliction on a man, notwith the control of God; and that, consequently, to ask standing the uniformity of nature, in order to produce Him to use such of these as may be suitable for our a particular effect on that man's mind-say to induce | help, is not more absurd than is our asking a fellowhim to pray-where is the absurdity of supposing that man to use such means as he can manage for our He may interpose to remove that affliction, so as to benefit. Suppose, for instance, that it were certainly : grant an answer to the prayer which the afflicted proved that that mysterious disease which is now sufferer utters? or, if the latter be impossible be. carrying off so many of our countrymen to the grave, cause of the uniformity of nature, is not the former derives its virulence from a particular state of the equally so? If we admit this objection, then we atmosphere in reference to electricity, would it must settle down into the gloomy belief that we in be more absurd to ask God to restore the right, habit a forsaken and fatherless world, where all electrical condition of the atmosphere so as to re-thiugs happen in virtue of an unalterable sequence, move the disease, than to ask a skilful physicist to and in which, though a terrible agony between good subject us to the curative influence of an electric ! and evil i g on, there is not a single interposi- current, in those cases where experience may have tion on the part of the Lord of all to make the evil | shown this to be useful ? succumb to the good, or to bring good to his intelli- 2. It is accordant with the soundest philosophy to. gent and moral creatures out of the evil through believe that God may exert his agency in the direcwhich they have to struggle.
tion of events. In this assertion there is nothing It appears further, that this objection, if valid, contradictory-nothing incompatible with right views would go to supersede our calling in the aid of our of the Divine character--nothing inconsistent with fellow-men in the time of trouble; for if it be absurd the most enlightened belief in the uniformity of to ask God to deliver us from some evil that has be nature. Here let me cite the words of a distinfallen us, is it not still more so to call in the aid of a guished philosopher, remarkable for his acuteness, mere creature like ourselves? Or, if the latter be but not particularly known for his attachment to wise and lawful, s
surely the former is much more so, evangelical religion. Our experience." says he. seeing, in the one case, we ask help of one who is, " of the order of events, may be sufficient to render perhaps, but a little wiser than ourselves, whilst in less probable the Divine interpositions supposed; but the other we invoke the aid of One whose resources it certainly is not sufficient to disprove what might are infinite, and whose skill and power are im or might not be, while all which we know of the measurable.
order of nature had continued exactly the same. To this it may probably be replied, that when we | That the supposed agency of Deity is not made visi. ask a fellow-creature to help us, we only ask him to | ble to us by extraordinary appearances, ..... is use means in the order of nature for our relief; no proof that the Divine interposition is falsely supwhereas, when we ask God to help us, we ask Him posed . .... Ignorant as we are of the many bear- ' to use supernatural means. To this I reply, that the ings of events upon each other, it appears to me that assumption here made is not admitted. When we we are not entitled, in sound philosophy, to affirm of speak of God as acting in answer to prayer, we do any sequence, in which antecedent and consequent not speak of Him as violating the order of nature, are not exactly known to us in their fixed inutual or even as superseding it; we do not even assert of relation, that the Deity has not operated in this parHim, that He acts, in any way, without means. We ticular case." It is simply apply to Him as a Being to whom every thing is believe that God may act in the affairs of men withknown, and who, if He pleases, can bring the most out our perceiving how he acts. But if so, is it wrong recondite agencies of nature to bear upon our case, or absurd to ask Him so to act ? so as to remove our calamity by purely natural 3. In the case of prayer for the removal of means. In a case of sickness, for instance, we ask calamity, the objection before us seems peculiarly out the aid of the physician and the aid of God; but we of place. Calamity-evil in any of its forms-is no do not in the former case ask the use of means, and part of the order of nature. The order of nature is : in the latter the working of a miracle. The only the system of wise and kind adaptations which God difference between the two is, that in the one case has instituted for man's welfare. With this, evil the being whom we ask to use the means on our be- has, for wise and good purposes, been suffered to inhalf is a frail creature like ourselves, with whom terfere; but evil forms no part of the arrangement. I only a few things are possible; in the other, it is the It is an intruder and a disturber, and its reinoval is infinitely wise and potent God, with whom nothing a restoration of nature to her normal state. When, is impossible.
