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BEING CHAPTERS FROM "THE SACRED TENTH"
WITH A REVISED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TITHE-PAYING
AND SYSTEMATIC AND PROPORTIONATE GIVING
HENRY LANSDELL, D.D.
CHAPLAIN OF MORDEN COLLEGE, BLACKHEATH, AUTHOR OF "THE SACRED TENTH,” “ THROUGH SIBERIA,” “RUSSIAN CENTRAL ASIA,"
“CHINESE CENTRAL ASIA," ETC.
“ All the tithe of the land ... is the Lora's: it is holy unto the Lord.”—Lev. xxvii. 30.
“ Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, ... and prove Me now herewith,...if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.”—Mal. iii. 10.
"In all thy gifts show a cheerful countenance, and set apart thy tithes with gladness."ECCLUS. XXXV. 9.
“ Ye tithe mint and anise and cummin ...: these.ought ye to have done.”—Matt, xxiii. 23.
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PREFACE THERE are, happily, throughout the world,
many persons of all countries and in every clime who recognise that it is a religious and moral obligation to give ; and the publication of The Sacred Tenth has brought to the knowledge of the Author that, as in past ages, so now, many earnest people not only approve but practise the principle of setting aside from their incomes “not less than a tenth for God.”
Some of these have suggested that inasmuch as the two volumes of The Sacred Tenth are not, and cannot be, within the reach of all, it is very desirable that there should be published apart, at least those portions thereof which are directly concerned with Holy Scripture.
Hence the appearance of the following chapters, to which is added a revised edition of the original bibliography with additions up to date. That these Scriptural studies may help many inquirers to “perceive and know " what is the mind and will of God respecting their giving, and that they may have “grace and power faithfully to perform the same,” is the prayer and fervent desire of the Author.
HENRY LANSDELL, D.D.
MORDEN COLLEGE, BLACKHEATH, S.E.
ABRAM AND JACOB
Abram's tithe to Melchizedek, 13.—Tithing traced to Babylonia,
15.-Extent of Abram's tithes, 15.- Jacob's vow and its
confirmation of tithe-paying, 17.-Scientific deduction from
patriarchal tithing, 18.-Hypothesis for primeval origin of
tithe-paying, 19.-Adam's sons presumably the first tithe-
payers, 19.-Absence of written law, and silence of Genesis,
no objection thereto, 21.–Pagan tithe-paying not learnt from
Jewish Scriptures, 21 . . . . . . . 13-22
ISRAEL'S THREE TITHES
Tithe-paying expressly enjoined in the Pentateuch, 24.-The first
tithe, and observations thereon, 24.-Given by God to the
Levites, 25.—The second, or festival, tithe ; its object, mode
of payment, and personal benefit to the offerer, 26.—The
third, or poor's, tithe, 30.—Not a substitute for second tithe,
as witnessed by Tobit, Josephus, and others; Maimonides to
the contrary, notwithstanding, 32.—The third tithe, by
modern comparison, not excessive, 34 . . . . 23-36
Other fixed claims on Israelites ; corners, gleanings, firstfruits,
the firstborn, and seventh year debtors, 37.-Freewill offer-
ings and vows, 41.- An income of six thousand bushels
reduced one-fourth after tithing, 44.-Method of tithing and
profession before God, 45.-Nature of evidence from the
Pentateuch as to tithing, subsidiary, indirect, and frag-
mentary, 47.-Law of tithe-paying somewhat similar to that
of the Sabbath, 49.-Adaptation of tithe-paying to the Mosaic
law, 50 . . . . . . . . . . 37–51
. CHAPTER V
FROM JOSHUA TO SOLOMON
Working of tithe laws during two periods, 52.-1. Under Joshua
and Judges, 53.—The law established under Joshua, 53.-
Lawlessness under Judges, 54.-Returns to Jehovah under
Jephthah, Eli, and Samuel, 55.-11. Under the monarchies,
57.-Saul's offerings of spoils, 58.-David anointed king,
58.—Ark brought to Jerusalem, and Levites reorganized,
59.-David's accumulated offerings, 59.-Solomon's dedica-
tion of the Temple, and his offerings, 61.—Tithes under
Israel's monarchs, 6 . . . . . . . 52–62
BEFORE AND AFTER THE CAPTIVITY
Working of tithe-laws during two further periods : III. Under
Judah and Israel, 63.—Reformations under Asa and Jeho-
shaphat, 64.—Giving in the times of Elijah and Elisha, 64.-
Church repairs under Joash, 66.-Amos on Israel's tithes,
67.—Hezekiah's restoration of Passover, tithe-paying, and
firstfruits, 68.–Temple repairs and offerings under Josiah,
70.-IV. After the Captivity, 71.-Offerings from Cyrus,
71.- Rebuilding and presents to Temple under Ezra, 72.-
Malachi's “robbery” for withholding tithes, 73.—Nehemiah's
offering, and the people's oath concerning tithes, 73.-
Tithing organized, 74.—Review of tithing from Joshua to
Malachi, 75 . . . . . . . . . 63–77
TALMUDIC TEACHING ON THE FIRST AND .
- SECOND TITHES
The Talmud : Mishna and Gemara, 87.—Divisions and transla-
tions of Mishna, 88.-Book VII., on first tithe, regulates what
is to be tithed, and when, 88.–Tithing applied to business
transactions, 89.—Tithing cooked fruit, transplanted vege-
tables, and ant-hills, 91.-Rules concerning the second tithe,
92.- Not to be exchanged, nor coins for it reckoned common,
93.-— Redemption of the second tithe, 95.-Second tithe in
relation to reciting Mosaic formula, 96 . . . 87—97
THE “DEMAI," OR DOUBTFUL TITHE
The Demai, or doubtful tithe, 98.-Its exemptions, differences,
and minute requirements, 98.-Its bearing on the unedu-
cated, on buying and selling, exchange of corn, payment of
rent, and acceptance of hospitality, 99.-Four tithes recog-
nized in the Talmud, and their application to all classes, 102.
-Antiquity of Talmudic bye-laws, and their influence when
Christianity appeared, 104 . . . . . 98-104
CHRIST'S ATTITUDE AND EXAMPLE AS TO TITHING
Jews, in the time of Christ, ruled by Gentiles, 105.—Tithing
among the Romans, Samaritans, and Palestine Jews, 106.-
Essenes, Sadducees, and Pharisees, 107.—The Pharisees,
tithe-payers par excellence, and how admitted to membership,
108.-Varieties of Pharisees, and our Lord's attitude towards
them, 108.-Prevalence of tithe-paying, and impossibility of