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Though the arrangement of the subjects, and the manner of treating them, have been dictated by the views presented to my own mind, yet in the subjects. themselves, I have endeavored to keep to the acknowledged doctrines of the Society. And in compiling the following pages, I have made such extracts, from the writings of our early friends, as seemed necessary to establish the position, that they held the principles laid down. And in taking these extracts, I have consulted those parts of their writings, in which they make a statement of what they believe, rather than those in which they expose the errors of contrary opinions.

And here it may not be improper to remark, that many of the Essays which were published by the members of this Society, in the early periods of its history, were in direct and pointed controversy: and frequently in reply to affusions from the press, which have long since been consigned to merited oblivion. In these replies of our Friends, the object of the writer was frequently to expose the consequences of the opinions which they opposed. And as the publications thus opposed, and exposed, are now out of print, and generally forgotten, while the replies of our Friends are preserved, there is some possibility that their views & sentiments may not be gathered from such of their writings, without a knowledge of the causes which gave rise to them.

This remark will not apply exclusively to the writings of Friends; it will hold in relation to controversial works in general. And the more bold and animated the manner of the writer, the more occasion there will be to keep this particular distinction in view.

My intention, at first, was to compile a general history of the Society, embracing its doctrines, and discipline, together with biographical notices of


individual members. Which several divisions of the subject, I proposed to treat of separately. The doctrines stood first in my view, and having completed these, it seemed, for different reasons, best to publish this part, without waiting for the slow collection of meterials, and the laborious arrangement of the historical and biographical parts. These remaining parts of the original design, are not abandoned, but whether either of them will ever be accomplished, remains with Him, at whose disposal are time, opportunity, and capacity, for every good word and work.

It is perhaps one of the laws of nature, that objects assume a degree of the shade, which belongs to the medium through which they are seen. And this is as true in the moral, as in the physical world. Hence prejudice or prepossession cannot fail to cast a shade over any principle or performance that may be examined through them. But there is a principle, (the Spirit of Truth,) which can divest the mind of these, and enable us to see things as they really are. 1 solicit therefore a calm and candid perusal of the "Doctrines of Friends." And over and above all, I earnestly desire an increasing prevalence of the influence of that principle which, independent of names or denominations, infuses into the hearts of the children of men, the feelings of gratitude and love to God, and of charity and love to each other. ELISHA BATES.

MOUNTPLEASANT, 2d mo. 1825.

AT a MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS OF OHIO YEARLY MEETING, held by adjournments from the 3d of the 9th month, to the 13th of the same, inclusive, 1824:

The writings of ELISHA BATES, on the Doctrines of Friends, were examined, and approved; and he left at liberty to publish them: and the clerk is directed to furnish him with an extract of this minute, and sign it on behalf of the Meeting.

Extracted from the Minutes, by


For the information of those not acquainted with the Society, the following brief explanation may not be altogether uninteresting:

"In order that the Yearly Meeting with its several branches might be properly represented during the recess thereof, a meeting has been instituted by the name of the "Meeting for Sufferings," which is to consist of twenty-six friends appointed by the Yearly Meeting, and four by each Quarterly meeting," [making forty-six in all.] "Approved ministers, and members of any other Meeting for Sufferings-may also be permitted to attend its sittings." Among other important duties confided to this Meeting, they are "to take the oversight and inspection of all writings proposed to be printed, relative to our religious principles or testimonies; and to promote or suppress the same, at their discretion." Discipline of Ohio Yearly Meeting.

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ADAM, created in the Divine Image
1; his condition happy 2; Fall 3;
this affects all men 34, 35.
Address to the Society of Friends
312; ministers 314; youth 316; ob-
scure members 318.
Apostles and Evangelists, their cred-
ibility 154.
Atonement 310.

Attributes of the Deity defended 39,

ty to be saved 101; no Calvinis-
tic doctrine in this 104; not in-
tended to perpetuate sin 114; an in-
ducement to love, gratitude, and
obedience 114, 115.

Days &c. 250; names, origin 256.
Death of Christ, purchased the seed
of grace which is in all men 37, 91;
foretold by the prophet 96; con-
firmed by the apostles ib. ascribed
to the love of God 97; greatest ev-
idence of his love 98; was neces-
sary 98, 99; placed us in a capaci-

Eden, garden of, 2.
Egypt 147.

Election and Reprobation 40. condi-
tional 48; of the Jews 50.
Eternal Life 67.

Example of Jesus Christ 183.

Fate 46.

Authenticity of the Scriptures 157.
Babylon 146.
Baptism 222.

