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16. b. ;.17 1815 Treaty between Great Britain and Portugal, figned sa Janv. at Vienna the 22d. of January 18153 in the

English and Portuguese Languages. (Treaties presented to both houses of Parliament 1816.

: :: cl. B. pag. 3.) In the Name of the moft Holy and Undivided Trinity.

Hlis Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal having, by the tenth Art. of the Treaty of Alliance, concluded at Rio de Janeiro on the 19th. February 1810, declared His determination to cooperate with His Britannick Majesty in the cause of humanity and justice, by adopting the moft efficacious means for brin. ging about a gradual Abolition of the Slave Trade; and His Royal Highness, in poursuance of His said De. claration and defiring to effectuate, in concert with His Britannick Majesty and the other Powers of Europe. who have been induced to affift in this benevolent object, an immediate Abolition of the said Traffic upon the parts of the Coast of Africa which are situated to

the northward of the Line; His Britannick Majesty and - His Royal Highoels - the Prince Regent of Portugal,

equally animated by a fiocere desire to accelerate the 1, moment when the blessings of peaceful industry and an

innocent commerce may be encouraged throughout this extensive portion of the Continent of Africa, by its being delivered from the evils of the Slave Trade, have agreed to enter into a Treaty for the said pur. pore, and have accordingly named as their plenipoten. tiaries; viz His Majesty the King of the United King. dom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honou. rable Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh, Knight of the most Noble Order of the Garter, a Member of His said Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council, a Mem. ber of Parliament, Colonel of the Regiment of Militia of Londonderry, His said Majesty's Principal Secretary

of State for Foreign Affaires, and His plenipotentiary Tat the Coogress of Vienna; and His Royal Highness

the

. 16. b. Traité entre la Grande-Bretagne et le Portugal, 1815

figné à Vienne le 22 Janvier 1815.

99 Janv.,

(Traduction privée.)

Non Altelle Royale le Prince Régent du Portugal ayant par le joème article du traité d'alliance conclu à Rio

Faneiro de 19 Février 1819 *) déclaré la résolution de coopérer avec Sa Majesté Britannique dans la cause de l'humanité et de la justice en adoptant les mesures les plus efficaces pour opérer une abolition fucceffive du con.. merce des esclaves ; et Son Altesse Royale en fuite de sa dite déclaration désirant d'effectuer, de concert avec Sa Majesté Britannique et les autres Puisances de l'Europe qui ont été, engagées à prendre part à cet obját biens veillant, une abolition immédiate de ce trafic sur les par. ties de la côte d'Afrique situées au Nord de la ligne ; Sa Majesté Britannique et Son Altele Royale le Prince Regent du Portugal également animés du désir fincère d'accélérer le moment les bénédictions d'une paisible industrie et d'un commerce innocent pourraient étre ene couragés dans cette partie considérable du continent de l'Afrique, en la délivrant des maux du commerce des esclaves, font convenus de conclure un traité à cette fin et ont en conséquence nommé pour leurs plénipotentiaires, savoir: Sa Majesté le Roi du royaume uni de la Grande. Brétagne et d'Irlande le très honorable Robert Steroart vicomte Caftlereagh etc. etc.;

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) v. plus haut T. I. p. 245,

Nouveau Recueil. T. II.

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the Prince Regent of Portugal, the most illuftrious and moft Excellent Dom Pedro de Sousa Holsteio, Count of Palmella, a Member of His Royal Highness's Council,

Commander of the Order of Christ, Captain of a Com. » pagny of the Royal German Life Guards the most il.

juftrious and most Excellent Anthony de Saldanha da Gama, a Member of His Royal Highness's Council and of His Council of Finance, Commander of the Military Order of St. Benedict of Aviz; and the most illustrious and most Excellent Dom Joachim Lobo da Silveira, a Member of His Royal Highness's Council, and Com. - niander of the Order of Christ, His Royal Highness's

plenipotentiaries at the Congress of Vieniņa; who, having mutually exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles: . . .

