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Compare the date of Miss Howe's letter with
sense or conjecture. ---- The various readings are fairly put the burial entry, and we ascertain with certainty in the margin, so that every one may compare them; and that Peg Hughes, the actress and mistress of those I have preferred into the text are constantly ex fide Prince Rupert, died in October, 1719.
codicum, upon authority." - Alexander Pope, 1725.
" His genuine text [i. e. the text of Shakspero] is for Of Mrs. Hughes there is an excellent portrait the most part religiously adhered to, and the numerous hy Lely at Lord Jersey's, at Middleton in Ox- fuults and blemishes, purely his own, are left as they fordshire ; and of Ruperta, her daughter by Prince were found. Nothing is altered but what by the clearest Rupert, and the mother of Sophy Howe, there is reasoning can be proved a corruption of the true text, and
the alteration a real restoration of the genuine reading." a characteristic full length by Kneller at Lord
- Lewis THEOBALD, 1783. Sandwich's, at Hinchinbrooke. She is dark, and
" As the corruptions (of the text of 1623] are more like what Prince Rupert was when old.
numerous and of a grosser kind than can well be con
PETER CUNNINGHAM.ceived but by those who have looked nearly into them; Kensington.
so in the correcting them this rule hath been most strictly observed, not to give a loose to funcy, or indulge a licentious spirit of criticism, as if it were fit for any one to
presume to judge what Shakespeare ought to have written, TIE DISPUTANTS ON SIIAKSPERE.
instead of endeavouring to discover truly and retrieve “ It had bene a thing, we confesse, worthic to haue bene what he did write." - Sir Thomas HIANMIR, 1744. wished, that the author himselfe hud liu'd to haue set forth,
" The whole a critic can do for an author who deserves and ouerseen his owne writings." - John Ileminge, llenrie | his service, is to correct the faulty text, to remark the Condell.
peculiarities of language, to illustrate the obscure alluAspiring to act the moderator between certain sions, and to explain the beauties and defects of sentiment
or composition; and surely, if ever author had a claim to disputants on the fidelity and typographic correct- this service, it was our Shakespeare." - William WARness of the Shakespeare of 1623, as printed by BURTON, 1747. Isaac Jaggard and Edward Blount, I submit to
" That many passages [in Shakspero) have passed in a the consideration of those who make the fray, and state of depravation through all the editions is indubitably of those who lament it, the brief remarks of some
certain; of these the restoration is only to be attempted by
collation of copies or sagacity of conjecture. ---- As I praceminent critics on the principles of editorship, and tired conjecture more, 1 learned to trust it less; and after on the delicate process of emendation ; together I had printed a few plays, resolved to insert none of my with the repeated admission made by one of the
own readings in the text. Upon this caution I now concontemporaries of Shakspere that errors of the gratulate myself, for every day encreases my doubt of my press are unavoidable, and emendations therefore emendations.” — Samuel Johnson, 1765. often requisite.
The extract from Gesner, while it refers to I firmly believe that both parties are actuated Horace alone, is quite as applicable to an English by the same motive: I believe they are both classic. It is a capital summary of editorial duties. anxious to give us the text of the plays as Shak- The other remarks are copied from the prefaces spere left it - but they differ on many points. to the plays of Shakspere; and there cannot be Now it seems desirable that every editor of the much temerity in asserting that the writers have dramatist should publish, in due form, his editorial rather shown their acquaintance with the Ars
We should then have the argument in CRITICA, and courted public favour by the presmaller compass -- should be led to compare ideas, tence of editorial fidelity, than fairly described and to reflect on principles --- and might award their own proceedings. praise or censure with more discrimination.
