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intention of some maryage wherin no good is ment to us

888ureinge us first of hir owne sincere meaninge and CONTENT 8.-N° 68.

next undertakinge for bir uncles that they wilbe alwaies NOTES :-Elizabeth and Mary, Queen of Scots, 281–The readie to do us pleasure And consequently prayinge us Three Septs of Gauran, 282- Shakspeariana, 281--Sir to take place with us Suerly we neuer conceaued any

to suffer no suche impression of them by sinister reportes George Barclay, The Piromides '-Shepperton-Tolny or suche opinion this matter of hir mariage upon hir owne Udny, 285—Rainhow Ballet-Unknown Testament-Dr. Martin Lister-Misuse of Scientific Terms - Battle

of contention but do thinke of hir even as she would haue

us do. Neither baue we regarded any reportes made Stiklastad—“Hellbrand," 286.

of any of hir uncles but suche as their owne deedes QUERIES :-Arms in the Lady Chapel, Ely-Peter Lillye- baue confirmed And for bir sake baue wee bene conLavington, 287—Filshie-E. Hoppus-St. Gover's Well-tended to caste behind us into oblivion all former actes Tassie-French Idioms-- Feast of the Windy Sheet-Adams of some of them wch not only o’rselves but all the rest Family - Metre of .In Memoriam' – Name of Poem of Christendome did see to be prejudiciall to us, and in Wanted, 288—" Slopseller"-English Sapphics-Earl of that we do presently let our good Sister understand Onslow-Arthur Onslow-Mere-stones, 289.

wbat it is we mislike in some of them Wee assure bir wee

haue not ben hastie to give light eare or credite therto, REPLIES :- Italian Idiom, 289—Primrose, Cowslip, and but when suche thinges passe abroade from countrie to

Oxlip in French, 291-Kearney-John of Gaunt, 292– country ouen from themselves originally wben a ) traChaucer's “Stilbon," 293–From Oxford to Rome'- vaile or paines are spared to notifie to the world their Abraham Raimbach-Lines by Tennyson-Vole, 294–St. carnestnes in renewinge their former designes and Jeron-Booksellers' Catalogues--St. Thomas of Waterings practises wee praie o'r Sister not to impute this our -Walter Long-Alderman Curtis, 295-Chesney Family-conceipte to the sinister perswasion of any other For Bachelors' Door—" To threep"—Poisoning by Arsenic, indeed bothe for bir sake and for respecte of the honor. 296—Relics of our Lord, 297—A Preposition followed by a able house and familie of bir uncles wes would be rather Clause—“A fly on the corporal”—The Celebrated Waite-contente to baue good offices of friendshippe nourished The Poets Laureate-Vallance Family, 298—“ Philazer"- betwixte us and them like as we haue not forborne for all " Squin" — East India Company's Register -- Authors unkindnes past to shewe ourselves to some of them verio Wanted, 299.

well contente to use them not unfriendly and excepte NOTES ON BOOKS:- Pink's 'Notes on the Middleton manifest cause sbalbe giuen us to the contrarie we meano Family'-Ferguson's ‘A Boke off Recorde.'

not to shew any offence towardes any of them.

And for the laste part of our Sisters answars wherunto Notices to Correspondents.

sbe desireth to be answared in to pointes, that is ffirst what persone wee thinke for marriage sortable for bir

and whomo wee allowe and whome not Next what maye Hotes.

we means to proceade to the declaration of bir title to be our next Cosen upon knowledge wherof shre will

giue us a resolut answare you may saie that theise two ELIZABETH AND MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS.

matters are of suche weight as we are verie lothe to (Continued from p. 243.)

make answare therto by message if we myght con. Queene Elizabeth.-A memoriall for Mester Thomas veniently do otherwise findinge our own self better Randolphe sent by the Queene Majestie to the Queene disposed to deale in such matters by communication and of Scottes the xvii of november 1563.

familiar speache so as one of us might well satisfie We have barde and seeme in writinge, shewed to us thother in any doubte and neither of us to be subjecte to by you, how discret answares the Q. our good Sieter be mistaken in friendshipe neverthelesse because shee hath made you to suche things as you haue propounded to shall perceave we moane not on our parte to staie this hir, where in you sball sayo to hir, we doe perceue hir so necessario a matter we will not forbeare to do cribe good aceptations of our good messages acordinge to the to bir what kinde of persons wee thinke meete and con. sinceritie of our meaninge whereof we ar verie glade and sequently to manifest to hir in some sorte of speciallitie thereby are provoked to proces de to some further por. rather who ar not meate then precisely to appointe by fection : And in one thinge only wee finde gome lacke namo whoe are meeto, in perusinge of the answares, tbat is we see not so muche A person meete for bir in mariage as we judge ought inwardnes and francknes uttered in wordes as we per. to be chosen out of such as hauinge other qualities swade ourselves we should baue founde in private com. agreeable to hir owne likinge and to hir Realme haue munication with bir ourselfe: Which lacke thoughe we no lesse disposition and determination to continewe finde, yet do we not blame it, consideringe we impute it straight bonde of loue and concorde that is now knitte to bir great circomspection and advise used in comittinge betwixte us toe and our people and countries and if upon of hirminde to writingo where in commonly more advised consideration had non can be founde being a strangenense and lesse familiarity is used then in speeche. stranger borne to both our countries with such an

