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CHAPTER IV.

PAGE
ASA

31
Asa succeeds Abijahe_Circumstances of his bringing up-Re-
ligious condition of Judah on his accession-Asa's reformation-
Maachah, the Queen-mother, degraded --Attempt made to uproot
idolatry, not wholly successful-Military organization-Invasion
of Zerah, and its results-Asa encouraged by Oded--His great
festival and renewal of the Covenant-His war with Baasha-
Asa, rebuked by Jehu, son of Hanani, imprisons him-Op-
presses some of the people-Asa's general character-His illness
and death.

CHAPTER V.

42

NADAB

Want of materials for a biographical sketch of Nadab-He is
murdered by Baasha after a reign of a few months.

CHAPTER VI.,

43

BAASHA

Baasha's humble origin-His courage and daring—He murders
Nadab, and is accepted as king-He exterminates the house
of Jeroboam, yet continues Jeroboam's religious system - His
military policy, aggressive-Alliance with Benhadad and attack
on Judæa-Seizure and fortification of Ramah-Asa successfully
counterplots him-He is denounced by a prophet-His death.

CHAPTER VII.

48

ELAH .

Elah a shadowy figure in the sacred history-Comparison of his
reign with that of Nadab-Compared with Nadab, he shows to
advantage--He is murdered at a drinking-bout by Zimri.

CHAPTER VIII.

50

ZIMRI.

Accession of Zimri-His destruction of Baasha's relatives and
friends—Revolt of the army under Omri—Zimri besieged in
Tirzah-Tirzah taken-Zimri sets the royal palace on fire, and
perishes in the flames—Zimri's character.

CHAPTER IX.

52

OMR .

Reign of Omri-His struggle with Tibni, son of Ginath - His
removal of the capital to a new site-Site of Samaria described
Meaning of the name-War of Omri with Moab-His war with
Syria of Damascus-His religious policy--Length of his reign.

CHAPTER X.

PAGE

57

AHAB.

Accession of Ahab--His ability-Importance of his religious
revolution-Description of the Phoenician worship introduced by
him-Political motive of his marriage with Jezebel-Character of
Jezebel, and her relations with her husband, The “First Great
Persecution "_Elijah and Jezebel-Elijah's appearance-His
prophecy of a drought-His challenge to the Baal prophets and
contest with them on Carmel-His vengeance-Wrath of Jezebel
and flight of Elijah-War of Ahab with Benhadad-Prosperity
of Israel during his reign-Story of Naboth-Attempt of Ahab
to recover Ramoth-Gilead in conjunction with Jehoshaphat-
Scene with Micaiah, the son of Imlah-Battle of Ramoth-Gilead-
Ahab's death.

CHAPTER XI.

78

JEHOSHAPHAT

Defensive preparations of Jehoshaphat-Court paid to him by
neighbouring nations - He joins affinity and makes alliance with
Ahab-Attack made upon him by the combined forces of Moab,
Ammon, and Edom-His miraculous deliverance-He joins
Jehoram of Israel in an attack on Moab-Partial success of the
expedition-Jehoshaphat's religious policy-His administration
of Justice-Prosperity of Judæa in his reign--His death.

CHAPTER XII.

86

AHAZIAH OF ISRAEL.

Ahaziah of Israel, a shadowy personage-Shortness of his reign
He "does very wickedly" His commercial alliance with
Judah-His uniortunate war with Moab-His accidental fall from
a window, and consultation of the god of Ekron---Fire called
down from heaven by Elijah on his messengers-His death pre-
dicted-His character.

90

CHAPTER XIII.
JEHORAM OF ISRAEL

Ahaziah of Israel succeeded by Jehoram, his brother-Jehoram's
pseudo-reformation-His expedition against Moab, and its poor
result-His war with Syria-Frustration of his plans through
Elisha's foreknowledge-Attempt to seize Elisha's person fails-
Brief cessation of hostilities-Renewed attack and siege of
Samaria-Siege raised-Jehoram recovers Ramoth-Gilead, but is
wounded—Jehu, anointed to succeed him by the command of
Elisha, hastens to Samaria, and, taking him by surprise, slays
him.

CHAPTER XIV.

93

JEHORAM OF JUDAH

Date of Jehoram's accession-- Probably associated in the kingdom
by his father-His sole reign-Unsuccessful war with Edom-

PAGE

Revolt of Libnah-Jerusalem plundered by the Philistines and
Arabs-Baal-worship introduced into Judah through the influence
of Athaliah-Character of Jehoram-Warning reaches him from
Elijah-His sickness and death.

CHAPTER XV.

IQI

AHAZIAH OF JUDAH .

Ahaziah's age at his accession-Influence exercised over him by
Athaliah-Results of this influence-Ahaziah joins Jehoram of
Judah in his expedition against Ramoth-Gilead-Visits Jehoram
at Jezreel, and is involved in his fate-His body conveyed to
Jerusalem.

CHAPTER XVI.

103

JEHU.

Jehu's the most important of the Israelite dynasties-His early
life--His rise to the position of “Captain of the host
Elisha has him anointed as king-His acceptance by the army-
His rapid march to Jezreel and murder of Jehoram-His other
bloody deeds—Murder of Jezebel-Of Ahaziah of Judah-Of
Ahab's seventy sons-Of his partisans in Jezreel-Of forty-two
princes of Judah-Of the Baal-worshippers in Samaria-His
destruction of the Baal-worship-His character--His internal
government-His relations with foreign powers-Tribute paid by
him to Assyria-His death and burial.