Now come the promised remarks on errors of The remarks on editorship shall now be intro- the press, which were all made by the same perduced. No attempt has been made to increase
son in the years 1620, 1623, and 1628. the mass. I have been satisfied with giving, from
[To the reader.] the most accessible sources, what seemed to claim “ Of such errours ag haue escaped in the presse, I hauo transcription on the score of brevity and per- thought good to collect onely those, which may bee suptinency.
posed likely to trouble the reader in his way, the rest
being few, and but literall, I hope shall eyther passe “Quæ adhuc disputavi, ea ad illam fere partem consilii vnobserued, or excused.”. llora subseciua, 1620. 8vo. mei pertinent, quod statui conservare quantum in me est, Horatii verba, ordinemque poematum, ut ea ex antiquis
" The printer to the discreet and curious reader. libris ad nos pervenere. - Nisi ita mollis, ita liquida, ita “ After so much as you haue read heere, vttered in clara, ita unica sit emendatio, plane uti dubitare homini their iust commendation (i. e. the author and translator), rerum perito non liceat, modestia nostrw et bonorum li- let it be my minute, to be heard in a line or two for my brorum integritati potius ita consulamus, ut in margine, selfe : which is, that you would be pleased not to lay my quid nobis videatur, indicemus. Dici non potest, quam faults on them. I will neither pretend badnesse of copy, facile sit bic falli, labi, corrumpere quod emendare velis.” or his absence, whose prouince it was to correct it; but - J. M. GESNERUS, 1762.
pray tho amendment of these few escapes (as you finde "I have discharged the dull duty of an editor [of them here-vnder noted,) before you begin to reade: with Shakspero), to my best judgment, with more labour than hope of your pardon, the rather, because it hath beeno I expect thanks, with a religious abhorrence of all in- my care they should be no more." Guzman de Alfanovation, and without any indulgence to my private rache, part 1. 1628. Folio,
“ The printer to the curious reader.
many artists; and, sometimes, it has been adopted by " It were a hard taske and rarely to be performed, for
the less provident followers of art, as a convenient modo any printer to vndertake the printing of a booke of this
of settling an account with the landlord. Morland is bulko and nature, without some faults; yea, were his
known to have had recourse to this expedient on more
than one occasion, Wales can boast of another sign from copy neuer so fayre, or his apprehension so quicke. It is a decorum in Guzman to commit many solecismes, whose
the pencil of a distinguished landscape painter. For the life was so full of disorders. This life of his being 26.
little inn of the hilly Ruthin, Richard Wilson painted the seuerall times printed in the Spanish tongue in a few
well known · Loggerheads, with the inscription, Wo
three Loggerheads be.'” years, did neuer appeare to the world, but with errata : which makes me the more presuming on your humane This seems to open up a fit, and not unintercourtesie: and as in the first, so in this second part,
esting, subject for "N. & Q.," some of whose vouchsafe with your pen, the amendment of these few faults, before you begin to read the rest of his life.".
correspondents may be able to point out how Guzman de Alfarache, part II. 1623. Folio,
many of Morland's four thousand pictures were
inn-signs P painted for "The Plough," at Kensal * To the reader.
Green, or the like places of resort; and may also " If any faults haue escap'd the presse, (as few bookes
add similar instances of other artists. can bee printed without), impose them not on the author
CUTHBERT BEDE, B.A. I intreat thee; but rather impute them to mine and the printers ouersight, who seriously promise on the re-im- Size and Sizings. - Richardson, in his Dicformer default, to make thee ample satisfaction."--Micro- sizing thus : size, the same as assize, means to pression hereof, by greator care and diligence for this our tionary, explains our Cambridge word size and cosmographie, 1028. 120,
"allot," " weigh," or "portion out;" hence, "sizings, In the Hore subseciva, twenty-five errors are the allotted part," (I am quoting from memory). noticed. Some are material ; as least for most, In Matthew Robinson's Biography, edited by nations for natures, must for much, prescription for Mayor, we find (p. 23.) an extract from Strype's proscription. Others are slight, or relative to letter to his mother; in which he says he somepunctuation. In Guzman de Alfarache we have times got a ciza, i. e. a farthing worth of beer from forty errors save one. Examples : time for ayre, the butteries : and also, that his breakfast cost in clearing for indearing, many for money, top for five farthings; two farthings for his brend, and toy, cartas for cantos, indisposition for in disposition, two for his butter or cheese, and a cize of beer. the' for they, ad ebbe for an ebbe, fe. The last I wish to know whether sizings, fe., may not error noticed is a turned letter!
come from this word ciza. I will just add, that Whatever be the merits or defects of the folio I do not find this word in either Richardson or of 1623, and whatever may have been the pre- Webster.
