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City borsemen, I presume, are nearly the same every- Nom de PLUME.—Some time ago there was a where ; that is stiff

, timid, and ungraceful. They seem lively discussion in ‘N. & Q.' as to the origin to be of the opinion of Doctor Sitgreaves in the 'Spy’

and use of the convenient pbrase nom de plume, the wider the base, the greater the security, and in conformity thereto, brace out their feet as if they had been M. FERDINAND Gasc, the lexicographer--whose tutored in Signor Gambado's riding school. In fine admirable dictionary should be in the hands of weather, Hyde Park, I am told, usually exhibits the every serious student of the French languagesame appearance on Sunday, from 2 o'clock till

dinner: strenuously contending that its origin was most although I have had no opportunity of witnessing it before. To the actors, it is doubtless an agreeable, but certainly not French, and that it sounds in a can scarcely be called a profitable substitute for an Frenchman's ears as absurd as it would be to say attendance in the house of God in the afternoon. The nom de marmite for a cook, or nom de balai for å scene is far too gay and entertaining to harmonize with housemaid. Now I should not like to set my a day of rest and religious contemplation.”—Pp. 218–19. opinion as to the origin of this expression against

Mr. O'Connor Sydney, whose works on social that of such an authority as M. Gasc ; but as England in the seventeenth and eighteenth cen. regards its use by Frenchmen, I thought at the turies are well known, told me of Mr. Wheaton's time that I had met with it as used by French book.

F. J. F. writers, although I could not find an example to

quote. Now, however, I have just done so, and BASIRE FAMILY. (See 7th . ii. 189, 275, 391, here it is. Le Temps, the Paris journal, of Feb. 17 497 ; vi. 31 ; 860 S. iii. 14.)—All Dr. Basire's last, in its bulletin du jour bas : children, in all probability, were born at Eagles- “ Il leur plaît d'attribuer à l'inspiration directe de cliffe Rectory, by Yarm-on-Tees, between the l'ambassadeur de Russie à Berlin certaines corresponddates of 1637 and 1648. The Dict. of Nat. ances peu germanopbiles qui paraissent sous le nom de Biog.' gives the dåte of his marriage as 1635, plume de Protée ' dans la presse de Pétersbourg et de

Moscou." but Darnell, his biographer, who published his correspondence in 1831, prints a letter dated Curiously enough, on the same day that I read Aug. 10, 1636, in which Dr. Basire still addresses the above in Le Temps, I was reading O'Shea's the lady who eventually became his wife by her amusing 'Roundabout Recollections, and noticed maiden name.

On the other hand, Darnell's book that he says (vol. i. p. 75): “There is no such is full of errors, and his dates cannot be relied on.

phrase in French as nom de plume.” The doctor's eldest son, Isaac, married Lady to be mistaken; and whatever may have been its Elizabeth Barton, and had issue a son (also Isaac), origin, whether French or Anglo - French, its who died in infancy, in 1678. Isaac was a bar: utility appears to be recognized on the other side rister. There are letters extant from him dated of the Channel, so that we English need not be Gray's Inn, and others addressed to him to his cannot think that the phrase, whoever invented it,

ashamed of employing it. Pace M. Gasc, too, I house at Durbam. Charles was chosen fellow of St. John's College, trary. Metonymically it is indeed amply justifiable.

is either absurd or inelegant, but much the conCambridge, on March 29, 1669. He married Elizabeth Baker, of Boldon, in the county of have some relationship to each other," and sarely

This trope is defined as “a change of names which Durham, of which place he was the rector.

it would be difficult to find a closer relationship John was also educated at St. John's College, I than that of the pen and authorship. E. M. S. believe. His father left him in his will Prior

Close Colliery.
Peter is not even mentioned in his father's will, 274, 412.]

(See 7th S. iii, 348; iv. 17, 331, 494; v. 52, 155, 195,
which bears date Sept. 14, 1676. He must bave
died before that date, or was then still in disgrace TENNYSON: 'Poems By Two BROTHERS.'-Mr.
for his change of religion, mentioned in the 'Dict. Arthur Waugb, in his recent admirable 'Life of
of Nat. Biog.'

