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GUARDIAN.

F. Hayman del,

THE


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LONDON:

PRINTED BY T. GILLET;

For Meffrs. Longman, Law, Johnson, Nichols, Dilly, Robinson,
Richardfon, Baldwin, Rivington, Otridge and Son, Hayes,
Wilkie, W. Lowndes, Ogilvie and Son, J. Edwards, Vernor
and Hood, Cadell and Davies, H. Lowndes, and Lee and
Hurft.

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LIEUTENANT GENERAL CADOGAN2.

SIR,

In the character of Guardian it behoves me to do honour to fuch as have deferved well of fociety, and laid out worthy and manly qualities in the fervice of the public. No man has more eminently diftinguifhed himself this way than Mr. Cadogan. With a contempt of pleasure, rest, and eafe, when called to the duties of your glorious profeffion, you have lived in a familiarity with dangers, and with a ftrict eye upon the final purpose of the attempt, have wholly difregard

a William Cadogan, efq. quarter-mafter-general in 1701 colonel of a regiment of horfe in 1703; brigadier-general in 1704; plenipotentiary to the Spanish Netherlands, and, major-general, in 1706; lieutenant-general in 1709; on. the acceffion of king George, mafter of the robes, and colonel of the fecond regiment of horfe-guards; knight of the thistle in 1715; governor of the Isle of Wight, and plenipo tentiary to Holland, in 1716; created lord Cadogan, June21, that year; baron Oakley, vifcount Caverfham, and earl Cadogan, April 17, 1718. On the death of the duke of Marlborough in 1722, he was made mafter-general of the ordnance, and colonel of the first regiment of foot-guards. He died July 17, 1726. No officer was ever fo much relied on by the duke of Marlborough as general Cadogan. He had the care of marking out almost every camp during the war in the Netherlands and Germany; which he executed so skilfully, that it was obferved, the duke was never furprised or attacked in his camp during the whole war. Steele's letters, vol. ii. let. ccccxxvi. p. 385. Two volumes, crown 8vo. 1787. Sce Ibidem, vol. i. p. 113.

VOL. I.

A

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ed what should befall yourself in the profecution of it. Thus has life rifen to you as fast as you refigned it, and every new hour for having fo frankly lent the preceding moments to the cause of justice and of liberty, has come home to you improved with honour. This happy diftinction which is fo very peculiar to you with the addition of industry, vigilance, patience of labour, thirst and hunger, in common with the meaneft foldier, has made your present fortune unenvied. For the public always reap greater advantage, from the example of fuccefsful merit, than the deferving man himself can poffibly be poffeffed of; your country knows how eminently you excel in the feveral parts of military skill, whether in affigning the encampment, accommodating the troops, leading to the charge, or purfuing the enemy: the retreat being the only part of the profeffion which has not fallen within the experience of those who learned their warfare under the duke of Marlborough. But the true and honeft purpose of this epiftle is to defire a place in your friendship, without pretending to add any thing to your reputation, who, by your own gallant actions have acquired, that your name through all ages fhall be read with honour, wherever mention fhall be made of that illuftrious captain,

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I am, Sir,

Your most obedient,

and moft humble fervant,

THE GUARDIAN.

THE PUBLISHER TO THE READER.

Ir is a juftice which Mr. Ironfide owes gen

tlemen who have sent him their affiftances from time to time, in the carrying on of this work, to acknowledge that obligation; though at the same time he himfelf dwindles into the character of a mere publisher, by making the acknowledgment. But whether a man does it out of juftice or gratitude, or any other virtuous reafon or not, it is also a prudential act to take no more upon a man than he can bear. Too large a credit has made many a bankrupt; but taking even lefs than a man can answer with eafe is a fure fund for extending it, whenever his occafions require. All thofe papers which are distinguished by the mark of an hand were written by a gentleman who has obliged the world with productions too fublime to admit that the author of them should receive any addition to his reputation, from fuch loofe occafional thoughts as make up these little treatises. For which reafon his name fhall be concealed. Thofe which are marked with a ftar, were compofed by Mr. Budgell. That upon dedications, with the epiftle of an author to himself, the club of little men, the receipt to make an epic poem, the paper of the gardens of Alcinous, and the catalogue of greens, that against barbarity to animals, and fome others, have Mr. Pope for their author. Now I mention this gentleman, I take this opportunity, out of the affection I have for his perfon and refpect to his merit, to let the world know, that he

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