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Ascham's Schoolmaster, p. 41. SHAWM, n. (Ger.schalmei= a reed pipe; conn. with L. calamus, a reed, whence comes Eng. halm, pronounced hawm a cornstalk. Shawm is also spelt shalm) a sort of clarionet: Ps. 98. 7, Pr. Bk. Vers. The mayor with all the crafts in barges with trumpets, shalms and tabrets in the best manner.

Grey Friars' Chron., p. 27. SHEEPMASTER, n. i.e. owner, 2 Kin. 3. 4; cp. Ship-master. Men of honour and worship were become sheepmasters and graziers. Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 86. SHERD, n. (A. S. sceard, a portion shorn off) a fragment, shred: Isa. 30. 14; Ezek. 23. 34.

Let them be dried by the fire on a tile sherd, and lay to the nape of the neck to bedward.

Levens' Pathway to Health, p. 6. SHEW, n. (A. S. sceae) an appearance: Ps. 39. 6; Lk. 20. 47, &c. The substance of the heart is noted by the shew of the countenance. Lyly's Euphues, p. 318. SHIPMASTER, n. captain of a sailors: Jon. ship. So shipmen 1.6; Rev. 18. 17. Enter a ship-master and a boatswain. Shaks. Tempest, L. 1. (Stage Direction.) SHOELATCHET, n. a thong for fastening a shoe: Gen. 14. 23. See Latchet.


SIMILITUDE, n. (Lat. similitudo === likeness) a parable, comparison : Hos. 12. 10.

Nathan told David the similitude of the rich man that had many sheep. Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 161. singularis, SINGULAR, adj. (L. unique); a singular vow' means a vow of a special (particular) kind: Lev. 27. 2.

Under the person of Ulysses he describeth a singular man of perfection. Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 91. SITH, con. (A. S.), since: Eze. 35. 6. Then sith 'tis valour to abandon fight, Hoist up thy sails.

Last Fight of the Revenge, p. 60. SKILL, v. i. (A. S. scylan to make distinction between) to discern, know the best way of doing: 1 Kin. 5. 6; 2 Chr. 2. 7. 8; 34. 12. We that could never skill of compassion towards the misery of others.

Grindal's Remains, p. 99.

SHRED, v. t. (A. S. screadianto | cut into bits.) Of cutting up vegetables for cooking: 2 Kin. 4. 39. Wash the herbs] and shred them small, then seethe them with water in an earthen Levens' Pathway to Health, p. 8. pot. SHREWD, adj. (conn. with shrewa bad tempered woman, formerly termed cursed, also with beshrew

to curse, but the derivation is not known) - bad, ill-natured, mischievous: Ecclus. 8. 19.

This young maid might do her a shrewd Shaks. All's Well, iii, 5, 71. SHROUD, n. (A. S. scrûd


a garment. Hence) a covering, shelter: Ezek. 31. 3. The pent-houses round the cross in Old St. Paul's Churchyard, where the audience sat, were called the shrouds. SIGNET, n. (Lat. signum, a stamp, seal) seal of a ring: Gen. 38. 18, &c. A letter written very fair sealed up with his signet of arms.

Lyly's Euphues, p. 229. SILLY, adj. (A. S. salig blessed; the sense degenerated to) innocent, goodnatured, simple, foolish: Job 5. 2; Hos. 7. 11. Their silly tormented brethren that pray for them.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 209. SILVERLING, n. (Germ. silberling) a silver coin: Isa. 7. 23.

SLACK, (1) adj. (A. S. slæc, loose) negligent, careless, slow: Deut. 7.10; Josh. 18. 3, &c. (2) v. t. and i. to be or to make slow: Deut. 23. 21; Josh. 10. 6, &c.

Lest you should have cause to think me slack in answer.

Grindal's Remains, p. 244. SLEIGHT, n. (conn. with Eng. sly) a scheme, artifice: Eph. 4. 14.

They cause their servants to vow unto them to conceal their enticing sleights, Lyly's Euphues, p. 54. SLIME, n. (A. S. slim =) mud. Gen. 11. 3; 14. 10; Ex. 2. 3. The Heb. bitumen, asphalte, fossil tar. Some are bred by alime, as frogs.

Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 22. SOD, SODDEN, see Seethe. SOJOURNER, n. (Fr. séjourner = to spend the day.) One who is absent from home, a temporary resident: Lev. 22. 10, &c.

I visited more like to a sojourner than a stranger. Lyly's Euphues, p. 468. SOMETIME-S, adv. once; Eph. 2.13; 5. 8; 1 Pet. 3. 20. &c.; CD. Forward, Forwards, While, Whiles, &c.

SOOTHSAYER, n. one who professed to foretell future events. (A. S. sóth truth), a sayer of truth, as such diviners professed always to be: Josh. 13. 22, &c. Enquire of sorcerers, soothsayers, conJurors, or learned clerks.