And for the matters you may saie that we are verie assured disposition and affection the waight of this glade to see hir pot dissalowe of the maner used by us matter is surely suche beinge advisedly weighed and conin devision of the matters requisite to be considered sidered that it weare to be wished and so for our parte by hir in bir marriage which beinge principally three, we would be right glade that some noble man of good that is the contentation first of hir solfe, next of hir birth and creditte within this Isle might be founde people and thirdly of us and our Realme : whereof the bavinge naturall affection towardes this bonde of our twoe former seeme to be well regarded by hir and in concorde and not unmeete in conditions and qualityes the thirde wbich concerneth us and hir romaineth most for the other two pointes requisitte to be considered difficultie. Tberfore omittinge the two former you shall in this behalfe Herein if our sister shall advisedly consaie that wee haue considered hir answares to the same sider our opinion usinge the advise of such as loue and meane to let hir understand what we thinke bereof. hirselfe and bir contrye shee shall well understande that

You sball saie that wher by hir wordes shee desireth whatsoever mountaines of felicitye or worldly pompes to cleare us of a doubt which we have conceaved of the maye be hoped for by others beinge straungere yf bis

naturall disposition to conservo concorde betwixte us and yourselfe to haue leave to returne home and if shee and theise our Realmes after us be not assuredly founde shall giue you a resolut answare then maye you also in them the successe therof shall not answare hir expecta- returne. tions ffor we acompt this last matter in choise of hir hus- Allthoughe in this memoriall mention is made that. band not to be of lesse moment the any of the other and wee haue seeno our Sister answere in writinge : as we did maye we call this conjunction of us twoe and our countries yet consideringe that answare was made in speach and the principall mariage that shall make all other mariages put in writinge at our request we are content that you not only of hir self but of bir people ours also fortunate shall not preaese any argument upon the rightinge but happie and frutfull and therefor we earnestly praie our upon hir answare in speacho. Sister to thinke that this our limitation or description of

E. E. THOYTS. the qualities of a person without naminge to hir of any

(To be continued.) groweth of god & longe deliberation.

And as to the declaration whome we thinke not meeto our Sister maye safely understande that by comparinge THE THREE SEPT3 OF GAURAN OR GOVERN. the contrarie and yet to speake more plainly we thinke our Sister maye moste readely judge what sorte of The Marquis of Bute, in his address as a presipersons are not meete by the example of bir last mariage dent of the National Eisteddfod held in Rbyl od with the french Kinge wherin whatsoeuer our Sister September 7, 1892, after paying a graceful tribute shall for the respectes affirme to the contrarie all wise to the sons of Wales for their devotion to the old men in the world diil see that the devise therof was neither for the particular weale of bir or hir contrie not bardic* customs of their country, referred to his for to mantaino any quietnes betwixt the to kingdomes last intercourse with tbe late lamented historian and so did the sucesso declare the same. And we are of William Skene, and that he had suggested to opinion that which shall practise in like sorte to make him to write two essay8,any mariage betwixte hir and the children or heires of ffrance Spaine or Austria can baue any other intention one upon diden M'Gabbrain, who was venerated in the if not worse then was in that of ffrance And therfore North as one of the founders of the

Scottish monarchy, to conclude this pointe our Sister may perceaue what and the other upon the historic Arthur, not the Arthur manner of choyse we wishe hir to make not meaninge of romance, but the Arthur of bistory. Mr. Skene any person in any. Contrie nor secludinge any of the answered that the doctors had told him that the complenature of the Contrie So that the person haue condition tion of bis 'Celtic Scotland' had tried his working and disposition agreeable for both these to contries But powers to the utmost, and that he must give himself a rest beinge verie desyrose that Almightie God maye please from those researches." to direct bir barte to allowe of suche one either abroado in other partes of Christendome or nearer home if it so Caledonia's "heroes to carry out Lord Bute's

Here is a glorious opportunity for some lover of be euen in our contrie as with hir contentation maye also be effectuall or rather naturall giuen and effected excellent idea in respect of the former; and to to the perpetuall concorde and weale of thes two King- such a person the following materials may prove domes The conjunction wherof asseuredly mad we useful. In O'Flaherty's Ogygia' (vol. i.) and acompt as the verie mariage only of continewaunce and Hennessey's 'Chronicum Scotorum' there are blessednes to endure after this our age for our posteritie to the pleasure of Almightie God the eternall good valuable records of Aidan M'Gabbran (McGauran renowne of both as beinge Queenes and as good Mothers or McGovern), the seventh Scottish king; and is and parentes of our contries And if our

Sister sball not the ' Annals of Ulster' (translated from the text. thinke this our answare speciall or perticuler enough of the venerable Dr. Charles O'Connor's 'Rerum for choise of some meete person we praye bir to waighe Hibernicarum Scriptores Veteres '), published in and examine our wordes well with their circumstances 1853, there are several passages relating to Aedban and she shall find no great obscuritie therein.

