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The Office of NoTES & QUERIES is removed to 32, Wellington Street, Strand, W.C.


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RIVINGTONS, London and Oxford.


Now ready, Part II., containing St. John and the Acts,

price 108. 6d.

THW PERS: containing the authorized Version of the Sacred


Text; Marginal Corrections of Readings and References ; Margine!

References; and a Critical and Explanatory Commentary.


HENRY ALFORD, D.D., Dean of Canterbury. In Two large

volumes, 8vo.

Lately published, Vol. I., Part I., containing the Three First Gos-

pels, 128.

RIVINGTONS, London and Oxford ;

and DEIGIITON, BELL, & CO., Cambridge.


ENGLISH POETRY.-A Student of Lincoln's Inn is desirnus
of Publishing. by Subscription (11. 1s.),

A Large and Curious Collection

Poems, collected from MSS. and rare Music Buoks in the British

Museum and ther places. Gentlemen desirous of Subscribing will

oblige by sending their names to S. H., 31, Bedford Place, Russell

Square, w.c.

3RD S. No. 105.

Information is requested as to where the Portraits of the Colone!

and his wife, Mrs. Lucy Hutchinson, may now be seen, or where the
numerous Manuscripts of that Lady (whose " Memoirs" were publish!
in 1806) can now be found.

Address, CAPT. HUTCHINSON, R.N., Chilham, near Canterbury



S E R Μ Ο Ν 8



HE attention of those who possess imperfect sets
following terms on which such sets may be completed : -

To Members of the Society, i. e. Subscribers for the current year,
applying whilst the Works of former years remain in stock, they will
be supplied :

The books for each year, except the first (which are out of print) and
the two last, at Ten Shillings.

The books for 1861-62 and 1862-63 (together) for Thirty Shillings.

The subscription of One Pound is due in advance on the 1st May in

every year. No Books are delivered until the Subscription for the Year

has been paid.

Copies of the Prospectus, containing a List of the Society's Publica-

tions, or the Report, may be had on application to MESSKS. NICHOLS
AND SONS, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster.

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Incumbent of Holy Trinity, Vauxhall Bridge Road.

The Profits will be given to the Building Fund of the West-

minster and Pimlico Church of England Commercial



I. The Way to be happy.

XI. Sins of the Tongue.
II. The Woman taken in XII. Youth and Age.

XIII, Chri.t our Rest.

III. The Two Records of Crea- XIV. The Slavery of Sin.


XV. The Sleep of Death.

IV. The Fall and the Repent- XVI. David's Sin our Warning.

ance of Peter.

XVII. The Story of St. John.

V. The Good Daughter.

XVIII. The Worship of the Sera-

VI. The Convenient Season.


VII. The Death of the Martyrs. XIX. Joseph an Example to the

VIII. God is Love.


IX. St. Paul's Thorn in the XX. Home Religion.


XXI. The Latin Service of the

X. Evil Thoughts.

Romish Church.

"Mr. Secretan is a paing-taking writer of practical theology. Called

to minister to an intelligent middle-class London congregation, he has

to avoid the temptation to appear abstrusely intellectual,-a great error

with many Londou preachers, -and at the same time to rise above the

strictly plain sermon required by an unlettered flock in the country.

He has hit the mean with complete success, and produced a volunie

which will be readily bought by those who are in search of sermons for

family reading. Out of twenty-one discourses it is almost impossible

to give an extract which would show the quality of the rest, but while

we commend them as a whole, we desire to mention with especial re-

spect one on the Two Records of Creation,' in which the verata

questio of Geology and Genesis' is stated with great perspicuity and

faithfulness; another on · Home Religion, in which the duty of the

Christian to labour for the salvation of his relatives and friends is

strongly enforced, and one on the Latin Service in the Romish Church,' ,

which though an argumentative sermon on a point of controversy, is

perfectly free from a controversial spirit, and treats the subject with

great fairness and ability."-Literary Churchman.

They are earnest, thoughtful, and practical – of moderate length

and well adapted for families." - English Church man.

"This volume bears evidence of no small ability to recommend it to

our readers. It is characterised by a liberality and breadth of thought

whic might be copied with advantage by many of the author's bre-

thren, while the language is nervous, racy Saxon. In Mr. Secretan's

sermons there are genuine touches of fpeling and pathos which are in-

pressive and affecting ; notably in those on 'the Woman taken in

Adultery,' and on Youth and Age.' on the whol:, in the light of a

contribution to sterling English literature, Mr. Secretan's sermons are

worthy of our commendation."- Globe.