therefore, we pray to God to remove evil from us, And here lies the fallacy of this objection. It | we simply ask him, as the great Governor of all, to. assumes, that the things seen, and felt, and known
ay someth which has come between us and us, are the whole of nature. It assumes that no
no his good arrangements for us. This is no more agency can influence man but what is cognizable by asking Him to set aside the order of nature for his senses, and that no means are in operation us, than our petitioning our sovereign to drive around us but such as man can apprehend and use. an invading army from our shores, would be askNow this is plainly a very huge assumption. On ing her to set aside the British constitution. We what is it based ? By what arguments is it defended ? | simply pray that something not belonging to that Is not all sound philosophy against it? Are there order may be removed from it, that we may again not certain agencies actually known to us, of immense experience and enjoy its beneficent uniformity. power, but over the action of which we have no con. By the devout author of the 93d Psalm, the
providential government of God and the stability charity, and though now scarcely half a century old, of nature, instead of being facts mutually incompat- even in its oldest operations, it has produced the ible, were regarded as being in perfect harmony, and most ma
most magnificent results, and is already beginning to as forming together the great comfort of God's change the destinies of the human race." There is people under calamity. When the floods lifted up something very encouraging to the Christian in these their voice and their waves, the pious psalmist was facts and statements, and there is much therei consoled and sustained by knowing that Jehovah is suggest reflection and pensive musing. It is not a mightier than they-that he reigneth clothed in ma- | matter of trivial or commercial estimation, to ascerjesty and girdled with strength and that the world tain precisely the dimensions of the “noblest and also is established so that it cannot be moved. The most comprehensive form of Christian charity," i reign of God and the stability of his world, are the which this late age and generation of the world hare two great pillars of the confidence of the believer in produced. It is a fact of sad significance, that this reference to earthly affairs; and on both of them he enterprise, which is beginning to change the destimay lean, when, in obedience to the Divine command, nies of the human race, is scarcely half a century old.!! he calls upon God in the day of trouble.
though the divine command that ordained it was given eighteen centuries ago. Then, the sum total! of all the contributions of Protestant Christendom to
this enterprise, though liberal and yearly increasing, LOWLINESS.
seems small when compared with the annual contriWHILE the man of the world is aiming at something
butions of Christian nations to enterprises of an op
posite character. For instance, these Christian na! great, and crying, O that I were higher ! the true
tions of Europe and America expend every year in, Christian, with grace in his heart, cries, 0 to be
preparations for war, £200,000,000. This amount, lower, lower, lower! Give me humility, O Lord ! when compared with “ the most comprehensive form When shall I be lower ? Lowliness of mind is not of Christian charity," stands thus:a flower that grows wild in the fields of nature, but
For preparations for war, per day, £548,000. For requires to be planted by the finger of God: and
preaching the gospel of peace to the heathen, £1,640;
or, to make the comparison more distinct, one pound God is always willing to put a finger to this work. It
sterling for preparations for war between Christian is a most excellent disposition; it makes a worm stand | nations, against one halfpenny for evangelizing the higher than an angel. All experience has proved it pagan world, and bringing myriads of benighted ido-1 safer and better to be humble with one talent, than laters to bow to the sceptre of the Prince of Peace! lifted up with tеn. It is one of those lessons a man
Or, millions for Mars and mites for the Messiah ! sits down and learns at the feet of Jesus Christ. It is one of those parts of practice which enlists the
OBLIGATIONS TO THE HEATHEN. sympathy of angels, and calls down the care and condescension of Jehovah himself; for “ He giveth grace
1. What we do for the salvation of the heathen is not to the humble." Palaces and thrones have no at
to be regarded as charity. We are their debtors. We tractions for Him, so he passes them by; but “to this
cannot evade the obligation. Why, then, should we man will I look, who is poor, and of a contrite heart."
