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Though I brought never so many to hel,
And to utter dampnacion,

Throughe myne enfample, and consel,
Or thorow any abhominacion,
Yet doth our lawe excuse


fashion And thou, Luther, arte accursed, For blamynge me, and my condicion

The holy decres have the condempned.



Thou s ryver against my purgatory, Because thou findest it not in scripture;

As though I by myne au&torite Myght not make


honoure. Knoweit thou not, that I have

power To make, and mar, in heaven and hell, In erth, and every creature;

Whatsoever I do it muft be well.

one for



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I am a cardinall of Rome,
Sent from Chriftes hye vicary,

To graunt pardon to more, and sume,
That wil Luther resist strongly :
He is a greate hereticke treuly,

And regardeth to much the scripture;
For he thinketh onely thereby

To subdue the popes high honoure.



Receive ye this PARDON devoutely,
And loke that ye agaynst him fight;

Plucke up youre herts, and be manlye,
For the pope fayth ye do but ryght :
And this be sure, that at one flyghte,

Allthough ye be overcome by chaunce,
Ye shall to heaven go with greate myghte;

God can make you no resistaunce.




But these heretikes for theyr medlynge Shall


down to hel every one ;
For they have not the popes Lleslynge,
Nor regarde his holy pardòn :
They thinke from all destruction.

By Christes bloud, to be saved,
Fearynge not our excommunicacion,

Therefore all they al be damnpned.








While in England Verse was made the vehicle of controversy, and Popery was attacked in it by logical argument, or flinging satire ; we may be sure the zeal of the Scottish Reformers would not suffer their pens to be idle, but many a pasquil was discharged at the Romish priests, and their enormous encroachments on property. Of this kind perhaps is the following, (preserved in an ancient MS. Collection of Scottish poems in the Pepysian library :)

Tak a Wobster, that is leill,
And a Miller, that will not steill,
With ane Priest, that is not gredy,
And lay ane deid corpse thame by,
And, throw virtue of thame three,

That deid corpfe fall qwyknit be. Thus far all was fair : but their furious hatred of popery led them to employ their rhymes in a still more licentious man

It is a received tradition in Scotland, that at the time of the Reformation, ridiculous and baudy fongs were composed by the rabble to the tunes of the most favourite hymns in the Latin jervice. Greene sleeves and pudding pies (designed to ridicule the popish clergy) is said to bave been one of these metamorphofed hymns : Maggy Lauder was another : John Anderson my jo was a third. The original music of all these burlesque fonnets was very fine. To give a Specimen of their manner, we have inserted one of the least offensive. The Reader will pardon the meanness of the comPosition for the sake of the anecdote, which strongly marks the spirit of the times.



The adaptation of Solemn church music to these ludicrous pieces, and the jumõle of ideas, thereby occafioned, will account for the following fact. From the Récords of the General Assembly in Scoiland, called, The Book of the Universal Kirk," p. 90, 7th July, 1568, it appears, that Thomas Bajendyne printer in Edinburgh, printea a psalme buik, in the end whereof was found. printit ane baudy fang, called, Welcome Fortunes *.'


OHN Anderson my jo, cum in as ze gae bye,

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Weel baken in a pye, and the haggis in pat :
John Anderson my jo, cum in, and ze's get that,


Man. And how doe ze, Cummer? and how doe ze thrive? And how mony bairns hae ze ? Wom. Cammer, I hae five. Man. Are they to zour awin gude man? Wom. Na,

Cummer, na; For four of tham were gotten, quhan Wullie was awa'.

* See also Biograph. Britan, vol. I. p. 177.



We have here a witty libel on the Reformation under king Edward VI, written about the year 1550, and preserved in the Petys collection, British Mujeum, and Strype's Mem. of Cranmer. The author artfully declines entering into the merits of the cane, and wholly reflects on the lives and actions of many of the Reformed. It is so ealy to find flaws and imperfections in the conduet of inen, even the bejt of them, and still easier to make general exclamations about the profligacy of the present times, that no great point is gained by arguments of that fort, unless the author could have proved that the principles of the Reformed Religion had a natural tendency to produce a corruption of manners: whereas he indirectly owns, that their REVEREND FATHER [archbishop Cranmer] had done what he could to ftem the torrent, by giving the people access to the scriptures, by teaching them to pray with understanding, by publishing homilies, and other religious traits. It must however be acknowledged, that our libeller had at that time sufficient room for just satire. For under the banners of the Reformed had inlified themfelves, many concealed papifts, who had private ends to gratify; many that were of no religion ; many greedy courtiers, who thirsted after the polesions of the church ; and many disolute perfons, who wanted to be exempt from all ecclesiastical censures; as these men were loudeji of all others in their cries for Reformation, so in effect none obstructed the regular progress of it so much, or by their vicious lives brought vexation and frame more on the truly venerable and pious formers.


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