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method devised to meet these wants is that of itine- “No," replied his father, “that will not do; I rant preaching. This, together with colportage, has have cut it up myself many times, but it grows again been to some extent adopted, and with good results. stronger than ever. Pull it up by the root, for noAt a late ministerial conference at Wittemberg, thing else will kill it." Pastor Brennecke, called by his friends “the street Thomas pulled again and again at the dock, but preacher," among other interesting facts related the the root was very deep in the ground, and he could following :-)

not stir it from its place; so he asked his father to

come and help him, and his father went and soon “Some little time ago, after walking several hours,

i pulled it up. and being wet to the skin, I entered a public-house, and found the company engaged in a strong discus

“This dock root, Thomas," said his father, “ which sion, there being so much noise in the room that is an evil and fast-growing weed in a garden, puts the wind and rain without could not be heard. The me in mind of the evil things that grow so fast in topic on which the guests were thus eagerly disput- | the hearts of children. A bad passion, even when ting was politics. The chief speaker, who had a i

found out, is hard to be removed; it is no use to glass of spirits before him, said, “The guillotine must be erected. Millions must lose their heads;

trifle with it; inre is no way to overcome and deand first of all the rich, and those in high station;

stroy it but to pull it up by the root. for all our misfortunes come from them.' I put “You have often carn in our garden, Thomas, that my hands to my head to see if it was still in its when the weeds are allowed to grow they spoil all place, saying to the brawler, One must take care the plants and flowers that grow near them. So it that he loses not his head' (i.e., understanding, as is with evil passions in the heart of a child. If a the German word used by the speaker also signifies), adding, 'What misfortunes come not from the

| little boy is ill-tempered, we must not expect to find rich? the potato disease, the famine two years ago, I him in good-humour, cheerfulness, thankfulness, and and the cholera!'

desire to make others happy. And a little girl who "The brawler started at these words, and his coun- is idle, we need not expect to be industrious, neat, or tenance changed. I embraced the momentary silence 1 cheerful. As weeds injure the flowers, so bad pasto show that famine, cholera, &c., were judgments

sions will injure good qualities. If a child is unduti

sions of God, and remarked at the close, that each had his own cross in this world. One present asked me,

ful to his parents, and despises the commandments "Do you believe in the existence of the devil?s of God, we might as well look for a rose or a tulip in on which I asked him, “If he believed in the being a bed of nettles, as hope to find in his heart those of a God?' He answered, looking out of the graces and good desires that we love to see growing window. “A blind man must believe in the existence there. Now this is quite a sufficient reason why all of God-nature ! nature teaches it!! Pastor B.:

bad passions should be pulled up by the root. * The Bible teaches us that there is a God, and this is confirmed by nature. There is not merely a nature

“Every bad habit, every evil passion which out of us, but a nature within us, which, alas! is com | troubles you, you should try with all your heart and pletely corrupt. The Bible also teaches us, that mind to overcome; you should, if possible, tear it up. there is a Divine Being, and farther, that there is a | But as you will find your own strength but weakdevil, who is a murderer and liar from the beginning.

18. ness, go straightway to that Almighty Friend who and that our nature is corrupt--a fact which the wickedness of our hearts confirms. Tell me, whence

alone is able to strengthen and assist you. He can come the evil thoughts of your heart ? either they

take from your hearts the love of sin; and this is the come from yourself, and then you are the devil, or only way of destroying it, as we have destroyed the they come from him, and then there is a devil.' dock by pulling it up by the root."

"One person remarked, that the Bible was full of fables. The brawler referred to Paul having forgotten his mantle. Pastor B.: . That is a passage quite