not conform our language and behaviour to the fact : It is a preparative for receiving grace, and the effect Is it charity to pay a debt? We owe it. Why treat of grace received; from both which considerations,
it as if payment or non-payment were optional ? Why the more a man has of it the better. It not only fits
regard this obligation as less binding than any other a man for the grace of God, but puts him in posses
2. Let us be honest men, and pay our debt. We sion of a God of grace; and he who seeks earnestly
cannot plead want of ability, for it is required of a the best gifts will find this to be one of them. Let man only according to what he hath. What right us not be satisfied with a small degree of this lowli
have we to contract other obligations that will inter. ness, but strive after it, make it an object, “ so run
fere with our duty to the heathen? What right as to obtain'' it; and remember that he who is con
have we to live in a style that shall disable us from tented with grace enough to get to heaven, and de | paying a debt long since contracted ? sires no more, may be very sure that he has none at
3. A day of settlement is approaching. We must all.-Christian Intelligencer.
all appear before our original Creator, and answer to the inquiry, Whether we have been honest debtors,
and, according to our ability, discharged our obligaTHE SWORD AND THE BIBLE.
tions ? The heathen will be there to testify to the
measure of our fidelity, and we shall be held responBY a volume recently published in London, entitled sible for every deficiency in our duty. How will “ The Year-Book of Christian Missions," it appears stand the account of the present generation of Chris that there are no less than twenty-five large denomi- tians ? Reader, are you in arrears to the heathen? national societies, in the several Protestant countries of Europe and America, devoted entirely to Foreign Missions. Of these, nine are found on the Continent,
THE FOLLY OF PRIDE. ven in England and Scotland, and six in the United States. The aggregate amount annually expended | AFTER all, take some quiet, sober moment of life, and by these societies, for the objects of their organiza- | add together the two ideas of pride, and of man; betion, is estimated in round numbers at £592,000, of hold him, creature of a span high, stalking through which about £32,000 are contributed on the Continent, £460,000 in England and Scotland, and
infinite space in all the grandeur of littleness. £100,000 in the United States. “The enterprise,"
Perched on a speck of the universe, every wind of says an American writer. " is the offspring of the heaven strikes into his blood the coldness of death: noblest and most comprehensive form of Christian his soul floats from his body like melody from the
string;-day and night, as dust on the wheel, he is are engraved upon his heart; that this is the seat of rolled along the heavens, through a labyrinth of the divine tenderness, as it is somewhere and beauti. worlds, and all the creations of God are flaming | fully said :above and beneath. Is this a creature to make him
" Compassions in his heart are found, self a crown of glory, to deny his own flesh, to mock
Hard by the surface of his wounds." at his fellow, sprung from that dust to which both will soon return? Does the proud man not err?
Here it is his secrets are deposited, and hence it is Does he not suffer ? Does he not die ? When he
they unfold themselves : “ The secret of the Lord is reasons, is he never stopped by difficulties? When he
with them that fear him, and he will show them his acts, is he never tempted by pleasure ? When he
covenant;" or, as read from the Hebrew, “His lives, is he free from pain? When he dies, can he es COVENANT TO MAKE THEM KNOW IT." O love divine ! cape the common grave ? Pride is not the heritage Love beyond degree! To place such a sun in the of man; humility should dwell with frailty.--Sidney
firmament, and then come down to make men know Smith.
it! Surely this is worthy of a God! The natural sun, as we commonly say, runs his race and rides his
circuit from one end of heaven to the other, and the EVIL COMPANY.
benefits are immensely great. But oh! the race the FROM THE GERMAN.
Sun of Righteousness runs is from everlasting to SOPHRONIUS, a wise teacher, would not suffer even everlasting. His circuit is from one end of eternity bis grown up sons and daughters to associate with to the other, if eternity, that is endless, might be thus those whose conduct was not pure and upright. compared. His covenant to make men know it !|
"Dear father," said the gentle Eulalia to him, one | Think of this, meditate, and then ask yourselves, day when he forhade her in company with her brother
“What think ye of Christ?”. to visit the volatile Lucinda; “ dear father, you must think us very childish, if you imagine that we should be exposed to danger by it."
