Generative Social Science: Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling

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Princeton University Press, 2 jan. 2012 - 384 sidor
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Agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. In Generative Social Science, Joshua Epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. After elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, Epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. In elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation.

This book represents a powerful consolidation of Epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and Robert Axtell's landmark volume, Growing Artificial Societies. Beautifully illustrated, Generative Social Science includes a CD that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.

 

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Innehåll

Introduction
The Generativist Manifesto
Confession of a Wandering Bark
Equilibrium Explanation
NonExplanatory Equilibria An Extremely
Large Effect of a Subtle Rule
Generating Civilizations
Population Growth and Collapse in
Generating Classes without
Generating Zones of Cooperation
Generating Norm Maps in
Learning to be Thoughtless Social Norms
Generating Patterns
Generating Epidemic Dynamics
Toward a Containment Strategy
Generating Optimal

The Evolution of Social Behavior in
Generating Patterns in the Timing

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Om författaren (2012)

Joshua M. Epstein is a Senior Fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution, a founding member of the Brookings-Johns Hopkins Center on Social and Economic Dynamics, and a member of the External Faculty of the Santa Fe Institute. He is the coauthor of "Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up" and the author of "Nonlinear Dynamics, Mathematical Biology, and Social Science".

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