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Mr. Justice John M. Harlan, U. S. Supreme Court: "I believe that the due observance of the Sabbath as a day for religious worship and contemplation is required by commandment of God, and is vital to the purity and integrity of the social organism. While the state may not deal with this question in its purely religious aspects, it may deal with it as involved in the right to have one day in seven set apart, under the sanction of law, as a day on which unnecessary labor shall cease upon the part of all, thereby securing for each person an opportunity for that rest of body and mind which the public health and the public safety demand.”

Justice McLean, U. S. Supreme Court: “Where there is no Christian Sabbath, there is no Christian morality; and without this free institutions cannot long be sustained.”

Daniel Webster, Secretary of State: “The longer I live the more highly do I esteem the proper observance of the Christian Sabbath and the more grateful do I feel toward those who impress its importance on the community.”

William H. Seward, Secretary of State: "Every day's observance and experience confirm the opinion that the ordinances which require the observance of one day in seven, and the Christian faith which hallows it, are our chief security for all civil and religious liberty, for temporal blessings and spiritual hopes.'

John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury: “The Sabbath is an inheritance from our forefathers which should be cherished as a part of the institution of our government."

Senator George F. Hoar: “I believe thoroughly in a day of rest which shall be largely devoted to the contemplation of Divine themes and to the worship of God, and teaching His law; and in protecting its observance by law.”

Hon. John Randolph Tucker, M. C.: “I wish to testify my belief that the institutional custom of our fathers in remembering the Sabbath day to keep it holy, as a conservator of their Christian religion, is the foundation of our political system, and the only hope of American freedom, progress and glory."

Now hear the great labor leader, Mr. Henry George, author of "Progress and Poverty": "I believe that the institution of the Sabbath is one of the greatest benefits that the human race ever had. I believe in the strict enforcement of the law that prevents servile labor being carried on on the seventh day.”

Following Henry George, it is pertinent to quote as showing how making Sunday a holiday has made it increasingly a workaday, this statement published on Feb. 3, 1920, by the American Association for Labor Legislation:

"Hundreds of thousands still do not have one day's rest in seven, even while the unemployed are counted by millions."

This is in part because Sunday profiteers have so confused workers that they do not know Sunday rest laws are for their protection, not restriction.

Right here it is appropriate to quote the great words of the Catholic Plenary Council in Baltimore in 1888:

"LET THERE BE ONE DAY IN THE WEEK THE SUNRISE OF WHICH SAYS TO THE LABORER: ‘THOU ART A FREE MAN; THOU ART INDEPENDENT. TODAY AT LEAST, THOU ART THE EQUAL OF THY EMPLOYER, THE EQUAL OF THE HIGHEST AND THE RICHEST IN THE LAND.'"

That is the way that a Sunday law puts the Sun into Sunday.

Hear Dr. Leonard W. Bacon: “Under our civilization the liberty of rest for each is secured only by a law of rest for all.”

Bishop Henry C. Potter: “It is as utter impertinence for the German or the Frenchman, for the Jew or the Mohammedan, to come here demanding that we shall waive the customs and repeal the laws that hallow our

Lord's Day as that we should surrender our language for the dialect of the Black Forest, or our marriage relations for the domestic usages of the Sultan.”

Rabbi Joseph Krausskopf, of Philadelphia, in 1888, admitted practically all that Americans really claim should be included in Sunday laws, when he said: "Beyond the recognition, on hygienic grounds, that the human body needs one day out of every seven for rest and recreation, and beyond legalizing that day as Sabbath which is preferred by the greatest numbers of the people, and beyond protecting that day as much as is consistent with its authority, the State has no other duties in connection with the Sabbath."

"So say we all of us." It is sheer lying by Sunday profiteers that has made many people suppose anything beyond that is proposed in Sunday laws.

Why Sunday Amusements Are Forbidden The State forbids Sunday amusements partly because they deprive thousands of men of their share in the weekly Rest Day, without any such valid plea as that of mercy or necessity. Actors, for instance, have often protested against their Sunday work. The principal baseball leagues long fought for their Sunday rest, and finally yielded to the combined selfishness of fans and managers.

There is, in the case of many of these Sunday amusements, the added objection that they rob the community of its right to a quiet day—so much needed in this

age

of extinct leisure, when the week days are so largely spent in vexatious helloing to the telephone and anxious running after trains, by which our nervous account is heavily overdrawn. If the amusement vendor is allowed to sell his minstrelsy, his tragedy, his comedy, his excursion, on the Rest Day, merchants who have better things to sell

demand an equally early chance at the Saturday night's wages, and so toil and traffic of all kinds crowd into the Rest Day. The law should not permit me to make another man work on the day of rest that I may be amused. I should be required to find my rest in some way that will not sacrifice another's.

Dr. Josiah Strong says in a booklet on “The Civil Sabbath":

“The Continental Sabbath can hardly be called a rest day. The time not devoted to business is, by the multitude, given up to amusements. But many amusements can no more take the place of Sabbath rest than of night rest. Reaction may be afforded by a change of activities, but the intense living, the headlong rush of this generation stands in peculiar need of repose, the rest that comes only from quiet. As a matter of fact, a holiday Sabbath is commonly followed by a jaded Monday. Among the lower class of operatives in France, Germany, and even in England, the effects of Sabbath dissipation very commonly make Monday an idle day. European manufacturers say that American workmen earn more than European by being able to do more work Mondays. Among us, wherever the Continental Sabbath has prevailed, Monday is the poorest workday in the week, showing that Sunday amusements have served to exhaust rather than recuperate.'

Sunday Holidays Promote Despotism and Anarchy

The effect of the unamerican Sunday on the individual, however, is far less serious than the well known effect of holiday Sundays in promoting despotism and anarchy.

Hear Hugh Miller:

“The old despotic Stuarts were tolerable adepts in kingcraft and knew what they were doing when they backed with their authority the 'Book of Sports.' The many unthinking serfs, who early in the reign of Charles the 1st

danced on the Sabbath around the maypole, were afterwards the ready tools of despotism and fought that England might be enslaved. The Ironsides, who, in the cause of religious freedom bore them down, were staunch Sabbath keepers.”

Hear Hallam also:

"The shrewd despots of Europe have cultivated a love of Sabbath amusement to keep the people quiet under political distresses."

And hear Bob Burdette, who packed voiumes of instructive political history into one sentence when he said:

"THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE WAS NOT WRITTEN IN A BEER DIVE ON SUNDAY AFTERNOON_NOT BY A JUGFUL

It is time real Americans protested against the habitual misuse of the word “American” as label for everything that unamerican profiteers want to substitute for American laws and customs. “American” means, of course,

What Jews, Catholics and Protestants Accept

Isaiah 58: 13, 14: "If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it."

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