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(4) Paul before Gallio.

Acts 18 : 12–17. 12 But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews with one accord rose up against Paul, and brought him before the judgementseat, 13 saying, This man persuadeth men to worship God contrary to the law. 14 But when Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If indeed it were a matter of wrong or of wicked villany, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you: 15 but if they are questions about words and names and your own law, look to it yourselves; I am not minded to be a judge of these matters. 16 And he drave them from the judgement-seat. 17 And they all laid hold on Sosthenes, the ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgement-seat. And Gallio cared for none of these things.

$47. PAUL'S RETURN TO SYRIA, AND THIRD SOJOURN IN ANTIOCH: THE LETTER TO THE GALATIANS.

Acts 18 : 18–22 [232]. GAL. entire.
(1) From Corinth to Antioch in Syria.

Acts 18:18-22 [232]. 18 And Paul, having tarried after this yet many days, took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence for Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchreæ: for he had a vow. 19 And they came to Ephesus, and he left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews. 20 And when they asked him to abide a longer time, he consented not; 21 but taking his leave of them, and saying, I will return again unto you, if God will, he set sail from Ephesus. 22 And when he had landed at Cæsarea, he went up and saluted the church, and went down to Antioch. [23 And having spent some time there, he departed ...]

[Paragraph continued in $48.]

(2) Paul's letter to the Galatians.* . 1: 1 Paul, an apostle (not from men, neither through 1 man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead), 2 and all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches of Galatia : 3 Grace to you and peace 2 from God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us out of this present evil 8 world, according to the will of our God and Father: 5 to whom be the glory 4 for ever and ever. Amen.

1 Or, a man 2 Some ancient authorities read from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.' Or, age •Gr, unto the ages of the ages.

*See Note 7.

6 I marvel that ye are so quickly removing from him that called you in the grace of Christ unto a different gospel; 7 which is not another gospel; only there are some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach 1 unto you any gospel 2 other than that which we preached unto you, let him be anathema. 9 As we have said before, so say I now again, If any man preacheth unto you any gospel other than that which ye received, let him be anathema. 10 For am I now persuading men, or God? or am I seeking to please men? if I were still

pleasing men, I should not be a 3 servant of Christ.
- 11 For I make known to you, brethren, as touching the gospel which was

preached by me, that it is not after man. 12 For neither did I receive it from
4 man, nor was I taught it, but it came to me through revelation of Jesus Christ.
13 For ye have heard of my manner of life in time past in the Jews' religion,
how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and made havock
of it: 14 and I advanced in the Jews' religion beyond many of mine own age
5 among my countrymen, being more exceedingly zealous for the traditions of
my fathers. 15 But when it was the good pleasure of God, who separated
me, even from my mother's womb, and called me through his grace, 16 to
reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the Gentiles; imme-
diately I conferred not with flesh and blood: 17 neither went I up to Jeru-
salem to them which were apostles before me: but I went away into Arabia;
and again I returned unto Damascus.

18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to 6 visit Cephas, and tarried with him fifteen days. 19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother. 20 Now touching the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not. 21 Then I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 22 And I was still unknown by face unto the churches of Judæa which were in Christ: 23 but they only heard say, He that once persecuted us now preacheth the faith of which he once made havock; 24 and they glorified God in me.

2:1 Then 8 after the space of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me. 2 And I went up by revelation; and I laid before them the gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately before them who 'were of repute, lest by any means I should be running, or had run, in vain. 3 But not even Titus who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: 4 10 and that because of the false brethren privily brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage: 5 to whom we gave place in the way of subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. 6 But from those who were reputed to be somewhat (11 whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth not man's person) — they, I say, who were of repute imparted nothing to me: 7 but contrariwise, when they saw that I had been intrusted with the gospel of the uncircumcision, even as Peter with the gospel of the circumcision 8 (for he that wrought for Peter unto the apostleship of the

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1 Some ancient authorities omit unto you. 2 Or, contrary to that 8Gr. bondservant. 4 Or, a man 5Gr. in my race. Or, become acquainted with ?Or, but only 8 Or, in the course of 9 Or, are 10 Or, but it was because of 11 Or, what they once were

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circumcision wrought for me also unto the Gentiles); 9 and when they perceived the grace that was given unto me, James and Cephas and John, they who I were reputed to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship, that we should go unto the Gentiles, and they unto the circumcision; 10 only they would that we should remember the poor; which very thing I was also zealous to do.

II But when Cephas came to Antioch, I resisted him to his face, because he stood condemned. 12 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they came, he drew back and separated himself, fearing them that were of the circumcision. 13 And the rest of the Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that even Barnabas was carried away with their dissimulation. 14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Cephas before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest as do the Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, how compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? 15 We being Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, 16 yet knowing that a man is not justified by a the works of the law, 8 save through faith in Jesus Christ, even we believed on Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works

of the law: because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 17 But * if, while we sought to be justified in Christ, we ourselves also were found

sinners, is Christ a minister of sin? God forbid. 18 For if I build up again those things which I destroyed, I prove myself a transgressor. 19 For I through 4 the law died unto 4 the law, that I might live unto God. 20 I have been crucified with Christ; 5 yet I live; and yet no longer I, but Christ liveth in me: and that life which I now live in the flesh I live in faith, the faith which is in the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself up for me. 21 I do not make void the grace of God: for if righteousness is through * the law, then Christ died for nought.

