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This work, though published anonymously, is asserted to be the production of M. Daunou. M. Dupin, recently a member of the French ministry, calls it a historical work of the first order, and gives it a place in his " BIBLIOTHEQUE CHOISIE des liures de droit qu'il est le plus utile d'acquerir et de connaitre."
We extract the following from the able and interesting preface to the edition now before us.
"The author composed this work, (which he modestly calls an essay,) under peculiar advantages. The Archives of the Vatican, which had been removed to Paris, were in his custody, at the time, by order of the government, (says M. Dupin,) and subject to his inspection. He appears to have been elaborate in research and judi cious in the selection of his authorities. He is clear and methodical in the arrangement of facts, philosophical and profound in his views and spirited in his composition. His purpose in composing it was to prove that the temporal power of the Roman pontiffs originated in fraud and usurpation; that its influence upon their pastoral ministry has been to mar and degrade it; that its continuance is dangerous to the peace and liberties of Europe; and that its constant influence and effects are to retard the advancement of civilization and knowledge. Among the documents upon which he relies are many which, he says, had never before been published.
"In treating the subject, M. Daunou very naturally gives prominence to those passages in the history of the court of Rome which are particularly connected with the affairs of his own country. The liberties of the Gallican church and the quarrels which have occurred between the kings of France and the Roman pontiffs, on account of those liberties, are set forth with considerable detail.”
It should be remarked, however, that the author has, in some instances, traced with minuteness the policy and conduct of the court of Rome towards other countries, and the effects of that policy.
It adds greatly to the value of this work that the author is decidedly a Roman Catholic, and that, while he deprecates the temporal power of the popes, he not only admits but positively asserts their supremacy in all things purely spiritual, and the claims of the Roman Catholic church to determine authoritatively all matters of faith. In the latter particular he differs from Gibbon in his "History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," and from Hallam, in his "View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages." Differing from the above authors, as M. Daunou does, in regard to the spiritual supremacy of the Roman pontiffs, his agreement with them in other matters of fact and opinion may be deemed a mutual confirmation, and a disagreement between them, a reason for further investigation.
On the whole, this book comes to us with high authority and we regard it as well adapted to the instruction of American readers. It
teaches lessons of wisdom in regard to the assumptions of ecclesiastical power in matters of faith, which will not fail to be appreciated by the members of the protestant churches in this country, and our statesmen and those who aspire to become such may here obtain enlightened and definite views of that court which was the founder, and has been the principal teacher of European diplomacy.
It is also well remarked by the American editor, that "the senti. ments of the author, upon the important topics of this book, are not unworthy of the attention of the Roman Catholic citizens of the United States.
"For a long period these topics have attracted the attention of the politicians as well as the clergy of France. Several works have been published in that country, relative to the temporal power of the popes, among which a small volume entitled "Origine, progres, et limites de la puissance des popes," etc. (Paris 1821) which pos sesses considerable merit. The object of it is the same as that of this. Its author remarks in his preface that his work may be use ful not only to ecclesiastics, who ought to blush at their need of instruction in that matter, but also to those public men, who feel the necessity of maintaining the Catholic religion, and at the same time making it consistent with our liberties.' The liberal party in France, (to which both these authors belong,) insist upon the restoration of the Catholic religion to the simplicity and moderation of the ancient church, as a measure which is indispensable to the civil and religious liberties of that country. This simplicity has been marred, they say, by the false decretals, the decree of Gracian, the decretals of the popes, etc. and the church (than which as it was in the early ages no society could be more free) has, they affirm, become an engine of intolerance and even of despotism. This party is opposed by another, which contends for the system as it is, notwithstanding the admitted spuriousness of the decretals, upon which the most objectionable parts of the system are founded. Their disputes have given origin to many treatises of great learning and ability, upon the subject of the early discipline of the church-of the liberties of the Gallican church-of the pragmatics-of the concordats, etc. etc. It is not an absurd supposition, that causes which, in times past, have affected injuriously the public and individual interests of the people of France may, in times future, affect in like manner the citizens of other countries. On no other supposition can we, in any case, with propriety invoke history, as a guide in present emergencies. That the doctrines of this book, and the expedients proposed in it, are still accredited and approved by Catholic Frenchmen, distinguished for learning and talents, as well as by the popular voice of that country, is sufficiently shown by the testimony of M. Dupin, to the merits of this book and by the number of editions through which it has passed. It is impossible, that the Roman Catholic laity of the
United States, should condemn, what the intelligence and experience of the best minds in France decidedly approve, or that they should deem that, to be trivial, which, such men as the advocate general Talon, M. Dupin, M. Daunou and many others not less distinguished, have considered of the utmost importance to the social and political interests of their country."
5.-The Elements of Political Economy. Abridged for the use of Academies. By Francis Wayland, D. D. President of Brown University, and Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy. Boston: Gould, Kendall & Lincoln, 1837. pp. 254.
Our opinion of the original work of Dr. Wayland, from which the above has been abridged, was expressed in a former No. of the Repository, Vol. X. p. 399 seq. The author has now accomplished what we then suggested as highly desirable. He has so condensed and abridged his original work as to furnish an admirable text book for the use of academies and higher seminaries. We are glad to see this Abridgement before the public, and cordially recommend it.
6.-Principles of Interpreting the Prophecies; briefly illustrated and applied. With Notes. By Henry Jones. New York and Andover: Gould & Newman, 1837. pp. 150.
