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SUMMONS OF WAKENING;

OR,
THE EVIL TENDENCY AND DANGER

OF

SPECULATIVE PHILOSOPHY,

EXEMPLIFIED

IN

Mr. LESLIE's INQUIRT INTO THE NATURE OF HEAT,

AND
Mr. MALTHUS's ESSAY ON POPULATION,
And in that Speculative System of Common Law, which is at present

administered in these Kingdoms.

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HAWICK:

Printed aud Sold by Robert Armstrong.
· SOLD ALSO BY W. AND J. DEAS, EDINBURGH; M. OGLE, GLASGOW;

J. MORRISON, PERTH; F. JOLLIE, CARLISLE ; A. THOMSON, JED-
BURGH; A. RUTHERFURD, KELSO; AND J. REID, BERWICK.

1807.

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PRE FACE.

THE following Observations upon Mr. Leslie's Inquiry into the Nature of Heat, and upon Mr. Malthus's Essay on Population, were originally intended to have been given as a note upon the proposed Inquiry into the Origin of Government and Law, by way of examples of the perversion of that plan which, it will be there shown, the Creator established at the very beginning, for the proper construction of language, and as striking examples of the perversion of the natural use of it; but these Observations having unavoidably become far too voluminous to be inserted in the shape of a note, the Author has been induced, by the advice of some respectable friends, to whose consideration they have been submitted, and in whose good understanding he can with confidence rely, to submit them to the consideration of the public, in the shape in which they now appear, as a separate work, by way of Introduction to the proposed Inquiry into the Origin of Government and Law. He has been the more readily induced to comply with the wishes of his friends, in presuming to submit these Observations to the judgment of the public, at this time, on account of two bills which

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have been lately introduced into Parliament; the one by a Noble Lord, lately high in office, for reforming the Courts of Justice in Scotland,

and the other by a Right Honourable Gentle- man, for the Abolition of the Poor Laws. As the OBSERVATIONS

facts stated in the latter part of the Observations on Mr. Malthus's Book on Population, and upon the present System of the Common Law of this country, appear to be highly necessary for the consideration of every member of our Great National Council, before they proceed to give their vote, for or against enacting either of these bills into a law; and, because it has appeared to him, from the speeches which have been made for and against these proposed laws, as detailed in the newspapers, that the facts contained in these remarks, which are now inost humbly submitted to their notice, have not yet occurred to their observation.

ERRATA.

Page 4, line 25, after inquiry; add every.

-8, – 22, for alter, read utter.
- 80,- 2, for these terms render, read has rendered.

103,— 21, for had, read heed.
104, 24, for species of truth, specious truth.
175,- 8, for of, read or.
219,- 24, dele to.
222,- 28, after to be, add introducedo
231, -12, dele witho---

On Mr. Leslie's Inquiry into the Nature of

Heat, and on the Speculative Opinions contained in his Book.

TRUTH MUST PREVAIL.

IN the proposed Inquiry into the Origin Government and Law, a Prospectus of whicni is hereto subjoined, it will be shown, that, by the proper exercise of these senses, and those rational faculties which the Creator has bestowed upon man, when properly conjoined with those divine revelations which he has made of himself, of his works, and of his will, mankind are enabled to acquire all the knowledge which is necessary for their comfort and happiness, and for

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