Lyly's Euphues, p. 339. SORCERER, n. (Fr. sorcier = to cast lots, Lat. sors) one who pretends to forecast coming events by casting lots. A fortune-teller: Exod. 7. 11, &c. See Soothsayer. Dark-working sorcerers, that change the


Shaks. Com. of Errors, i. 2. 99.

SORE, adv. (A. S. sáre sorely, Ger. sehr) grievously, heavily: Gen. 19.

9, &c.

I cannot brook these seas which provoke my stomach sore.


SPACE, n. used of time (Lat, spatium-space), an interval of time: Gen. 29. 14; Acts 5. 7.

Having for a space absented himself from the house. Lyly's Euphues, p. 94. SPED, p. p. (A. S. spelan to suc ceed) succeeded: Judg. 5. 30.

He sped never the better for that ye may be sure, Latimer's Serm., p. 134° SPEED, n. (A. S. sped-haste, despatch. Hence) = fortune, success: Gen. 24. 12.

Well may'st thou woo, and happy be thy speed. Shaks. Shrew, ií. 1. 139. SPICERY, n. (Lat. species = a kind. Fr. épicerie.) Properly things of different kinds, but restricted to what we call spices, various aromatic vegetable products: Gen. 87. 25.

The cordial of these two precious spiceries.
Gascoigne's Steel Glass, pe

Lyly's Euphues, p. 248. SORT, n. (Lat. sorsa lot) condition of life, degree, manner : Eze. 23. 42; Dan. 1. 10; Acts 17. 5. They have made the vulgar sort, here in London, to aspire to a richer purity of speech.

Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 41. SOTTISH, adj. (A. S. sot, Fr. sot= a fool) foolish: Jer. 4. 22. See Unadvisedly.

If these men now were so sottish, what
Burton's Anat., p. 20.

of the rest?

SPIKENARD, n. (Lat. spica nardi tuft of a balsam plant.) An Oriental aromatic plant: Song 1. 12; Mk. 14. 3, &c.

The pikenard of India is a low plant i growing close unto the ground, composed of many rough scaly cloves of a pleasant smell. Gerarde's Herbal., p. #L SPOKEN FOR, p.p. asked in marriage: Song 8. 8. SPORT, v. reflex. To sport oneself, amuse: Is. 57. 4; 2 Pet. 2. 13. To feast and sport us at thy father's house. Shaks. Shrew, iv. 3. 185,

SPRING, v. i. (A. S. springan= to rise, of day) to dawn: Judg. 19. 25. Cp. Dayspring.

That high mount of God, whence light and shade spring both. Milton's Par. L., v. 644. SPRINGS, 1. the rendering of a Hebrew word which signifies the lower part of a mountain whence springs burst forth: Josh. 10. 40; 12.8. Springs of Pisgah' sloping base of Mt. Pisgah, Deut. 4. 49, elsewhere a proper name (Ashdoth Pisgah), Deut. 3. 17; Josh. 12. S. SPY, v. t. (Lat. aspicere -to espy) to behold, see, without the sense of secrecy: Ex. 2. 11; 2 Kin. 9. 17; 13. 21: 23. 16.

Let thy mother spy

Thy father's image in her baby's eye. Quarles' Emblems, ii, & STABLISH, v. t. (Lat. stabilire, to make firm) to confirm, make se cure: 2 Sam. 7. 13; Ps. 119. 38, &c. They think with cruelty to stablish their kingdom on earth.

Bp. Pilkington's Works p. 208. STAGGER, v. i. (Dut. staggeren, to tumble from side to side. Conn. with stick in 'to stick fast") to waver, hesitate: Rom. 4. 20.

They never staggered nor shrank at the matter. Grindal's Remains, p. 7.

STANCH, v. i. (Fr. estancher) to cease to flow: Luke 8.44. Drink that juice of Plaintain, and the blood will stanch presently.

Levens' Pathway to Health, p. 16. STAND, v.i. (Lat. stare -to stand)

to consist: 1 Cor. 2. 5.

Original sin standeth not in the following of Adam. Art. of Religion, ix. STAND TO, v. t. to abide by, agree to: Deut. 25. 8, &c.

The Lord shall judge me. I will stand only to the judgment of the Lord. Latimer's Serm., p. 115.

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2 Sam. 24, 16; Job 37. 4; 38. 37. (2) To support: Ex.17. 12; Song 2. 5. If you meet the prince, you may stay him. Shaks. Much Ado, iii. 3. 81. Two props to stay him from the fall of Shaks. Richard III., iii. 7. 97. vanity. STEAD, n. (A. S. stede a place) a station, standing-place, Josh. 5.7; abodes, homesteads, 1 Chr. 5. 22, &c.; cp. Bestead, Steady. Fly this fearfull stead anon.