Lord Tennyson,' repeats the assertion previously Mary, the youngest child and only daughter, made in Tennysoniana,' that the above volame married Jeremy Nelson, Prebendary of Carlisle. elicited but a single contemporary notice, namely,

Most of the above information is derived from that in the Literary Chronicle and Weekly Review. Darnell's work, and must, therefore, be used with It is strange that the following review in the great caution. It is given here as it may be useful Gentleman's Magazine for June, 1827, p. 609, bas as a basis for further researcb.

been overlooked :Darnell has made inquiries about the other “ Dr. Johnson has a remark, 'that no Book was ever Basire family, the well-known engravers, and spared in tenderness to its Author'; we think otherwise, states in his book that they also hail from Nor- and we believe that occasion and circumstances have mandy (but it is not known at what date they came frequently tended to mitigate, if not to reverse the to England), and that they did not claim kindred censure of criticism.. Why to such a volume as this

should a test be applied which should have reference with Dr. Basire, and had not even heard of him.

only to high pretensions? These poems are full of ami. L. L. K. able feelings, expressed for the most part with eloquence

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and correctness—are we to complain that they want the that Yetminster means "at the minster," and deep feeling of a Byron, the polished grace of Moore, or Ockford means at the ford.” On what ground the perfect mastery of human passion which distinguishes Crabbe? We would rather express our surprise and There is no example in the English language, at

these dictatorial etymologies laid down admiration that at an age when the larger class of man. kind have barely reached the elements of thought, 80 any date, of such prepositions as yet or ock, with much of good feeling, united to the poetical expression the sense of “at." If there is, let us have the of it, should be found in two members of the same

WALTER W. SKEAT. family. The volume is a graceful addition to our do

references. mestic poetry, and door credit to the juvenile Adelphi."

SAMPLERS. —What is the earliest known child's RALPH T. BRADBURY. Redhill,

sampler with a date? Has a collection of these interesting pieces of needlework ever been brought

together and described ? Where are some good Queries.

typical examples to be seen? We must request correspondents desiring information

ANDREW W. TUER. on family matters of only privato interest to affix their The Leadenhall Press, E.C. names and addresses to their queries, in order that the [See 4th S. vi. 500; vii. 21, 126, 220, 273, 331, 465, answers may be addressed to thêm direct.

525; viii. 176, 248, 376.] MARYLEBONE LANE GREEN.-In a case that was TYING STRAW TO A STREET-DOOR.- At a recent recently tried on appeal at the London County trial in the Probate and Divorce Court, the learned Sessions one of the witnesses said that at the time counsel for the respondent, in his cross-examination the alleged incident that formed the subject-matter of the petitioner, said that at Caldecot, in the of appeal occurred "he was in that part of Regent's county of Monmouth, there was a custom, when it Park known as Marylebone Lane Green, near the was known that a man was beating his wife, to Broad Walk." I should be glad to learn what tie straw to his door, in order that he might beat the exact boundaries of this part of the park are, the straw instead of his wife. The custom of as the designation is now to me. No portion of laying loose straw or chaff before the door of a the original Marylebone Lane is included within house " where discipline was necessary to ensure the park limits, I believe. The old lane that the obedience of love," was noticed in ‘N. & Q.,' separated the parishes of St. Marylebone and St. 1st S. i. 245, 294

; 7b S. v. 405, and was said to Pancras, and a portion of which is included (80 far be practised' in Gloucestersbire, Kent, and Waras I can judge from a comparison of maps) in the wickshire. Does the custom exist elsewhere? present Broad Walk, was known as Green Lane. What is its origin and meaning? Can it denote, Near the entrance of this lane, which opened out as_suggested by an esteemed correspondent, a short distance to the eastward of Marylebone “ Thrashing done within ” ? Lane, the well-known old hostelry the “Queen's

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. Head and Artichoke” was situated. The part of the 71, Brecknock Road, park referred to by the witness is, I presume, the segment bounded by the Outer Circle on the south

BARNARD.-In 1847 Edward George Barnard, and east, by Chester Road on the north, and by the Esq., M.P., was living at the Green, Deptford. road leading from the Botanical Gardens to York What is known about him? Was he of the same Gate on the west. This formerly was included in family as Mr. Barnard, the shipbuilder of that Marylebone Park, and was, I think, known as the place during the latter part of last century! Any Green, but not as Marylebone Lane Green.

facts as to the Barnards will be welcome. W. F. PRIDEAUX,

BEAULIEU. 29, Avenue Road, N.W.

