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of a growing popularity, which his zeal and solid marriage reached him at length through the abilities assured in spite of a backward position, | medium of the newspapers. Alexander brought home to the manse as his | After that, from time to time, came magnibride the daughter of a poor but respectable ficent reports of the style and company kept by parishioner.
the married pair ; but Mrs Burnett's family did Mary Riddel was comely, kind, and pious ; not like saints, as they styled evangelical minisshe had been his father's favourite, and they ers, and besides they had got a hint of Alexanknew each other's mind from school-days; but der's opposition to the wedding. As for James, the worldly wise of his flock believed their his pride increased with his riches, and he felt young minister might have looked higher, and, rather chagrined that the country minister, who though Alexander partially succeeded in recon had a growing family to provide for, did not pay ciling his brothers to his choice, their petty peculiar deference to him the wealthy bachelor, pride was touched, and they never were so instead of continually reminding him that the friendly after.
wealth as well as the fashion of this world Years flowed on in peace and comfort at the passeth away. Alexander's communications manse. Mrs Burnett's gentle and judicious with his brothers were therefore brief and unconduct conciliated even those who thought frequent; the thorns had indeed grown up worst of her father's poverty. Alexander had and choked the word in their hearts, and he named a son for his father, and a daughter for could only pray that a mightier hand would his mother; but his brothers seldom visited him. root them out. But heavier trials were yet in They were growing great in Edinburgh; but store for the minister. estrangement had come between them also, The calm and useful years that passed over arising chiefly from the increasing difference in him and his partner in their manse among the their views and habits. James' prudence had hills, brought their boy and girl slowly to the hardened to a penurious economy, and his in- dawn of youth, and left no marks of decay on dustry merged in a grasping anxiety for gain; them except some streaks of grey in the still he was in consequence increased in capital, and dark hair, and some deeper lines of thought in now had a considerable share of the booksel- each kind and serious face; but over the city ler's concern. John's early aspirations after brothers they had hurried with thoughtless cutting a figure, had ripened to a reckless love waste and wear-one had lost them in the strife of show and speculation; he had therefore be- of business, which left no point in his memory come a city beau, and report said was laying but its unenjoyed gain, no friendship cemented siege to a dashing heiress.
| for time, no anchor cast in eternity. He was Alexander knew her family only by repute; now at the head of the establishment in which they belonged to that class, never wanting in he had been an apprentice ; but the respect so large towns, whose fortunes have been blown early believed to attend on riches had disapup like bubbles by some accidental gale of pointed him. There sat a thousand Mordecais commerce, and, however prosperous in appear in the gates of common life who would not do ance, will not bear investigation regarding either him reverence, and he grew an old, fretted, irri. their stability or mode of acquisition. Like table man, fearing without cause, and toiling the generallty of such people they led careless, without necessity. The other had become acwould-be fashionable lives; and be it remem quainted with fashionable dissipation, with dobered that fashion at that period was by no mestic discord, and shifts to support appearances, means friendly to religion. Miss Morton and for his lady was ill-tempered and extravagant, ber brothers were therefore less regular atten. and all was not gold that glittered about his dants of the church than the theatre, and bet- household. ter acquainted with what they considered ton James Burnett had lived a bachelor, believthan with their Bibles.
ing that marriage made most people poor. He Many an affectionate letter had Alexander was said to be worth fifty thousand pounds, and written his brothers, sometimes reminding them acquaintances, friends, and relatives, to the ut. of their father's warnings against the cares of termost degree, were already calculating on the world and the deceitfulness of riches; but their shares at his death. Many a piece of flatbrief and few were their replies; and latterly tery and attention did the busy penurious man they became still less satisfactory, as James and receive in that prospect. And it was a strange John now esteemed themselves above being habit of his to make a will in favour of the counselled by a minister with a poor wife and parties who happened to please him best at one a country parish.