B. A. II. vailing state of the press at that period, it is
Trin, Coll, Camb. manifest that the author of the above addresses To the reader was perfectly aware of the import- Adjuration in Pembrokeshire. ---- The peasantry ance of typographic correctness, and very anxious of Pembrokeshire are still in the habit of using a to secure it.
form of adjuration which has descended to them Now, the author of those addresses was no other from the old Roman Catholic times. They swear than the aforesaid Edward Blount; and it is my to this day “By our Lady," although they have conviction, which I can justify by a variety of corrupted the phrase into "b’lady," and are quite circumstantial evidence, that he was the real ignorant of its origin: still it forms a curious link editor of the FIRST FOLIO SHAKESPEARE.
between the past and present, and shows how
BOLTON CORNEY. forms of speech will linger in the memory, when The Terrace, Barnes.
the time and circumstances which gave them their origin have passed away. Joun PAVIN Prillips.
Haverfordwest. finor Notes.
Cardinal Wiseman and“ Nice." — The cardinal, Inn-Signs painted by Eminent Artists. --- The in a very ingenious lecture, delivered by him in Birmingham Journal of Dec. 13. contains an in- April last, at the Marylebone Institution, remarks teresting article (copied, with additions, from the
on the vague and indiscriminate use of the word Brighton Gazette,) entitled " An Artist's Haunt,” | “Nice,"and the necessary result, "vague and indisdescriptive of Bettws-y-Coed and David Cox. criminate thoughts." But the cardinal is himself It states, that the sign of " The Oak," at Bettws, in great error in insisting that the word in the was painted by Mr. Cox; and amusingly tells English language properly designates "accuracy, how that bold landscape painter, while mounted precision, discrimination," and seeks to confirm upon a ladder, and working away at his sign, was his assertion by a reference to any old dictionary. caught in the very act by one of his lady-pupils. Such old dictionaries as Ainsworth and Johnson Then follows this extract:
are in his favour; but our older dictionaries (which "Sign painting has been the occasional amusement of the cardinal cannot have consulted) all agree that
SINGULAR IMPRINTS TO OLD BOOKS.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1857.
and places; as in one of the many tracts published with the design of bringing on the Restoration, it is stated to be printed for Charles Prince, and are to be sold at the
east' end of St. Paul's.' A fourth method of disguising OUR NEW VOLUME.
the imprint referred to the time, which was characterised A Happy New Year to You Gentle Readers, Valued by some remarkable political or religious feature of the Contributors, Kind Friends! Seven times have we thus period : as in a tract relating to the impeachment of the
iwelve Bishops, the date is printed in the new yeare of greeted You at the opening Year; and never with greater
the Bishops feare: Anno Dom. 1642.' A fifth sort of heartiness and sincerity than on this 3rd of ary, spurious imprint may be noticed, as expressing some 1857.
kind of concealed authority for the publication of the For seven years have We now, with your assistance,
work; an instance of which may be given from the titlebeen digging in the wide fields of Literature and History
page of a tract written in vindication of the proceedings
of the parliamentary army under Sir Thomas Fairfax, for the golden grains of Truth. With what success may which is dated • Oxford, printed by J. H. and H. H., and be learned, not only from our own fourteen goodly volumes, commanded to be published for the information of the but from the acknowledgments of many a scholar. oppressed Commons of England, 1647.”” We are proud of such testimonies to our usefulness.
1. “ De Vera Obedientia, by Bishop Gardiner. Printed They are a reward for our past labours-a stimulus to in- in Rome before the Castle of St. Angelo, at the Signe of creased exertions. And so- A HAPPY NEW YEAR TO St. Peter, 1553." US ALL
2. “The Schollar's Purgatory Discovered in the Stationers' Commonwealth. Imprinted for the Honest Stationers, n. d.”