As for the last parte, to knowe wbat waie we will Gabhran; one in A.D. 589 chronicles the battle of proceade to declare bir title therin we do promise bir Lethroidh, won by bis Majesty, with the following that if sbee will giue us just cause to thincke that she note :will in the choise of bir mariuge shew hir self conformable to this our opinion declared wee will therupon

* It is to be regretted that the gods of Erin should forthwith proceade to the inquisition of bir right by all allow their ancient bardic institutes to decline. good meanes in hir furtheraunce and shalbe contente to reference to Walker's Irish Bards, firet and second giue eare to anythinge that shalbe thought meet by his editions, will bear evidence as to their excellency. By& bir counsell to be declared in bir favour And if we the-by, Lady Morgan, in her famous bistorical romance shall finde the matter to fall out on hir behalfe then O'Donnel,' gives the credit of Plearacea na Ruarcab, upon plaine knowledge had with whome shee shall matche in mariage we will proceade to the declaration barde, whereas Mr. Hugh McGowran (McGauran or

or Revelry of O'Rourke,' to Carolan, the last of the Irish of hir right as we might doe for our naturall Sister or McGovern), of Glengoole, co. Leitrim, was the author daughter and yf this answare shall not seenie to content (see A Chronological Account of Nearly Four Hundred our Sister you maye saie that the proceadinge therein Irish Writers, 1820," by Ed. O'Reilly, pp. ccx-ccxi). Mr. dependeth so upon hir proceadinges in hir mariage and McGauran wrote many humorous poems, notably one on without the successe therof this cannot followe as she losing his horse at a time that he went into co. Roscomand hire would desire and so we doubte not but hir counsell

mon to woo the daughter of O'Dugan, containing twentysball haue greate reuson to perswade hir.

four verses, beginning, Finally if you sball finde hir not so well satisfied herein as therupon she will acordinge to bir answare

Oh garron by whom I have lost my love. laste made unto you giue us a resolut answare by you Tho romant'c ruins of the castle connected with then maye you requier bir to send some of hir inost | O'Rourke's Feast can still be traced, and an interior trusted servaunts hither to copfer further with us therin view seen in Grose's 'Antiquities of Ireland.'

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Aedan, son of Gabhran, he was the most valiant and which was the Convention of Druimceatt, where he estabenterprising of the Kings of Scotch Dalriada. * On lisbed his independence." coming to the throne in 574 he was solemnly inaugurated See my note on the Crown of Ireland,' 'N. & Q; by S. Columba and straightway claimed exemption from paying tribute to the monarch of Ireland, the result of 765 S. xi. 92.

The reader is referred to Chalmers's 'Caledonia,' * In the prevalence of contest and the progress of 1807, vol. i. p. 281, for an abstract of Aedan's bispopulation a colony was conducted from Dalriada to tory. On perusing the work, in a foot-note I disNorth Britain at the commencement of the sixth century covered by Loarn, Fergus, and Angus, the three sons of Erc, tho that Gauran is variously spelt Gabran, in the Genealogy, descendant of Cairbre. Riada. These colonists not only No. 4; Goveran, in Chron. No. 4; in Innes, Gowren; brought with them their langunge and religion, their in Chron. Rythm, Gauranus; in O'Flaberty the Gonranus; manners and custome, but their subordination and and Conranus of Buchanan, and Boece, are mere misallegiance to the country whence they had voluntarily takes, for Gauranus, the proper Irish name, as we see it proceeded. At that remarkable epoch in the Scottish in the Gaelic poem, is Gabhran, which is pronounced bistory Lugad, the son of Leogar, reigned supreme over