VISIBLE CHRISTIAN UNION. suitable for me, perhaps also for you. I am very If the visible manifestation of this unity be in forgetful. I see here that the great apostle could itself so desirable, it is an object for which we are forget, and this comforts me, and admonishes me bound to make sacrifices. We should sacrifice to it also, that I should endeavour to make good what I our love of sectarian aggrandizement-our desire to forget. I thought once like you, and forgot the one control the opinions of our brethren-our strife for thing needful, but I now endeavour not to forget the ecclesiastical power, and even, if it be necessary, the goodness of God. Have you, brother, forgotten | good opinion of the members of our own sect. Christ, this?' The man who, but a few moments before, and the members of his spiritual body, should be had been wishing the death of millions, approached dearer to us than any human organization. If it be the pastor, and said, much moved, “You remarked not so, where is our love of Christ ? And if it be just now that every one had his cross. It is so (and asked, How far shall this sacrifice be carried? I at these words tears fell from his eyes). My wife answer, Up to the point of sacrifice of principle. We has been many weeks ill, and now my daughter is cannot, for the sake of unity, do wrong, or be parties sick. We are in the greatest misery, come and visit to wrong-doing; we cannot declare that to be true us.' The pastor went home with him, spoke earnestly which we believe to be false; or perform, as an ordiwith them on the state of their souls, prayed, and, nance of Christ, what we do not believe that Christ after receiving their hearty thanks, went on his way." has commanded. When this limit meets us, we can

go no farther. To go farther than this, would be to

surrender up a conscience void of offence, and to PULL IT UP BY THE ROOT.

value union with men more than union with Christ.

But so far as this it is our duty to go: we should « FATHER, here is a dock," said Thomas, as he was testify our love to our real brethren in Christ, by at work with his father in the garden; “shall I cut uniting with them in every thing, so far as we can do it off close to the root ?"

it, without the surrender of truth and a good conscience. When this limit has been reached, we must to the American Fur Company, and soon antagesed separate; but we should separate, not in unkindness, a small fortune, married into one of the oldest ani but in mutual love; co-operating in all, and always most respectable French families, and settled down !“ keeping the unity of the spirit in the bond of

for life. His addition to St Louis was one of the peace.” He who is not willing to do this, has much yet to learn of the Spirit of Christ. He who is willing

most valuable ever made, and, if managed properly, render wider the apparent breaches which already would have yielded an almost inexbaustible revenue; exist between the various persuasions of Christians, but the flowing bowl and fashionable life have many and, by magnifying their points of difference, with | allurements to win the virtuous and prosperous from draw them farther and farther from each other, is

the even and happy tenor of their ways, and Lespewounding Christ in the house of his friends, and holding up the Church of Christ to the merited rance became a worldly man. reproach of a thoughtless and gainsaying world. I His fortune, acquired by years of industry and hard

And if it be demanded, in what way may we culti- | labour, was spent in less time than he was emplored vate in our own hearts, and make manifest to others, in making it; his old friends and associates, as scos this spirit of universal love to the whole body of

as his property was gone, became tired of his so- i Christ, the answer, from what has been already said, is obvious. We cannot do it by striving to convert all

ciety; his wife was snatched from him by the hand men to our individual opinions. To do this is mani

of death, and even his relatives, to whom he had befestly impossible, when men enjoy freedom of dis- fore looked for support, now forsookand even shunned cussion and investigation. Why should we wish to him. Houseless, friendless, and bankrupt in parse, do it, until we ourselves become omniscient and

he rambled the city for some year or more, gaining infallible? Nor should we strive to bring all men to

a scanty sustenance from the cold home of charity, imitate our particular practice. Differences in action must follow from the necessary differences of opinion.

until at last, as an act of kindness, he was sent to the hy should we judge another man's servant ? « To county farm as a common pauper. his own master he standeth or falleth.” After faith Here he remained for some time, until at last his fully and kindly setting forth the reasons of our belief bodily infirmities, and the knowledge of his wronts, and practice, we should rest. But we must go farther. I dethroned reason, and death put an end to the far. Having done this, we must still strive for unity. We

ther miseries of the maniac pauper. He died, and must do this by cultivating in our own hearts a more fervent love to Christ; and just in proportion

was buried, but of all his former friends and associ. i to our love to him, will be our love to his image, as ates, of all who had in years of prosperity enjoyed it is displayed in the members of his spiritual body. his friendship and shared his bounty, but three Overlooking the narrow limits of sect and party, we could be found willing to attend his body to its last should cultivate a spirit of universal love to the

resting place. Thus lived, died, and was buried, the whole assembly of the redeemed of every age, of every sect, and of every variety of social condition.

unhappy Lesperance. Young men, let his dissipated Wherever the spirit of Christ manifests itself, there

life and miscrable end scrve as a warning. it should be sure of our sympathy. Whenever our U brethren are in adversity, we should proffer them lour aid; whenever they are in prosperity, we should

