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He persuaded the king to consent to what was To their great Lord, whose love their motion
In hrst obedience, and their state of good. Milt.
Hoolevard. From harmony to harmony
Through all the compass of the notes it ran,
The diapason closing full in man. Dryddet. The diamond, the most valuable and hardest of DI’APER. n. s. (diapre, Fr. of uncertain all the gems, is, when pure, perfectly clear and
etymology.) pellucid as the purest water; and is eminently dis
1. Linen cloth woven in flowers, and tinguished from all other substances by its vivid other figures; the finest species, of splendour, and the brightness of its reflexions. figured linen after damask. It is extremely various in shape and size, being Not any damsel, which her vaunteth most found in the grcatest quantity very small, and In skilful knitting of soft silken twine; the larger ones extremely seldori met with. The
Nor any weaver, which his work doth boast: Largest ever known is that in the possession of In diaper, in damask, or in lyne, the Great Mogul, which weighs two hundred Might in their diverse cunning ever dare and seventy-nine carats, and is computed to be With this so curious net-work to compare. korth seven hundred and seventy-nine thousand
Spenser. two hundred and forty four pounds. The diamond bears the force of the strongest fires, except
2. A napkin ; a towel. the concentrated solar rays, without hurt; and
Let one attend him with a silver bason even that infinitely fiercest of all tires does it no
Full of rose-water, and bestrew'd with flowers; injury, unless directed to its weaker parts. It To Di'APER. v. a. '[from the noun.]
Another bear the ewer, a third a diaper. Sbaks. bears a glass house fire for many days, and if taken carefully out, and suffered to cool by de- 1. To variegate; to diversity; to flower, grees, is found as bright and beautiful as before ;
For fear the stones her tender foot should but if taken hastily out, it will sometiines crack,
wrong, and even split into two or three pieces. The
The ground he strew'd with flowers all along, places where we have diamonds are the East In
"And diaper'd like the discolour'd mead. Spensere dies and the Brasils; and though they are usually
Flora used to cioath our grand-dame Earth found clear and colourless, yet they are some
with a new livery, diapered with various flowers, times slightly einged with the colours of the
and chequered with delightful objects. Howela
Hill on Fossils.
If you diaper upon folds, let your work be
broken, and taken, as it were, by the half; for
reason tells you, that your fold must cover someSboksp?ar. what 'msoen.
Peacham on Drawing. I see how thine eye would emulate the diamond: DA PHA NEITY. 8. s. [from dicorusice.) chou hast the right arched bent of the brow.
Transparency; pellacidness ; power of The diamord is preferable and vastly superior
paris hitting ligt.
: as also in
** Recause the outward'coat of the eye ought to
be pellucid, to transmit the light, which, it the lasting, and therefore much more valuable, than
eyes should always stand open, would be apt to Woodward.
* grow úry and strink, and lose their diaphaneity: therefore are, the eye-lids so contrived as often to wink, that so they may, as it were, glaze and
varnish them over with the moisture they conThomson. tain.
Ray. Diapase. 1. s. Corel Wacov.] A chord
DIAPHA'NICK. adj. [d. de and pairos.] including all tones. The old word for
Transparent; pellucid; having the power to transmit light.
Air is an element superior, and lighter than water, through whose vast, open, subtile, diaphan nick, or transparent body, the light, afterwards created, easily transpired.
Raleigh. DIAPHANOUS. adj. [di and Qabw.] Spenser. Transparent; clear ; translucent; pel
lucid ; capable to transmit light.
Aristotle calleth light a quality inherent or Spenser. cleaving to a diaphanous body.
Raleigh. When he had taken off che insect, he found in the leaf very little and diaphanous eggs, exactly
like to those which yet remained in the tubes of of the very because there are but sementines DIAPHORETICK. adj. [dozemoçmtixos.] Su
dorifick; promoting a diaphoresis or into diapasons, which is the return
perspiration ; causing sweat.
A diaphoretiok medicine, or a sudorifick, is something that will provoke sweating.
Watts. Diaphoreticks, or promoters of perspiration, help the organs of digestion, because the attenuation of the aliment makes it perspirable. Arbuth.
to all others in lustre and beauty :
21 other store.