ROBERT AUGUILLON, TEMP. HENRY III.-I DR. WATTS.—May I ask (for Mr. Mearns of shall be much obliged for the names of any books "The Dictionary of Hymnology') whether any referring to the history of this favourite of copies are known to exist of the first two editions, Henry III. and to the grants given to him by that 1707 and 1709, of Dr. Watts's “Hymns and king, or for any potes respecting his family in Spiritual Songs'; and, if so, where and how they is known. I am tracing a family (presumably

England or Ireland, and his descendants, as far as may be referred to? C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. Longford, Coventry.

extinct in the last century) whose arms

identical with those of Rob. Auguillon and their PEDIGREE OF BRIAN BOROIMHE, KING OF IRE- name an evident corruption of his. As to the LAND.—Where can I find a pedigree tracing lineal latter, his name is spelt in more than eight different descent from Brian Boroimbe, King of Ireland ? ways ; I give the one generally used. KATHLEEN WARD.

B. FLORENCE SCARLETT. “YETMINSTER” AND “OCKFORD.”—Under the THE EARL OF LINDSAY'S COAT OF ARMS.heading "Tananarivo,' ante, p. 312, we are told What are the correct bearings of the Earl of Lind


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He is descended from the Betbupes of re Jacobite intrigues in England or Scotland in Kilconqubar, whose name and arms he should bear the intervening period between the risings of '15 under the entail of the estates.

and '45. The extracts from Stuart Papers at The coat of the Kilconqubar Bethunes is given Windsor, which have been printed, do not, I beby Nisbet, under the heading of Bethune of lieve, cover this period. NATHANIEL HONE. Nether-Tarvit (Kilconqubar having been purcbased Henley-on-Thames, subsequently) as : Quarterly, 1 and 4, Azure, on a fesse between three lozenges or, a betane slipped will kindly state when

clan badges were first re

Clan BADGES.—Perhaps some reader of 'N. &Q.' leaf vert; 2 and 3, Argent, on a chevron sable, an otter's head erased of the first. Crest, a physician's cognized, and where and when it is first stated that quadrangular cap proper. Motto, Resolutio

the various clans had badges. For instance, the cauta.”

oak is asserted to be the badge of one clan, the Berry gives the arms of Bethune of Kilconquhar, juniper of another, the pine of a third, and so on. Bart., as : Quarterly, 1 and 4, Azure, a fesse be- I find in one History of the Highland Clans' tween three lozenges or ; 2 and 3, Arg., on a that the badge of the Mackays is the broom, but chevron sable, an otter's bead erased of the first, all another states that it is the bulrush. Which is within a bordure embattled or ; the bordure being either statement? Are these badges really ancient

correct; or is there any undoubted authority for possibly added when the baronetcy was created, and perhaps as a difference for the female line.

cognizances of the Higbland clans; or are they the But now, according to Burke’s ‘Peerage,' the Earl outcome of the “ Highland revival” which was of Lindsay bears the ordinary arms, crest, and inaugurated by the publication of the 'Lady of the motto of Bethune of Balfour, viz: Quarterly, Lake.' and Waverley'? Information on the sub1 and 4, Azure, a fesse between three mascles or ; ject through the columns of ‘N. & Q.' will be

JOHN MACKAY. 2 and 3, Arg., on a chev. sa. an otter's head erased very welcome. of the first. Crest, an otter's head erased, and

Wiesbaden, Germany. motto, Debonnaire. And Lodge's 'Peerage' "THE NEW Timon.'-I wonder if any of your gives the same, thus ignoring altogether the Kilo readers who may happen to possess The New conquhar descent, through which alone the earl Timon,' written by Bulwer Lytton in 1846, would bears the Bethune name and arms.

kindly copy out and insert in N. & Q.' the lines Foster'sPeerage' gives the arms as those de- on Tennyson in that book, beginning, scribed in Berry for Bethune of Kilconquhar, Bart.,

Not mine, not mine (O Muse forbid) the boon but he makes the bordure arg. instead of or.

Of borrowed notes, the mockbird's modish tune. Debrett’s ‘Peerage' gives the arms as those of

I am very anxious to have them, but cannot find the Kilconquhar, Bart., as described in Berry.

the book in any of my friends' libraries. I end as I began, What are the correct bearings ?