Spenser's F. Q., Can. iv. 42. STIR, n. (A. S. styrian to move) a commotion, uproar, tumult: Is. 22. 2; Acts 12. 18; 19. 23.

His wife of Bath he keeps such a stir with in his Canterbury tales.

Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 41. STOMACH, n. (Gk. stomachos-the throat) used metaphor. to signify pride, courage: Ps. 101. 7, P. B. Vers.; 2 Macc. 7. 21.

With such words of fear must all stubborn stomachs be pulled down.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 59. Men of activity that have stomachs to do their office. Latimer's Serm., p. 147. STOMACHER, n. (Gk. and Latin stomachus the throat). A part of a woman's dress, worn on the throat and bosom: Isa. 3, 24. See

Cieled. If a tailor make your gown too little you cover his fault with a broad stomacher. Lyly's Euphues, p. 222. STONEBOW, n. a bow by which stones were thrown: Wisd. 5. 22. STORE, n. (A.S. stor great, large) abundance, multitude, plenty : Gen. 26. 14, &c.

In Britain there is great store of cattle. Lyly's Euphues, p. 247. STOUT, adj. (conn. with Germ, stolz proud) strong, confident, stubborn: Isa. 10. 12: Mal. 3. 13.

He gave up the ghost with great and

stout courage.

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Lyly's Euphues, p. 460. STRAIT, adj. (Lat. strictus, drawn together, contracted) narrow: 2 Kin. 6. 1; Matt. 7. 13, &c.; (2) fig. STRAITEST, strictest: Acts 26. 5. All flying through a strait lane. Shaks, Cymb., v. 3. 7. What strait watch was laid in every haven. Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 254. STRAITLY, adv. (Lat. strictus= drawn tight. Hence) strictly, closely: Gen. 43. 7; Josh. 6. 1, &c. STRAITNESS, n. narrowness. Of narrow means sore need, distress: Dt. 28. 53; Job 36. 16; Jer. 19. 9. Straitened circumstances. So straitly God doth judge. Spenser's F. Q., ii. 8. 29. Yet in the straitness of that captive state. Spenser's F. Q. v. 6. 2. STRAWED, p. p. of the verb to strew or straw (A. S. strewian): Ex. 32. 20; 2 Chr. 34. 4; Mt. 21. 8, &c. In the morning they stick them in the head, at night they straw them at their heels. Lyly's Euphues, p. 205. STRIKE HANDS, v. t. a literal translation of the Hebrew. The meaning is to become a surety for anyone': Job 17. 3; Prov. 22. 26. Still practised on striking a bargain.

The cold is taken, ere the body shiver, and the match made ere you strike hands. Gosson's School of Abuse, p. 59. STRIPLING, n. (a diminutive of strip). A youth: 1 Sam. 17. 56.

He with two striplings made good the
Shaks, Cymb., v. 2. 19.
STUFF, n. (O. Fr. estoffe materials


of any kind. Hence) (1) Furni-
ture, Gen. 31. 37, &c.; (2) materials,
Ex. 36. 7, &c.; (3) baggage, e.g. of
an army, 1 Sam. 25. 13; 30. 24.
(1) Household stuff.

Shaks. Shrew, Induction, 2. 141.
(2) We are made of stuff so flat and dull.
Shaks. Hamlet, iv. 7. 31.
(3) Dromio, what stuff of mine hast
thou embarked?

Unjointed members of a troubled mind.
Fuller's Poems, p. 60.

Shaks. Com. of Errors, v. 409.
SUCCOUR, v. t. (Lat. succurrere=
to run to the help of) to help,
assist in any way: 2 Sam. 8. 5;
18. 3; 21. 17; 2 Cor. 6. 2; Heb. 2. 18.
To love, honour, and succour my father
and mother.
Church Catechism.
SUCKLING, n. (Ger. säugling) an
infant at the breast: Dt. 32. 25, &c.
The fattest of my flocks, a suckling yet,
That ne'er had nourishment but from
the teat. Congreve's Juvenal, xi. 115.
SUFFICE, v. t. (Lat. sufficere to be
enough) to satisfy: Num. 11. 22.

TACHE, n. (conn. with Fr. attacher,
to fasten together; cp. attach,
tack.) A fastening: Ex. 26, 6, &c.

Till he be first sufficed I will not touch a bit. Shaks. As you Like it, ii. 7. 131.

They made several curtains with loops and taches, and so fastened them together.-Bp. Reynold's Serm. (1666), p. 11.

SUNDER, v. t. (A. S. sundrian=) TAKE, v. t. to catch, ensnare:

to separate: Job 41. 17.

Job 5. 13; Prov. 6. 2, &c.

Neither from the body can the light of the sun be sundered,

Being openly taken in an iron net, all the world might judge whether thou be fish or flesh. Lyly's Euphues, p. 98. TALE, n. (A. S. tal, Germ. zahl.) That which is told (cp. Tell) or counted, a reckoning, number: Ex. 5. 8; 1 Sa. 18. 27; 1 Chr. 9. 28.