The principles formally stated in this book are twenty-four. In excogitating and arranging these principles the author seems to have confined himself principally to the study of the English Bible without recourse to the more extended investigations of others. The work is original and appears to have been the result of much study. Some of the principles here illustrated are not as well guarded as they might have been by more extensive learning, and some of them, we think, are not fully sustained. Yet the author has succeeded in stating with clearness some important facts, as "First principles of the oracles of God," which, as he remarks in his Introduction, " have heretofore been, and are still too much overlooked in the study of the prophecies." These principles are "easy to be understood and applied even by the unlearned," and may be safely submitted to every class of readers.
7-The Works of Joseph Addison, complete in Three Volumes. Embracing the whole of the "Spectator," etc. Harper and Brothers, 1837, pp. 456, 459, 535.
The Works of Addison have acquired a reputation which needs not the aid of the periodical press to sustain it. They are among the richest treasures of English literature, and will not cease to be admired so long as the elegancies of the English language shall be VOL. XI. No. 29. 33
cultivated. The publishers of these works have done honor to the literary taste and refinement of our country by presuming on the sale of a large edition of these volumes. They have also done honor to themselves by the convenient and elegant form in which they have prepared and executed the work. Their own "Advertisement" prefixed to the first volume, which we subjoin, expresses all that we need to say in commending this edition to our readers, viz:
"In presenting to the American public this new edition of the writings of Joseph Addison, the publishers hold it altogether superfluous and unnecessary to say any thing in commendation of the works themselves, or make any reference to the established and increasing celebrity of the author. That celebrity has been delibe rately conferred by a succession of generations, and the name of Addison is permanently enrolled among the brightest that adorn the Augustan age of English literature. A few words, however, of comment upon the peculiar advantages of this edition may be permitted, it is hoped, if on no other ground, at least as showing the anxiety of the publishers to provide the community with the best which they can obtain, and the most suited to gratify the wants and wishes of every reader.
The superiority of this edition over any heretofore published in this country, or, indeed in England, consists in its convenience of form, its low price, its accuracy, its neatness of mechanical execution, and above all, its completeness. It comprises not only all the essays, letters, poems, criticisms, tales, descriptions and dramatic works of Addison, but also the whole of the Spectator; this last being a new and very useful arrangement, inasmuch as many of the finest essays, narratives and characters in that admirable series were contributed jointly by Addison and others. The delightful character of Sir Roger de Coverley, for instance, was frequently taken up by Steele, Budgell, and several others of the contributors who were quite as often employed in the beautiful papers relating to "the club" as was Addison himself. It is evident that, by separating those of the latter from the others, as has been done in former editions of his works, the continuity of the story is destroyed and the pleasure of the reader materially diminished. In this point of view alone the edition now offered must be considered vastly preferable.
Care has been taken, nevertheless, to designate not only the pa pers contributed by Addison, but also those furnished by each of the other writers; and in all other respects the edition of the Spec tator comprised within these volumes is as complete and perfect as any ever published. The publishers have only to add the expres sion of their hope, that the favor of the public to this undertaking may be such as shall encourage them to the production of other English classics in a corresponding style of excellence, literary and
8.-The Young Disciple; or, A Memoir of Anzonetta R. Peters. By Rev. John A. Clark, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia. Author of The Pastor's Testimony," "Walk about Zion," "Gathered Fragments," etc. Philadelphia: William Marshall & Co. 1837. pp. 328.
The subject of this Memoir departed this life in the city of New York in the autumn of 1833, aged about eighteen years. She was a member of the Episcopal church, and her piety, to use the language of her biographer," was of the brightest and holiest stamp." She was a grand-daughter of the Rev. Christopher Godfrey Peters, pastor of the Moravian church in the city of New York, who died in 1797, and cousin of Caroline Elizabeth Smelt, the history of whose wonderful conversion and dying testimony has done much to exalt the riches of free grace and win souls to Christ,-has been extensively read in this country, has passed through several editions in England, has been translated into the German, and is exerting its silent but effective influence in many countries. The memoir of Miss Peters is less striking and wonderful, but the spirit which pervades it is equally attractive, and its narrative cqually suited to instruct and benefit the reader. It is well written and worthy of extensive circulation.
9.—Religious_Dissensions: Their Cause and Cure. A Prize Es
say. By Pharcellus Church, Author of " Philosophy of Benevolence." New York: Gould & Newman, Amherst: J. S. & C. Adams. Boston: Crocker & Brewster, Gould, Kendall & Lincoln. Hartford: Canfield & Robbins. Rochester: H. Stanwood & Co. 1838. pp. 400.
The manner in which this work has been brought before the public furnishes presumptive evidence of its substantial excellence. A premium of $200 was offered for the best Tract or Treatise on Dissensions in the churches. From twenty-seven manuscripts, several of which, the committee say, were written with much ability and in an excellent spirit, they selected this for the premium.
On the announcement of this award we were happy to learn that it had fallen to the name of the Rev. Pharcellus Church. We have known this author only through his previous work entitled "The Philosophy of Benevolence," which we regard as one of the best books which has been issued from the American press. A distinguished clergyman, and a stranger to the author remarked to us, soon after its publication, that it was one of the few books which, having begun, he felt impelled to read entirely through. We have not yet had time to follow this example in our perusal of the "Prize Essay," but from the portions which we have read, our impression is that the author has fully equalled himself, in his former work. We in