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This alludes to the treaty of Ryfwick, concluded the latter end of Sept. 1697, between the allies and France, whereby the latter was obliged to give up Barcelona, Luxemburgh, Charleroy, Mons, Dinant, and, in short, all the places she had seized upon during a long and expensive war.
EPIST L E XIV.
To Sir Godfrey Kneller. This epiftle is not the least admired of Dryden's works : it is a fort of brief history of painting, from its birth and progress in Greece to the time of Sir Godfrey. This great painter received the first rudiments of his art at Lubeck in Germany, where he was born. He removed to the Low Countries, where he studied under the best masters; and compleated himself in Italy, upon the designs of Titian and Carachi, whom he endeavoured to copy. Not finding his account in history-painting, for he was of an avaritious turn, he applied himself to portraits. He came over to England in 1676. On the death of Sir Peter Lilly he was appointed principal painter to the king. He maintained this post, after the decease of Charles II. under James II. and William III. who sent him to paint the plenipotentiaries at Ryswick, and knighted him at his return. Queen Anne, at her acceslion, retained him in her service, and he has painted several pictures of her. The emperor Jofeph, and his brother the archduke Charles, did him the honor to fit to him; and he acquitted himself so well, that he was presented with a gold chain and medal, created an hereditary knight of the Empire, and soon after received the patent of a baronet, under the broad seal of Great Britain. He confined himself solely to the drawing hands and faces; the less nice parts of pictures, such as drapery and other ornaments, he left to people who performed under his immediate, direction. His pictures are not very scarce, nor yet at this time in any great esteem. He died in 1723. There is a monument to his memory in Westminster-abbey, with an inscription on it by Pope.
A coal or chalk first imitated man. It is agreed on all hands, that the hint of painting, as well as of sculpture, was first taken from the shadow.
yet perspective was lame. The art of perspective was not entirely known to the antients: herein the moderns excel them very much. The most perfect piece of antient painting, that has escaped the ravages of time
and barbarity, in which the figures want perfecting, is the wedding of Aldobrandini ; and if we form our opinion of the merits of the paintings of antiquity upon this and some few fragments, we shall be apt to pronounce them almost strangers to perspective and the clara obscura. The paintings found among the ruins of Herculaneum have not, by accounts of such people of taste as have seen them, any excellence that may induce us to change this opinion. They derive their value only from their antiquity, and can fcarcely be justly ranked with modern pieces that are really quite indifferent.
Hence rose the Roman and the Lombard line,
One color'd beft, and one did best design, It is said of Raphael, that he excelled all his predecessors, and none of his followers equalled him. He was born at Urbino. His pieces are the most valuable in the world. He died in 1520, universally lamented, in his thirty-seventh year, of a disorder arising from a debauch with the fair sex, which he kept concealed from his physicians. Raphael was well made, mild, affable, and oftentatious, but universally beloved.
Titian was bred at Venice under a famous painter named Bellin, and thewed, from the beginning, a prodigious genius. In a little time it was thought he exceeded his master, and his friends and admirers increased with his reputation. There was soon a vast demand for his works, which were judged to be finished with the highest elegance, and his colouring was particularly beautiful. He was made a knight, and a count Palatine, by Charles V. and died of the plague in 1576.
« En trouva (says Morerri) dans ses pieces cette douceur char
mante, cette beauté exquise, & cette grande netteté, qui les “ rendent des chefs oeuvres de l'art."
Shakespeare, thy gift, &c. Sir Godfrey Kneller made a present of a good piece of ShakeSpear, which he drew, to our author.
And Raphael did with Leo's gold. Pope Leo X. employed Raphael at Rome, and gave him large fums of money. The Vatican was painted by Raphael and Michael Angelo.
