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board the Recruit, having stolen a little spruce beer, his commander, Captain Lake, set him on shore on the uninhabited island of Sombrero, in the Atlantic archipelago. Two months after this, the Recruit returning to the same latitude, the captain sent a boat, with several seamen, in order to retake the man on board ; but he was no where to be seen:and the crew concluded, that he had been devoured by the large birds, which frequent that barren rock in vast numbers. Jeffery, in the meantime, having been landed, with only the clothes he had on, was left, helpless and hopeless, to endure all the agony of the apprehension of being devoured by birds, or of dying of want. There was no shelter, and the heat of a tropical sun almost drove the unfortunate man to madness. The island being a low rock, after searching for some time, he discovered water in some of the hollows, and a considerable quantity of birds' eggs, and a few limpets. On these he lived for nine days; during which time he observed several ships pass in the distance, to which he made signals, but without effect; until he was discovered by the master of an American schooner, who took him on board, and landed him at Marblehead, in the state of Massachusetts.
In the mean time, the conduct of Captain Lake having been reported to the commander-in-chief of the West India station, he was tried șefore a court-martial, and sentenced to be dismissed his Majesty's service. The Parliament of Great Britain, too, having, at the instance of Sir Francis Burdett, recommended a search for the unfortunate seaman, he was brought to England, and arrived in London in the month of October, 1809. When I first saw him, I was particularly struck with the modesty of his manners, and the grave simplicity of his conversation. Deeply impressed with gratitude to Heaven for his preservation, there was a solemnity of tone in the artlessness of his remarks, that struck me with no small degree of admiration. He was about one-and-twenty years of age.
Captain Lake's family, having recompensed him for the sufferings he had experienced, Jeffery left London for Cornwall, where he was born, in order to visit his mother. He was met near Polperro by his father-in-law, who, soon after their first greeting, returned to apprise his mother of his arrival. The whole village now came forth to meet him; and nothing could exceed the joy with which he was welcomed. . The meeting between him and his mother was affecting in the highest degree. She gazed upon him with bewildered anxiety, as if she could scarcely believe that she saw ; but, recovering herself, they rushed into each other's arms, and, for some moments were lost in sobs and tears. Nothing but the arrival of Jeffery was talked of; while the joy of the villagers, and the tumultuous endearments of the mother and son, consecrated an evening, that will for many years be remembered in that village with the liveliest satisfaction.
The Gallipagos islands, situate about 200 leagues west of Peru, are of volcanic origin; and every hill retains evidence of being the crater of an extinguished volcano. The only one, ever inhabited, was taken possession of by a native of Ireland (Watkins), who quitted his ship; and taking up his abode there, built a hovel, planted potatoes and pumpkins, and lived a miserable life, for several years, on tortoises and other marine animals ; bartering vegetables for rum, and other necessaries a. • The island of Tristan d'Acunha is an entire mass of lava.' It rises 5,000 feet above the sea, in the form of a cone. With the exception of a plain, six miles in length, and two furlongs in breadth, this island is entirely covered with copse-wood; and not a day passes without rain. The common thistle, the lichen, a species of goosefoot, and storksbill, are found there. There, too, are found two or three species of seal, of which the leonine is so little alarmed at the presence of men, that persons may get on its back, and be carried into the water. The black albatross breed there in a gregarious manner; and, upon being touched, throw out a deluge of foetid oil fluid. Wild goats and hogs, too, are seen among the bushes, a few having been left by early navigators. In 1814, this island was inhabited by three men ; an American, named LAMBERT, a Portuguese, and a native of Minorca a. They lived upon fish and birds’ eggs, and covered their huts of straw with seal-skins.
a In the United Service Journal there is an account of a young man being left on one of the Gallipagos, where he had lived for twenty-one days. An abstract of this may be found in the Saturday Mag., July 6, 1833.
Lambert took possession of the islands, and constituted himself sole sovereign by a formal instrument, in which he stated, that as no power whatever had publicly claimed them, he had taken possession of them for himself and his heirs, with a right to convey them, by sale or free gift, as he or his heirs should think proper. He farther declared, that his motive for taking possession was to procure for himself and family a competence and a house far beyond the reach of chicanery and misfortune; and that in order to ensure this, he would devote himself to husbandry, and supply ships, calling there, with any articles, he might be able to procure.