"Mr. Secretan is no undistinguished man : he attained a considerable

position at Oxford, and he is well known in Westminster_where he has

worked for many years - no less as an indefatigable and self denying

clergyman than as an effective preacher. These sermons are extremely

plain simple and pre-eminently practical - intelligible to the poorest,

while there runs through them a poetical spirit and many touches of

the highest pathos which must attract intellectual minds." – Weekly


"Practical subjects, treated in an earnest and sensible manner, give

Mr. C. F. Secretan's Sermons preached in Westminster a higher value

than such volumes in general possess. It deserves success."-Guardian.

London: BELL & DALDY, 186, Flect Strcet, E. C.

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A new

work, by DR. LAVILLE of the Faculty of Medicine, Paris, ex.

hibiting a perfectly new, certain, and safe method of cure. Translated

by an English Practitioner.

London: FRAS. NEWBERY & SONS, 45, St. Paul's Church Yard.







(Established 1735.)



going a step farther in the same direction, to lay

before you evidence that there really was within

CONTENTS. – No. 105.

that cold harsh man-for such in his full-blown

NOTES: -- Unpublished Humorous and Satirical Papers of dignity" he exhibited himself to the world-
Archbishop Laud, 1-A State-Paper Rectified, 5 - A Law
Pastoral, 6 - Particulars regarding Sir Walter Raleigh, 7

power of appreciating and applying wit and wag-
- Fashionable Quarters of London, 8-Rye-House Plot gery for which, without this evidence, scarcely
Cards, 9- The Lapwing: Witchcraft - John Rowe, Ser-

anyone, I think, would give him credit.

jeant-at-Law - Charles Lloyd – Cambridge Tradesmen in

1635 - Robespierre's Remains, 10.

But I must premise a few words of explanation.

QUERIES:- Old Latin Aristotle - John Barcroft In 1613 the future Archbishop was, in his fortieth

taph to the 79th Regiment at Clifton - William Chaigneau year, President of St. John's, Oxford, a Doctor

Eleanor d'Olbreuse - Hyoscyamus - Laurel Water-

of Divinity, and a Royal Chaplain. In that same

Lewis Morris — The Prince Consort's Motto - Richard

Salveyne - Swinburne Captain Yorke, 11.

year a most absurd "sedition,” as it is termed

QUERIES WITH ANSWERS :- Pholey -- Lines addressed to by Antony à Wood, was raised in the University.

Charles I. - Crest of Apothecaries' Company - Frumen. Some of the youngsters, headed by one Henry

der - New Translation of the Bible, by John Bellamy, Wightwick of Gloucester Hall, deemed the dig-

circa 1818, 12.

nity of the Convocation House diminished by the

REPLIES :- Exhibition of Sign-Boards, 14—“ Est Rosa circumstance that the Vice-Chancellor and Doc.

Flos Veneris,” 15–Rev. P. Rosenhagen, 16-Collins, Author tors were in the habit of sitting in their assemblies

Mrs. Cokayne - John Donne, LL.D. - Scottish - Execu- bare-headed. There have been many foolish re-

tion for Witchcraft Mutilation of Sepulchral Monu- bellions; but surely, if we know the truth about

ments - Longevity of Clergymen - Ehret, Flower Pain-

this matter, no one was ever more silly than this.

ter: Barberini Vase – Rev. Thomas Craig - Dr. David

Lamont – Baptismal Names – Tydides - Capnobatæ Like many other hare-brained things, however,

Joseph Washington – Handasyde — Early Marriages -


Revalenta - Paper-Makers' Trade Marks

it found patronage among men of higher standing

Names - As Mad as a Hatter, 20.

than those with whom it originated ; and, thus

Notes on Books, &c.

supported, what appears to have been a mere
childish outbreak divided and excited the whole

University. We must suppose that, somehow


or other, it linked itself to party differences

A Happy New Year to every kind Contributor, gentle

of a higher character. Dons as well as under-
Reader, and warm Friend, under whose genial influence graduates were, for several years, kept in hot-
NOTES AND QUERIES” has continued to flourish for

water by this contemptible dispute. Some of the
Fourteen Years.-Yes, Fourteen Years!