She likewise took tale of her apostate subjects. Naunton's Fr. Reg., p. 32. TARGET, n. (A. S. targe, a defensive weapon) a shield: 1 Sam. 17. 6.

Edward VI.'s Catechism, p. 33.
SUPPLE, v. t. (Lat. supplex, from
plico to fold) to make pliant or
soft: Ezek. 16. 4; (cp. Lk. 10. 34).
A precious liquor pour'd
Into the wound, and suppled tenderly.
Fletcher's Purple Island, xi. 37.
SURE, adj. (Fr. sur, Lat. securus,
undisturbed) secure: 1 Sam. 2. 35,
Thou sure and firm-set earth.
Shaks. Macb., ii. 1. 56.
SURFEITING, n. (Old Fr. surfait,
from Lat. super, facere to over-
do). Excess of eating, gluttony:
Lk. 21. 34. See Use.
Hungry stomachs are not to be fed
with sayings against surfeitings.
Lyly's Euphues, p. 395.
SWADDLE, v. t. (A.S. swethel
bandage) to roll in bandages (as
is still done in Germany, with
the limbs of little babes): Lam. 2.
22; Ezek. 16. 4. SWADDLING-
CLOTHES, n. the clothes in
which infants were swathed or
swaddled: Wis. 7. 4; Lk. 2. 7, 12.
No swaddling silks thy limbs did fold.
Though thou could'st turn thy rags to
gold.-Vaughan, Poems, vol. 1. p. 309.
With swaddling-clothes of comfort for
to bind

Writ on Sir Richard's target soldiers' hate.-Last Fight of the Revenge, p 68. TAVERNS, n. (Lat. taberna=) shops. Acts 28. 15. 'The three Taverns', a halting place on Appian way.

TELL, v.t. (A.S. tellan =) to count:
Gen. 15.5; Ps. 22. 17. [TALE.]


You may tell her ribs through her skin. Howell's Letters, iv. 35. TEMPER, v. t. (L. temperare-to mingle) to make a compound of, mix, Ex. 29. 2; 'morter', Eze. 13. 10; cp. Nah. 3. 14.

Their labours and pastimes be so tempered, that they weaken not their bodies. Lyly's Euphucs, p. 143, TEMPERANCE, n. (L. temperantia, selfrestraint) moderation in every thing Acts 24. 25; Gal. 5. 23, &c. Commend his temperance, he will starve himself. Burton's Anat., p. 197.

SWEAR, v. t. (A. S. swerian) to
make to swear: Ex, 18. 19.
Then I swore thee that thou should'st
attempt. Shaks. Ju. Cæs., v. 3. 38.

SWELLING, adj. (A. S. swellan
to swell. Figuratively) proud,
inflated: 2 Pet. 2. 18; Jude 16.

The venomous malice of my swelling
Shaks, Tit. And., v. 3. 13.
SWINE, n, singular (A. S. swin=)
a pig: Lev. 11. 7; Prov. 11. 22.
Thou must have the snout of a swine to
say nothing. Lyly's Euphues, p. 230.


TABER, v. i. (Fr. tambour, Old Fr.
tabor a drum). To beat as on
such an instrument, to drum up-
on: Nah. 2. 7. [TABRET].
Thus brought he common rumour to
taber on his head.


North's Plutarch, p. 94. TABERNACLE, n. (L. tabernaculum) a tent, esp. that under which the ark of the covenant was kept, Exod. 26. 1, &c.; any moveable dwelling, Num. 24. 5; Mat. 17. 4. The feast of tabernacles

was kept by the Israelites dwelling in booths for seven days, Lev. 23. 42. TABLE, n. (L. tabula) a writing tablet: Hab. 2. 2; Lk. 1. 63; 2 Cor. 3. 3. Covered with wax in which to write with a style. Used in O. T. of the slabs of stone on which the ten commandments were graven: Ex. 32. 15, &c.

If a painter were to draw any of their counterfeits on a table, he needs no more but wet his pencil.

Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 28.

TABRET, n. (Fr. tabouret = a small
drum) tabor, i.e. tambourine :
Gen. 31. 27, &c. See Shawm,
If he do well through envy they do carp,
If ill, it is their tabret and their harp.

. J. Fletcher's Perfect Cursed Blessed
Man, ii. 270,

TEMPT, v. t. (Lat. tentare - to put to a trial) to try, test: Gen. 22. 1; James 1. 13, 14.

Tempt us not to bear above our power.
Shaks. K. John, v. 6, 38.