នេះដែ. rejoice in their success. Wherever they are labourling to advance the interests of truth and righteous Affectation is bad enough any where, but in the puln039, we should remember them, without ceasing, at pit it is intolerable. Onartertu Rericia the throne of grace, and unite our efforts with theirs, |

If we are not intensely real, we shall be but indifas we may have opportunity. It is thus that we shall

ferent preachers.--Fuller, bring the Spirit of Heaven down upon earth, and it

SCRIPTURE.—It is a book of models as well as shall be seen that God is in the inidst of us of a

maxims.--Ibid. truth. Though separated in matters of opinion, as

The Holy Scriptures are the mysteries of God. must be the case with honest, independent men, the

Christ is the mystery of the Scriptures. Grace is disciples of Christ will still be one, and the world

the mystery of Christ.-Ducr. will believe that he is the Messiah sent by the Father.

Let not any one say he cannot govern his passions, -- Dr Ilayland.

nor hinder them from breaking out and carrying bim into action ; for what he can do before a prince or

a great man, he can do alone, or in the presence of THE WORLD AND ITS FRIENDSHIPS. God, if he will.

No man can pray in faith whose prayer is not We recently (says a foreign paper) announced the

grounded on a promise. Yet a good man commanddeath of John B. Lesperance, a name familiar to

eth all things to the righteous wisdom of his God. every old member of the community, but at the For those who pray in faith trust the immutable time we were not aware that the last three or four Jehovah. And they who ask blessings unpromised months of his life were spent at the county poor- lean on uncovchanted mercies. Prayer is a crea. house, and that he died a maniac pauper. Such,

ture's strength, his very breath and being. Prayer

is the magic sound that saith, “ Father, so be it. ** however, was the case, and it affords but another

Prayer is the slender nerve that moreth the muscles evidence of the cold-heartedness and selfishness of of Omnipotence. Wherefore pray, O creature! for this world, and the value that should be attached to many and great are thy wants. Thy mind, thy eunworldly friendship.

science, thy being, and thy rights, command thee John B. Lesperance came to this city at an early

unto prayer-the cure of all cares, the grand panday from Canada, a young man of talent, that bade

acea for all anxieties. - Martin Tupper.

Sound argument is the faithful friend of godliness; fair to do well in the world. For some years he at

for, as the rock of the affections is the solid approval tended strictly to business, and every thing prospered of reason, even so the temple of religion is founded under his guidance and control. He became attached on the basis of philosophy: -Ilid.