3. “ The Reasonable Motion in the Behalfe of such of Pates.
the Clergie as are now questioned in Parliament for their Places. Printed in the Unfortunate Yeare to Priests,
1641." Books which have been secretly printed are
4. “ Mercurie's Message, a Poem addressed to the late generally indicated by some disguised imprint; Canterbury. Printed in the Yeare of our Prelate's Feare,
Famous now Infamous Arch-bishop William (Land) of generally metaphorically expressing the senti
1641." ments of the party from whence they emanated. 5. “ England's Petition to their King. Printed on the A valuable paper on these imprints has been given Day of Jucob's trouble, and to make way, in hope, for its by your learned correspondent J. O., in the First Deliverance out of it, May 5th, 1643."
6. “ Series of “N. & Q.” (ix. 143.); and a continua
England's Third Alarme to Warre. London, tion from the same pen would, I feel assured, be printed for Thomas Underhill, in the Second Yeare of the
Beast's wounding, warring against the Lamb and those that most gladly welcomed by your numerous readers. ure with him; called, chosen, and faithfull, 1643.". My note-book contains a few jottings of this kind, 7. “ The Citie's Warning Piece, in the Malignant's which I have written out, in the hopes that others Description and Conversion (relating to the Siege of will follow my example and contribute their mite Cirencester, ) Printed in the Yeere that every Knave and was in a difficulty, that I am induced to put an- join the concluding stanza, which follows the other question to your correspondents of a similar mention of the battle of Bosworth Field : kind. “In the first place, however, let me thank “Wherein the tyrant he was slain, Dr. Rimbault for the ready assistance and useful
Fool turned Cavaleere .”. towards forming a more perfect collection of
8. “One Argument more against the Cavaliers. Printed “remarkable imprints.” I cannot do better than in the Yeare when Men thinke what they list, and speake preface my brief list by a note from the Intro- and write what they think, 1643.” duction to the second volume of the Catalogue of Printed (unless Men be more carefull, and God the more
9. “Plain English, a Tract written by Edward Bowles. the London Institution :
merciful,) the last Year of Liberty, 1643." “ Books which have been secretly produced from the 10. “ Mar Priest, Son of Old Martin; the Arraignment press are generally indicated by some peculiarity in the of Mr. Persecution presented to the Consideration of the imprint and date, the usual information of which is either House of Commons, and all the Common People. Europe, disguised or altogether omitted ; and such imprints ap- printed by Martin Clawe-Clergie
, Printer to the Reverend pear to exhibit principally the following varieties. The Assembly of Divines, for Bartholomew Bang-Priest, and first, which is the most numerous, includes such books as are to be sould at his Shop in Toleration Street, 1645.” have simply the words “printed at London, or printed 11. The Kentish Fayre, or the Parliament sold to in the year, or • Anno Domini,' or occasionally some their best worth. Printed at Rochester, and are to be sold indefinite initials, as “printed by A. B. for C. D.' to all those that dare to buy them, 1648.” Another practice was the disguising of the name of the 12. “ The Cookoo's Nest at Westminster; or the Parplace whereat the work was printed, under a translated liament between the Two Lady-birds, Queen Fairfax and form, or a title purely fictitious, as • Eleutheropolis ;' or Lady Cromwell. Printed in Cuckoo-time, in a Hollow it was occasionally falsitied by the substitution of one Tree, 1648.” place for another, or by the insertion of a nation for a 13. The Hunting of the Foxes from New-Market city. A third kind of disguised imprint consists of a and Triploe-heath to White-hall by Five small Beagles. metaphorical expression of the sentiments of the party Printed'in a Corner of Freedome, right opposite the Councel publishing the tract; as in the instance of a pamphlet of Warre, Anno Domini 1649." issued against the engagement of fidelity to the Common- 14. “ Lieut.-Col. Lilburne's Liberties of the People of wealth, as being contrary to the terms of the Solemn England asserted and vindicated. Printed in the Grand League and Covenant, the imprint is ‘London, printed Yeere of Dissimulation, 1649.” by the Company of Covenant-keepers dwelling in 15. - The Second part of the Tragi-Comedy called Great Britain. In this species of imprint, the allusion Newmarket-Fayre, or Mrs. Parliament's new Figaryes. was sometimes concealed under apparently real names Printed at you may go Look, 1649."
