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Fit to be piss’d against, and somewhat more. The great man, home conducted, shuts his

door; Old clients, weary'd out with fruitless care, Dismiss their hopes of eating, and despair. 201 Though much against the grain forc'd to retire, Buy roots for supper, and provide a fire.

Mean time his lordship lolls within at ease, Pamp'ring his paunch with foreign rarities ; 205 Both sea and land are ransack'd for the feast; And his own gut the fole invited guest. Such plate, such tables, dishes drest fo well, That whole estates are swallow'd at a meal. Ev'n parasites are banish'd from his board: 210 (At once a sordid and luxurious lord :) Prodigious throat, for which whole boars are

drest;

(A creature form’d to furnish out a feast.)
But present punishment pursues his maw,
When surfeited and swell'd, the peacock raw 215
He bears into the bath; whence want of breath,
Repletions, apoplex, intestate death.
His fate makes table-talk, divulg'd with scorn,
And he, a jest, into his

grave

is born. No

age can go beyond us ; future times 220 Can add no farther to the present crimes.

where the statues of the famous Romans were set in ranks on pedestals : amongst which statues were seen those of foreigners, such as Arabs, &c. who for no defert, but only on the account of their wealth, or favour, were placed amongst the nobleft.

225

231

Our fons but the same things can wish and do;
Vice is at stand, and at the highest flow.
Then Satire spread thy fails ; take all the

winds can blow.
Some may, perhaps, demand what Muse can

yield
Sufficient strength for such a spacious field ?
From whence can be deriv'd so large a vein,
Bold truths to speak, and spoken to maintain;
When god-like freedom is so far bereft
The noble mind, that scarce the name is left?
Ere Scandalum magnatum was begot,
No matter if the great forgave or not:
But if that honest licence now you take,
If into rogues omnipotent you rake,
Death is your doom, impal'd upon a stake. 235)
Smear'd o'er with wax, and set on fire, to light
The streets, and make a dreadful blaze by night.
Shall they, who drench'd three uncles in a

draught
Of pois'nous juice, be then in triumph brought,
Makes lanes among the people where they go,
And, mounted high on downy chariots,

throw
Disdainful glances on the crowd below?

241

Ver. 231. Ere scandalum] A strange introduction of an offence purely English, followed immediately by a Roman punishment. So also above, ver. 189, the mention of her ladyship, and his lordship, ver. 204.

Dr.J. WARTON.

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Be silent, and beware, if such you see ; 'Tis defamation but to say, That's he!

Against bold Turnus the great Trojan arm, Amidst their strokes the poet gets no harm : 246 Achilles may in epique verse be sain, And none of all his Myrmidons complain : Hylas may drop his pitcher, none will

cry;
Not if he drown himself for company :
But when Lucilius brandishes his

pen,
And flashes in the face of guilty men,
A cold sweat stands in drops on ev'ry part;
And

rage fucceeds to tears, revenge to smart. Muse, be advis’d ; 'tis past consid'ring time, 255 When enter'd once the dang’rous lists of rhyme: Since none the living villains dare implead, Arraign them in the persons of the dead.

250

Ver. 245. Against bold Turnus, &c.] A poet may fafely write an heroic poem, such as that of Virgil, who describes the duel of Turnus and Æneas ; or of Homer, who writes of Achilles and Hector; or the death of Hylas the Catamite of Hercules ; who stooping for water, dropt his pitcher, and fell into the well after it. But'tis dangerous to write satire like Lucilius,

TIE

THIRD SATIRE

OF

JUVENAL.

THE ARGUMENT.

The story of this satire speaks itself. Umbritius, the supposed friend of Juvenal, and himself a poet, is leaving Rome, und retiring to Cuma. Our author accompanies him out of town. Before they take leave of each other, Umbritius tells his friend the reasons which oblige him to lead a private life, in an obscure place. He complains that an honeft man cannot get his bread at Rome. That none but flatterers make their fortunes there : that Grecians and other foreigners raise themselves by those fordid arts which he describes, and against which he bitterly inveighs. He reckons up the several inconveniencies which arise from a city life; and the many dangers which attend it. Upbraids the noblemen with covetousness, for not rewarding good poets; and arraigns the government for Starving them. The great art of this satire is

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