TESTAMENT, n. (Lat. testamentum a last will.) So (1) a will, Heb. 9. 16, &c.; God's covenant with men before Christ in the Old Testament, 2 Cor. 3. 14, &c.; and (3) the altered conditions of that Covenant through Christ in the New Testament, 2 Cor. 3. 6, &c. TETRARCH, n. (Gk. tetrarches) a ruler over the fourth part of any country: Lk. 3. 1.

O had the tetrarch, as he knew thy birth, So known thy stock (of Christ). Quarles' Emblems, iv. 9. THITHERWARD, adv. (A.S. thiderweard toward that place) in that direction: Judg. 18. 15; Jer. 50. 5. He's gone to serve the Duke of Florence, We met him thitherward. Shaks. All's Well, ii, 55. THOUGHT, n. anxiety, excessive care 1 Sam. 9. 5, &c. thought,', Mat. 6. 25, translates a



Gk. word which means 'to be distracted with too much care'.

Thought and affliction

She turns to favour and to prettiness. Shaks. Ham., iv. 5. 188. THROUGHLY, adv. (A. S. thorh= through) thoroughly: Mat. 3. 12. Cp. thorough-fare road through. A wit which I thought throughly to whet by some discourse.-Lyly's Euphues, p.300. TIMBREL, n. (Fr. tambour, Span. tamboril) a small drum, tambourine: Ex. 15. 20, &c. Cp. Tabret. For the noise of drums and timbrels loud their children's cries unheard.

Muton's Par. L., i. 394. TIRE, (1) n. (Pers. tiara a headdress; or perh. Germ. zieran ornament) used of women's headdress: Is. 3. 18; Ezek. 24. 17, 23; cp. 23. 15. (2) v. t. to deck or adorn (esp. the head): 2 Kin. 9. 30. Cp.


A woman, if she see her neighbour richer in tires rails at her.-Burton's Anat..p.175. They were small laced and fitted well, They were tired above over all.

Percy's Ballads, Sir Lambewell, 71. TITHE, v. t. (A. S. teóthian) to take or give the tenth part) to give tithe: Dt. 14. 22; Lk. 11. 42. TITTLE, n. (O. Eng. tit-little, e.g. in titmouse, tomtit ;) a little morsel: Mat. 5. 18; Lk. 16. 17. What to the smallest tittle thou shalt Milton's Par. R., i. 450.. say.

TO, prep. often = for, e.g. 'take to (for a) wife: Mat. 3. 9.

Montanus had a melancholy Jew to his patient. Burton's Anat., p. 178. TONGUE, n. language: Gen. 10. 20, &c. [See Vulgar.]

TONGUES, n. various languages:

Acts 10. 46; 19. 6, &c. The miracle is described, Acts 2. 4, as speaking with other' (than own); divers kinds of tongues': 1 Cor. 12. 10. TOUCHING, prep. with reference to, concerning: Num. 8. 26, &c.

We should fear to move any occasion touching talk of so noble a prince. Lyly's Euphues, p. 256. Also AS TOUCHING, in the same sense: Gen. 27. 42, &c.

Equal to the Father as touching his Godhead, and inferior to the Father as touching his Manhood.-Pr. Bk. Ath. Cr. TOWARD, prep. Sometimes divided by the governed word, e.g. to us-ward, Ps. 40. 5: to God-ward, Ex. 18. 19. See Sherd. Thy desire is to heaven-ward.

Bp. Hall's Balm of Gilead, p. 139. TRANSLATE, v. t. (L. transferre, part. translatus to carry over or across) to move from one place to another, to transfer, 2 Sam. 3. 10; Col. 1. 13; of Enoch taken up to heaven without dying, Heb. 11. 5. Translation' removal. Translate the crabtree where it please you, it will never bear sweet apple. Lyly's Euphucs, p. 41. TRAVAIL, n. (Fr. travailler - to labour) toil, pain, esp. of the pangs of childbirth: Jer. 50. 43; Gen. 38. 27. See Leave.

Novices that think to have treasure without travail. Lyly's Euphues, p. 47. TRESPASS, v. i. (O. Fr. trespasser) to go beyond, to overstep. Used formerly of moral wrongdoing-to transgress, offend: 1 Kin. 8. 31, &c. So without aught by me foreseen they trespass. Milton's Par. L., iii. 122. TROTH, n. (A. S. treowth, truth) good faith.

My troth is so undoubtedly constant unto you. Sidney's Arcadia, iii, p. 693.



TROW, v. i. (A. S. treówian trust) to believe, suppose for certain. I trow not 'certainly not: Lk. 17. 9.

And is it so, trow ye? Are offices bought for money?

Latimer's Serm., p. 147. TRUMP, n. (Fr. trompe) a trumpet: 1 Cor. 15. 52; 1 Thes. 4. 16. These were good lessons to think on at the sounding of the trump.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 442. TRY OUT, v. t. test thoroughly: Ps. 26. 2, Pr. Bk. Vers.