“IMPOSSIBLE, YET PROBABLE.”-Fielding ("Tom SIR J. Pooly.-Can any one give me the Jones,' book viii. chap. i.) says,

“Some are, with pedigree of Sir John Pooly, knighted at Dublin in M. Dacier, ready to allow that the same thing which 1599? From which of the Suffolk Poleys does he is impossible may be yet probable"; and he adds descend?

WILLIAM BUTLER, 16, Holbein Buildings, Sloane Square, S.W.

in a note, “It is happy for M. Dacier that he was

not an Irishman." Where does Dacier make the SIR W. CROSBY.-I should be glad of any

remark here referred to ? B. D. MOSELEY. information of Sir Warain Corsby (Crosby ?) who

Burslem. married Dorothy Howard in 1707. W. B. T.


-On reference to 'N & Q.,' 2nd S. viii. 9, 57, I BLACKWATER. —Was the river Blackwater, which find the father of Abigail Hill, Lady Masham, is runs through the Careysville property, co. Cork variously given as Francis and Edward. I have (Ireland), named after the river Blackwater, in reason to believe his name was Francis, and that Essex, near Raleigh and Rochford Manors, held be married Mary, the sister of Richard Jenby Swain, Earl of Essex and Somerset, and after nings, of Sandridge, near St. Albans. I know by the Careys, Lords Hunsdon ? T. W. C.

notbing further about him, except that he was a

Turkey merchant of London who became bankrupt. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF JACOBITE LITERATURE.- As I have not found his name in the Sandridge I should be glad to know if any bibliography of registers, I conclude that he lived in London. I the kind exists. search through the Catalogues at should be glad to know (1) in which London parish the British Museum and the Indexes of 'N. & Q.' he lived; (2) dates of birth, death, and marriage of has proved fruitless, and I venture to think such a him and his wife ; (3) the names of his parents, compilation is a desideratum. I should also feel wbich I cannot find with certainty from the above obliged for any reference to MS. or printed matter, references in ‘N. & Q.'

R. H. E. H.

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TROLLOPE's Novels.-Can any of your readers give me the order in which_to_read_Trollope's

Beplies. novels about the Bishop and Dean of Barchester,

MERE-STONES. commencing with the · Warden' and Barchester Towers'

R. A. S.

(8th S. iii. 289.)

Mere is a pure English word, independent of the ALEXANDER WALKER.—Who was he? We Greek ueipouai, “I receive as a portion.” It is hear a good deal pow concerning him., Was be not a misprint for milestone, but is quite right. an artist, or a surgeon ? His book, the ' Analysis The old verb to mere, spelt mear by Spenser, is of Beauty in Women,' has been a popular work for not an old verb, but a


invention by some time.


Spenser himself, coined out of the substantive; Westminster,

and the substantive is also used by Spenser, in a FAIRMAN, OF LINSTED AND TEYNHAM, Kent. quotation duly given a Johnson's Dictionary.' -Can any one give me information concerning

Mere-stone is not in my Etymological Dicthis family!


tionary'; nevertheless, it is in a dictionary in

which I had a hand ; and I here quote the article: TRURO STANNARY COURT.-I should be obliged “Mere, Bb. limit, boundary, S2; meer, Prompt. Comb.: if any reader of N. & Q.' could tell me where I mere-stane, boundary stone, Cath.-A.-8. (ge)mäere.”could find a list of persons who held positions in Mayhew and Skeat, Concise M.E. Dictionary,' Oxford, the Standary Court at Truro. It should be an

1888, p. 146. early list, for the son of the official whose name is

"S2" means that the word occurs in 'SpeciBought died in the parish of St. Clement Danes in mens of English,' ed. Morris and Skeat. Here is 1716.