3:10 foolish Galatians, who did bewitch you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was openly set forth crucified ? 2 This only would I learn from you, Received ye the Spirit by 2 the works of the law, or by the 6 hearing of faith? 3 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, 7 are ye now perfected in the flesh? 4 Did ye suffer so many things in vain? if it be indeed in vain. 5 He therefore that supplieth to you the Spirit, and worketh 8 miracles 9 among you, doeth he it by 2 the works of the law, or by the 6 hearing of faith? 6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness, 7 10 Know therefore that they which be of faith, the same are sons of Abraham. 8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God 11 would justify the 12 Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all the nations be blessed. 9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with the faithful Abraham. 10 For as many as are of 2 the works of the law are under a curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one which continueth not in all things that are written in the book of the law, to do them. 11 Now that no man is justified 18 by the law in the sight of God, is evident: for, The

? Or, are ? Or, works of law Or, but only "Or, law Or, and it is no longer I that live but Christ &c. Or, message for, do ye now make an end in the flesh! Gr. powers. 9Or, in 16 Or, Yė perceive 11 Gr. justifieth. 12 Gr. nations. righteous shall live by faith; 12 and the law is not of faith; but, He that doeth them shall live in them. 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us : for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: 14 that upon the Gentiles might come the blessing of Abraham in Christ Jesus ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

13 Gr. in.

15 Brethren, I speak after the manner of men: Though it be but a man's 1 covenant, yet when it hath been confirmed, no one maketh it void, or addeth thereto. 16 Now to Abraham were the promises spoken, and to his seed. He saith not, and to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. 17 Now this I say; Alcovenant confirmed beforehand by God, the law, which came four hundred and thirty years after, doth not disannul, so as to make the promise of none effect. 18 For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no more of promise: but God hath granted it to Abraham by promise. 19 What then is the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise hath been made ; and it was ordained through angels by the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one; but God is one. 21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could make alive, verily righteousness would have been of the law. 22 Howbeit the scripture hath shut up all things under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

23 But before 2 faith came, we were kept in ward under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 So that the law hath been our tutor to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith is come, we are no longer under a tutor. 26 For ye are all sons of God, through faith, in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ did put on Christ. 28 There can be neither Jew nor Greek, there can be neither bond nor free, there can be no male and female: for ye all are one man in Christ Jesus. 29 And if ye are Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, heirs according to promise.

4 : 1 But I say that so long as the heir is a child, he differeth nothing from a bondservant, though he is lord of all; 2 but is under guardians and stewards until the term appointed of the father. 3 So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the 8 rudiments of the world: 4 but when the fulness of the time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 that he might redeem them which were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6 And because ye are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7 So that thou art no longer a bondservant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God.

8 Howbeit at that time, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to them which by nature are no gods: 9 but now that ye have come to know God, or rather to be known of God, how turn ye back again to the weak and beggarly 8 rudiments, whereunto ye desire to be in bondage over again? 10 Ye observe days, and months, and seasons, and years. 11 I am afraid of you, lest by any means I have bestowed labour upon you in vain.

10r, testament ? Or, the faith Or, elements

12 I beseech you, brethren, be as I am, for I am as ye are. Ye did me no wrong: 13 but ye know that because of an infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you the 1 first time: 14 and that which was a temptation to you in my flesh ye despised not, nor 2 rejected; but ye received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus. 15 Where then is that gratulation 8 of your. selves? for I bear you witness, that, if possible, ye would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me. 16 So then am I become your enemy, because I 4 tell you the truth? 17 They zealously seek you in no good way; nay, they desire to shut you out, that ye may seek them. 18 But it is good to be zealously sought in a good matter at all times, and not only when I am present with you. 19 My little children, of whom I am again in travail until Christ be formed in you, 20 yea, I could wish to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I am perplexed about you.

21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, one by the handmaid, and one by the freewoman. 23 Howbeit the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the son by the freewoman is born through promise. 24 Which things contain an allegory: for these women are two covenants; one from mount Sinai, bearing children unto bondage, which is Hagar. 25 5 Now this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to the Jerusalem that now is : for she is in bondage with her children. 26 But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother. 27 For.it is written,

Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not;
Break forth and cry, thou that travailest not:
For more are the children of the desolate than of her which hath the

husband.. 28 Now 6 we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise. 29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. 30 Howbeit what saith the scripture? . Cast out the handmaid and her son: for the son of the handmaid shall not inherit with the son of the freewoman. 31 Wherefore, brethren, we are not children of a handmaid, but of the freewoman. 5:17 With freedom did Christ set us free : stand fast therefore, and be not entangled again in a yoke of bondage.

2 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that, if ye receive circumcision, Christ will profit you nothing. 3 Yea, I testify again to every man that receiveth circumcision, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. 4 Ye are 8 severed from Christ, ye who would be justified by the law; ye are fallen away from grace. 5 For we through the Spirit by faith wait for the hope of righteousness. 6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith 'working through love. · 7 Ye were running well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth? 8 This persuasion came not of him that calleth you. 9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. 10 I have confidence to you-ward in the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he

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1 Gr. former. 2 Gr. spat out. 'Or, of yours 'Or, deal truly with you, 5 Many ancient authorities read For Sinai is a mountain in Arabia. Many ancient authorities read ye. Or, For freedom 8 Gr. brought to nought. Or, wrought

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