The father took in silence a dead coal from the hearth, and reached it to his daughter. “ It will not burn you, my child, take it."
THE AGED CHRISTIAN. Eulalia did so, and behold! her delicate white band
'Twas early day, and sunlight stream'd dress also.
Soft through a quiet room, “We cannot be too careful in handling coals,” said That, hush'd but not forsaken, seem'd Eulalia in vexation.
Still, but with nought of gloom; “ Yes, truly," said her father;" you see, my child,
For there, secure in happy age,
Whose hope is from above,
Of Heaven's recorded love.
Pure fell the beam, and meekly bright, THERE are two degrees in the world's bondage; the On his grey, holy hair, milder form is when the rude and aroused passions
And touch'd the book with tenderest light, lead a man into a course of life from which his will revolts and strives to withdraw; the form still more
As if its shrine were there; tyrannous is when the will unites with the passions
But, oh! that patriarch's aspect shone in giant strength, crowding a man into loose pursuits,
With something lovelier farfrom which reason turns with deep abhorrence. A radiance, all the Spirit's own, When a man's will and judgment are thus dragged
Caught not from sun or star. downed a precipice, as by an avalanche of passion, is he not a slave? Pride is the master that with a long lash urges a
Some word of life e'en then had met man through life; Envy bends another to the rack;
His calm, benignant eye; Lust crowds some down a livid path paved with coals Some ancient promise, breathing yet of fire; and Ambition, like a “ mounting demon in Of immortality; the soul," hurries many along the rocky cliffs of Some heart's deep language, when the glow reckless adventure to certain and signal ruin. Thus
Of quenchless faith survives; Satan, personated in some of the looser passions which crowd the human heart, grasps, controls, and
For every feature said, “ I know counts his slaves by millions.
That my Redeemer lives.”
WHAT THINK YE OF CHRIST ? A Right contemplation of Christ is not merely thinking him divine, for many do this and fall short. Some look to his hands, as displayed in his works of creation; some look to his feet, as traced out in the ways of his providence; some look to his head, as exploring his unsearchable decrees : but forget, amidst all, that the names and cares of his people
And silent stood his children by,
Hushing their very breath,
Of thought o'ersweeping death :
With love and reverence melt ?
FOUR NAMES TO CHRISTIANS. A CELEBRATED divine has said, “If it were not for The Scripture gives four names to Christians, taken industry, men would be neither so healthful nor so from the four cardinal graces sa essential to man's useful, so strong nor so patient, so noble nor so un- salvation : saints, for their holiness; believers, for tempted. There is no greater tediousness in the their faith; brethren, for their love; disciples, for world than want of employment. Time passes their knowledge.--Fuller. over the active man lightly like a dream, or the feathers of a bird; but the idler is like a long sleepless night to himself, and a load to his country.”
Be sure that God has not forgiven that sin of which THE MOTHER OF SWARTZ.
you have not repented. The gift of repentance is
the token of forgiveness. The mother of Christian Frederick Swartz, on her
The wicked man carrieth every day a brand to his dying bed informed her husband and her pastor,
hell, till his heap be come to the height, then he | that she had dedicated her son to the Lord, and ob- I ceaseth sinning, and begins his torment: whereas the tained a promise from them that the infant should be repentant, in every fit of holy sorrow, carries a whole trained in the remembrance of this sacred destina fagot from the flame, and quencheth the coals that tion, and if he should, in due time, express a desire
remain with his tears. There is no torment for the to be educated for the ministry, they would cherish
penitent; no redemption for the obstinate, Safety
consisteth not in not sinning, but in repenting; and promote it to the uttermost of their power.
neither is it sin that condemns, but impenitence. O Swartz became the missionary apostle to India, and Lord! I cannot be righteous; let me be repentant.died when about seventy-three years old, having Hall. been instrumental, as is supposed, to the conversion It is one thing to wish to have truth on one's side, of thousands of souls.