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A great and learned man once labelled a / he can or will believe, except as a part of self volume of Socinian Tracts in his library with or auxiliary to it. Yea, the indictment in this inscription,—“ Salvation made easy, or Isaiah may be taken up and issued against him. every man his own Redeemer.” It was a good Thou hast trusted in thy wickedness; thou satire; but the true title would be,~“ Salvation hast said, “ None seeth me.” Thy wisdom and made impossible, and every man his own De- thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou stroyer.” This mistake of self-salvation comes hast said in thy heart, “ I am, and none else befrom ignorance and unbelief of self-ruin; for no side me." Thou settest thyself as the egotist man ever dreams of saving himself who is made and idol of the universe, thine own only object truly sensible that he has ruined himself. Real of belief and adoration. Therefore shall evil conviction of sin must either lead to despair or come upon thee—thou shalt not know from to Christ, and certainly to despair if not to whence it riseth; and mischief shall fall upon Christ. And that self-salvation, which seemed thee-thou shalt not be able to put it off; and easy at first without conviction of sin, only desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, plunges the soul into the depths of misery. A which thou shalt not know. Stand now, with man who goes into despair now because of con- thine enchantments, thou god of thine own viction, may come to Christ afterwards; his creation, and with the multitude of thy sorcevery despair may drive him to Christ, just as ries, wherewith thou hast laboured from thy the Israelites, shut up in utter hopelessness at youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if the Red Sea, were compelled to throw them- so be thou mayest prevail. Thou art wearied selves on God. But a man full of self-confidence in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the now, for want of conviction, is sure to come to astrologers, the star-gazers, the monthly progdespair in the end. So let a man try to ride nosticators of thy divinity, the calculators and in the chariot of his own works, prayers, good- vouchers for the horoscope of thy self-rightness, aimableness, uprightness, into heaven, or eous theology, stand up and save thee from these over the Red Sea of his guilt; he may set out things that shall come upon thee. Behold with great expectations, and may have an army they shall be as stubble ; the fire shall burn with him; but God speedily takes off his chariot them; they shall not deliver themselves from wheels, and he drives heavily, and then what this power of the flame. Thus shall they he trusted in for support and safety only en- be unto thee, with whom thou hast laboured ; tangles him and sinks him, when God lets loose thy merchants from thy youth in the wares of the billows. His armour and his harness carry thy flattery, thy self-delusion ; none shall save him down like lead in the mighty waters. His thee. Moreover, because ye have said we have self-righteousness is even worse for him than made a covenant with death, and with hell are his sins. His sins might bring him to Christ, we at agreement, your covenant with death if he felt them ; but his self-righteousness is shall be disapnulled, and your agreement with the very blind of Satan over his soul,-it keeps hell shall not stand. For the bed is shorter him from seeing either his sins or his Saviour. than that a man can stretch himself upon it, and His faith in self makes him an unbeliever at the covering narrower than he can wrap him. once in sin, in Christ, and in Satan; he thinks self in it. Vast as the robe of a man's selfhe has no sin but what he can cure by his own righteousness may be, it was never yet large reformation; he thinks he needs no Saviour enough to cover the sinful soul. but that cure; and he thinks, consequently, So, then, there is no agreement that can that for him there is neither devil nor hell. If stand but an agreement with God for Christ's he believed heartily, truly, experimentally, sake. Salvation is wholly of Christ, by faith, either in sin, or Satan, or Christ, he would re- not of him that willeth, nor of him that runnounce self, and hold to Christ only; but be- neth, but of God that showeth mercy. The lieving in self, there is nothing else in which race is not to the swift nor the battle to the strong, but to the contrite soul that trembleth | perish! Nay, we come to Christ out of the at God's Word, and out of weakness is made death of self; and when self is weakest, then strong. If thou standest at the Red Sea, and faith is strongest, and in proportion as self is thinkest that thou wilt cross in thine own lost sight of, Christ becomes visible, Christ rises chariot, thou art an Egyptian, and the waters on the soul as the Sun of Righteousness, and will cover thee. If thou hast no fear, it is be. foods the soul at length with his light, and cause of thine ignorance. There are many takes possession of the soul for ever and ever. things that unbelief does not tremble at, and that do not stagger the man of sense, but at MEMOIRS OF DR CHALMERS. which faith trembles, knowing the difficulties

No. II. and dangers. Unbelief resorts to sense for en

. (Continued from p. 546.) couragement, but faith to Christ. Sense is | Up to this time, Mr Chalmers had evidently no true always visible, but Christ is not. Sense is a idea of his position as a Christian minister. He ! beast that starts fair, but throws its rider, or valued the ministry chiefly as a profession, and the founders in the Slough of Despond, and is lost enthusiasm with which he was fired was purely inin the blackness of darkness. Faith seems to

tellectual and literary. Preaching and visiting were

to him dull work as compared with the high pursense to be walking in darkness, but issues in

Buits of science and philosophy, and to these he deeverlasting light. The very essence of faith is

voted the chief portion of both his time and his to walk by things unseen. Faith regards an

energies. Some members of his Presbytery ra unseen Saviour, and this is the very trial of the solved to bring his conduct in lecturing at soul. Art thou ready, God says, and willing to | Andrews before that court, with the view of either quit self and sense, and at the foot of the cross imposing a check or inflicting a censure. His indignacry for mercy and trust for mercy, as a lost

tion, when he heard of the projected interference,

shows at once the strength of his literary passion, and sinner? Wilt thou make application to Christ,

the entire sincerity of his idea (low as it was) re wilt thou trust in him, wilt thou rest upon him,

garding the duties of the ministry. “ It was bad simply as thou findest him revealed in God's

enough in his eye that ecclesiastical despotism Word! That is the very first exercise of should grasp and try to use against him such a wesfaith, such a belief in an unseen Saviour as pon. What made it doubly worse was, that it had makes you apply to him for mercy; this done, never thought of using this instrument when dealing there follows more, there springs up an experi. with far greater delinquents than himself.” Soon ence, out of which thenceforward springs a

