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THE KINGS OF ISRAEL AND JUDAH.

BY

GEORGE RAWLINSON, M.A.,

CAMDEN PROFESSOR OF ANCIENT HISTORY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, AND
CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF TURIN; AUTHOR

OP

THE FIVE GREAT MONARCHIES OF THE ANCIENT
EASTERN WORLD, MOSES: HIS LIFE AND

TIMES," ETC., ETC., ETC.

london:

JAMES NISBET AND CO.,

21, BERNERS STREET, W.

22

tobi .
2454

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PREFACE.

THE Books of Kings and Chronicles form the main source for the History of the Kings of Israel and Judah. They require, however, to be supplemented, especially for the later kings, by a careful study of the Prophetical Scriptures, particularly of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Amos, Micah, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah. Local colouring, the life and manners of the time, and the feelings of those contemporary with the events described, are derivable almost wholly from this latter source, which furnishes them often in tolerable abundance. The “ Antiquities” of Josephus supply less material than might have been expected, and the character of all additional material derived from this quarter requires to be weighed in the scales of a careful and sober criticism. Considerable light is thrown on the history of some of the kings by contemporary notices contained in the monuments of Egypt and Assyria. It has been the endeavour of the writer, so far as the limits of space allowed, to make full use of all these various sources of information. His labours have been much lightened by the excellent work done by many of his predecessors in the field of Sacred History, as especially by the writers of the articles on the several kings in Dr. Smith's “ Dictionary of the Bible,” Kitto's “Biblical Cyclopædia,” Winer's “Realwörterbuch," and Ersch and Grüber's “Cyclopädie.” He is indebted also largely to the graphic and brilliant narrative of his lamented friend, Dean Stanley, whose “Lectures on the Jewish Church,” though on some points they "give an uncertain sound,” contain the best account of the Divided Monarchy which at present exists in the English language. Ewald's “ History of the People of Israel” has been also consulted throughout, but more sparingly used, the writer's absolute rejection of the miraculous rendering him an untrustworthy commentator on a period of history wherein, according to the original authorities, the miraculous played a prominent part.

G. R. OXFORD,

April 30, 1889.

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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

REHOBOAM

PAGE

I

Education of Rehoboam-Influence of his mother, Naamah-
His early companions-His accession-Demand for a redress of
grievances, how met-Consequent revolt of the Ten Tribes-
Threat of war-Erection of fortifications—Exodus of the Levites
from Israel-Religious corruption of Judah-Expedition of
Shishak-Later years of Rehoboam-His domestic relations-
His character.

CHAPTER II.

14

JEROBOAM THE FIRST

Jerob am's parentage and birthplace-His appointment to a
high post by Solomon--Prophecy made to him by Ahijah the
Shilonite-His life sought by Solomon-His flight into Egypt-
Condition of Egypt-Return of Jeroboam to Palestine-He is
made king of the Ten Tribes-- Dangers of his position-War
threatened by Rehoboam averted—Danger of a desire for re-
union met by Jeroboam's religious changes—Consequent exodus
of the Levites and others-Aid rendered to Jeroboam by
Shishak-Jeroboam warned by a man of God at Bethel
Punished by the death of a favourite son-Defeated by Abijam-
His death-Estimate of his religious policy.

CHAPTER III.

28

ABIJAH

Abijah succeeds Rehoboam-Influence of his mother, Maachah
-Early assigned a high position by his father–His youthful
experiences, His successful campaign against Jeroboam-Short-
ness of his reign-Its religious character.

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