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Conditions in coerced States, by the confession of "wet" newspapers, are not half as bad as they were under license, but it is also true that enforcement is not half as good as it ought to be. The Literary Digest poll on the proposal to modify the enforcement law so as to allow the sale of beer and light wine under a “bone dry” Constitutional amendment, has brought into the blaze of day what ought to have been well known by all familiar with prohibition history, that the victory of prohibition has been won by the votes of millions who were “anti-saloonbut not "anti-alcohol"; who had fought to stop the public sale of liquors but expected in some way to keep up their own supply of beer and wine at least.

Dr. Frances E. Willard's great warning was not followed: “After the anti-saloon campaign we must have an anti-alcohol campaign.We have not kept the two oars of total abstinance and prohibition pulling with even stroke.

THE SUPREME CALL OF THE HOUR IS TO SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHERS AND THE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS TO TEACH THEIR SCRIPTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC TEMPERANCE LESSONS MORE FAITHFULLY THAN EVER.3

2 If we attempted to record all the beneficial results of national prohibi. tion in the United States there would be room for nothing else and it would be a needless reprinting of what is already available in larger volumes than will be read except by persons very deeply interested. The important thing now is to present in briefest possible form the most decisive testimony. This the International Reform Bureau has done in a 16-page, illustrated, octavo pamphlet on “Results of Prohibition” which will be sent on application with stamp. Those who need to pile Ossa on Pelion in proof in some city steeped in prejudice, and perhaps a bad case of local nullification, should apply, with stamp. to Methodist Board of Temperance, Prohibition and Public Morals, 110 Maryland Avenue, N. E., Washington, D. C., for. big pamphlet by Mr. Deets Pickett on "How Prohibition Works in American Cities”; also send 50 cents to Manufacturers' Review, New York, for its symposium of business leaders on prohibition, entitled, “The Prohibition Question.” Some very strong documents, made in a scientific spirit and method, can be secured from Scientific Temperence Federation, 73 Tremont Street, Boston, for another 50 cents. But chief efforts of all anti-alcohol workers in every land should be devoted to proving beyond a doubt that wine and beer are harmful even when used in moderation at home. Till a man is convinced of that it will be hard to get him to believe anything favorable to prohibition.

3 The International Sunday School Convention in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1922, made this strong appeal for faithful use of temperance lessons:

Teachers in both kinds of schools, sharing the general folly, have almost given up their temperance lessonsglad to think they were no longer needed. It is like the Sunday school teacher whose class all joined the church in a revival, whereupon she applied to the Superintendent for another class on the ground the class she had needed no more teaching, having professed religion.

The one thing that needs to be “shown” all over the world in and out of school so clearly that no one of open mind can fail to accept it, is that beer and wine contain the same poison as whiskey, and that they lead to whiskey both in the drinking and the selling.

The author knows whereof he affirms when he says that both in the public schools and in the Sunday schools the temperance lessons have been much neglected in the cities where they were most needed and where the subject was therefore unpopular.

The churches, which carried prohibition in spite of the indifference and hostility of politicians, must go with the same powerful earnestness to associations of teachers and make them feel that in order to hold prohibition, not as a mere form of law but a fact for the children who are growing up, they must be made zealous abstainers forthwith. 4

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As the end of lesson's is better life, and the moral life of our oncoming generation is beset with perils, old and new, count it an educational necessity that provision heretofore made for temperance instruction in our Sunday schools, be continued and that in our graded courses for Sunday and week-day instruction equally effective emphasis be maintained, with such training as may awaken our childhood and youth to the dangers of the cigaret habit and the beauty of a clean and ordered life.”

4 When national prohibition loomed in sight, the International Reform Bureau engaged Miss Cora F. Stoddard, who is the scientific temperance specialist of both the Anti-Saloon League and the W.C. T. U., and the editor of the ablest organ of scientific temperance, “The Scientific Temperance Journal,” Boston ($1.50 per year), to put in plain language for a small booklet in many languages the abundant scientific proofs, mostly developed by European scientists, that the most moderate use of the purest beer and wine, apart from saloon influences, lowers efficiency in hearing, seeing, shooting, setting type, punctuating, climbing, etc. This booklet was welcomed for campaigns in Canada, Scotland, Scandinavia--to some extent in the United States but too feebly. A sample will be sent on application, with stamp, in any one of the following languages: English, French,

Here is a five-bottle, four-minute, three-finger blackboard exercise that has been added to an abridgement of Miss Stoddard's booklet, for which she furnished the pictures and basic facts.

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One, two, three (counting on three fingers, starting with the smallest)—one pint of wine, two pints of beer, three ounces of whiskey have the same alcohol, the same "kick," the same poison, the same devil. Three burglars : the biggest burglar, whiskey, has the biggest gun, but the little burglars, beer and wine, have more rapid fire; and the big burglar, whiskey, never gets into the human body till one of the little burglars, beer or wine, pries open the window. I was a pastor in New York City, near the Christian Home for Intemperate Men, and helped the drunkards who came there by taking them

Spanish, Portugese, Swedish, German, Chinese—both Mandarin and New Script. We have a translation in Russian ready, all but the money to print it.

It should be used freely among Russian Jews. The Reform Bureau publishes the latest temperance cyclopedia (up to 1922), “The World Book of Temperance,”. $1 postpaid, covering the Scriptual (Bible lessons of whole Bible), the historical, scientific, and legislative aspects of the subject. The Reform Bureau also had the latest book (in 1922) covering all aspects of prohibition, “Why Dry?” (50 cents). Manifestly we need to go over the whole argument anew. One of the best helps to teaching the need of "bone dry” abstinence is the Reform Bureau's Alcoholism Poster" in three colors, 30 x 40, which combines the best elements of French and British posters in one, made when I was in Australia, by aid of its leaders, for the world. Its special feature is the official declaration of French and British officials that the use of even wine and beer, to an extent that falls short of drunkenness, often causes "chronic alcoholism," which is a more permanent state of intoxication, not so dangerous as drunkenness to one's neighbors, but more deadly for the victim and his children.

into my church at some risk; and so they told me their life histories. Eighty of every hundred started with beer; most of the other twenty with wine; none with whiskey. It is by the beer bridge and wine bridge that people get over to whiskey and habitual drunkenness. The ringleader is beer. To achieve an alcohol-free world we must concentrate our efforts in and out of school on showing the harmfulness of beer.

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A PULL ALL TOGETHER FOR MORE

AND BETTER EDUCATION

To Follow Up Chapter IV CHAIRMAN. The two main institutions of a normal neighborhood are the school and church. Both institutions, through a strong Parents' and Teachers' Association, in which fathers should be active as well as mothers, should pull all together for a great increase in both the quantity and quality of education, considered in the broadest sense of the word as the development of all the capacities of the child in body, mind, heart and soul; the objective being not alone or chiefly the advantage of education to the child, but rather its necessity for the protection of democracy against the perils of ignorance, and to prepare the child for useful service of God and man as the true goal of life.

When James A. Garfield, afterwards President of the United States, was president of Hiram College, a man brought for entrance as a student his son, for whom he wished a shorter course than the regular one.

“The boy can never take all that in,” said the father. “He wants to get through quicker. Can you arrange it for him?" "Oh, yes,” said Mr. Garfield. “He can take a short course; it all depends on what you want to make of him. When God wants to make an oak he takes a hundred years, but he takes only two months to make a squash." We are growing more squashes than oaks in our Republic, through the strong oak is the symbol of liberty, and squash heads are better adapted to a paternal monarchy.

The whole community should unite in a “drive” against popular ignorance as a national peril. It has been often

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