The lively diamed drinks thy purest rays,
Collected light, compacta
diapason. See DIAPASON.
And’ewixt them both a quadrant was the base,
And make a tuneful diapase of pleasures,
Diapason denotes a chord which includes all
With the first.
Di'APHRAGM. n. s. (8.2 pszyceae) strument with which the gardeners 1. The midriff which divides the upper make holes for planting. cavity of the body from the lower.
Through cunning, with dibble, rake, mattock, 2. Any division or partition which die
and spade, vides a hollow body.
By line and by level trim garden is made. It consists of a fasciculus of bodies, round, Di'BSTONE. 1. s.' A little stone which
Tusser's Husbandry. about one sixth of an inch in diameter, hollow, and parted into numerous cells by ineans of dia
children throw at another stone. phragmis thick set throughout the whole length I have seen little girls exercise whole hours of the body.
Woodward, together, and take abundance of pains, to be exDIARRHOE'A.
pert at dibstones.
Locke. 11. s. (arapfoin.) A Aux of the helly, whereby a person fie.
Dica city. n. š. (dicacitas, Lat.) Pert
Dict. quently goes to stool, and is cured DICE. n. s. The plural of die. See Die.
ness ; sauciness. either by purging off the cause, or re- It is above a hundred to one against any parstringing the bowels. Quincy.
ticular throw, that you do not cast any given set : During his diarrhes I healed up the fontanels. of faces with four cubical dice; because there are
so many several combinations of the six faces DIARRHOE'TICK. adj. (from diarrhæa.] of four dice: now, after you have cast all the Proinoting the Aux of the belly; solu
trials but one, it is still as much odds at the last tive ; purgative.
remaining time, as it was at the first. Bentley Millet is diarrbatic, cleansing, and useful in
To Dice. v. n. (from the noun.] To diseases of the kidneys.
game with dice. Di'ary. n. s. (diarium, Latin.] An ac
I was as virtuously given as a gentleman need
to be; virtuous enough; swore little; diced not count of the transactions, accidents,
above seven times a week. Sbaispeare. and observations of every day; a Dice-Box. n. s. (dice and box.) The journal.
box from which the dice are thrown. In sea voyages, where there is nothing to be
What would you say, should you see the seen but sky and sea, men make diaries; but, in sparkler shaking her elbow for a whole night toland-travel, wherein so much is to be observed,
gether, and thumping the table with a dice-bex? they omit it. Bacon.
Addison. I go on in my intended diary. Tatier. Dicer, n. s. [fom dice.] A player at DIA'STOLE. n. s. [&àcoan.)
dice; a gamester. 1. A figure in rhetorick, by which a
They make marriage vows short syllable is made long,
As false as dicers' oaths.
Shakspeare, 2. The dilatation of the heart.
Dich. This word seems corrupted from The systole seems to resemble the forcible dit for do it. bending of a spring, and the diastole its flying dut:
Rich men sin, and I eat root : again to its natural state.
Ray! Much good dich thy good heart, Apemantus. DIA'STYLE. [doce, and.goldoepillas y
Shakspeare's Timea. sort of edifice, nuliere the pillars standa, DichoʻTOMY. n. s. [dixotopix.] Distrisuch a distance from one another that
bution of ideas by pairs. three diameters of theit 'tfickvess are
• Some persons have disturbed the order of naallowed for intercolumniscioni.. Hierise
pure, and abused their readers by an affectation
of dichotomies, trichotomies, sevens, twelves, &c. DIATE'SSERON. n. s. [of.c.andrijos Let the nature of the subject, considered toge
four.] An interval irtomu jck, com- ther with the design which you have in view, posed of one greater tome, one lesser,
always determine the number of parts into which and one greater semitone : its propor
Watta tion being as four to three. It is called, Dickens. A kind of adverbial exclamain musical coinposition, a perfect fourth.
tion, importing, as it seems, much the Harris.
same with the devil; but I know not
whence derived. DIATOʻNICK. (of diztóvo;.] The ordinary sort of inusick which proceeds by
Where had you this pretty weathercock?
I cannot tell what the dickens his name is different tones, either in ascending or my husband had him of.