Thos. A. Martin.

the passage :

“ Mere set thou whilk ouerga thai ne 3, Pump Court, Temple.

sal”; 1. c., thou didst appoint a bound which they

may not go beyond ; Old Northumbrian transCHRISTIAN COLE, BRITISH CONSUL AT VENICE, lation (ab. 1300) of Psalm ciii. (civ.) 9. The A.-S. 1701-14.- Is anything known as to him or his version of the same verse, as edited by Spelman, family, or of Mr. Robert Cole, Consul at Algiers, has “gemāere thū settest"; see Bosworth and who died in 1712 ? Christian is a name which Toller, A.-S. Dictionary, where are given many occurs in the Enniskillen pedigree. BEAULIEU. examples ; for, indeed, it is a common word (from

the datare of the case) in Anglo-Saxon charters LEWIN Family.- Harriet Lewin, who married that give boundaries of lands. George Grote, historian, was the daughter of Thomas

"Prompt." means that it is given in the 'PromptHerbert Lewin, of Eltham, Bexley, and Sidcap, uarium Parvulorum' (Camdon Society)..

“ Cath." in Kent, who was the son of Richard Lewis, of means that mere-stane is a compound given in the Bexley, married 1752, died 1810. How was she

* Catholicon Anglicum.' A reference to Strat. descended from Lowyo, of Hertfordshire (Heralds' mann's 'Middle English Dictionary' will furnish Visitation, 1672; Harl. MSS., No. 6147, fol. 13), quotations from Layamon, the Coventry Plays,' and from Lewyn, of Kent (Heralds' Visitation, the Alliterative Poems,' Trevisa, &c. 1619) ? Was she descended from Sir Justinian

The best example is in St. Mark's Gospel, v. 17. Lewyd, of Ocringden, in Kent? Her first cousin Here the Vulgate has : “A finibus eorum." The was Sir Gregory Lewin, Kot., who was lawyer to Old Northumbrian Version has “from gemærum Mr. William Lewin, á civil engineer, who left hiora." The older A.-S. version bas : "Of byra London and settled in Boston, Lincs., early in this gemærum"; and the later A.-S. version has : “Of century. He was a cousin of Sir Gregory and son hire mæren. .” (The æe is long, though not here so of (William ?

) Lewin, who married twice-once, I marked.) For these quotations, see my edition of believe, a Miss Woolgar, and had several children, St. Mark, in the Old Northumbrian and A.-S. He (William ?) was, I think, in the Deptford

Versions. victualling yard. How was Mr. William Lewin,

Hence, though I do not give it in my 'DictionC.E., connected with Mrs. Grote ? PELOPS.

ary' (which does not usually include obsolete GEORGE TOWNSHEND, OF DEREHAM, NORFOLK.

words), it occurs in the above work ; it is duly er. - Could any contributor to‘N. & Q.' help me in plained in my glossary to Morris's Specimens'; a search for the descendants of George Townshend, first quoted. I now deal with it for the fourth

and is explained once more in the .M.E. Glossary' of Dereham, Norfolk, son of Sir Roger, who was


WALTER W. SKEAT. knighted at the wedding of Henry VID. There was also a Sydney Townshend, of Sulop, son of Robert (buried at Ludlow, 1614), and bis wife

GLADSTONE BIBLIOGRAPHY (8th S. ii. 461, 501; Anne Machell. Is anything known of his iii. 1, 41, 135, 214).-If internal evidence is to descendants ?

MRS. TOWNSSEND. weigh, there seems no doubt that MR. W. D. 80, Woodstock Road, Oxford.

MACRAY's pencilled pote, “The review said to be

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by Gladstone,” in reference to the article in the bination. Yet we believe, and the opinion is not wholly Quarterly for Jano, 1847, upon ‘From Oxford to speculative, that many a heart will inwardly echo back

the words of the volume before us—the old Want, a Rome,' represented the fact.

thousandfold fiercer, devours his life.'”—P. 146. The review was evidently written by one who (1) had a personal knowledge of the topography

ALFRED F. ROBBINS. of Rome (see Q. R., vol. clxi. p. 142); (2) was Mr. Gladstone is the author of the article on acquainted with the latest writings of Döllinger Homer in the new edition of 'Chambers's Encyclo(p. 155), was accustomed to quote Dante (p. 153), pælia,' vol. v. pp. 754-7.

J. R. and was familiar with the works of Christopher Wordsworth (ibid.); (3) was one who “know the

“ DAMMER” (8th S. iii. 149).—Your correspondreligious tarn and spirit of our public schools and ent, by turning to the 'Antiquary,' chap. xxiii. universities, even so little as twenty years ago " (p. 227, Centenary Edition), will find Edie Ochil(p. 163); and (4) who was interested in the colonial tree saying he “niffered a sneeshipg-mall wi' bishopric question, and who could write, “ Amply George Glen, the dammer and sinker"; and Old. have the bopos been justified with which we wel buck's reply, “So you exchanged it with a miner." comed the beginning of her [the Church of Eng.