And Henry did the crown obtain,
Which many a year he wore; information he afforded me, respecting the fine old
Uniting so the roses two, national ballad on Henry V. and the battle of
Most deadly foes before, Agincourt. I did not bear in mind that bad
To flourish here as erst they grew, been quoted in Heywood's “ Edward IV.,” 1600 ;
And shall do evermore.' but that fact had been previously called to my Has the preceding production ever been printed recollection in a private note, which showed that
or reprinted ? and is any other copy of it in mait had already been noticed by our mutual friend, nuscript known? The sooner I procure
informaMr. W. Chappell
, in the new edition of his Po- tion on either of these points, the more serviceable pular Ballad Music of England, a work of the it will be to
J. PAYNE COLLIER. greatest interest and industry.
Maidenhead. DR. RIMBAULT states that the ballad on the “ Battle of Agincourt” exists, as he believes, in the Pepysian Collection at Cambridge. Is such MORLEY'S FIRST BOOKE OF AYRES, FOL. 1600. the case with respect to another historical effusion of the same sort, on a very different subject, the
The late Mr. T. Rodd, a few years ago, sold a life and character of Richard III.? Å ballad copy of this work for 11. 1s. Its full title is : with the title of “A Tragical Report of King “ The first Booke of Ayres, or little short Songs to sing Richard III.” was licensed, with twenty others, and play to the Lute with the Base-Viol, by Thomas to Henry Carre in the summer of 1586); see the Morley, fol. London, 1600.” Extracts from the Registers of the Stationers' Com- A copy of it is most particularly desired, and if pany (published by the Shakspeare Society in the purchaser of Rodd's exemplar of it, or any 1849), vol. ii. p. 212. Has this production come other possessor, would kindly communicate with down to our day in any shape, either printed or me at No. 6. Tregunter Road, West Brompton, manuscript ? That is my question. The late near London, I would willingly, if a purchase is Mr. Heber had a volume of short popular poems, practicable, give ten guineas for the book rather in a handwriting of about the time of Anne or than not possess it. The “N. & Q.” would inGeorge I., which he lent to me, and from which, crease the obligations to which many of us are with his permission, I copied several pieces, one under to it, if it could be a medium for obtaining of them a ballad headed “Of King Richard III.” some otherwise almost“ impossible” books. There It is not at all impossible that this is the very are some old plays of Shakspeare and others that ballad licensed to Henry Carre, and it opens I know are in existence, for which one would wilthus :
lingly give weight in gold including their binding “ King Richard, you shall understand,
in the scale. How gladly would I give 105l. for Was cruel'st tyrant in this land;
a nice copy of the Hamlet of 1604, to put in the King John that Arthur slew,
same case with the recently acquired and cherished Was not so bloody as this king:
treasure of that of 1603 ! J. O. HALLIWELL.
He smothered nephews two."
Minor Queries. cause the MS. I copied did not at all profess
to “ John Decastro and his Brother Bat.” : Can follow what must have been the old spelling. An
any reader of "N. & Q.” give information reother stanza (there are eight of them in the specting a novel called John Decastro and his whole) is this:
Brother Bat, published by Mr. Egerton in 1815; “No sooner was King Edward dead,
any particulars respecting the book and its author ? Than he made shorter by the head
J. M. L.
Interment in Stone Coffins. — I request to know
any well-authenticated instances of interment in At Pomfret they were made away,
a stone coffin, with recess for the head, and a As they had never been."
bevelled or peaked lid of stone, as early as the end Here we have an historical error (not of much of the eleventh or during the twelfth century, or consequence in productions of this class), for it how soon thereafter ? was Vaughan, and not Hastings, who suffered I inquire, also, for any instance of a body, so with Rivers and Grey at Pomfret. The preceding entombed or otherwise, swathed in a leathern quotations will be enough to enable the readers of shroud, laced or not on the back or front, about “N. & Q.” to identify the ballad, but I will sub- the same period,
Northaw. What is the derivation of this would be of great use to those whom the Athenæum name ? It is a parish in the Hundred of Cashio: designates as the unlearned ingenious. Such a bury in Hertfordshire, and is sometimes called work, too, would be full of curious personal hisNorthall. What is the name by which it is first tory, and would exhibit examples of the most mentioned in any known record ? M. N. | heroic struggles against nature and reason.