afterwards the following passage occurs in the Pres greater faith. “ Whom having not seen, ye

bytery records :-“Sept. 4th, 1804. Dr Martin

begged the presbytery to insert in their minutes, i love ; in whom, though now you see him not,

that in his opinion, Mr Chalmers' giving lectures in yet believing, ye rejoice, with joy unspeakable

chemistry is improper, and ought to be discontinued. and full of glory.” It is in this sense that faith To this request the presbytery acceded. On which is described as the substance of things hoped | Mr Chalmers begged it to be inserted in the minutes, for, the evidence of things not seen. The mo that after the punctual discharge of his professional ment faith is exercised, then there is an ex

duties his time was his own, and he conceived that periniental demonstration to the soul, a mani.

no man or no court had right to control him in the

distribution of it.” Accordingly, a month afterfestation to faith of that Saviour and those

wards he resumed his chemical lectures at S: realities, which sense cannot see. Then arise

Andrews, and, as is well known, his first publication love, joy, peace, all the fruits of the Spirit ; but (issued during the following year) was devoted to they all wait for faith-they wait till the soul the defence and illustration of his views on this sub-1 rests on Christ; and if the soul waits for them, ject. as a sort of sensible encouragement to come to “In January 1805, the University of Edinburgh was i Christ, it will wait in vain, it will never come

deprived of one of its brightest ornaments by the

death of Dr Robison. As University patrons, the . to him. The soul's encouragement to come to Town Council offered his chair, that of Natural PhiChrist is in its own ruin out of Christ, its utter losophy, to Mr Playfair, by whose acceptance of it the guilt and misery, and not in any fancied grace

mathematical professorship became vacant. Mr

Chalmers presented himself to the notice of the psthat it will have before it comes to him, as a

trons as aspiring to be Mr Playfair's successor; but sort of swimming-belt on which to venture to although his claims were in many quarters favourhim. No! all the grace it wants before com

ably entertained, and the reception given him when

he waited personally on the electors was gratifying, ing to him is that of faith in its own guilt and

two other candidates had, at the very commencement ruin ; that is the only faith in self to be allow- of the canvass, chiefly attracted and almost engross ed, to be tolerated for a moment. We come

the public regards. The Rev. Mr Macknight, one of

the ininisters of Edinburgh, who had acted as assisto Christ out of self-ruin. Lord, save me, I tant to Dr Robison, was at first willing to resign his

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ministerial charge uron his appointment to the pro- Sir, I had forgotten two magnitudes. I thought not fessorship, but was afterwards induced by his clerical of the littleness of time, I recklessly thought not of friends to advance his claim to the one office on the the greatness of eternity!" understood condition that he should retain the other. Professor Stewart, alarmed at the prospect of such

Mr Chalmers, although wrapped up in his favoura conjunction, addressed an urgent letter of remon- ite studies, did not merge his heart in his intellect. strance to the Lord Provost, which was followed by Two circumstances, stated by Dr Hanna, show how one of similar import from Professor Playfair. Of | ready he was, even now, to listen to the call either their fears as to Mr Macknight's appointment they

of public spirit or of private benevolence : were soon relieved, his name having been withdrawn, and Mr Leslie's pre-eminent claims having secured

“Mr Chalmers was alive to all the great public to him the appointment. In the prolonged and pain- | movements of the stirring period at which he entered ful conflict which his election originated, Mr Chal public life. The excesses of the French Revolution

ers was not personally engaged, as, differing from had quenched his earlier hopes, which had yielded to both parties in the strife, he could have been the ad. exciting alarms. The war with France, in which vocate of neither. Its initial stage, however, called there had been a temporary respite during the few forth his earliest publication.

months which he had spent at Cavers, broke out a"In his letter to the Lord Provost, Mr Playfair had fresh about the very time of his settlement in Kilnot only alleged that there were very few Scottish many, its ordinary terrors being heightened by the clergymen emninent in Mathematics or Natural Phi- / threat of invasion, which for a few years hung like a losophy, but that the vigorous and successful pur

lowering thunder-cloud over the land. From the suit of these sciences was incompatible with clerical

mpatible with clerical first moment of his starting on his meteor-like career, duties and habits. This cruel and illiberal insinua Bonaparte had been to Mr Chalmers an object of the tion against the whole order of Churchmen' was most intense interest. He recognized in him ere. not to be suffered, without one effort at least being long the destroyer of his own country's liberties-made to repel it. .....