time, and destroy it the next, when they forAgain, however, he ventured to write in all feited his good opinion ; which, thanks to his kindness and brotherly regard, advising James exacting pride, was a matter of frequent ocagainst what seemed to him a hazardous and currence. In this manner he had made and mercenary mateh; but this time Alexander was consumed more than a dozen wills; when, takunanswered, the brothers having for once agreeding a fit of general indignation against all the on a subject. They took mortal offence at his natural claimants, including Alexander, who interference, and the intelligence of John's had lately pointed his attention to that text, “ What shall it profit a man if he gain the cial affairs, attempting to destroy himself with whole world and lose his own soul ?” he framed his own razor, from which he had been preanother testament solely in favour of John, and vented by the timely interference of friends, it proved his last, for he was seized with apo- | who subsequently removed him to a lunatic plexy immediately after in his place of business, asylum, and his name was John Burnett. and the news of his death was received next From that insanity be never recovered, but day at the manse.
went the way of all living in a few years, unJohn Burnett thus came into possession of blessed by the light of reason. The wealth and the entire legacy, but he did not care for see- | grandeur of the Morton family fell with his ; ing his brother after the funeral. Perhaps the and Mrs Burnett with her four young children man felt that he had not justly inherited, | found no friend in their necessity but the once! though his vanity required it all. Perhaps he despised minister, who shared his home witb did not relish the minister's observations of the them. By his assistance and counsel she is nearness of death and judgment; at all events said to have become a wise woman for both Alexander felt that his presence was no longer this world and that to come. Alexander after. requisite, and returned, weary and sad of heart, wards saw his son and daughter, nephews and to his home in the south country.
nieces, comfortably settled in the hamlets His elder brother had been called from the round him. And, readers, this tale is true, ex. restless pursuit of gain by a summons sudden cepting the names, which have been altered for! as that of the rich man in the scripture, “This obvious reasons, as many yet living are well night thy soul shall be required of thee ;” and acquainted with the eventful and warning story his legacy seemed to have closed the sur- of the Brothers of the Manse. vivor's ear to its warning. Jolin and his wife | How clearly do their different tracks through put on no semblance of grief except the | this fleeting existence illustrate to all our readers, mourning crape, and Alexander's serious let. and especially the young, the necessity of that ters were rarely answered but by rumours of in- apostolic admonition, to “lay aside every weight, creasing splendour and gaiety about their es- and the sins that so easily beset us." The same blishment. These gradually changed to tales variety stamped on human talents, character, and of great undertaking and speculation. Such even countenance, is found in human liabilities doings were then common in every department to error, as if realizing that ancient superstition of business. It was one of those busy hazard of the evil genius, that every individual has ing periods, so frequent in the history of modern some attendant sin, less feared perhaps, beEurope, when sober citizens played with their cause home-bred and familiar to their thoughts, capital and credit as if they had been dice, and but not less perilous than other stumbling. thought of nothing but winning. Some said blocks, avoided through custom and character. John Burnett would realise an immense fortune It may have been, as he once acknowledged, --some that he was only hoping to retreive his that the besetting sin of Alexander Burnett! affairs ; but these speculating times are always was indolence; but he sought and found the followed by commercial panics, and that of our grace that was sufficient for him, and became story closed in the terrible crisis of 18_ It an active and zealous minister. Those of his was fearful for the Burnetts to see in their brothers, even while they talked as school-boys' quiet manse the long array of bankruptcies by the old manse fire, were evidently the pride and failures which every paper presented, and and the vanity of riches; which, inwardly think how many high places of human trust were cherished in spite of counsel and warning, overthrown-how many family hopes struck became in time the masters of their outward down-and how many humble homes stripped conduct, and rewarded each of them according of their comforts, by every list they read. to his works. Both attained to the high places of