· Art, I. That from and after the ratification of the present Treaty, and the publication thereof, it shall not be lawful for any of the fabjects of the Crown of Portugal to purchase Slaves, or to carry on the Slave, trade, on any part of the coast of Africa to the north ward of the Equator, upon any pretext, or in any manner whatsoever: Provided, nevertheless, that the faid provisions thall not extend to apy ship or ships having cleared out from the ports of Brazil, previous to the publication of such ratification, and provided the voyage, in which such ship or ships are engaged, shall not be protracted beyond fix months after such publi. cation as aforesaid, 3,

Art. II. His Royal Highnele's the Prince Regent of Portugal hereby agrees, and bindo Himself to adopt, in concert with His Britannick Majedy, fach measures as may best conduce to the effectual execution of the preceding engagement according to its true intent and meaping; and His Britannick Majesty engages, in concert with His Royal Highness's, to give fuch orders as may effectually present any ioterruption being given to

Portuguese ships resorting to the actual Dominions of · the Crown of Portugal, or to the territories which are

claimed in the said Treaty of Alliance, as belonging to the said Crown of Portugal, to the southward of the Line, for the purposes of trading in Slaves, as aforesaid, during such further period as the same may be

per

et S. A. Royale te Prince Regent du Portugal; ' .. le très Illustre et très excellent Dom Pedro de Sousa Hoftein comte de Palmella etc. .

le très Illuftrie et très excellent Antoine de Saldanha etc.

et le très Illuftre et très excellent Dom Joachim Lobo de Silveita etc. ..

i lesquels après avoir échangé leurs pleinspouvoirs, trouvés en bonne et due forme sont convenus des articles suivans :. .

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· Art, I. Que dès. et après la ratification du présent Comy. traité et sa publication il ne sera permis à aucun des comme sujets de la couronne de Portugal d'acheter des escla. ves de ves dans aucune partie des côtes d'Afrique situées au tendu. Nord de l'Equateur , fous aucun prétexte, ou de manière quelconque ; pourvu toutefois que la dite disposition ne s'étendra à aucun vaiseau on vailleaux qui ont mis a la voile des ports du Brésil antérieurement à la publication de cette ratification et pourvu que le voyage dans lequel un tel vailleau ou vail'eaux sont engagés ne soit point prolongé au de de six mois après la publication fus dite. :

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ART. II. Son Altesse Royale le Prince Régent du Mesures Portugal confint et s'engage à adopter de concert avec Sa Git Majesté Britannique telles mesures qui peuvent le mieux conduire à l'exécution effective du précédent engagement d'après son véritable sens et son intention ; et Sa Majesté Britannique s'engage, de concert avec Son Altele Royale à donner telles ordres qui pourront effectivement prévenir . toute interruption qui pourrait étre causée à des vaise seaux Portugais ressortissant des pollésions actuelles de la couronne de Portugal ou des territoires réclamés dans le dit traité d'alliance commè appartenant à la dite cou. ronne de Portugal au Sud. de la ligne pour 'caille du commerce d'esclaves comme il eft dit ci-delfus," pendant l'époque future dans laquelle ce commerce pourra être

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s permitted to be carried on by the Laws of Portugal, and under the Treaties sublifting between the two Crowns.

ART. III. The Treaty of Alliance concladed at Rio de Janeiro, on the 19th February 1810, bejog founded on circumstances of a temporary paturé, which have happily ceased to exist, the laid Treaty is hereby declared to be void 'in all its parts, and of no effect; without prejudice, however, to the ancient Treaties of Alliance, Friendship and Guarantee, wbich have to long and so happily fubafted between the two Crowns, and which are hereby renewed by the High Contracting Parties, and ackowledged to be of full force and effect.

ART. IV. The High Contracting Parties reserve to : themselves, and engage to determide by a separate Treaty, the period at which the Trade in Slaves Thall, universally cease, and be probibited throughout the en-suite tire Dominions of Portugal; the Prince Regent of Por- * tugal hereby repewing his former declaration and en

gagement, that, during the interval which is to elapse ::, before such general and final abolition shall take effect,

it shall not be lawful for the subjects of Portugal to it
pruchase or trade in Slaves, upon any parts of the
Coat of Africa, except to the southward of the Line, le
as specified in the focond Article of this Treaty; nor
to engage in the same, or to permit their flag to be 10
used, except for the purpose of (applying the transat.
laptic poffeffions belonging to the Crown of Portugal

, ART. V. His Britannick Majesty hereby agrees to - remit, from the date at which the ratificacion mentioned

in the first Article shall be promulgated, fuch further payments as may then remain due and payable upon the loan of 600,000, made in London for the service of Portugal, in the year 1809 in consequence of a Convention ligned on the 214t. of April of the same year; which Convention, under the conditions specified as aforesaid, is hereby declared to be void and of no effect.

ART.VI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Rio de Janeiro in the space of five months, or sooner if poffible. In wit. dels whereof the respective plenipotentiaries hava

hall be excha Pooper if potentiaries and

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