CHAPTER XVII.

114

ATHALIAH

Athaliah destroys the seed royal, and seizes the throne-Pushes
the Baal-worship to the front, and builds a temple to Baal in
Jerusalem-Joash, preserved by Jehosheba, and brought up
secretly by Jehoiada -Made king in his seventh year-Death of
Athaliah.

CHAPTER XVIII.

119

JOASH OF JUDAH

Coronation of Joash followed by solemn renewal of the Cove-
nant-Destruction of the temple of Baal and abolition of Baalism
-Re-establishment in proper form of the Temple services by
Jehoiada, and renovation of the Temple itself by Joash-Sup-
posed "malversation” of the Levites not borne out by the
narrative—Death and funeral of Jehoiada—Partial restoration of
idolatry-Murder of Zechariah-Legend with respect to his
blood — Judæa invaded by Hazael-Gath taken-Jerusalem pur-
chases its safety-Illness of Joash-His murder by some of his
household-His burial.

CHAPTER XIX.

PAGE
JEHOAHAZ OF ISRAEL

125
Jehoahaz allows idolatry–His reign a series of disasters—Cruel
inroads of Hazael and loss of towns to him-Constant in-
cursions of Ammon and Moab-Disappearance of Elisha from
the history—Repentance of Jehoahaz unsatisfactory-Relations
of the two Hebrew kingdoms at the time.

CHAPTER XX.

129

JEHOASH, OR JOASH, OF ISRAEL

Partial recovery of Israel under Joash-His character-His visit
to Elisha and the prophecy given him-His three victories
over Benhadad and their result-He is challenged to fight by
Amaziah-His reply and defeat of his antagonist-His early
death.

CHAPTER XXI.

135

AMAZIAH

Amaziah punishes his father's murderers, but spares their sons-
His character-He makes preparations for the conquest of Edom,
and hires Israelite mercenaries-Rebuked by a prophet, he dis-
misses them— Their conduct-Amaziah's successful war against
Edom-His challenge to Joash-His defeat and later inaction-
His strange idolatry-Conspiracy formed against him-He flies
to Lachish, but is pursued and killed-His burial.

CHAPTER XXII.

140

JEROBOAM THE SECOND

Significance of Jeroboah's name-His connexion with the pro-
phet Jonah-His wars-With Syria of Damascus-With Ha-
math With Moab and Ammon-His long reign-Prosperity of
Israel under him-Result of the prosperity, general corruption-
Jeroboam's worship of the calves denounced by Amos-The
general wickedness denounced by Hosea-Results of Jeroboam's
reign-His death.

CHAPTER XXIII.

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149

UZZIAH OR AZARIAH

Uzziah made king by the popular choice-His greatness both in
war and peace-His occupation of Elath-His war with the
Philistines-His conquest of the Arabs of Gur-Baal and of the
Maonites-Submission to him of the Ammonites---His measures
for home defence-His patronage of husbandry-General cha-
racter of his reign-His great sin--His deposition and death.

CHAPTER XXIV.

PAGE
ZACHARIAH, SHALLUM, AND MENAHEM.

156
Corruption of Israel under the dynasty of Jehu-Six months'
reign of Zachariah, its last prince—Thirty days' reign of Shallum-
Accession of Menahem-His expedition against Tiphsach-Its
importance-Change in the condition of Assyria-Accession of
Tiglath-Pileser, or Pul-H invasion alestine-Menahem
submits to him-Ransoms Samaria- Becomes an Assyrian
tributary-Dies.

CHAPTER XXV.

161

PEKAHIAH AND PEKAH .

Accession of Pekahiah-His murder by Pekah-Pekah's ability
He crushes his domestic foes—Designs a confederacy to resist
Assyria-Joins with Rezin in an attack on Ahaz-Called in by
Ahaz, Tiglath-Pileser conquers Damascus, and brings the reign
of Pekah to an end-Pekah murdered by Hoshea.

CHAPTER XXVI.

166

JOTHAM

Jotham, regent for his father, Uzziah, succeeds him as king of
Judah-Doubts concerning the length of his reign--He maintains
Uzziah's policy-Fortifies Jerusalem and builds fortresses-
Crushes the revolt of Ammon--Suffers attack from Pekah and
Rezin--Advance of corruption in Judæa during his reign-His
death,

CHAPTER XXVII.

169

AHAZ.

Accession of Ahaz-His character-Difficult circumstances under
which he came to the throne-His war with Pekah and Rezin-
Attacks made on him by Edom and Philistia-He invokes the aid
of Assyria, and becomes an Assyrian feudatory-Visits Tiglath-
Pileser's court at Damascus-His numerous idolatries, and
desecration of the Temple and its vessels—His persistency in
wickedness, and his early death.

CHAPTER XXVIII.

175

HOSHEA

Accession of Hoshea in Israel-His difficulties—Tiglath-Pileser
succeeded by Shalmaneser— Troubles in Assyria-Phænicia
revolts-Hoshea allies himself with So (Sabaco), king of Egypt-
Shalmaneser invades Israel-Arrest of Hoshea-Massacre of
Beth-Arbel-Siege of Samaria-Capture and treatment-Du-
ration of the kingdom of Israel.

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