It was winter time, and the days were cold | their ambition ; but only to find them full of and dark, when the minister's family assembled snares and thorns, and learn too late, as the early as usual one morning around their cheer worldly-wisest have often done, that the prosful breakfast table. William took up the perity of time had at best but sandy foundanewspaper which his father had suffered to lie tions, on which many “floods may rise, and unopened, for his face looked sad and troubled. | winds blow, and the ruin of that house is
" I have been thinking much of John, Mary," | great." A thousand similar examples may be met said Alexander addressing his wife ;“ it is long with in everyday, ay, and in so called Chrissince we heard of him in these trying times. I tian, life; for the sins of the Burnetts abound in think I will go to Edinburgh What's the the respectable and professing portion of society. matter, William ?" cried the father and mother, Therefore, professing Christians-and especially at once catching the terrified look of their son, young readers-among the hopes, and fears, but the boy only replied by pointing out the and strivings of your future days, endeavour paragraph he had just read. It was headed practically to remember, that “they who will be à Attempted Suicide,” and told of an Edinburgh rich fall into divers temptations ;" and there is gentleman whose mind had been unhinged by a treasure in heaven which alone faileth not. previous dissipation, and the ruin of his finan
“DAY AND NIGHT IN THE WYNDS OF tical with that of others. Horror-stricken at first, EDINBURGH." *
the subject of a moral skunner, the edge of feeling
soon gets worn off, and men get habituated to squalor This is the title of a pamphlet recently issued by an as they do to other things. Unsympathized with, intelligent and actively benevolent Edinburgh physi- they gradually cease to experience the working of cian, whose valuable labours as Secretary of the Ori
those affections which whilom rendered their ginal Ragged Schools have called forth the repeated
poverty not ungraceful. Being without hope, they
don't think about the future. The love of offspring acknowledgments of their distinguished founder, Dr
shrinks into something smaller and less kindly than Guthrie. He sets himself to a description of scenes | instinct, all sentiment departs, the base elements of which his own eyes have witnessed, by day and by | nature assume the ascendency, and thus they go night, in the wynds of Edinburgh, and bases on | down, 'deeper and deeper still,' until at length we these a warning and appeal to the community. Much
find them in a state of complete apathy, and utterly as we have lately read, and heard, and seen, of the
debased. Such is the acquired condition of many a
mother, and such the early fate of her offspring. degradation and crime of the lower parts of our Death in time removes the mother, but not perhaps great cities, Dr Bell's pictures present, in some re until some, if not all of her children, have become spects, the most vivid and appalling view of these pests to society, thieves proper, and thieving begthat we have yet met with. As we intend adverting at length to various points which he and other recent The second passage is on one of the grand causes. writers have been forcing on the attention of the perhaps immediately the chief cause, of pauperism public, we shall at present content ourselves with
and crime-intemperance, as fostered by the large iwo short extracts from his pages. The first de
| number of whisky-shops : scribes the process and progress of degradation :
“ Almost all the whisky-shops are in the localities “ A few years ago we were called to visit a family
where the poor reside. They create drunkards as occupying a small room in a large and lofty tene- banks create bankrupts. The poorer the district. ment at the bottom of the High Street. The family
the more numerous the dram-sellers. They are like consisted of father, mother, and five or six children.
Jesuits; they settle themselves wherever they can A number of rooms in the same story of the building
find men to destroy. None of the sections which were similarly occupied. Typhus fever had invaded
compose the plebeian class escape. Even the hackney the premises. Those in the upper story were first
coachmen cannot escape from these human spiders. assailed. The messenger of death descended, and
No sooner is a new hackney coach-stand established, his having reached the family to which we allude
than straightway their pimpled and speckled enemy was the reason why we were sent for. Every mem
establishes a trap. He catches the poor fellows, ber of the family was smitten by the disease. The
and without ceremony makes drunkards of thein, father, an industrious yet half-starved mechanic,
and pauperizes their families. But the dram-shops died; the mother made a slow recovery; and the
are not only hyper-extravagantly numerous,* they children, who were soon convalescent, for a time ran
are likewise for ever open. They are open before riot, being free from maternal restraint. Not yet reco
sunrise, and they remain open till an hour short of vered, but still an invalid, the mother began to work;
midnight. They are nice-looking places (so is many the little strength she had failed her, and in a short