leaders of the dissentients even went the length
At fourteen years of age the Roman youth was entitled

of threatening to follow an example which had
to assume the toga virilis. The toga virilis of a periodical is occasioned considerable trouble once before that
its own Publishing Office. So from henceforth “N. & Q." of secession from Oxford, and the erection of a
will be issued from No. 32, Wellington Street, Strand,

new college at Stamford.
where, We trust, with the continued assistance of those Laud could scarcely have avoided taking some

Occupying an eminent station in the University,
kind old friends who have rallied round it in its new
office with contributions to enrich the present and fol-

share in the dispute; and we know that he was not
lowing Numbers, it will go on increasing in interest and

a man to do anything otherwise than energetically.

Whatever he did or said, we may be sure that on
usefulness for years to come.

such an occasion he took the side of authority;

but we have no information on the subject, until

the proposal was made to dismember the Univer-

sity. Aroused by a suggestion, which was either

absurd or of weighty moment, he determined to

crush it at once by overwhelming it with ridicule.
Few people would look for humour in anything The stories of the folly of the Gothamites,
said or wriiten by Archbishop Laud. He, whose which were then familiar to everybody, gave
“hasty sharp way of speaking” is commemorated him a foundation to build upon. He conceived the
by Clarendon, who said of himself that he had design of publishing a burlesque account of the
“no leisure for compliments,” and whose voice contemplated foundation at Stamford, under the
and manner in speaking were such that they who name of Gotham (or, as he spelt it, Gotam,) Col-
heard and saw him always supposed that he was lege, introducing into its imaginary regulations
angry -- such a man seems very unlikely to have such Gothamite recollections as could be made
been gifted with the slightest predisposition for applicable, with such other strokes of humour as
drollery. Yet I had occasion, some time ago, to could be brought to bear upon the contemplated
point out that, in his letters to his friends, there design, in the way of quizzing and contempt.
existed traces of a heavy but kindly pleasantry, of The subject has not been mentioned (so far as
which I quoted several examples. "I have now, I know) by the biographers of Laud, nor are there



any documents respecting it printed in the edi- malice. Therefore he resolved to build it in no Univer

Not in any, for tion of his Works published in the Library of sity, but very near one famous one. Anglo-Catholic Theology ; but there exist, among

such a place cannot bear their folly; not far off, for no

other place so liable to discover and publish their worth. the State Papers in the Public Record Office, I could tell you much more, but it is not good manners in placed at the end of the year 1613, various papers, the Epistle to prevent the tract. If you will not take mostly in Laud's handwriting, which clearly in- the pains to walk about this College, you shall be ignordicate the nature of his contemplated publication. ant of their building. If not to read their orders and None of them are probably quite finished ; but

statutes, you shall not know their privileges. If not to all are, more or less, advanced towards comple- stranger in all places, and not well acquainted in your

be acquainted with some of the students, you shall be a tion. Why the intended pamphlet, or whatever own country. One counsel let me give you: whenever it was to have been, was laid aside, does not ap- you visit the place, stay not long in it ; * for the air is pear. The Gothamite scheme may have died bad, and all the students very rheumatic. I have heard

that Lady Prudence Wisdom went but once (then she away, and it was not deemed advisable to stir its

was masked and muffled, and yet she escaped not the decaying embers; or Laud's execution of his de- toothache.) to see it since it was built

, and myself heard sign, after much touching and retouching (of her swear she would never come within the gates again. which the papers before us present ample evi- You think the Author of this Work (who for the founder's dence), may not have pleased him. These manu

honour, and the students' virtues, hath taken on him to scripts remain — mere wrecks and ruins ; but

map out this building) must depart from the truth of the

history. Reader, it needs not. For there is more to be there is enough in them to indicate clearly the

said of these men, in truth and story, than any pen can author's purpose, and to demonstrate, unless I set out to the world. Ilis pen is weak, and mine too; very much mistake their character, that he pos- but who cannot defend Innocents? Farewell

. The founder sessed no mean power of making sport. He dealt laughed heartily when he built the College: if thou canst with the subject before him in his naturally sharp, dwell a little too near the College that I am so skilful in

laugh at nothing in it, borrow a spleen. You know I but also in a frolicsome and witty manner.

it, and have idle time to spend about it. But it's no The first of these papers--an “Epistle to the