Shakspeare. descending. It contains only the two 'What a dickens does he mean by a trivial sum? greater and lesser tones, and the greater
- But ha'n't you found it, sir? Congreve. semitone.
Harris. Dickar of Leather. n. s. [dicra, low DIAZE'UTICK Tone. [of dia and Jaúyop...]
Latin.] Ten hides.
Dict. In the ancient Greek nosick, disjoined To DICTATE. v. a. [dicto, Latin.) two-fourths, one on each side of it; and
To deliver to another with authority which, being joined to either, made a
to declare with confidence. fifth. This is, in our musick, from A
The spoils of elephants the roofs inlay,
And studded amber darts a golden ray; to B.
Such, and not nobler, in the realms above, They allowed to this diazeutick cone, which is My wonder dictates is the dome of Jove. Pepe. our La, Mi, the proportion of nine co eight, as Whatsoever is dictated to us by God himself, being the unalterable difference of the finh and. or hy men who are divinely inspired, must be fourth. Harris. believed with full assurance.
Watts. DIBBLE. 1. s. [from diffel, Dutch, a' Di'ctats. n. s. (dictatum, Lat.] Rule or
sharp point, Skinner; from dabble, 74.. maxim delivered with authority; pre, nis. A small spade; a pointed in. scription ; prescript.
you divide it.
} adipiscin giving pre
Those rigtit helps of art, which will scarce be An army, or a parliament, is a collection of found by those who servilely confine themselves men; a dictionary, or nomenclature, is a collecto the dictates of others. Locke. tion of words.
Watts. I credit what the Grecian dictates say, Dip. of do. (018, Saxon.) And Samian sounds o'er Scota's hills convey. 1. The preterit of do.
Thou canst not say I did it. Sbakspeare. Then let this dictate of my love prevail. Pope.
What did that greatness in a woman's mid? Dicta'tion. 1. s. [from dictate.] The
III lodg'd, and weak to act what it design d. act or practice of dictating or pre
Dict. 2. The sign of the preter-imperfect tense, DICTATOR. 7. s. [Latin.]
or perfect. 1. A nagistrate of Rome, made in times When did his pen on learning fix a brand,
of exigence and distress, and invested Or rail at arts he did not understand? Dryden. with absolute authority.
3. It is sometimes used emphatically as Kind dictators made, when they came home,
I did really love him. Their vanquish'd foes free citizens of Rome. Dida'ctical. 1 adj. [dodáxtimos:] Pre.
Waller. Dua'ÇTICK. Julius with honour tam'd Rome's foreign cepts: as a didactick poem is a poem
foes; But patriots fell, ere the dictator rose. Prior.
that gives rules for some art ; as the 3. One invested with absolute authority.
The means used to Unanimous they all commit the care,
purpose are partly And management of this main enterprize
didactical, and partly protreptical; demonstratTo him, their great dictator.
ing the truth of the gospel, and then urging the
professors of those truths to be stedfast in the 3. One whose credit or authority enables
faith, and to beware of infidelity. Ward on Infid. him to direct the conduct or opinion of DIDAPPER. 7. s. (from 'dip.] A bird others.
that dives into the water. Nor is it a small power it gives one man over another, to have the authority to be the dicta- DIDASCAʼLICK. adj. [doaoradıxos.] Pretor of principles, and teacher of unquestionable
ceptive ; didactick į giving precepts in truths.
Locke. some art. That riches, honours, and outward splendour, I found it necessary to form some story, and should set up persons for dictators to :"the rest give a kind of body to the poem: under what of mankind, is a most shameful invasion of the species it may be comprehended, whether didasright of our understanding.
Watts. calick or heroick, I leave to the judgment of the DICTATOʻRIAL. adj. (from dictator.]
Prior. Authoritative ; confident; dogmatical ;
To Di'DDER. W. a. (diddern, Teut. zittern, overbearing.
Germ.) To quake with cold; to shiver. A young academick often dwells upon a A provincial word.
, or an observator that treats of trade and Didst. The second person of the preter politicks in a dictaturial stile, and is lavish in the tense of do. See Did.. praise of the author.
Oh last and best of Scots! who didss mainDICTA’TORSHIP. n. s. [from dictator. ]
tain 1. The office of dictator.