a tomb); they are full of light, and all the polished time the family of the mechanic were a family of
tankards and pewters are burnished, and the warmpaupers. In process of time they left their dwelling,
looking master of the infernal place-there he is, and we feel assured that they, like hundreds of
rubicand, fat, jolly, with his white apron standing others whose history is analogous to theirs, were
behind his counter. He looks as mild as his ale, but finally absorbed into the class which is at the base | he is as fiery as his spirits. How rejoiced he looks !! of society-a class which is at once a disgrace and a
for there is a pale-faced, hard wrought mechanic, on
for there is a maleficed peril to our country. Where did these people go to? his way to his work. He has passed one hundred! Are there cheapcr habitations to be had than that of these traps; and he stands at the door of this one. which they left? There are none cheaper, but
An infernal spirit whispers to him, “Gio in '-he there are many worse, and the class we allude to
dives, and he swallows a morning dram. With this must inhabit them, or remain without shelter. They
act commences the degradation of the mechanic, constitute what are called lodging-houses; they are
and the starvation of his family. He becomes a in themselves all horror, and are situated in the vilest
drunkard; he soon ceases to possess furniture; his parts of the city. For the shelter which these places
home, once cheerful, is now the scene of misery, afford, each adult has to pay twopence a-night, which
perbaps of violence; he grows into a public pest, is equal to about £3 per annum. If the family is of
and his fainily become parasites on society.” average size, their lodging will cost nearly three times this sumn. The shelter of these horrible places is resorted to because the parties have no regular
STANDING CAUSE FOR THANKSGIVING. income, and therefore cannot pay a rent. They live WHEN peace was restored after the war of the Ame. from hand to mouth, and they shelter themselves on rican Revolution, a day of thanksgiving was apthe same principle. Their lodgings do not constitute a pointed by authority of George III. In the vicinity i home in any sense of the word. The wretched people of Windsor Castle dwelt a most estimable minister, have only a nightly interest in them; and, besides with whom the king, who had no High Church antithis, they are crammed full of a motley crew of the pathy to pious Dissenters, sometimes conversed with destitute, squalid, obscene, blaspheming, vicious, much freedom. This worthy divine ventured to say and often criminal of both sexes, young and old. | to him, “ Your Majesty has sent out a proclamation Who or what these people were, the widow of the ' * In the Castle Hill..
* In the Castle Hill, on a surface containing about 1520 mechanic knew not when necessity drove her into
square yards, there are eighteen spirit-shops. This is over their company; but she and her family no doubt and above the low eating houses in that locality. The soon began to feel the influence of the association. whisky-selling trade is a profitable one there, as elsewhere.
We understand that one man pays £90 of rent for the cel. Her subsequent history was in all probability iden
lar which he occupies. It is a profitable trade; one firm * By George Bell, M.D. Fdinburgh.
has seven establishments in Edinburgh.
for a day of thanksgiving. For what are we to give prorsus assentior. Affirmo etiam vestros magistratus thanks? Is it because your Majesty has lost thir- | juste ficisse quod hominem blasphemum, re ordine teen of the fairest jewels from your crown?” judicata, interfecerunt."-" I entirely concur in your “No, no," replied the monarch; “ not that !"
judgment. I affirm, also, that your magistrates acted “ Well, then, shall we give thanks because so many : millions of treasure have been spent in this war, and justly, by putting a blasphemer to death accordinz so many millions added to the public debt ?”
to law."-14th October 1554.- Table Talk, rol. i. * No, no," again replied the King; “ not that !”
p. 282. “Shall we, then, give thanks that so many thousands of our fellow men have poured out their life. blood in this unhappy and unnatural struggle between those of the same race and religion ? "
FOR MINISTERS. “No, no,” exclaimed “good George " for the third No ministry will be really effective, whatever may time; “not that!"
be its intelligence, which is not a ministry of strong “For what, then, are we to render our thanks ? "
faith, true spirituality, and deep earnestness.-British asked the persevering dissenter.
Quarterly Review. “ THANK God," cried the King energetically,
We are weak in the pulpit, because we are weak “ THAT IT IS NO WORSE!"
in the closet. --James. This is a source of public and private gratitude
The apostle said, “We believe, and therefore which never exhausts itself. It is never so bad with
speak." We not only gpeak what we believe, but as the children of men in this life, but what it might be
we believe. If the faith be weak, so will be the far worse. In pouring out the vials of his wrath,
utterance.-Ibid. God does not empty them to the uttermost.