the disturber of Europe's peace-the threatener of ** The author of this pamphlet,' he said, can as Britain's independence; and it was now believed that sert, from what to him is the highest of all authority, he was mustering his armies along the French coast, the authority of his own experience, that, after the

and looking across the Channel to this country as his satisfactory discharge of his parish duties, a minis

next theatre of war and conquest. Every instrument ter may enjoy five days in the week of uninterrupted by which, in the prospect of such an emergency, the leisure for the prosecution of any science in which his generous ardours of the people could be stirred up taste may dispose him to engage. .....

was employed. The aid of the ministers of religion ". The author of the foregoing observations keeps was invoked. From every pulpit of the land there back his name from the public as a thing of no con.

came a voice, varied acccording to the spirit and chasequence. With Mr Playfair, whose mind seems so racter of its occupant. It was a thrillingly martial enlightened by well-founded associations, it will pro

one which on this occasion issued from the pulpit of bably be enough to know that the author is a clergy.

Kilmany, finding its climax in the exclamationman; a member of the stigmatized caste; one of ‘May that day when Bonaparte ascends the throne those puny antagonists with whom it would be de- of Britain be the last of my existence; may I be the grading to enter into the lists of controversy; one of first to ascend the scaffold he erects to extinguish those ill-fated beings whom the malignant touch of the worth and spirit of the country; may my blood ordination has condemned to a life of ignorance and mingle with the blood of patriots; and may I die at obscurity; a being who must bid adieu, it seems, to the foot of that altar on wbich British independence every flattering anticipation, and drivel out the re- | is to be the victim !? mainder of his days in insignificance.'"

“The preacher was quite ready to make good his Years afterwards this pamphlet was brought up

words. Soon after the volunteers were organized, he

| enrolled himself in the St Andrews corps, holding a in the General Assembly. Dr Chalmers had pro- double commission as chaplain and lieutenant. In posed a resolution to the Assembly condemnatory of 1805, he joined the corps at Kirkcaldy, where it was pluralities; that is, of the junction of professorial then on permanent duty. In the outskirts of that with ministerial duties, which he himself had long

town he recognised an old acquaintance, a member

town he recognised an old acquaint before so strenuously defended. A speaker on the

of the Secession Church, whose family was sunk in

poverty and visited with fever. Anxious to contri. other side of the house, in defending the plurality

aing the plurality | bute to their relief, Mr Chalmers requested Mr Fle system, was imprudent enough to refer in support of ming, the minister of Kirkcaldy, to give him the use his views to this youthful pamphlet, and to twit him of his pulpit, that he might preach a sermon, and with inconsistency. At the close of the debate Dr make a collection on behalf of the sufferers. KnowChalmers adverted to the reference, and disposed of

ing the applicant only as the author of the recently it in a manner which at once discomfited his oppo

published pamphlet, and as one addicted more to lec

tures on chemistry than to purely professional effort, nent and electrified his audience. Having acknow Mr Fleming refused. The will, however, was too ledged that the production was his, and explained strong not to find for itself a way. Although Mr the circumstances which called it forth, he repeated Chalmers could not get a pulpit to preach, he could| the words we have quoted as to the small amount of

find a room to lecture in. A suitable apartment was time required for the discharge of ministerial duties,

forthwith engaged; a course of lectures on chemistry and exclaimed, “ Alas! Sir, so I thought in my

announced. Though the admission ticket was some

what high in price, goodly audiences crowded nightly ignorance and pride. I have now no reserve in de around the lecturer; and at the close, he had the exclaring that the sentiment was wrong, and that in quisite satisfaction of handing over to a respectable giving utterance to it I penned what was outra but unfortunate family, what not only relieved them geously wrong. Strangely blinded that I was! What,

| from present distress, but supported them for some Sir, is the object of mathematical science ? Magni

time afterwards in comfort." ** tude, and the proportions of magnitude. But then, He was now, however, about to enter on a new

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