What if I were chosen Fellow of the house Reader,” designed as a preface to the intended As the world goes, I had rather be rich at Goi ham than work—seems to be all but complete. I shall give poor in a better place. You know where I dwell. Come it you as it stands. It will be found to be quaint the College hang not over me, and I will show you as

to see me at any time when it is safe, that the Ears † of and old-fashioned, but not without touches of

many Fellows of this Society highly preferred as of any effective pleasantry.

other. I know you long to hear; but you shall come to

my house for it, as near the College as it stands. There “ TO THE READER.

you shall find me at my devotion for Benefactors to this “ Come, Reader, let's be merry! I have a tale to tell:

worthy foundation,” I would it were worth the hearing, but take it as it is.

This “ Epistle to the Reader" is followed by There's a great complaint made against this age, that no good works are done in it. Sure I hear Slander hath a

variety of rough notes, scattered over seventeen tongue, and it is a woman's bird never born mute.

for leaves, many of which contain only a sentence not long since (besides many other things of worth) there or two. They were apparently intended to be was built in the air a very famous college, the SEMINARY worked up into the designed work. OF INNOCENTS, commonly called in the mother tongue of We next have a Latin Charter of Liberties, that place, Gotam COLLEGE. I do not think, in these supposed to have been granted to the College by greater either profit or magnificence. The founder got the Emperor of Morea. There are among the up into a tree (and borrowed a rook's nest for his cushion) papers two drafts of this charter. In one, the to see the plot of the building, and the foundation laid. He Emperor's name is given as Midas. They are resolved to build it in the air to save charges, because both framed as if granted to the founder, who was castles are built there of lighter materials. It is not to be spoken how much he saved in the very carriage of

at first designated as “ Thomas White, miles," but timber and stone by this politic device, which I do not

the “White" was subsequently struck out. Why doubt but founders in other places will imitate. Yet he the name of Sir Thomas White, the founder of would not bave it raised too high in the air, lest his Col- Reading School, where Laud was educated, and legians, which were to be heavy and earthy, should not of his beloved College of St. John's, was thus inget into it; and it is against all good building to need a ladder at the gate. The end of this building was as

troduced, I am unable to explain. charitable, as the ordering of it prudent; for whereas there

The draft of a Foundation Charter of the are many places in all commonwealths provided for the College then follows. It runs in the name of lame, and the sick, and the blind, and the poor of all “ Thomas à Cuniculis, miles auritus, patriæ Mosorts, there is none anywhere erected for innocents. This reanus." founder alone may glory that he is the first, and may prove the only patron of Fools. He was ever of opinion tions between them, of a paper entitled “ The

We next have two copies, but with vari

many that, upon the first finishing of his College, it would have more company in it than any one Coilege in any Univer- Foundation of Gotam College." This was the sity in Europe. Such height would be waited upon by author's principal effort. In his account of the rules and regulations of the college, he pours out


* Anima prudens in sicco.

They are very long.

youth full of hope as those are (for stultorum plena sunt his store of Gothamite recollections, with such

omnia), should want places of preferment or education. fresh wit as he could make to tell against the

Maintenance. --Their mortmain is to hold as much as chief members of the party to whom he was

will be given them, without any stipt; which favour is

granted them in regard of their number (being the greatopposed. It is difficult occasionally to identify est foundation in Christendom), and at the instant rethe persons alluded to, but many of them will be quest of the honourable patroness the Lady Fortuna favet : easily recognised. The two brothers, Dr. Samp- provided always, that they hold no part of this their land, son and Dr. Daniel Price, together with Dr. or aught else, in capite, but as much as they will in Thomas James, the author of Bellum Papale, were

Knight's service, so they fit their cap and their coat

thereafter. clearly leaders in the suggestion which excited

Sociorum numerus.— The number of Fellows may not Laud's dislike. Upon them the vials of his wrath be under 500, and 200 probationers (if so many may be were consequently poured. All three were strong found fit); which it shall be lawful to choose out of any anti-Romanists. Antony Wood tells us that Dr. College in Oxford: Provided that when, if ever, there is Sampson Price was so distinguished in that re

any eminent man found in the other University of Camspect, that he acquired the name of “The Mawl bridge, or any other, it shall be lawful for them, which

after the founder shall be put in trust with the election, of Heretics,' meaning papists;" and that, both he to admit them in veros et perpetuos socios. and his brother, were regarded with especial dis- “ The statutes are appointed to be penned in brief, for like at Douay. Both brothers were royal chap- the help of their memory, which yet is better than the lains and popular preachers, and of the same way

