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II.

Haven, with his army, and took Blackness, by treason, and BOOK the Almain camp; which done, New-Haven surrendered. There were also in a skirmish, between 300 English footmen, and 300 French horsemen, six noblemen slain. Then the French king came with his army to Bollein, which they seeing, razed Boulingberg; but because of the plague, he was compelled to retire, and Chastilion was left behind, as governor of the army. In the mean season, because there was a rumour that I was dead, I passed through London.

After that they rose in Oxfordshire, Devonshire, Norfolk, and Yorkshire. To Oxford, the lord Gray of Wilton was sent with 1500 horsemen and footmen; whose coming, with the assembling of the gentlemen of the country, did so abash the rebels, that more than half of them ran their ways, and other that tarried, were some slain, some taken, and some hanged. To Devonshire, the lord privy-seal was sent, who with his band, being but small, lay at Honington, whiles the rebels besieged Exeter, who did use divers pretty feats of war, for after divers skirmishes, when the gates were burnt, they in the city did continue the fire till they had made a rampier within; also after, when they were undermined, and powder was laid in the mine, they within drowned the powder and the mine, with water they cast in; which the lord privy-seal having thought to have gone to inforce them a by-way, of which the rebels having spial, cut all the trees betwixt St. Mary Outrie and Exeter; for which cause the lord privy-seal burnt that town, and thought to return home: the rebels kept a bridg behind his back, and so compelled him, with his small band, to set upon them; which he did, and overcame them, killing 600 of them, and returning home without any loss of men. Then the lord Gray, and Spinola, with their bands, came to him, and afterward Gray with 200 of Redding, with which bands he being reinforced, came to raise the siege at Exeter, for because they had scarcity of victual; and as he passed from Honington, he came to a little town of his own, whither came but only two ways, which they had reinforced with two bullwarks made of earth, and had put to the defence of

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PART the same about 2000 men; and the rest they had laid, some at a bridg called Honington-bridg, partly at a certain hedg in a high-way, and the most part at the siege of Exeter. The rereward of the horsemen, of which Travers was captain, set upon the one bullwark, the waward and battail on the other; Spinola's band kept them occupied at their wall: at length Travers drove them into the town, which the lord privy-seal burnt. Then they ran to a bridg thereby, from whence being driven, there were in a plain about 900 of them slain.

The next day they were met about other 2000 of them, at the entry of a high-way, who first desired to talk, and in the mean season fortified themselves; which being perceived, they ran their ways, and that same night the city of Exeter was delivered of the siege. After that they gathered at Launston, to whom the lord privy-seal and sir Will. Herbert went and overthrew them, taking their chief heads and executing them. Nevertheless some sailed to Bridgwater, and went about sedition, but were quickly repressed. Hitherto of Devonshire. At this time the black gally was taken. Now to Norfolk: the people suddenly gathered together in Norfolk, and increased to a great number, against whom the lord marquess of Northampton was sent, with the number of 1060 horsemen, who winning the town of Norwich, kept it one day and one night; and the next day in the morning, with the loss of 100 men, departed out of the town, among whom the lord Sheffield was slain. There were taken divers gentlemen, and servingmen, to the number of thirty; with which victory, the rebels were very glad; but afterward hearing that the earl of Warwick came against them, they began to stay upon a strong plot of ground upon a hill near to the town of Norwich, having the town confederate with them. The earl of Warwick came with the number of 6000 foot and 1500 horsemen, and entred into the town of Norwich; which having won it, was so weak that he could scarcely defend it; and oftentimes the rebels came into the streets, killing divers of his men, and were repulsed again; yea, and the townsmen were

II.

given to mischief themselves: so having endured their as- BOOK. saults three days, and stopped their victuals, the rebels were constrained, for lack of meat, to remove; whom the earl of Warwick followed with 1000 almains, and his horsemen, leaving the English footmen in the town, and overcame them in plain battel, killing 2000 of them, and taking Ket their captain, who in January following was hang'd at Norwich, and his head hanged out: Ket's brother was taken also, and punished alike. In the mean season Chastilion besieged the peer of Bolloin made in the haven, and after long battery, 20000 shot or more, gave assault to it, and were manfully repulsed; nevertheless they continued the siege still, and made often skirmishes, and false assaults, in which they won not much. Therefore seeing they profited little that way, they planted ordnance against the mouth of the haven, that no victual might come to it; which our men seeing, set upon them by night and slew divers Frenchmen, and dismounted many of their peeces; nevertheless the French came another time and planted their ordnance toward the sand-side of the sand-hills, and beat divers ships of victualers at the entry of the haven; but yet the Englishmen, at the king's adventure, came into the haven and refreshed divers times the town. The Frenchmen seeing they could not that way prevail, continued their battery but smally, on which before they had spent 1500 shot in a day, but loaded a galley with stones and gravel, which they let go in the stream to sink it; but or e're it sunk, it came near to one bank, where the Bulloners took it out, and brought the stones to reinforce the peer. Also at Guines was a certain skirmish, in which there was about an 100 Frenchmen slain, of which some were gentlemen and noblemen. In the mean season in England rose great stirs, like to increase much if it had not been well foreseen. The council, about nineteen of them, were gathered in London, thinking to meet with the lord protector, and to make him amend some of his disorders. He fearing his state, caused the secretary, in my name, to be sent to the lords, to know for what cause they gathered their powers together; and if they meant to

