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These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burthen and heat of the day. But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong; didit not thou agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give imto this last even as unto thee. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good ? So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
The Sunday called Sexagesima, or the second Sunday before
The Collcet. O ,
any thing that we do; Mercifully grant, that by thy power we may be defended against all adversity, through. Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. 2 Cor. xi. 19. E suffer fools gladly, seeing ye yourselves are wise. For
ye suffer if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour you, if a man take of you, if a man exalt himself, if a man smite you on the face. I speak as concerning reproach, as though we had been weak: howbcit, whereinsover any is bold, (I speak foolishly) I am bold also. Are they Hebrews? so am I: are they Israelites? so am I: are they the seed of Abraham? so am I: are they ministers of Chrih? (I speak as a fool) I am more: in labours more abundant; in stripes above measure; in prisons more frequent; in deaths oft. Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes fave one. Thrice was I beaten with rods. Once was I stoned. Thrice I suffered thipwreck. A night
They murmured) The Jews were indignant because the gospel covenant was extended to the Gentiles.
The Collect] This prayer for protection against adversity was adopted from the Sacra. of Greg. The introitus was psalm xxiv.
Te suffer fools, &c.] This is fine irony; in the confidence of your own wisdom, you suffer yourselves to be imposed on by fools, wicked teachers,
and falfe apoftles.
and a day I have been in the deep; in journeyiags often; in perils of waters; in perils of robbers; in perils by mine own countrymen; in perils by the heathen; in perils in the city; in perils in the wilderness; in perils in the sea; in perils among false brethren; in weariness and painfulness; in watchings often; in hunger and thirst; in fastings often; in cold and nakedness; besides those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches. Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not? If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Chrift, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
The Gospel St. Luke viii. 4.
were come to him out of every city, he fpake by a parable. A lower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way-side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up,
it withered away, because it lacked moisture. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundred-fold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. And his disciples asked him, faying, What might this parable be? And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. Now the parable is this: The feed is the Word of God. Thofe by the wayGide, are they that hear: then cometh the devil, and takech away the Word out of their hearts, left they should be
A power went out to fow, &c.] In this parable Christ compares the preaching of the gospelto a husbandman's fowing corn in a field; and thews hie hearers, that as the same seed produced better or worse com, accordng as it was sown in better or worse ground; fo the preaching of the doctrines of Christianity had more or leis effect upon the lives of men, according as they were heard and received by men of honest and well-disDolcd hearts, or by those of an evil and contrary difpofition.
lieve, and be faved. They on the rock are they, which when they hear, receive the Word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. And that which fell among thorns ate they, which when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares, and riches, and pleasures of this life's and bring no fruit co perfection. But that on the good ground are they, which is an honest and good heart, having heard the Word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.
The Sunday called Quinquagesima, or the next Sunday
out charity are nothing worth; send thy Holy Ghost, and poor into our hearts that most excellent gift of charity, the very bond of peace, and of all virtues ; without which whosoever liveth is counted dead before thee.
Grant this for thine only Son Jesus Chrilt's fake. Amen.
The Epistle. i Cor. xii. 1. 'HOUGH I speak with the tongues of men and of
angels, and have not charity, I am become as founding brals, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand alt mysteries, and alt knowledge; and though I have all faith, fo that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
The Collect] This prayer for the gift of Chriftian charity was como posed A. D. 1549, and introduced into King Edward's firft book. The introitus was pfalm xxvi. The Tuefday fucceeding this Sunday is called Sbrose-T
nesday; a name derived from the Saxon word fhirive, to confess; it being the practice amongst the Roman Catholics formerly to confess their fins to their priests on that day, as a preparation for the fast on which they were about to enter.
Charity) Universal benevolence. The word is rendered love in Tina dall's New Teftament, in the bibles of 1549 and 1568, and in the Geneva version. We learn the sense of the word charity in the time of Henry VH1. from Sir Thos. More's Dialogues, b. iii. c. 8: * Charity is a good, virtuous, and well-ordered love"
And though I bestów all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, feeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil, rejoicetb not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth: beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all thingsCharity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they thall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanilh away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. When ! was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. And now abidech faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.
The Gospel. St. Luke xviii. 31. 'HEN Jesus took unto him the twelve, and said unto
them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of Man Thall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: and they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. And they understood none of these things: and this faying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken. And it came to pass, that as he was çome nigh unto Jericho, a certain blind man fat by the way. fide begging: and hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant." And they told him that Jesus of Nazareth pafseth by. And he cried, saying, Jefus, thou son of David, have mercy on me. And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried so much the more, Thou Son of David, have mercy on
me. And Jesus food, and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come rear, he aked him, saying, What wilt thou that I should co uno thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receive try figlio. And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight: thy faith hath saved thee. And immediately he received his fight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw il, gave praise unto God.
The first Day of Lent, commonly called Alh. Wednesday.
that thou hast made, and doft forgive the fins of all them that are penitent; Create and make in us new and contrite hearts; that we worthily lamenting our fins, and
Lent] This fast is called Lent from the time of the year in which it is kept, for Lent in the Saxon language is spring.
Ab-Wednesday] Or, Dies Cinerum. Gregory the Great first added this day to Lent, to make the number of faiting-days completely forty, which before his time were, thirty-fix.- Bingham's Antiq. vol. vii. 106. After his time, it was the caput Quadragesima, or head of Leni; on which day the penitents were admitted to their penance, according to the following directions:-“ Let all notorious finne's who have been already, or are now to be, enjoined public penance, this day present there fetres before the church-doors to the bishop of the place, clothed in fack. cioth, bare-footed, with eyes cast down upon the ground, professing thus by their habit and countenance their guilt. There must be present the deans, or arch-presbyters, and the public penitentiaries, whole office it is to examine the lives of these penitents, and according to the degree of their fin, to apportion their penance, according to the usual degree of penance. After this let them bring the penitents into the church, and, with all the clergy present, let the bijbop fing the feven penitentiary pfalms, profirate upon the ground, with tears for their abfolution. Then the bithop, ming from prayer, according to the canons, let him lay his hand upon them, (that is, to ratify their penance, not to absolve them) let him sprinkle
upon their head, and cover them with fackcloth: and with frequent lighs and fobs, let him denounce to them, that as Adam was cast out of Paradise, so are they cast out of the church for their fins. After this let the bifhop command the officers to drive them out of the church-doors, the clergy following them with this reípond; “ In the sweat of thy brows fhall thou eat thy bread;" that these poor lioners, seeing holy church atlåed thus and disgraced for their fins, may be sensible of their penance.
The Collect] This prayer for contrition of heart was composed at the