By this document, he invited ships to lay by, opposite the cascade, where they would be visited by a boat from the shore, and supplied : and he promised, that himself and his people should be governed, in their intercourse with crews of ships, by the principles of hospitality and good fellowship. On taking possession, he built a hut, thatched it with coarse grass, and planted cabbages, turnips, carrots, parsnips and beet; lettuces, onions, raddishes, parsley and potatoes. All these grew better in winter than in summer, in a soil of vegetable mould. At this time, there were between three and four hundred acres of land, well adapted for cultivation ; and a meadow of about fourteen acres. At the end of a year's occupation, he had a small flock of
. a A. D. 1810.
geese. The fowls bred three or four times in a year:- but all his English and Muscovy ducks, and his turkeys, excepting three, died from eating the entrails of fish. He had eight sows and four boars ; seven of which he caught on the island. He, as well as his pigs, lived chiefly on the flesh of sea-elephants, which abounded in two ponds of ten or twelve acres in extent. There were, also, from twelve to sixteen wild goats. The little black-cock was also in great numbers, very fat, and its flesh delicate. On the mountains were petrels, sea-hens, mollahs, the albatross and other birds. Among the sea-cliffs they caught grampers, mackarel, and a beautiful species of cray-fish,
Having collected about a thousand gallons of oil, Lambert wrote to a friend, Capt. Briggs, giving him an account of the island, and proposed, that he should purchase a schooner of about twenty-five tons; make his brother master of her; and send it for the oil and skins he had collected, with three or four boats, and provisions for twelve months : Briggs to find the money and take half the profits.
Lambert remained on the island till May 17, 1812: when, under pretence of collecting wreck, he and one of his companions quitted the island in a boat; leaving his empire in possession of Currie and the native of Minorca. Currie had. accompanied Lambert under an engagement of receiving wages and a share of the produce, during his stay: but received nothing. After Lambert's departure, he and his companion suffered many hardships; and the chief of their stock was taken from them by the vessels that came to the island.
Upon Napoleon's arrival at St. Helena, it was deemed adviseable to take possession of this island ; and the Falmouth frigate was, in consequence, despatched, and arrived in the month of August, 1816. Currie and his companion immediately placed themselves under the captain's protection :
• At this time they had three huts, covered with reed; twenty acres of vege
New Island. (one of the Falkland Islands) has, of late, become remarkable for having been the solitary residence of a Captain Barnard, an American, whose vessel was run away with in the year 1814, by the crew of an English ship, which, on her passage from Port Jackson, had been wrecked on the south side of this island. Capt. Weddell, in his voyage from the South Polar Regions, met with Capt. Barnard in 1821, and from him learnt the following account :“ Capt. Barnard was at New Island with his vessel, in the performance of a voyage for seal-furs, and when on the south side of the island, he met with the crew of a wrecked English ship. Their number was about thirty, including several passengers, some of whom were ladies. He kindly took them to his yessel, treated them with all the hospitality which their destitute condition required, and promised to land them, on his passage home, at some port in the Brazils. Owing to the additional number of people, hunting parties were frequently sent out to procure supplies; and, when the captain, with four of his people, were on an excursion of this kind, the wrecked crew cut the cable, and in defiance of the Americans who were on board, ran away with the ship to Rio Janeiro ; whence they proceeded to North America a."
On Capt. Barnard's return, he was struck with astonishment at finding his ship carried off. On reflection, however, he soon guessed the cause ; which he attributed to the fear of being taken to America, where they would become prisoners of war. Nothing in the way of supplies having been left for him and his four companions, he was forced to consider how they were to subsist; and recollecting that he had planted a few potatoes, they directed their attention to them, and in tables, forty breeding sows, and two boars ; but the American privateers had robbed them of all their ducks and fowls. For a later account, see Earle's Narrative of a Nine-Months'Residence in New Zealand and Tristan d'Acunha, 8vo, 1832.
a It is to be lamented, that Captain Weddell has not published the name of the vessel to which these unworthy people belonged.