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if not, then within four months after the convening of the next regular session of the General Assembly; and if so demanded by supplementary petition signed by a number of qualified electors equal to ten per cent of the total number of votes cast for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to the qualified electors in a manner and at a time prescribed by the General Assembly. The supplementary petition shall be filed with the official charged with the duty of administering statewide elections within six months (1) after the proposed amendment was rejected by the General Assembly, or (2) after the expiration of the four months herein provided for action on the petition by the General Assembly, if no action has been taken thereon, or (3) after the proposed amendment,

as amended by the General Assembly, has been filed with the proper official. The proposed amendment shall be advertised and submitted to the qualified electors of the Commonwealth as provided in section one of this article in the form prescribed by the supplementary petition, which shall be either as first petitioned for or with any amendments incorporated therein by either House or by both Houses of the General Assembly. If the proposed amendment is approved by a majority of the qualified electors voting thereon, it shall become a part of this Constitution. All petitions shall be in the form provided by law for nomination petitions, unless otherwise provided by law.

None.

Section 3 (New) - Periodic Review
Current

Recommended
In the year nineteen hundred
seventy-three and every fifteenth
year thereafter, the provisions of
this Constitution shall be studied
and reviewed in the light of con-
temporary conditions and the an-
ticipated problems and needs of
the people of this Commonwealth.
The General Assembly shall pro-
vide for a commission to perform
the work.

ARTICLE XIX (NEW) - SOCIAL WELFARE

Section 1 (New) - Care of the Needy
Current

Recommended
None.

The aid, care, and support of the needy; the protection and promotion of the health of the inhabitants of the State; the care and treatment of persons suffering from mental disorder or defect; the custody of dependent, neglected or delinquent children; the reformation of juvenile delinquents; the detention, probation and parole of persons charged with or convicted of crime are all matters of public concern, and provision therefor shall be made by the State and its sub-divisions in such manner and by such means as the General Assembly may from time to time determine.

DRAFTS OF JOINT RESOLUTIONS

Class 1 Changes
Class 1 changes are those recommendations for amendment which the
Commission deems to be of first importance, critically needed for
the efficient conduct of the state government, and which the Com-
mission strongly urges the General Assembly to approve.

Page 180 180 181 181 182 182 183

183 184

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C 1.1 Trial by jury, Art 1, Sec 6
C 1.2 Annual sessions, Art 2, Sec 4
C 1.3 Senatorial districts, Art 2, Sec 16
C 1.4 Legislative apportionment, enforcement, Art 2, Sec 18
C 1.5 Legislation at special sessions, Art 3, Sec 25, repeal
C 1.6 Succession by the Governor, Art 4, Sec 3
C 1.7 Board of Pardons, Art 4, Sec 9
C 1.8

Philadelphia Courts, consolidation, Art 5, Sec 6; Art 5,

Sec 7, repeal
C 1.9 Justices of the Peace and Aldermen, Art 5, Sec 11
C 1.10 Magistrates Courts in Philadelphia, Art 5, Sec 12; Art 5,

Sec 13, repeal
C 1.11 Voting for judges, Art 5, Sec 16, repeal
C 1.12 Pennsylvania Plan for the Selection of Judges, Art 5, Sec

25; Art 4, Sec 8, Art 5, Secs 2, 15 and 16 and Art 8,

Sec 3, repeal
C 1.13 Dispensing with jury trial, Art 5, Sec 27
C 1.14 Voting on removal of residence, Art 8, Sec 1
C 1.15 State debt, Art 9, Sec 4 ...
C 1.16 Municipal debt, Art 9, Secs 8; 15, repeal
C 1.17 State Sinking Fund, Art 9, Sec 11
C 1.18 County government and officers, Art 14, Secs 1 to 7
C 1.19 Cities and boroughs, Art 15
C 1.20 Amendment of Constitution, Art 18, Sec 1

186 187

187 189 190 190 191 193 193 194 196

C 1.1 - Trial by Jury

A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an amendment to article one, section six of the Constitution of the

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, removing the guaranty of trial by jury except in criminal cases.

The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania hereby resolves as follows:

Section 1. The following amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is proposed in accordance with the provisions of the eighteenth article thereof:

That article one, section six of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania be amended to read:

Section 6. Trial by jury in criminal cases shall be as heretofore, and the right thereof remain inviolate. For Historical Note and Comments, see page 18.

C 1.2 - Annual Sessions

A JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to article two, section four of the Constitution of the

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, making the General Assembly a continuing body; and providing for annual sessions, and the calling of special sessions.

The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania hereby resolves as follows:

Section 1. The following amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is proposed in accordance with the provisions of the eighteenth article thereof:

That article two, section four of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania be amended to read:

Section 4. The General Assembly shall be a continuing body during the term for which its Representatives are elected. It shall meet at twelve o'clock noon on the first Tuesday of January each year. Special sessions shall be called by the Governor on petition of a majority of the members elected to each House, and may be called by the Governor whenever, in his opinion, the public interest requires. For Historical Note and Commens, see page 19.

C 1.3-Senatorial Districts

A JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to article two, section sixteen of the Constitution of the

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, revising apportionment of senatorial districts.

The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania hereby resolves as follows:

Section 1. The following amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is proposed in accordance with the provisions of the eighteenth article thereof:

That article two, section sixteen of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania be amended to read:

Section 16. The State shall be divided into fifty senatorial districts of compact and contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as may be, and each district shall be entitled to elect one Senator. Each county containing one or more ratios of population shall be entitled to one Senator for each ratio, and to an additional Senator for a surplus of population exceeding three-fifths of a ratio, but no county shall form a separate district unless it shall contain four-fifths of a ratio, except where the adjoining counties are each entitled to one or more Senators, when such county may be assigned a Senator on less than four-fifths and exceeding onehalf of a ratio, and no county shall be divided unless entitled to two or more Senators. No ward, borough or township shall be divided in the formation of a district. The senatorial ratio shall be ascertained by dividing the whole population of the State by the number fifty. For Historical Note and Comments, see page 21.

C 1.4 - Legislative Apportionment

A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an amendment to article two, section eighteen of the Constitution of the

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, making apportionment of senatorial and representative districts mandatory.

The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania hereby resolves as follows:

Section 1. The following amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is proposed in accordance with the provisions of the eighteenth article thereof:

That article two, section eighteen of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania be amended to read:

Section 18. Before the close of each regular session of the General Assembly at which the officially certified figures of a United States decennial census first are available, the General Assembly shall apportion the Commonwealth into senatorial and representative districts. If the General Assembly fails to do so, the Governor shall, immediately after final adjournment, call the General Assembly into special session for the sole purpose of making the apportionments. At the special session

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