A familiar Epiftle to Mr. Julian. Who Mr. Julian was, I have not been able to find out, or why he is called secretary to the Muses: perhaps the Apollo-club ftill fubfifted, and this Julian was their secretary. The poem is to be found in the fixth and last volume of Mifcellanies published by Tonson, with Mr. Dryden's name to it; therefore I have here reprinted it, though I am not of opinion that it was his : it breathes but little of his genius; and besides there is a sarcasm upon him, to which he would never have subscribed, in these two lines :
« Less art thou help'd by Dryden's bed-rid age;
satires, was son of a nonconformist minifter, who educated him at Oxford, where he took a batchelor's degree. Some verses of his, that were known in the world before the person of him who wrote them, brought him acquainted with the Earl of Rochester, the Earl of Dorset, and Sir Charles Sedley, through whose means he was introduced to the most shining men of the age, particularly to Dryden. He had to no purpose engaged in the study of physic; and the Earl of Kingston would have made him his chaplain; but he declined that offer. He died of the small-pox in his zoth year, 1683, at the house of that nobleman, who treated him with all the goodness of a friend.
On the Death of the Earl of Dundee.
The Earl of Dundee was a man of great valour and many virtues. Being firmly attached, though a Protestant, to the interest of his royal master James II. who had abdicated, and was now in Ireland, he assembled a large body of Highlanders, with whom he engaged the army of king William, commanded by general Mackay, at Gillicranky near Dunkeld, and intirely routed them. This victory might have been of very fatal consequences to the affair of the Prince of Orange at that time, if the gallant Earl had not been killed hy a random shot; in consequence of which his friends and adherents lost all their firmness, and retiring before Mackay, who had rallied, could never again be formed into, any formidable body. This action happened in 1689, and compleated the ruin of that misguided monarch's affairs in the North,
This poem is inserted in the third volume)
the State Poems, P. 337; not as an original, but a translation from the following Latin piece.
Epitaphium in Vice-Comitem Dundee.
Accepitq; novas, te moriente Deos:
Tuq; vale noftræ gentis fortiffimæ ductor,
To the Memory of Mrs. Anne Killigrew, &c. 1685. This lady was daughter to Dr. Henry Killigrew, master of the Savoy, and a prebendary of Westminster. She died of the small-pox in her twenty-fifth year, on the 16th of June, 1685, being then one of the Dutchess of York's maids of honor. She was a great proficient both in painting and poetry. She drew the pictures of several people of the first quality, with some history-pieces and landscapes. Her poems were collected and printed, after her death, in a thin quarto, with this poem prefixed.
And was that Sapho laft, &c. Our author here compliments Mrs. Killigrew, with admitting the do&trine of metempsychosis, and supposing the soul that informs her body to be the same with that of Sapho's, who lived six hundred years before the birth of Christ, and was equally renowned for poetry and love. She was called the tenth Muse. Phaon, whom the loved, treating her with indifference, the jumped into the sea, and was drowned.
Though Epi&etus with bis lamp were there.
Her wit was more than man, ber innocence a child.
“ In wit a man, fimplicity a child."
Her happy pencil drezu, &c. Her excellence in painting landscapes and portraits is célébrated in this and the ensuing stanza, as is her drawing King Charles and his Queen.
But thus Orinda died. The matchless Orinda, Mrs. Katherine Philips, was author of a book of poems published in folio, and wrote several other things. She died also of the small-pox in 1664, being only thirty-two years of age. She was a woman of an indifferent appearance ; but of great virtue, taste, and erudition, which endeared her to the first people of the age. The Duke of Ormond, the Earls of Orrery and Roscommon, Lady Corke, &c. Mr. Dryden, Mr, Cowley, &c. &c. were all her friends.
To the Memory of Eleonora Countess of Abingdon.
It appears, from the dedication to the Earl of Abingdon, that this poem was written at his Lordship’s own desire. The lady whom the poem affects to praise, was one of the coheiresses of Sir Henry Lee of Chichely in Oxfordshire, and fifter to the celebrated Mrs. Anne Wharton, a lady eminent for her poetical genius, whom Mr. Waller has celebrated in an elegant copy of verses.
Anchises look'd not with so pleas'd a face. When Æneas descended to the Elyfian Mades, he found his vcnerable father thus engaged :
“ At pater Anchises." See the fixth book of the Æneid, v. 679.
But when dilated organs let in day. Children are born blind, and enjoy but little advantage from light till they are five or six days old,
On a Lady who died at Bath.
This Lady is interred in the Abbey-church. The epitaph is on a white marble stone fixed in the wall, together with this inscription: “ Here lies the body of Mary, third daughter of " Richard Frampton of Moreton in Dorsetshire, Efq; and of