C. MANSFIELD INGLEBY. A Man Eating Himself. - Can you, or any of Birmingham. your readers, inform me in what book it is related that a man was taken prisoner by savages who, Major André. – Was he descendant of, or a before killing him, cut a steak from him and put member of the same family as, St. André, the surit before the fire; while thus engaged they were geon of Queen Anne's time; who, like “ Wicked attacked by hostile tribes and reduced to flight. Will Whiston,” was so egregiously imposed upon The prisoner being released, and famished with by Miss Tofts of Godalming, of rabbit-breeding hunger, was unable to find anything else to eat notoriety ?
HENRY T. RILEY. except his own steak. On this he made a hearty meal, and recovering from his wound, lived to tell Michaelmas Day Saying. - A lady wishes to the strange tale that he had eaten bis own beef- know the origin of the saying, that “On Michaelsteak. I am told that this story is to be found in mas Day the devil puts his foot on the blacksome book of travels, &c., and am anxious to know berries ;" whence it is inferred that they should the name, in order to see this curious anecdote not be eaten subsequently. Is this saying current with my own eyes. F. J. W. elsewhere than in the north of Ireland ?
E. H. D. D. A Query about a Snail. – Some years ago I made a “Note" of a curious woodcut representing
Songs. — In Doran's Table Traits there is given
a well-known song in India, which used often to a snail defying the attacks of armed men.
sung, and was, I believe, written by somebody a very curious engraving, and it was accompanied during the first Burmese War. The chorus, with with the following lines :
a slight variation, is : “I am a beest of right great mervayle,
“Ay ! Stand to your glasses – steady!
The reckless here are the wise ;
One cup to the Dead already
Hurrah for the next that dies !"
Where can I procure a copy of the well-known I noted this at the time, it being in Pynson's song written by a Dublin College student: edition of the Kalender of Shepherdes, but on re
“ Who fears to speak of ’98?” ference to the Grenville copy of that work in the
T. H. D. British Museum, I cannot discover any trace of Union Jack. either the lines or woodcut. The Grenville copy
“ The new system began with a change of flag. From is imperfect, and I have a faint impression I may the accession of the Stuarts, the Union Jack had streamed have copied from one of the Bagford scraps, not from the topmasts of every vessel engaged in the service thinking it necessary to refer to the latter, but of the State: but the King's removal having dissolved rather to the work itself. Either this is the case,
the necessary legal connection of the two countries, all or the reference is altogether a wrong one, oce
ships at sea in actual service were henceforth ordered to casioned by some oversight or other. "If any of carry only a red cross on a white ground.” your readers could assist me in unravelling this
Is this (from Hepworth Dixon's Robert Blake, little mystery, they would confer a very great p. 98., edit. 1856,) correct? favour.
J. O. HALLIWELL.
At p. 101. infra, Mr. Dixon says :
“ Before going on board the flag-ship, he (Blake) took Impossible Problems. — Would PROFESSOR DE care to supply himself with Jacks, standards, and studMorgan inform me whether it is possible to prove ding sails for giving chace.” the impossibility of solving the following pro- How, or why did he, if Jacks in the navy were blems? (1.) The three bodies. (2.) The per- done away with ? Unless, perhaps, for the sake of petual motion. (3.) The quadrature of the circle.
J. O. L. (4.) The trisection of a plane angle.
I am in want of demonstrations of the impos- " Perimus licitis." - This was the motto of the sibility of solving the last tw
first Lord Teignmouth, who said that he did not It is not enough to say that a is not a square know the authority for it. Can any one tell ? In number. Can Professor De Morgan give me, the Cripplegate Lectures (vol. i. p. 389.) is quoted, or refer me to such demonstrations ? It seems to “ Licitis perimus omnes,” but without any
authome that a history of the failures to solve (3.) rity being given.