wit of any of the Fellowships. [Memorandum. In making of thinking, — that way being in most respects their breath fuils.] There is leave granted they may re

of a speech, they must not stop at any time, but when nearly as far removed from Laud's way, as could

move · Cuckoo-bush,' and set it in some part of the Colco-exist within the pale of the Church of England. lege garden: and that in remembrance of their famous Dr. Thomas James, the well-known Bodley libra- predecessors they shall breed a Cuckoo every year, and rian, was a man of precisely the same anti-Ro- keep him in a pound till he be hoarse; and then, in mid

summer moon, deliver him to the bush and let him at manist views as the Prices, but probably of far

liberty. greater learning than either of them. All these

“ Because few of these men have wit enough to grieve, had no doubt, like other men, their vanities and they shall have "Gaudyes every holyday and every peculiarities; and it is upon these foibles that Thursday through the year; and their · Gaudyes’ shall Laud seizes and applies them to the purposes of be served up in woodcocks, gulls, curs, pouts, geese, gan

ders, and all such other fowl, which shall be brought at a his ridicule. Thus, we learn that James was

certain rate in ass-loads to furnish the College. But on highly pleased with his dignity of Justice of other days which are not . Gaudyes,' they shall have all Peace, whence Laud styles him Mr. Justice their commons in calf's head and bacon, † and, thereJames, and appoints him library keeper of the fore, to this purpose all the beef, mutton, and veal, shall new college. We learn also, that Dr. Sampson fish-days conger, cod's head, or drowned eel, with a piece

be cut out by their butcher into calves' lieads; and on Price enjoyed his nap at the sermons in St. Mary's, of cheese after it-of the same dairy with that cheese and that Dr. Daniel was fond of an anchovy toast, which their wise predecessors rolled down the hill, to and had a general liking (in which respect he was go to market before them. probably not singular, either at Oxford or else- Broths, caudles, pottage, and all such settle-brain, where,) for a good dinner. All these points come

absolutely forbidden. All other meats to be eaten assa.

Fasts. - They are to fast upon O Sapientia. The out in the following paper; which I print, with

solemn day of their foundation, Innocent's day. [Another one or two omissions, from one of the two manu- solemn feast day to be renewed, St. Dunstan's. ] scripts, adding here and there passages derived · Benefices. — Gotam annexed to the headsbip. The from the other.

other benefices belonging to the Fellows are Bloxam,

Duns-tu, Dunstable, St. Dunstan's (East, West), Totte“ THE FOUNDATION OF GOTAM COLLEGE. ridge, Aleton, Battlebridge, Gidding (Magna, Parva), the " The founder (being the Duke of Morea*) made suit prebend of Layton Buzzard, Little Brainford, Little Witand obtained leave for this foundation, that it might be

nam (Mr. Dunns being patron of Little Witnam, gave it erected, anno 1613. The reasons of his suit were: –

to a good scholar), a petition being made by the College “1. Because, in the midst of so many good works as

that Witnam, and all that Mr. Dunns had in his gift, had been done for the bringing up of men in learning,

should belong to the College. [Added in the margin there had been none taken in special for the Gotamists.

Cookeham (Nagna, Parva), Steeple bumstead, Üggly,

St. Asaphs.] “2. Because every College in the University had some “ An Act of Parliament held for them. or other of them in it, which were fitter to be elected

“ The College to be furnished with all munition save and chosen out to live together in this new foundation. head-pieces. None of the generations of Wisemen, Wise

“ 3. Because it is unfit that, in a well-goverred com- dom, or Wise, eligible into the house, for the disgrace their monwealth, such a great company of deserving men, or predecessdrs have done to the College. The book of WisThis is not consistent with the foundation charter

dom to be left out of their Bibles. To abjure Pythagoras, noticed before, and is an evidence that the author's

Tacitus, Tranquillus, and Prudentius. design was still unsettled. In the margin is written, * Diet. " Nepenthe potus." A fool at second course. “Sir Thomas Cuninsby, con-founder.” This is evi- Mustard with everything to purge the head. dently the “ Thomas & Cuniculis,” mentioned in the foundation charter.

It being lawful for them, as well as the town's-boys, to eat bread and butter in the streets.

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