There is no king, if it come to arbitre

ment of swords, can try it out with all unspotted soldiers,

Shaks. Henry V., iv. 1. 109. TURTLE, n. (Lat. turtur) a turtledove: Song 2. 12; Jer. 8. 7.

The turtle having lost her mate wandereth alone. Lyly's Euphues, p. 273, TUTOR, n. (Lat. tutor a protector) a guardian, Gal. 4. 2, without any notion of teaching.

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They should beware to commit nothing uncomely.

Udall's Erasmus Apophth., p. 21. He is now full sure no more so uncomely to prate-Bale's K. John, p. 73. UNDERGIRD, v. t. to strengthen a ship with ropes passed round her, and so keep her sea-worthy: Acts 27. 17. UNDERSETTERS, n. things set under, props, supports: 1 Kit 30, 31. Cp. modern use of underpin. The merchant adventurers being a strong company at that time, and well underset with rich men,


Bacon's Henry VII., p. 146. UNDERSTANDING, adj. intelligent, wise: Dt. 1. 13; 4. 6, &c.

Repulse and disgrace to an understanding man are not so hardly to be taken. Burton's Anat., p. 415, UNEQUAL, adj. (Lat. æquus = just, with a negative prefix) inequitable, unjust: Ezek. 18. 25, 29. Now used as though connected with inæqualis of different size.

To punish me for what you make me do seems much unequal,

Shaks. Ant., ii. 5. 101. UNICORN, n. (L. unus, one, & cornu, horn). Prob. the bison: Num. 23.


were never to be caught.

The unicorn if he knew his own virtue Lyly's Euphues, p. 71. UNPERFECT, adj. imperfect: Ps.

139. 16.

Nature frameth nothing in any point vain or unperfect,

Lyly's Euphues, p. 42.

UNTOWARD, adj. perverse, obstinate: Acts 2. 40. See Froward. Why deem you me so untoward and graceless? Lyly's Euphues, p. 42. UNWITTINGLY, adj. unknowingly: Lev. 22. 14; Josh. 20. 3. I heard of a gun that was shot off unwittingly. Lyly's Euphucs, p. 453. USE, v. i. (Lat. utor, usus, to use.)


So, to be accustomed: Ex. 21. 38; Judg. 14. 10, &c.

He that surfelteth with wine wacth afterward to allay with water.

Lyly's Euphues, p. 44. USURY, n. (Lat. usura interest of money) income from money out at use, interest, without any notion of an exorbitant rate: Mat 25. 27; Lk. 19. 23. The N. T. use. UTTER, v. t. to give out, make known: Lev, 5. 1; Josh. 2. 14, &e. Let Ismenias utter all his cunning. Gosson's School of Abuse, p. 68. UTTER, adj. (A. S. úter=) outer: Ezek. 10.5; 42.1. UTTERMOST, adj. (A. S. útemest-outermost) utmost, last: 2 Kin. 7. 5; Mt. 5. 26.

The outside or utter circuit of the land is full of havens.-More's Utopia, p. 73. When divers had shewed their uttermost cruelty.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 653.


VAGABOND, n. (Lat, ragabundus, a wanderer), (1) runaway, fugitive, exile, Gen. 4. 12, 14; Ps. 109. 10; (2) adj. itinerant, Acts 19. 13.


If we consider what a vagabond Brutus | was. Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 155. VAIN, adj. (Lat. vanus = empty, and so) worthless, of no profit, Exod. 5. 9; Ps. 33. 17; Jam. 1. 26, &c.; rain persons', i.e. good-for-nothings, Judg. 9. 4; 11. 3; Prov., 12. 11, &c. VALIANT, adj. (Lat. valere = to prevail. So) brave or strong : 1 Sam. 14. 52; Heb. 11. 34. A Roman by a Roman valiantly vanquished. Shaks. Ant. and Cleop., iv. 13. 38. VANITY, n. (Lat. ranitas == empti ness). Hence (1) of the frail estate of man, who is as a breath, Ps., 89. 11, &c.; (2) that which gives no satisfaction, Job 7. 3; Eccl. 1. 2; | Rom. 8. 20, &c.; (3) of false gods, and false worship, because they cannot help, 2 Kin. 17. 15, &c.; (4) of anything false and deceptive, Job 31.5; Ps. 12. 2. VAUNT, v. reflex. (Fr. ranter to boast, Lat. canus empty) to make vain boastings, boast: Judg. 7. 2; 1 Cor. 13. 4.

A fresh and lovely swain, Vaunting himself Love's twin, but younger brother. Fletcher's Purple Is., ix. 37. VEHEMENT, adj. (Lat. vehemens, impetuous, unreasonable) violent, strong: Song 8. 6; 2 Cor. 7. 11. For your vehement oaths you should have been respective.

Shaks Mer. of Ven., v. 156. VENISON, n. (Fr. venaison, from Lat. venatio hunting) flesh of beasts taken in hunting: Gen. 25. 28.