Thy country's freedom from a foreign reign. This is the solemnest title they can confer
Dryden. under the princedom, being indeed a kind of DIDU'CTION. n. s. [diductio, Latin.] dictatorsbip:
Wotton. Separation by withdrawing one part 2. Authority; insolent confidence.
from the other. This is that perpetual dictatorsbip which is ex- He ought to shew what kind of strings they ercised by Lucretius, though often in the wrong. are, which, though strongly fastened to the inside
of the receiver and superficies of the bladder, Di'ctATURE. 8. s. (dictatura, Latin.) must draw as forcibly one as another, in compaThe office of a dictator ; dictatorship.
rison of those that within the bladder draw so as Dict.
to hinder the diduction of its sides. Boylea Dictios. n.'s. [diction, French ; dictio,
TO DIE. v. a. (deag, Saxon, a colour.) Latin.) 'Style language ; expression.
To tinge; to colour; to stain.
So much of death her thoughts There appears in every part of his diction, or
Had entertain'd, as died her cheeks with pale. expression, a kind of noble and bold purity.
Milton. Dryden. Di'cTIONARY. 7. s. [dictionarium, Lat:]
All white, a virgin saint she sought the skies ;
For marriage, though it sullies not, it dies. Dryd. A book containing the words of any Die. n. s. [from the verb.) Colour ; language in alphabetical order, with
tincture; stain; hue acquired. explanations of their meaning; a lexi
It will help me nothing con; a vocabulary; a word-book.
Te plead mine innocence; for that die is on me, Some have delivered the polity of spirits, and Which makes my whit'st part black. Sheksp. left an account that they stand in awe of charms, We have dainty works of feathers of wowspells, and conjurations; that they are afraid of derful lustre, excellent dies, and many. Bacon. letters and characters, notes and dashes, which, Darkness we see emerges into light, set together, do signify nothing; and not only And shining suns descend to sable night : in the dictionary of man, but in the subtler voca- Evin heav'n itself receives another die, bulary of Satan. Brown's Vulgar Errours. When wearied animals in slumbers lie
Is it such a fault to translate simulacra ima- Of midnight ease; another, when the grey ges? I see what a good thing it is to have a good Of morn preludes the splendor of the day. Drył. Catholick dictionary.
Stilling f.eo. It is surprising to seo the images of the mind
stamped upon the aspect; to see tho cheeks 10. To languish with pleasure or tender. take the die of the passions, and appear in all the colours of thought. Collier of the Aspecto To sounds of heav'nly harps she dies away, To Die. V.n. [readian, Saxon. )
And melts in visions of eternal day. . Popa 1. To lose life; to expire; to pass into I. To vanish. another state of existence.
This battle fares like to the morning's war, Thou dost kill me with thy falsehood; and it When dying clouds contend with growing light. grieves me not to dic, but it grieves me tha: thou
Sbakspeare. art the murtherer.
The smaller stains and blemishes may die Nor did the third his conquests long survive, away and disappear, amidst the brightness that Dying ere scarce he had begun to live. Addison. surrounds them; but a blot of a deeper nature Oh let me live my own, and die so too!
casts a shade on all the oiher beauties, and darkTo live ard die is all I have to do. Denbam. ens the whole character, Addison's Spectator: 2. To perish by violence or disease. 12. [In the style of lovers.] To languish
The dira only served to confirm him in his with affection. first opinion, that it was his destiny to die in the
The young men acknowledged, in love-letters, ensuing combat. Dryden. that they died for Rebecca.
Tatler. Talk not of life or ransom, he replies;
13. To wither, as a vegetable. Patroclus dead, whoever meets me, dies :
Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground, In vain a single Trojan sues for grace;
and die, it abideth alone; but if it dic, it bringe But least the sons of Priam's hateful race:
eth forth much fruit.
Fobna Die then, my friend! what boots it to deplore ! The great, the good Patroclus is no more!
14. To grow vapid, as liquor. He, far thy better, was foredoom'd to die;
Die. n. 5. pl. dice. [dé, Fr. dis, Welsh.] And thou, dost thou, bewail mortality? Pope.