A. W. B. land's] great and systematic efforts in this depart

St. Govor's WELL, KENSINGTON GARDENS ment," with the reference to Quar. Rev., No. 149, (84 s. iii. 288).—In the Rev. W. J. Loftie's December, 1844 (p. 163).

Kensington, Picturesque and Historical,' on pages Apart from the phraseology of the article—and 25 and 26, R. C. D. will find two views of Št. there are whole paragraphs of purest “Gladstonese". Govor's Well, and on p. 24 the following informa

- each of these points is fulfilled by the theory of tion :Gladstonian authorship.

" There has been some controversy lately as to the (1.) Mr. Gladstone was in Rome in the winter wells in Kensington Gardens. One which is a little of 1831-32, and again in that of 1838–39. way from the Round Pond in Black Pond Wood was

(2.) In a letter to J. R. Hope[-Scott], dated observed to run dry when the pond was drained. It is Baden-Baden, Oct. 30, 1845, he mentioned having reputation it has acquired for purity, as it is loaded with

called St. Govor's Well, The water does not deserve the been at Munich, where he had made the acquaint-organic matter. St. Govor is the patron saint of the ance of Döllinger, a visit be described in a contri- Church of Llanover, and Sir Benjamin Hall, who was bution to the Speaker of Jan. 18, 1890. As to his First Commissioner of Works when, in 1856, the name love of quotation from Dante, there needs no illus. was put on the well, was owner of the parish, which is in

Monmouthshire." tration, while Christopher Wordsworth was brother of Charles, his private tutor at Oxford.

Mr. Loftie suggests that St. Agnes's Well, in (3.) The article was written in 1847; Mr. Glad the furthest part of Kensington Gardens, on what stone was at Eton in 1827, and was entered at used to be called Buck Barn Hill, may owe its Oxford in 1828.

dedication to some similar cause. (4.) He had long been interested in the colonial Tarning to Stanton's 'Menology of Eagland bishopric question, and he was the author of the and Wales,' I find, at p. 704, “Gower, Patron Quarterly article to which reference is made, and of Llangower, Merioneth." This is in a Catawhich he has republished in the fifth volume of his logue of Welsh Saints to whom Churches are dediGleanings of Past Years.'

cated, or whose Names appear in some Ancient It is further to be remembered that Mr. Glad. Calendar.' Whether Govor and Gower are variants stone was personally interested in the question of the same namo or no I cannot tell

. I do not raised in the book, seeing that a sister of his had find the same in the copious index to 'Leg five years proviously joined the Roman Catholic Petits Bollandistes.' W. SPARROW SIMPSON. communion, and had become a nun, in which connexion the followivg extract from the review 288,311 ; Loftie's History of Kensington,' p. 24;

See 'N. & Q.,' 5th S. iv. 427, 523 ; 64 S. xü. under notice may be considered significant:

and (if I may refer to anything I have written) the "Time, and time only, will inform us whether our Antiquary, vol. xxii. p. 183. The name cut on anthor is correct in the belief that the cravings which the stone wall of the well is Govor, not “Gover." have seduced men into the Church of Rome, remain in There are two sketches of the well in Mr. Loftie's very many instances unappeased there...... We must not suppose that, until after the lapse of much time, we work,

and there is one in Old Kensington,' by shall hear otherwise than secretly and

separately of their Miss Thackeray. H. G. GRIFFINHOOFE. sufferings and remorse. The Roman Catholic Church no 34, St. Petersburg Place. longer subjects recreant nuns to the fate of Constance in • Marmion'; but by means of Direction she has almost

[Many replies are acknowledged.] as effectual powers of bearing down disappointment and GLASGOW UNIVERSITY MACE AND STAFF (86 repugnance; first, by detecting it in its beginnings ; next, by her command of a great variety of modes and S. iii. 222, 278).—Since my last communication appliances of treatment; lastly, by maintaining and I have discovered the sequel. The mace of the securing secresy, so as to prevent contagion and com. University of Aberdeen is of silver, manufac

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