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Miss GaraBALDI. June 14, 1777, the American Congress, then in session in Philadelphia, resolved, “that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, the union of thirteen stars white on a blue field representing a new constellation." General George

Washington, Robert Morris and Colonel Ross were appointed a committee to determine upon the form of the flag, and to have it made. Col. Ross had niece named Betsy Ross, who had the reputation of being an expert needlewoman. Col. Ross suggested

that they might secure her services for the making of the flag. And when the committee called on her she suggested the making of a five-pointed star, and then taking a scrap of paper with one clip of the scissors she produced a five-point star, much to the surprise and delight of the committee, who at once adopted her suggestion, and gave her the order to make the flag, which was made in accordance with above resolution Two new stripes were added when Vermont and Kentucky were admitted to the union. But in 1918 it was finally ordered that fifteen stripes should be reduced permanently to 13, and that the stars alone should show when a new State had been admitted—the additional star being added on July 4 following. The States have their own particular stars located according to their ratification of the Constitution, in the case of the first 13, and in order


of their admittance into the Union, for those added later. Delaware was first (in upper left hand corner), Pennsylvania second (in horizontal line). Every child should learn point out his own State star in the flag.

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Flag Salute (by all present):

I pledge allegiance to my flag and the Republic for which it stands: One nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice to all.

A Toast to the Flag. (To be recited, the first stanza, by a boy, second by a girl, third by another boy, fourth by whole class or group, all holding glasses of water and drinking together at the close of fourth verse.) 1. Here's to the Red of it, 2. Here's to the White of it

There's not a thread of it, Thrilled by the sight of it, No, nor a shred of it,

Who knows the right of it, In all the spread of it

But feels the might of it, From foot to head,

Through day and night? But heroes bled for it,

Womanhood's care for it Faced steel and lead for it, Made manhood dare for it, Precious blood shed for it, Purity's prayer for it Bathing it Red.

Keeps it so White.

3. Here's to the Blue of it 4. Here's to the Whole of itBeauteous view of it,

Stars, stripes and pole of it, Heavenly hue of it,

Body and soul of it,
Star-spangled dew of it,

On to the goal of it,
Constant and true.

Carry it through
States stand supreme for it, Home or abroad for it,
Diadems gleam for it,

Unsheath the sword for it, Liberty's beam for it,

Fight in accord for it,
Brightens the Blue.

RED, WHITE AND BLUE! Song: "Your flag and my flag

And how it floats today,” etc.

The Significance of the Flag CHAIRMAN. Loyalty to the flag means loyalty to all laws for which it stands. We will therefore next listen to a recitation of Lincoln's Great appeal for such a true loyalty, in his first published speech, on Jan. 27, 1837, when he was 27 years old. Then we will hear what other Presidents have since said in behalf of the same loyalty to law.

Lincoln's Appeal for Loyalty to All Laws Let

every American, every lover of liberty, every well wisher to his posterity, swear by the blood of the Revolution never to violate in the least particular the laws of the country, and never to tolerate their violation by others. As the patriots of seventy-six did to the support of the Declaration of Independence, so to the support of the Constitution and laws let every American pledge his life, his property and his sacred honor. Let every man remember that to violate the law is to trample on the blood of his father, and to tear the charter of his own and his children's liberty. Let reverence for the laws be breathed by every American mother to the lisping babe that prattles on her lap; let it be taught in schools, in seminaries, and in colleges; let it be written in primers, spelling books and almanacs; let it be preached from the pulpit, proclaimed in the legislative halls, and enforced in courts of justice.

President Benjamin Harrison:1 The idea that a mayor or chief of police is at liberty to permit any law or ordinance to be violated is monstrous. We choose executive officers to enforce laws and not to repeal or suspend them at their pleasure. Such questions are for the legislature and the council. To find fault with an officer for enforcing the law is to repudiate our system of government, and to vote against a candidate because he is pledged to enforce law is to associate one's self with lawbreakers.

President Theodore Roosevelt: In the unending strife for civic betterment, small is the use of those people who mean well, but who mean well feebly. The man that counts is the man who is decent, and who makes himself felt as a force for decency, a force for clean living, for civic righteousness. That is the man that counts.

President William Howard Taft: This is a democratic government, and the voice of the people, expressed through the machinery provided by the Constitution for its expression and by constitutional majorities, is supreme. Every loyal citizen must obey. This is the fundamental principle of the government.

President Warren G. Harding: We must reassert the doctrine that in this Republic the first obligation and the first allegiance of every citizen, high or low, is to his government, and to hold that government to be the just and unchallenged sponsor for public welfare and the liberty, security and rights of all its citizens.

Recitation by a young lady: Who Made the Flag?

A flag was raised over the Jamestown worsted-mills. From the owners of the mill itself I learn:

The flag was made of wool from American sheepSorted by an American, Carded by an Italian, Spun by a Swede, Warped by a German, Dressed by an Englishman, Drawn in by a Scotchman, Woven by a Belgian, 1 The International Reform Bureau, 206 Pa. Ave., S. E., Washington, D. C., will send on request with stamp a longer patriotic concert exercise "For National Holidays.”

Supervised by a Frenchman,
Inspected by an American,
Scoured by an Albanian,
Dyed by a Turk,
Examined by an Irishman,
Pressed by a Pole.

Where else could this be true except in the “land of the free and the home of the brave”?—Philadelphia Public Ledger.

CHAIRMAN. It will not answer to put up our cherished flag in any old way or at any old tome. We should all know "Flag Etiquette" which will now be recalled.

Recitation by a Foreign Young Man: Flag Etiquette.
Raise the flag at sunrise, or after, never before.
Lower the flag at sunset.

When draping the flag against the side of a room or building, place the blue field always to the north or east.

It is a mark of disrespect to allow the flag to fly through the night.

A flag flown upside down is a signal of distress.

The flag should never be used as a cover for a table, desk or box, or where anything can be placed upon it.

When the flag is used out of doors, it should be allowed to fly in the breeze,

When clusters or draping of colors are desired, bunting or cloth should be used but never the flag. When red, white and blue bunting are used they should be placed in that order, with red at the top.

The flag should never be worn as whole or a part of a costume. As a badge it should be worn over the left breast.

The statutes of the United States forbid its use in any advertisement.

CHAIRMAN. In Chicago, when a street parade of railroad strikers had naturally drawn about itself a mob of criminals and reckless youth, which for some hours controlled the city, the rallying forces of law and order wore

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