and another thing to wish sincerely to be oa the side of truth. There is no genuine love of truth implied in the former. Truth is a powerful auxiliary, such
as every one wishes to have on his side. A deterNOVELS AND INSANITY.
mination to “obey the truth," and follow wherever The most abundant proof has been furnished of late she may lead, is not so common. years, that excessive novel-reading bas produced many
It is undoubtedly a just maxim, that in the long cases of insanity. It is philosophical that the educa
run “honesty is the best policy;" but he whose praction of fictitious sentiments at the expense of real
tice is governed by that maxim, is not an honest feeling--that the undue excitement of the imagination and of the passions, at the expense of the reason
man.- Whately. ing faculties and the exercise of real benevolence, Accustom your children to a strict attention to should tend to insanity.
truth, even in the most minute particulars. If & It has often been charged to religion, that it has thing happen at one window, and they, when remade people crazy, insane, and melancholy. This is lating it, say that it happened at another, do not let a baseless charge. True religion never makes a man it pass, but instantly check them : you do not know insane. Fanaticism, superstition, error, lust, and where deviation from truth will end. It is more passion, have produced insanity; but true views of from carelessnoss about truth, than from intentional God never did, and never can produce either mentallying, that there is so much falsehood in the world. or moral derangement. We are thouroughly per -Dr Johnson. suaded, that the numerous works of fiction, with All truth is not, indeed, of equal importance; but which the press is so prolific of late years, and which if little violations are allowed, every violation will in are sown broadcast over the land, have vitiated the time be thought little.-Dr Johnson. taste, and corrupted the hearts, and ruined the peace of more individuals than any other one cause of evil
“He shall be called, The Lord cur Righteousness." known amongst us. It is heart-sickening to see how much precious time is spent over the vile ravings of
| What is all righteousness that men devise ? hothouse feeling, that the novelists of our day pour What but a sordid bargain for the skies? out upon the reading community.
But Christ as soon would abdicate his own,
All joy to the believer! he can speak;
Trembling, yet happy-confident, yet meek.
Since the dear hour that brought me to Thy foot, In the life of Philip Henry it is related, that when | And cut up all my follies by the root, himself precluded by the Act of Uniformity of Charles' restoration government from public preach
I nerer trusted in an arm but thine, ing, he made the best of the sermons he heard. Sor hoped, but in thy righ
| Nor hoped, but in thy righteousness divine “ It is a mercy," saith he, “ we have heard, though it My prayers and alms, imperfect and defiled, be not, as it hath been, of the finest of the wheat. Were but the feeble efforts of a child; Those are froward children who throw away the Howe er perform’d, it was their brightest part, meat they have, if it be wholesome, because they That they proceeded from a grateful heart: have not what they would have.” When he met with preaching that was weak, his note is—“That is a poor
Cleansed in Thine own all-purifying blood, sermon indeed out of which no good lesson may be
Forgive their evil, and accept their good; learned." We had often occasion to remember that
I cast them at Thy feet, my only plea verse of Mr Herbert's
Is what it was,—dependence upon thee: " The worst speaks something good ; if all want sense,
While struggling in the vale of tears below, God takes the text, and preacheth patience.'
That never fail'd, nor shall it fail me now. --Couper.
THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
CHRIST'S LEGACY TO HIS DISCIPLES.
WHEN a sick man dies and is buried, then is his gives them the adoption of children. He justifies will read. The relatives being assembled, each has “the ungodly." Up till the moment of their justian opportunity of ascertaining what has been left to fication, they are ungodly; as indisposed to, as inhim. The law is at hand, if need be, to enforce the capable of, any gracious affections towards God as settlement, and to put each in possession of what has any of the rest of mankind. Though chosen in been bequeathed to him by his friend.