I wished your venison better, it was ill killed. Shaks. Merry Wives. L L 84 VENTURE, AT A, formerly at acenture (Fr. aventure a chance, an adventure), at random: 1 Kin. 22. 34; 2 Chr. 18, 33.

Men gather flowers here and there one at aventure as they come to hand.

Udall's Erasm. Paraph Luke, f. 2. A bargain at a venture made Between two partners in a trade. Butler's Hudibras, iii. 573. VERITY, n. (Lat. veritas =) truth: Ps. 111. 7; 1 Tim. 2. 7. VERY, adj. (Lat. verus, Fr. vrai ==) true, real: Gen. 27. 21; Ps. 5. 9; John 7. 26; itself. See Crib. In very likeness of a roasted crab. Shak Mid. N. D., f. 1. 48.

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VILE, adj. (Lat. vilis worthless) degraded, Deut, 25. 3, &c.; valueless, beggarly, good for nothing: Jer. 15. 19; Jas. 2. 2, &c.

VIOL, n. (Old Fr. viole a guitar; cp. violin) a six-stringed instrument of music. But Josephus describes the Heb. instrument (A. V. viol) as having 12 strings: Isa. 5. 12, &c.

You are a fair viol and your sense the strings. Shaks. Per., i. 1. 81. VIRTUE, n. (Lt. virtus) properly = manliness, might, power: Mk. 5. 30; Lk. 6. 19. See Unicorn.

If you had known the virtue of the ring you would not then have parted with the ring. Shaks. Mer. of Ven., v. 1. 199. VOCATION, n. (Lt. vocatio=) a calling: Eph. 4. 1. See Meat.

Every man considereth what vocation he is in ? Latimer's Serm., p. 127. VOID, adj. (Lat. viduus, Fr. vide=) (1) empty Gen. 1.2; 1 Kin. 22. 10; (2) destitute, Dt. 32. 28.

The mind being roid of exercise, the man is void of honesty.

Lyly's Euphues, p. 111. VULGAR, adj. (Lat. vulgaris belonging to the people. So) 'the vulgar tongue'= the people's language (opposed to Latin, &c.).


WAIT, n. (Fr. gueta watch; for gu changed to te, see Rereward). An ambush (lie in wait', 'laying wait'): Num. 35. 20, 22; Jer. 9. 8. Why satest thou like an enemy in wait. Milton's Par, L., iv, 825,

WANTONNESS, n. (perh. same root as wander). Riotous, dissolute living: Rom. 13. 13; 2 Pet. 2.


The spirit of wantonness is scared out of him. Shaks. Merry W., iv. 2. 223. WARD, n. (A. S. weard=gnard) a prison: Gen. 40.3; Num. 15. 31,&c. (A prison) in which there are many confines, wards, and dungeons.

Shaks, Hamlet, II. 2. 252. He would be punished and committed to ward. Latimer's Serm., p. 74. WARE, n. (A. S. wáru =) merchandise: Neh. 10.31; Ezek. 27. 16, &c. He retails his wares at wakes.

Shaks. L. L. Lost, v. 2. 317. WARE, adj. (A. S. war watchful. Conn. with wary, ward, &c.) Aware see Away), on the watch: Acts 14. 6: 2 Tim. 4. 15.

Ye chaplains be ware of a lesson that a great man taught me.

Latimer's Serm. p. 201.

WATCH, n. a portion of the night, during which the guard was awake. The night from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. was generally divided into four watches: Ex. 14. 24, &c.

He snores out the watch of night. Shaks. 2 Henry IV., iv. 5. 28. WAX, v. i. (A. S. weaxan=) to grow, become: Gen. 26. 13; Rev. 18. 3. That way whereby all other wax wealthy hath done you no good.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 72. WAYMARK, n. a guide-post: Jer. 31. 21. So Fuller uses sea-mark.

He makes the shipwrecks of other seamarks to himself. Holy State, ii. 7. WEALTH, n. (A. S. wela = wellbeing. So of) well being or weal in general: 2 Chr. 1. 11, 12, &c.

She may study to preserve thy people in wealth, peace, and godliness. In health and wealth long to live."-Pr. Bk. WELL, adv. very. In 'well-nigh' very near: Ps. 73. 2. Well-nigh choked his forces fail.

Spenser's F. Q., i. 1. 22.

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18. 4.

They are the well-springs of justice which giveth to every man his own. Gosson's School of Abuse, p. 47. WENCH, n. (O.E. wenchela child; later, only) a girl: 2 Sam. 17. 17. Ah wretched wench Lucilla, how art thou perplexed! Lyly's Euphucs, p. 57. WHEN AS, conj. when: Mt. 1. 18. When as the seven liberal sciences will scarce get a scholar bread and cheese. Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 22. WHILES, adv. while, Mt. 5. 25 (possessive case of the A. S. noun hwil time. So) at a time', 'of (at) a time', 'of a child'.