1. A small cube, marked on its faces with 3. It has by before an instrument of death. numbers from one to six, which game.
Their young men shall die by the sword: their sters throw in play. sons and daughters shall die by famine. Ferem. Keep a gamester from the dice, and a good 4. Of before a disease.
student from his book, and it is wonderful. They often come into the world clcar, and
Sbakspeare. with the appearance of sound bodies; which,
I have set my life upon a cast, notwithstanding, have been intected with disease, And I will stand the hazard of the dicc. Shakse: and have died of it, or at least have been very in- He knows which way the lot and the dice shall firm.
Wiseman, fall, as :rfectly as if they were already cast, 5. For commonly before a privative, and
South. of before a positive cause : these pre
2. Hazard; chance. positions are not always truly distin
Ettsoons his cruel hand sir Guyon staid, guished.
Temp'ring the passion with advisement slow, At first she startles, then she stands amaz'd;
And must'ring might on enemy dismay'd; At last with terror she from thence dothely,
For th' equal die of war he well did know. And loaths the wat'ry glass wherein she gaz'd,
So both to battle fierce arranged are; And shuns it still, altho' for thirst she die. In which his harder fortune was to fall
Under my spear: such is the die of war. He in the loaden vineyard dies for thirst.
Fairy Queen. addison.
Thine is th' adventure, thine the victory: Hipparchus being passionately fond of his own wife, who was enamoured of Bathyllus, leaped
Well has thy fortune turn'd the dic for thee. and died of his fall.
3. Any cubick body. 6. To be punished with death.
Young creatures have learned spelling of words If I die for it, as no less is threatened me, the by having them pasted upon little flat tablets or king my old master must be relieved.
Hammond. 7. To be lost; to perish ; to come to
Such variety of dies made use of by Wood in
stamping his money, makes the discovery of nothing.
counterfeits more difficult.
Swift. How now, my lord, why do you keep alone? Di'FR. 12. s. (from die.] One who folOf sorriest fancies your companion making, lows the trade of dying; one who dies Using those thoughts which should indeed have died
clothes. With them they think on. Shakıp, Macbeth.
The Neece, that has been by the dier stain'd, If any sovereignty, on account of his pro
Never again its native whiteness gain'd. Waller. perty, had been vested in Adam, which in truth
There were some of very low rank and prothere was not, it would have died with him.
fessions who acquired great estates : coblera Locke.
diers, and shoemakers gave public shows to the Whatever pleasure any man may take in
Arbutbrot on Coins. spreading whispers, he will find greater satis DIET, n. s. (diæta, low Latin ; diaita.] faction by letting the secret dic within his own 1. Food; provisions for the mouth ; breast.
Spectator, victuals. 8. To sink; to faint.
They cared for no other delicacy of fare, or His heart died within him, and he became as curiosity of diet, than to maintain life. Raleigh.
Time may come, when men 9. [In theology.) To perish everlast
With angels may participate; and find
No inconvenient diet, nor too light fare. Milt, ingly.
No part of diet, in any season, is so healthful, So long as God shall live, so long shall the
co natural, and so agreeable to the stomach, as damned die. Hakowill on Providence, good and well-ripened fruits.
Mik appears to be a proper diet for human He sauc'd our. brath as Juno had been sick, , bodies, where acrimony is to be purged or avoid- And he her dicter.
Sbuksp. Cymbino ed; bie not where the canals are obstructed, it DieteľTICALdj. [atth texnol Re:
bcing void of all saline quality. Arbutbact. DIETEʼTICK. 'S tating to diet; belong2. Food regulated by the rules of medi
ing to the medicinal cautions about the cine, for the prevention or cure of any
use of food. disease.
He received no other counsel than to refrain I commend rather some diet for certain sea- from cold drink, which was but a dietethal cau. sons, than frequent use of physick; for those dicts tion, and such as culinary prescription might alter the body more, and trouble it less. Bacon. have afforded.
Brosun's Vul. Ers I restrained myself to so regular a diet, as to This book of Cheyne's became the subject of eat flesh but once a-day, and a little at a time, conversation, and produced even secrs in the without salt or vinegar.
Temple. dietetick philosophy Arbuth. on Alinienis. 3. Allowance of provision.