It behoves ministers to unite the cherub and the
seraph in their ministry-the angel of knowledge APOSTOLICAL SUCCESSION.
and the angel of burning zeal. If we would wia The Rev. Mr Carruthers of Liverpool, formerly mis souls, we must point clearly the way to heaven, while sionary in the Crimea, related at a missionary meet
| we cry flee from the wrath to come. I believe we
cannot lay down the guilt of man--his total depre. ing in Leeds, an amusing instance of the importance
vity, and the glorious gospel of Christ, too clearly; attached to apostolical succession among the Kalmuk
that we cannot urge men to embrace and flee too Tartars. When at Astracan, Mr C. visited the warmly. O for a pastor who unites the deep knowchurch of the Kalmuks, and saw their high priest, ledge of Edwards, the vast statements of Owen, arrayed in splendid yellow pontificals, pour some and the vehement appeals of Richard Baxter! dirty liquid out of a large bottle into a small phial,
M'Cheyne. and solemnly drink it off. On inquiring why this was done, he was told that that bottle contained the ashes of the high priest's predecessor, and that it was
SCRIPTURE AND THE CHURCH. the custom to burn the dead body of a deceased high
Tae Scripture is the sun; the Church is the clock, priest, and tben to mingle the ashes with water, a whose hand points us to, and whose sound tells us, portion of which was drunk every morning by his the hours of the day. The sun we know to be sure, successor, until the whole of the former pontiff had and regularly constant in his motion; the clock, as been received really and bodily into the system of the
it may fall out, may go too fast or too slow. We are
wont to look at and listen to the clock, to know the ! existing pontiff. This practice is worthy of the de
time of day; but, where we find the variation sensible, vout consideration of the Oxford divines, as it affords to believe the sun against the clock, not the clock the truest realization of apostolical succession that we against the sun. As, then, wenould condemn him have ever heard of.
of much folly that should profess to trust the clock
rather than the sun; so we cannot but justly tax the COLERIDGE ON CALVIN AND SERVETUS.
miscredulity of those who will rather trust to the
Church than to the Scripture.- Bishop Hall, What ground is there for throwing the odium of Servetus's death upon Calvin alone? Why, the mild Melancthon wrote to Calvin expressly to testify his concurrence in the act, and no doubt he spoke
COWPER ON HIS PERSONAL TRIALS. the sense of the German Reformers; the Swiss “A THREAD of mercy ran through all the intricate Churches advised the punishment in formal letters, maze of those afflictive providences, so mysterious to and I rather think there are letters from the Eng myself at the time, and which must ever remain so lish divines approving Calvin's conduct. Before a
to all who will not see what was the great desigse of
them; at the judgment-seat of Christ the whole shall man deals out the slang of the day about the great
be laid open. How is the rod of iron changed into leaders of the Reformation, he should learn to throw
the sceptre of love / " himself back to the age of the Reformation, when the two great parties in the Church were eagerly on the watch to fasten a charge of heresy upon the
PRAYER-A TEST. other. Besides, if ever a poor fanatic thrust himself into the fire, it was Michael Servetus. He was a We may judge of the state of our hearts by the rabid enthusiast, and did every thing he could in the earnestness of our prayers. You cannot make a rich way of insult and ribaldry to provoke the feeling of
man beg like a poor one; you cannot make a man the Christian Church. He called the Trinity, " tri
that is full cry for food like one that is hungry: no
more will a man that has a good opinion of himself ceps monstrum et cerberum quendam trie partitum," cry for grace like one who feels tbat he is poor and and so on. Melancthon's words are :—" Tuo judicio needy.- Payson.
A DAY IN THE LIFE OF JESUS OF NAZARETH.
LUKE IX. 10-17.