Gauran." Ireland. The Irish colonists departed from Dalriada, which was tbus occupied by the descendants of Cairbre. So that the race of Gauran, or Govern, of Scotland, Riada, and was governed by Olchu, the brother of Erc, derived its patronymic from the name of Gabbran. and the Irish colonists settled in the ancient country of Curiously enough, nearly all these modes of spelling the British Epidii, near the Epidian promontory of are also erroneously applied to the clan McGauran, Richard, and Ptulomy, which was denominated by the Dalriadinian colonists' Caentir, or headland, vide Cral. or McGovero, of Tullyhaw, co. Cavad, Ireland, whó mers's •Caledonia' (vol. i. p. 274), and at p. 278 a table is derived their surname from a celebrated hero of given, genealogical and chronological, of the Scoto-Irisb their tribe called Sambrad hain (pron. Gauran or kings, A.D. 503 to 843. The learned Dr. O'Donovan, in his Govern, the prefix “ Mo" being added at a later translation of the Leabhar na g-Ceart, or Book of Rights, 2847, pp. 160, 161, speaks of Dal Riada, i.e., the tribe of perioa), afterwards spelt MacSambradhap in the Cairbre-Riada, the son of Conaire II., monarch of Ire-Cain Lanambra, or Law of Social Connexions, in land, A.D. 212. Another branch of this tribe settled the 'Senchus Mor,' p. 371, vide . Ancient Laws of amongst the Picts, a fact mentioned by Bede, Irish Dal Ireland,' vol. ii., 1869, edited by W. Neilson HanRiada extended thirty miles from the river Bush to the cock and T. O'Mahony; MacSamhradhain and cross of Glann Finneackta, in the east of the co. Antrim. MagSamhradhain, in Hennessey's Annals of How long the posterity of Cairbre-Riada remained power: ful in this territory, or what family names they assumed Loch Cé,' and MacSambragain in Dr. Keating's after the establishment of surnames in the tenth century, \ History of Ireland,' translated by J. O'Mabony, we bave no documents to prove. Yet it seems bighly | vide his Genealogies, pp. 686, 687. The former period by the Clann Colla. There are many references in his translation of O’Dugan's topographical and probable that they were driven out of it at an early rendering is given by the eminent Dr. O'Donovan to the town of Gabban, pron. Gouran or Gowran, in this work. Joyce, in his Irish Names of Places." Second historical poem (giving the principal tribes and Series, pp. 23, 24, states that Gowran, in Kilkenny, is districts in Meatb, Ulster, and Connaught, and who written Gabbran in ancient Irish authorities, and in old presided over them in the reign of Henry II.), Anglo-Irish records the place is called (with some unim

Mac Sambradhain knot of every strength, portant variations of spelling) Ballvgaveran. In very early

Over the illustrious Teallach Eachdhach, times it was a residence of the Kings of Ossory, and it

His land is not rendered ugly by the wind. retained its importance long after the English invasion. The word Gabbar (Gower), as already explained in the

Some render the translation Somers, Summers, first series, signifies either a steed or a goat. The accom. or Saurin, from the Irish word Samhraidh. The plished Standish H. O'Grady, editor of Silva Gadelica,' following are the varying ways of Anglicizing given a collection of Irish tales, 1892, in bis translation, p. 534, by the authorities, 'viz., Gauran,* in Sir James gives the following excerpt: "Whence bealach GabbrainWare's Antiquities of Ireland, under the poar Gowran's page or way. It was Failbhe fann's bound Gabhran that followed the trail of Lurgan, i.e., a wild 1593, when recording the death of his Grace pig haunting druim Almbaine, nor ever overtook her Edmund McGaurant (or McGovern), Archbishop until that in Moin Almbaine, the bog of Allen, she dived underground, hence Lurgan nom. loc. in that came moss. * The Rev. R. Leech, rector of Belturbet, who has Then because the hound fuiled to run into quarry-whereas written a deal about the sept, says that the letter u took Ro game that ever was reddened and warmed (killed and tbe v form on the gravestones, hence the various changes. cooked] had at any previous time gone away from him- ☆ On Juno 28 next ensuing 300 years will have passed he returned to his home and on the above bealach his away since the saintly primate McGauran met his beroic heart buret in bim; bence bealach Gabhrain, and the death on the battle-field, and as I am possessed of highly poet's worda, 'Dear to me good Gowran was, that bere valuable information concerning his Grace, only known kit upon Lurgan's track; except this grey and one-eyed to a few. I intend contributing an article ere long to swine across the heather no quarry ever distanced him." | N. & Q., dealing with the last lustrum of his life. His La Scale’s ‘Hibernian Atlas 'l in ancient times) the chief present worthy successor, the Most Rev. Dr. Logue, town of the Barony of Tullyhaw is written Ballymagaveran, Archbishop of the primatical see of Armagh, it is but on the Ordnance Survey of Ireland it is spelt Ballyma- gratifying to know has been recently elevated to the gauran, McGauran or McGovern's town. Tullyhaw (Teal- cardinalate, so that the Irish nation are again reprelach, Eacbdbach) was the rept's name before the adoption sented in the Sacred College of Cardinals, with whom of a surname, but it is still transmitted as the name of rests the election of the Sovereign Pontiff. His eminence their former patrimony.

well deserved this distinguished honour, bis ecclesiastical


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