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KING Edward IV.
Edward, Prince of Wales, after
wards Edward V.
Richard, Duke of York.
Sons to Edward IV.
George, Duke of Clarence, Brother to Edward IV. Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Brother to Edward IV. afterwards King Richard III.
Cardinal, Archbishop of York.
Duke of Buckingham.
Duke of Norfolk.
Earl of Surrey.
Marquis of Dorfet, Son to Queen Elizabeth.
Earl Rivers, Brother to the Queen.
Lord Gray, Son to Queen Elizabeth.
Earl of Richmond, afterwards King Henry VII.
Sir Thomas Vaughan.
Sir Richard Radcliff.
Sir James Tyrrel.
Thomas, Lord Stanley.
Earl of Oxford.
Sir William Brandon.
Brakenbury, Lieut. of the Tower.
Two Children of the Duke of Clarence.
Elizabeth, Queen of Edward IV.
Queen Margaret, Widow of Henry VI.
Anne, Widow of Edward Prince of Wales, Son to Henry VI. afterwards married to the Duke of Gloucefter.
Dutchess of York, Mother to Edward IV. Clarence and Richard III.
Sheriff, Purfuivant, Citizens, Ghofts of thofe murder'd by Richard III. with Soldiers, and other Attendants.
(1) LIFE and DEATH of
King RICHARD III.
ACT I. SCENE L.
Enter Richard Duke of Gloucefter, folus.
Wis the Winter of our Difcontent
In the deep bofom of the Ocean bury'd.
play appear'd or if fome other Richard the Third is here alluded to by Harrington, that a play on this fubjet preceded Our Author's. Mr. WHARTON.
(2) He capers] War capers. This is poetical, though a little harth; if it be York that capers, the antecedent is at fuch a diftance that it is almoft forgotten.
(3) Cheated of feature by diffembling nature,] By diffembling is not meant bypocritical nature, that pretends one thing, and does another: But nature that puts together, things of a diffimilar kind, as a brave foul, and a deformed body. WARBURTON. Diffembling is here put very licentiously for fraudful, deceit ful.
(4) And therefore fince I cannot prove a lover] Shakespeare very diligently inculcates that the wickedness of Richard proceeded from his deformity, from the envy that rofe at the comparison of his own perfon with others, and which incited him to difturb the pleasures that he could not partake.
I am determined to prove a villain,
And hate the idle pleafures of these days..
This day thould Clarence clofely be mew'd up;
Of Edward's Heirs the Murtherer fhall be.
Enter Clarence guarded, and Brakenbury:
Brother, good day, what means this armed Guard,
Cla. His Majesty,
Tend'ring my perfon's fafety, hath appointed
Clar. Because my name is George.
Glou. Alack, my Lord, that fault is none of yours: He fhould for That commit your godfathers.
Belike, his Majefty hath fome intent,
That you fhould be new chriftened in the Tower.
But what's the matter, Clarence, may I know?
He hearkens after Prophefies and Dreams,
And, for my name of George begins with G,
And hate the idle pleafures] Perhaps we might read, And bate the idle pleafures.
Inductions dangerous,] Preparations for mifchief.. The In
duction is preparatory to the action of the play.
-Edward be as true and juft,] i. e. as open hearted and free from deceit. The meaning is only this; if Edward keeps his word.
It follows in his thought, that I am he.
Thefe, as I learn, and fuch like * toys as thefe,
Glo. Why, this it is, when men are rul'd by wo
'Tis not the King that fends you to the Tower,
That made him fend lord Haftings to the Tower?
We are not fafe, Clarence, we are not safe.
Clar. By heav'n, I think, there is no man fecure
The jealous, o'erworn widow, and herself,
Brak. I beg your Graces both to pardon me :
That no man fhall have private conference,
Of what degree foever, with your brother.
Glo. Ev'n fo, an't please your worship. Brackenbury,
You may partake of any thing we say,
We fpeak no treason, man- we fay, the King
Toys.] Fancies, freaks of imagination.
(6) Humbly complaining, &c.] I think these two lines might be better given to Clarence.
↑ The jealous, o'er-worn widow,] That is the Queen and Shore.