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born in the county of Dorset, in the year 1657; was admitted of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1672; in the reign of James the Second was chaplain to Lord Preston, when our ambassador at the French court; and afterwards wrote many books against the Catholics, and as many perhaps, on the Bangorian Controversy.
Dr. Wake died at Lambeth, January 24, 1736-7, and left several daughters.
But a greater man than either I have yet mentioned was the learned, the liberal, the pious, and good DR. SAMUEL CLARKE, of whom Bishop Hoadley speaks in the highest strains of friendship and panegyric, adding, that “ he should think bimself greatly recompensed by the want of any other memorial, if his name might go down to posterity closely joined with his (Clarke's) ; and himself be thought of, and spoken of, in ages to come, under the character of THE FRIEND OF DR. CLARKE.”
Nor was Dr. Hare's, (Bishop of Chichester) opinion of this good man less favonrable than Hoadley's. llis opinions, however, concerning the Trinity, and his conscientious seruples about subscription, prevented his rising high in the church ; though as Bishop Hoadley asserts, he neither wanted merit, nor interest, for the favour of some of those in whose power it was to have raised him.
It is not the province of this work to enter into the niceties of theological controversies, or I might here exhibit many curious and highly interesting traits of character both in Clarke and his opponents during the progress of the disputes in which he was engaged.
Dr. Clarke, with his friends, Bishop Hoadley, Dr. Sykes, Sir Isaac Newton, and “ honest Will. Whiston," appear to have chosen a midille path, between the hypothesis of Waterland, which certainly approximated to tritheism, and the latitudinarian principles of Dodwell, Toland, and Collins, which more than approximated to deism. There are few books, which, in the estimation of the writer of these sheets, so accurately deliveato the genuine religion of the New Testament, as Dr. Clarke's celebrated, but now too much neglected work, the Scripture doctrine of the Trinity.
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This learned man was born at Norwich, October 11, 1675, and died in London, May 17, 1729, beloved and respected by the learned and the good of every denomination.
The learned SECKER, who was afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, was also at one time rector of St. James's. The present rector is the worthy Dean of Winchester, Dr. Gerrard Andrewes.
The statute, erecting this district into a parish, gives the fol. lowing statement, which, at this distance of time, is both curious and interesting. This parish then comprehended “ all the houses and grounds, including a place heretofore called St. James's Fields, and the confines thereof, beginning at a house at the south side of the east end of Catherine, (alias Pall Mall,) Street; the south of the road-way, called Tyburn-road, westward, to a house, being the sign of the Plough, at the uorth-west corner of a lane, called Mary-le-boue Lane, including the said house; and from thence proceeding southward, on the east side of the lane to the north-west corner of Crabtree Fields, comprehending the same ; and the ground from thence westward, to the northwest corner of Ten Acres-Field, in the occupation of Richard, Earl of Burlington, or his assigns, including that field, and the highway between the same; and the garden-wall of the said Earl of Burlington, to the north-west corner of the said gardenwall, including that garden, and the mansion-house of the said Earl of Burlington, fronting Portugal Street.
Towards St. James's House, to the middle channel on the south side of a new street called Park Place, comprehending all the east side of St. James's Street to St. James's House, and all the west side thereof, from the said middle channel downwards, as far as the same extends, and including the south side of Park Place to Cleveland Gardens, comprehending the same,
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and Cleveland House, and out-buildings; and also the street which leads from the outward gate of the said house, fronting part of St. James's House to the gate of the said house, and thence to the said Pall Mall Street, comprehending all the buildings and yards backward to the wall which incloses part of St. James's Park, which hath been lately made into a garden, extending to a house inhabited by Anthony Verrio, painter; and late by Leonard Girle, gardener; and from thence to the house and garden of Thomas, Earl of Sussex, including the same, together with the south side of Warwick Street, to the White Hart Inn there."
The palace of St. James's being extra-parochial, I have described as belonging to St. Martin's in the Fields.
The annexed view will convey some idea of the exterior of one of the most beautiful structures of the kind in the metropolis.
The Church of ST. GEORGE, HANOVER SQUARE, is one of the fifty new churches built by Act of Parliament. The parish was taken out of one of the out-parishes of St. Martin's in the Fields; and the first stone was laid by General Stewart, on the 20th of June, 1712. This first stone being placed in the east wall, the General struck it several times with a mallet; then making a libation of wine, pronounced the following short prayer : “ The Lord God of Heaven, preserve the Church of St. George.
It was dedicated to St. George the Martyr, in honour of the reigning monarch; and being situated near Hanover Square, received its additional epithet.
The ground on which it is built was given by General Stewart, who some time after bequeathed to this parish the sum of four thousand pounds, towards erecting and endowing a Charity School therein.
The church is a rectory, and was consecrated by Edmund, Bishop of London, on the 23d day of March, 1724. 2 P4
• Mal. Lond. IV. p. 339.