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PART talk with him, that they should come in a peaceable manner. The next morning, being the 6th of October and Saturday, he commanded the armour to be brought down out of the armoury of Hampton Court, about 500 harnesses, to arm both his and my men, with all the gates of the house to be rampeir'd, people to be raised: people came abundantly to the house. That night, with all the people, at nine or ten of the clock of the night, I went to Windsor, and there was watch and word kept every night. The lords sat in open places of London, calling for gentlemen before them, and declaring the causes of accusation of the lord protector, and caused the same to be proclaimed. After which time few came to Windsor, but only mine own men of the guard, whom the lords willed, fearing the rage of the people so lately quieted. Then began the protector to treat by letters, sending sir Philip Hobbey, lately come from his ambassage in Flanders, to see to his family, who brought in his return a letter to the protector, very gentle, which he delivered to him, another to me, another to my house, to declare his faults, ambition, vain-glory, entring into rash wars in my youth, negligent looking on New-Haven, enriching of himself of my treasure, following of his own opinion, and doing all by his own authority, &c. Which letters were openly read, and immediately the lords came to Windsor, took him, and brought him through Holborn to the Tower. Afterward I came to Hampton-Court, where they appointed, by my consent, six lords of the council to be attendant on me, at least two and four knights; lords, the marquess of Northampton, the earls of Warwick and Arundel, the lords, Russel, St. John, and Wentworth; knights, sir Andr. Dudley, sir Edw. Rogers, sir Tho. Darcy, and sir Tho. Wroth. After I came through London to Westmin ster. The lord of Warwick made admiral of England. Sir Thomas Cheiney sent to the emperor for relief, which he could not obtain. Master Wotton made secretary. The lord protector by his own agreement and submission, lost his protectorship, treasurership, marshalship, all his moveables, and more, 20007. land, by act of parliament. The

H.

earl of Arundel committed to his house, for certain crimes BOOK of suspicion against him, as plucking down of bolts and locks at Westminster, giving of my stuff away, &c. and put to fine of 12,000l. to be paid 10007. yearly; of which he was after relieved.

Also Mr. Southwell committed to the Tower for certain bills of sedition, written with his hand, and put to fine of 5007. Likewise sir Tho. Arundel, and six, then committed to the Tower for conspiracies in the west places. A parliament, where was made a manner to consecrate, priests, bishops, and deacons. Mr. Paget surrendring his comptrolership, was made lord Paget of Beaudesert, and cited into the higher house by a writ of parliament. Sir Anthony Wingfield, before vice-chamberlain, made comptroller. Sir Thomas Darcy made vice-chamberlain. Guidotty made divers errands from the constable of France to make peace with us upon which were appointed four commissioners to treat; and they, after long debatement, made a treaty as followeth.

Anno 1549. Mart. 24.

Peace concluded between England, France, and Scotland. By our English side, John earl of Bedford, lord privy seal, lord Paget de Beaudesert, sir William Petre secretary, and sir John Mason. On the French side, monsieur de Rochepot, monsieur Chastilion, Guilluart de Mortier, and Boucherel de Sany, upon these conditions; that all titles, tribute, and defences, should remain; that the faults of one man, except he be not punished, should not break the league. That the ships of merchandize shall pass to and fro: that pirats shall be called back, and of war. That prisoners shall be delivered of both sides. That we shall not war with Scotland. That Bolein, with the pieces of new conquest, and two basilisks, two demy-cannons, three culverins, two demy-culverins, three sacres, six faulcons, 94 hagbutts, a crook, with wooden tailes, and 21 iron pieces; and Lauder, and Dunglass, with all the ordnance save that that came from Haddington, shall, within six months after this peace proclaimed, be delivered; and

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