To DIFFER. vin. [differo, Latin,} For his diet, there was a continual diet given
1. To be distinguished from; to have him by the king.
Jeremiuba To Diet, v.a. (from the noun.]
properties and qualities not the same
with those of another person or thing: 1. To feed by the rules of medicine. She diets him with fasting every day,
If the pipe be a little wet on the inside, it will
make a.digiring sound from the same pipe dry. The swelling of his wounds to mítigate,
Bacon. And made him pray both early and eke late.
Thy prejudices, Syphax, won't discern
What virtues grow from ignorance and choice,
Nor how the hero differs from the brute. To diet rank minds sick of happiness,
Addison's Cato. And purge th' obstructions which begin to stop
T'he several parts of the same animal differ in Our very veins of life. Sbakspeare's Heary iv. their qualities.
Arbuthnot. He was not taken well; he had not din'd:
2. To contend; to be at variance. The veins untillid, our blood is cold; and then We powt upon the morning, are unapt
A man of judgment shall sometimes hear To give or to forgive; but when we've stuf'd
ignorant men differ, and know well within himThese pipes, and these conveyances of blood,
self that those which so differ mean one thing, and yet they themselves never agree.
Bacon, With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls
Here uncontroll’d you may in judgment sit; Than in our priestlike fasts; therefore I'll watch
We'll never differ with a crowded pii. Rorde. him Till he be dieted to my request. Shakspeare.
To be of a contrary opinion. I wili atrend my husband, be his nurse,
In things purely speculative, as these are; and Diet his sickness; for it is my office. Sbaksp.
no ingredients of our faith, it is free to differ Henceforth my early care
from one another in our opinions and senti. Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease;
Burnet's Tbeory. Till, dicted by thee, I grow mature
There are certain measures to be kept, which In knowledge as the gods, who all things know. may leave a tendency rather to gain than to irri.
Milton. tate those who difer with you in their sentie We have lived upon expedients, of which no
Addison's Freebolder. country had less occasion : we have dieted a heal. Others differ with me about the cruth and thy body into a consumption, by plying it with
reality of these speculations. Cheyne. physick instead of food.
Di'PFERENCE. 'n. s. [differentia, Latin.) 2. To give food to.
1. State of being distinct from somethingi I'm partly led to diet my revenge,
contrariety to identity. For that I do suspect the lusty Moor
Where the faith of the holy church is one, a Hath leapt into my seat.
difference between customs of the church doth 3. To board; to supply with diet.
Hooker. To Di'et. 0.n.
2. The quality by which one differs froin 1. To eat by rules of physick.
another 2. To eat ; to feed.
This nobility, or difference from the vulgar, I join with thee calm peace and quict;
was not in the beginning given to the succession Spare fast, that oft with gods doth dict. Milton.
of blood, but to the succession of virtue. DI'ET-DRINK. n. s. [diet and drink.]
Thus, born alike, from virtue first began Medicated liquors ; drink brewed with
The diff'rence that distinguish'd man froin man: medicinal ingredients.
He claim'd no title from descent of blood; The observation will do that better than the But that, which made him noble, made him lady's dict-drinks, or apothecary's medicines.
Dryden, Locke. Though it be useful to discern every variety Di'et. nis. [from dies, an appointed that is to be found in nature, yet it is not conday, Skinner ; from diet, an old Ger
venient to consider every difference that is in man word signifying a multitude,
things, and divide them into distinct classes under
every such difference. Junius.] An assembly of princes or estates.
3. The disproportion between one thing An emperour in tide without territory, who
and another, caused by the qualities of can ordain nothing of importance but by a diet,
each. or assembly of the estates of many free princes, You shall see great difference betwixt our
Boecclesiastical and temporal.
Raleigh. hemia and your Sicilia. Sbaksp. Winter's Tale. DI'ETARY. adj. (from diet.] Pertaining Oh the strange differenc: of man and man! to the rules of diet.
To thee a woman's services are due; Dieter. nis. (from diet.] One who
My fool usurps my body. Sbaksp. King Lear.
Here might be seen a great d fférence between prescribes rules for eating; one who
men practised to fight, and men accustomed prepares food by medicinal rules.
only to spoil.