BY FRANCIS WAYLAND, D.D., BOSTON.
| It was the sagacious opinion of, I think, the late / pages are replete with moral lessons that never | Professor Porson, that he would rather see a single weary us in the perusal, and which have been the I copy of a daily newspaper of ancient Athens, than | source of unfading illumination to all succeeding
read all the commentaries upon the Grecian tragedies ages. that have ever been written. The reason for this The verses which I have read as the text of this
preference is obvious. A single sheet, similar to our discourse, may well be taken as an illustration of all | daily newspapers, published in the time of Pericles, that I have here said. They may, without impro
would admit us at once to a knowledge of the habits, priety, be styled a day in the life of Jesus of Nazamanners, modes of opinion, political relations, social reth. By observing the manner in which our blessed | condition, and moral attainments of the people, such Lord spent a single day, we may form some concep
as we never could gain from the study of all the tion of the kind of life which he ordinarily led; and | writers that have ever attempted to illustrate the we may, perchance, treasure up some lessons which nature of Grecian civilisation.
it were well if we should exemplify in our daily The same remark is true in respect to our know practice. ledge of the character of individuals who have lived The place at which these events occurred was near in a former age. What would we not, at the present the head of the Sea of Galilee, where it receives the
day, give for a few pages of the private diary of waters of the upper Jordan. This was one of the | Julius Cæsar, or Cicero, or Brutus, or Augustus; or Saviour's favourite places of resort. Capernaum,
for the minute reminiscences of any one who had Chorasin, and Bethsaida, all in this immediate vicinity, spent a few days in the company of either of these are always spoken of in the gospels as towns which distinguished men? What a flood of light would the enjoyed the largest share of his ministerial labours, discovery of such a manuscript throw upon Roman and were distinguished most frequently with the life, but especially upon the private opinions, the honour of his personal presence. The scenery of motives, the aspirations, the moral estimates, of the the neighbourhood is wild and romantic. To the men whose names have become household words
north and west, the eye rests on the lofty summits throughout the world! A few such pages might, of Lebanon and Hermon. To the south, there opens perchance, dissipate the authority of many a bulky | upon the view the blue expanse of the lake, enclosed folio, on which we now rely with implicit confidence. by frowning rocks, which here and there jut out far Not only would the characters of these heroes of into the waters, and then again retire towards the antiquity stand out in bolder relief than they have land, leaving a level beach to invite the labours of ever done before, but the individuals themselves | the fisherman. The people, removed at a considerwould be brought within the range of our personalable distance from the metropolis of Judea, cultivated sympathy; and we should seem to commune with | those rural habits with which the simple tastes of them as we do with an intimate acquaintance. the Saviour would most readily harmonize. Near | It is worthy of remark, that we are favoured with this spot was also one of the most frequented fords a larger portion of this kind of information, respect of the Jordan, on the road from Damascus to Jeruing Jesus of Nazareth, than almost any other dis- salem; and thus, while residing here, he enjoyed untinguished person that has ever lived. He left no usual facilities for disseminating throughout this writings himself; hence all that we know of him has whole region a knowledge of those truths which he been written by others. The narrators, however, came on earth to promulgate. were the personal attendants, and not the mere Some weeks previously to the time in which the auditors or pupils of their Master. The apostles events spoken of in the text occurred, our Lord had were members of the family of Jesus; they travelled sent his disciples to announce the approach of the with him on foot throughout the length and breadth kingdom of heaven in all the cities and villages which of Palestine; they partook with him of his frugal he himself proposed to visit. He conferred on them meals, and bore with him the trial of hunger, weari- the power to work miracles, in attestation of their ness, and want of shelter; they followed him through authority, and of the divine character of him by the lonely wilderness and the crowded street; they whom they were sent. He imposed upon them strict saw his miracles in every variety of form, and listen- rules of conduct, and directed them to make known, ed to his discourses in public as well as to his ex to every one who would hear them, the good news of planations in private. Hence their whole narrative the coming dispensation. As soon as he had sent is instinct with life; a vivid picture of Jewish man- them forth, he himself went immediately abroad to ners and customs, rendered more definite and char teach and to preach in their cities. As their Master acteristic by the moral light which then, for the and Lord, he might reasonably have claimed exempfirst time, shone upon it. Hence it is that these few tion from the personal toil and the rigid self-denials