Thus do weeds grow up whiles no man regards them.

Nash's Pierce Penn., p. 23. WHIRLPOOL, Job 41. 1, marg., used as the name of some great whale, which by its movement, or blowing, creates an eddy.

WHIT, n. (A. S. wiht a thing.) Hence, every whit every thing, 1 Sa. 3. 18, &c.; and a whit any thing, at all. 2 Cor. 11. 5. At their coming they will not move a whit for them.

Latimer's Serm., p. 199. WILINESS, n. (A. S. wile =), cunning: Ps. 10. 2, Pr. Bk. Vers. WILL, v. t. (A.S. willan to wish) to desire, will, wish: Jdg. 1. 14; Mk. 6. 25, &c.; love to: John 7. 17; 9. 27.

Moses had the fashion of the tabernacle like unto which God willed him to make another.-Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 78. WILL-WORSHIP, n. A. V. of Gk. ethelothreskeia a religion of men's own choosing: Col. 2. 23.

WIMPLE, n. (A. S. wimpel) a small shawl or woman's neck-kerchief: Isa. 3. 22.

And as she ran her wimple let she fall
And took none heed.--Chaucer.

Legend of Good Women (Tisbe), 108. WINK AT, v. i. (A. S. wincian


shut the eyes) to connive at, pass over unblamed: Acts 17.30. Howsoever most divines contradict it, it must be winked at by politicians. Burton's Anat., p. 62.

WISE, n. (A.S. wise manner) way, guise, fashion: Num. 6. 23. He is promised to fair Marina, but in no wise till he had done his sacrifice. Shaks. Per., v. 2. 11. WIT, v. i., pres. t. (A. S. witan =) to know: Gen. 24. 21, &c.; to do to wit to cause to know: 2 Cor. 8.1. WIST, (pret. of A. S. witan, knew: Ex. 16. 15; 34. 29; Mk. 14. 40, &c.

It doth us to wit the faithfulness of this propbet in his duty.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 107. Saying in his pangs almost he wist not what. Latimer's Serm., p. 187. WIT, understanding: Ps. 107. 27. I have the wit to think my master is a kind of a knave.

Shaks. 2 Gent., iii. 1. 262.

WITH, n. (A. S. withthea willow) any pliant twig which could be made into a band: Judg. 16. 7, 8, 9. Two calves were coupled together by the necks with an oaken with.

Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 37.

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WITTINGLY, adv. (A. S. witendlice ) knowingly: Gen. 48. 14. He that will not wittingly deceive himself may easily judge.

Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 420. WITTY, adj. (A. S. witig knowing) skilful: Prov. 8. 12.

None more virtuous, witty, or learned than thyself.

Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 7. WOE WORTH woe be to (the day), Ezek. 30. 3. (A.S. weorthan, Germ. werden, to be or become).

Woo worth them that ever they were about any king.-Latimer's Serm., p. 66. For the simple v. worth become.

He weened anon to worth out of his mind. Chaucer's Compl. of Mars, 248. WONT, adj. (A.S. wunian-to wone, Ger. wohnen to dwell; wont accustomed, as one becomes to a place by dwelling in it: Ex. 21. 29; Acts 16. 13, &c.

Your worship was wont to tell me that I could do nothing without bidding Shaks. Merch. V., ii, 5, 8. WORLD WITHOUT END = for ever and ever, Is. 45. 17; Eph. 3. 21. Heb. and Gk. an age of ages. A marriage engagement is called, A world without end bargain, Shaks. L. L. Lost, v. ii. 799, WORSHIP, n. (A. S. weorth-scipe =worthship; so) 'to do worship', Josh. 5. 14; Lk. 14. 10 to pay that reverence of which the object is worthy: to treat as worthy. With my body I thee worship (Marr. Serv.) I do reverence to thee as a person worthy of it, promise thee due honour: see Mt. 18. 26.

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Shaks. Romeo, iii. 2. 139. WREATHEN, p. p. (A. S. writhen =) twisted: Ex. 28. 14, &c. Survives in writhe to twist about. WREST, v. (A.S. wrastan to twist). So metaph. to pervert, turn aside: Ex. 23. 2; 2 Pet. 3. 16, &c. Eloquence can darken it and wrest it quite from the true meaning.

Ridley's Agst. Transub., p. 152,


YEARN, v. i. (A. S. girnan to long for) to be deeply moved, excited: Gen. 43. 30; 1 Kin. 3. 26.

His maw began to yearn again after some of the figs.

Howell's Letters, iv. 50. YOKEFELLOW, n. a comrade, Phil. 4. 3; partner, cp. 2 Cor. 6. 14. By his bloody side, yokefellow to his honour-owing wounds, the Earl of Suffolk Shaks. Hen. V., iv. 6, 9.


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