Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up

Framsida
MIT Press, 11 okt. 1996 - 208 sidor
""Growing Artificial Societies" is a milestone in social science research. It vividly demonstrates the potential of agent-based computer simulation to break disciplinary boundaries. It does this by analyzing in a unified framework the dynamic interactions of such diverse activities as trade, combat, mating, culture, and disease. It is an impressive achievement."
-- Robert Axelrod, University of Michigan How do social structures and group behaviors arise from the interaction of individuals? "Growing Artificial Societies" approaches this question with cutting-edge computer simulation techniques. Fundamental collective behaviors such as group formation, cultural transmission, combat, and trade are seen to "emerge" from the interaction of individual agents following a few simple rules.

In their program, named Sugarscape, Epstein and Axtell begin the development of a "bottom up" social science that is capturing the attention of researchers and commentators alike.

The study is part of the 2050 Project, a joint venture of the Santa Fe Institute, the World Resources Institute, and the Brookings Institution. The project is an international effort to identify conditions for a sustainable global system in the next century and to design policies to help achieve such a system.

"Growing Artificial Societies" is also available on CD-ROM, which includes about 50 animations that develop the scenarios described in the text.

"Copublished with the Brookings Institution"

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Om författaren (1996)

Rob Axtell earned an interdisciplinary Ph.D. at Carnegie Mellon University, where he studied computing, social science, and public policy. His teaching and research involves computational and mathematical modeling of social and economic processes. Specifically, he works at the intersection of multi-agent systems computer science and the social sciences, building so-called agent-based models of a variety of marketand non-market phenomena.

His work has been published in "Science," the "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA," and been reprised in "Nature," as well as appearing in leading field journals. His research has been supported by private foundations and governmental organizations. Stories about his research have appeared in many major magazines and newspapers. He is co-author of "Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up" (MIT Press).

Joshua M. Epstein directs the Johns Hopkins University Center for Advanced Modeling in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences (CAM). He holds a Ph.D. from MIT and is Professor of Emergency Medicine in the School of Medicine with Joint Appointments in the departments of Applied Mathematics, Economics, Biostatistics, International Health, Environmental Health Sciences, Civil Engineering, and the Institute for Computational Medicine. He is director for Systems Science of the Johns Hopkins Systems Institute based in the Whiting School of Engineering. He is a former Senior Fellow in Economics and Director of the Center of Social and Economic Dynamics at the Brookings Institution, and is an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute.


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