Christ from eternity, yet remaining amongst the Our Lord Jesus Christ has left a legacy. He has common wreck of mankind till called out, and sepaleft a legacy to each of his true followers. His com- rated, by a sovereign act of divine grace, plac ,'mandment is, that all be invited to come, and be made amongst the children of God, and sealed with the
partakers of the benefits he has purchased by his right- Holy Spirit, “ children of wrath even as others." eousness, sufferings, and death. “Go ye into all the and so they remain till the Lord, by his effectual world, and preach the gospel to every creature." I grace, lays hold of them. “Even when we were dead
parties interested in a rich man's will prose- | in trespasses and sin, (God) bath quickened us toI'cute their claims with assiduity. What has been gether with Christ (by grace are ye saved), and hath
bequeathed to them may not be much, yet they mani raised us up together, and made us sit together in i fest much anxiety to possess it. Considering the heavenly places in Christ Jesus.” All this when we great worth of the Redeemer's legacy, the indiffer
mer's legacy the indiffer- were dead in trespasses and sins, and thinking of | ence exhibited by many concerned in it is wonderful. nothing less than of reconciliation to God and a return 1 Should we judge of the worth of the legacy by the to him. This is what fills converted persons with
amount of interest taken in it, we would conclude such devout admiration of the free, undeserved | that its value is not great. We would infer that it grace of God. Every such person is ready to declare
is not of such worth as the things of this world - that God loved him first, and not he God. The sins that even very unimportant worldly considerations of believers are pardoned, because Christ, their subare of greater value than it, seeing they are pursued stitute, has paid their ransom, and has satisfied for with greater avidity-with an avidity so great, that them every demand that divine justice had against in the eager pursuit of them the legacy of the Re them. God regards them as righteous in his sight, deemer is quite lost sight of.
not on account of any good thing he discerns in them, Whence this indifference? It is in consequence of but only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to that blindness of understanding, as respects spiritual
them. His righteousness is theirs. They get all things, which is produced by sin. In our natural
the benefit of it. Whatever it can procure, that is estate we do not discern the things of God; have no
theirs. How precious this pardon of sin! It is to feeling of our need of them. no appreciation of their pass from death to life, from under the frown of! vast worth. They are hidden from us. We do not
God into his favour; and his favour is better than know them till they are revealed to us from above.
life. Justified sinner! thou art indeed a blessed one, How earnestly ought we to crave this divine enlights for thine is peace with God. “Being justified by enment!
faith we have peace with God, through our Lord The legacy of the Redeemer contains blessings on
Jesus Christ.” “ There is, therefore, now no conhand, and blessings to come to hand-blessings for demnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.” this world, blessings for the world to come. What
or the world to come. What! The influences of the Holy Spirit are in the numdo believers, in virtue of this legacy, receiye now ? ber of the blessings believers enjoy in this life. what shall they receive hereafter?
These are gifted to them in their Lord's legacy. These In this world, great spiritual blessings come to are truly precious blessings. “If any man be in hand to believers. They are so' numerous, that we Christ he is a new creature." He is no longer what can only now glance at a very few of them.
he was. He was as rebellious and depraved as a There is the pardon of sin. The free, undeserved, devil. His mind was a very hell of wicked, ungodly full, absolute pardon of sin. “I have blotted out, thoughts and imaginations. He is no longer such. as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, What a change ! Actually, he now loves God, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed serves God, delights in God. It could scarcely have thee.”-(Isa. xliv. 22.) “As far as the east is from been thought possible. But what cannot divine the west, so far hath he removed our transgressions power effect? Here was a heart full of all wickedness, from us."-(Ps. ciii. 12.) The pardon of sin is a developed or latent; it is now a temple of the Holy blessing at the foundation of all other blessings of Ghost. To him, God is infinitely lovely. He can the covenant. So long as we are unreconciled unto spend hour after hour in thinking upon the divine 'God, there can be no gracious intercourse between beauty and excellence that there is in all the attrihim and us. By an act of divine sovereign grace, butes of God. The loveliness of God's holiness, and quite irrespective of any merit of their own, the Lord justice, and truth, quite ravishes him. Poet never justifies his people. Whilst they are yet enemies he hung so enraptured over the sublimest theme, nor