Children not in the same state that
Adam was in before the fall 6, 7;
See Infants.
Christ, the benefits of his coming 9, Fore-knowledge 70.
10, 11, 12, 108; as extensive as the Freedom of will 2, 3, 123.
effects of the fall 34, 35; his divini- Gaming 264, 265, 266.

ty 76; quotations from primitive God, Nature and Reason bear testi-
friends 76 to 87; do. from Scripture
38, 89; an object of worship 89, 90;
Redeemer, Mediator, & Sacrifice
91; pointed to by the law 92; evin-
ced by the apostle 93; his exam-
ple 102; Redemption by him often
called in question 115; able to de-
liver us 129; stands at the door 179.
Conclusion 309; apology for the man-
ner of the work 310.
Convictions for sin, an evidence of
the possibility of avoiding it 74;
whence they proceed 180.
Cruelty (Note) 265.
Dancing 266.

mony to his being & attributes 24;
Good will to men, an evidence of the
universality of the love of God 73.
Grace, offered to all 33, 36, 121; its
first operation 119; the spirit of re
conciliation 121.
Harden, why 63.
Hardening 57, 62, 64.
Holiness enjoined 130.
Holy Spirit, its influence acknow-
ledged by different sects 177; its
power 180; danger of mistaking it
181, 182; its operation ib. effects

Fathers, testimony to Immediate
Revelation 169.

Females, ministry of, 205; proved
from Scripture 208; and from rea-
son 209.

Hunting 264.
Immediate Revelation 160; continu-
ed 161; testimony of the Prophets
ib. of Jesus Christ 163; of the apos-
tles 166; of the Fathers 169; of the
Reformers 171; of heathen philoso-
phers 172.
Immortality of the soul 25.
Impossibilities not required 131.

Infants, their condition, 37.
Influences of the holy Spirit, Imme- Pharoah 62.
diate Revelation 177; overlooked


Instructions to the Disciples 198;
Prophet ib.

Isaac and Ishmael 56;

Jacob and Esau 53 to 56.
Jerusalem description of, 150;
destruction of 152.

Judas 61.

Justification 120, &c.

Kingdom of heaven,how to be receiv-

ed 117.

Law, its types ended 223, 239; why
some of these continued afterwards
224, 246; not binding now 247;
danger of continuing 247.
Law of nature 297.
Life and death set before us 33, life,
human, short, 31; reflections 30, 31,


Man, his original state 2, 3; by nature
far below that state 12; his condi-
tion before the coming of Christ ib.
gradually instructed 13; in the fall
has no merit nor any thing to make
atonement with 121.

Meals, feelings at, 245.
Messiah 148.

New Dispensation, superior to the
Law 176, 282; not changeable 179;
its object 282.


New Testament, acknowledged
a succession of writers 154.
Novels 270.

Ordain 65.

Oaths, forbidden 273.

Perfection and perseverance 125.
Perseverance necessary 129.

Pennsylvania 299.

Philosophers, (heathen,) testimony
to Immediate Revelation 172;
against Oaths 276.

Place of existence for the soul 26, 27.
Plan of Divine operations 70.
Prophecy, a character of the New
Dispensation 175; of the ministry
203; evidence of the authenticity
of the Scriptures 145.
Providence, in human affairs 284,
298, 299, 300.
Recreations 263.

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Ministry 196; call, ib. & 200 of the
apostles 197, 198, 201, 204; their
instructions 198; natural and ac-
quired abilities useful 201; the
wicked have no part in it 202; cor- Supper 242.

rupt m. dangers of, 212; cautions Supplication, vocal 218.

215; preparatory and other exer- Theatre 264, 267.

cises of the true m. 213; support Toplady, quotations from, 40, 41, 71.
210; review 219. See Females.

Miracles 157.

Transfiguration of Christ 229.
Trinity 310.
War 279.

Redemption 9, 28; See Divinity of
Christ, Justification, &c.
Religion, its advantages 123,185,268;
general character 184; not gloomy
268; revealed religion 22.
Resurrection of the dead 25.
Rewards and Punishments 21, 28.
Sabbath, a type 251; practice of
Friends 253; extracts, ib.
Salutations, &c. 160.
Sanctification 114, 119.
Scriptures 132; not the only rule 133;
their use acknowledged 135; ex-
tracts 128; stye 142; evidences of
their Divine origin 143, &c.
Secret Will 40, 70.

Seed promised 5; seed of Grace the
purchase of Christ's death 37; the
state it places us in, ib. & 122.
Silence 118,

Washing of feet 243, 246.
Watchfulness 129.
Water, a metaphor 238.
Worship 186; various modes 187;
rites 188; worship described by Je-
sus Christ ib. apostles and pro-
phets 189; silent 190; public and
private 194; duty of, 195.

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