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mitive and evangelical doctrines, erder, The above report having been read, and worship
was accepted, and ordered to be prinsWith this view, we cannot but need. The Society then proceeded to gard with the most lively interest, every eieci jen laymea to be associated with facility which she receives, in advanc- the Bishop of the diness, and the Clering, in any way, the great cause which gr of the city, as a Board of Managers she has in charge. It gives us, there for the ensuing year. The folowing fore, most beartfelt satisfaction to ad gentlemen were chosen : vert to the distinguished instance of in Matthew-Clarkson, John Onderdonk, dividual liberality which, since our last John Slidell, Henry Rogers, George meeting, has gladdened the hearts of Dominick, Gulian Ludlow, Isaac Cathe true friends of the Church, and cont row, Richard Whiley, Henry M:Far secrated to the perpetual adiectionate lan, Richard Platt. remembrance of her sons, the name of At a meeting of the Board of ManaJACOB SHERRED. The effect of his mu- gers, en Friday, March 1, the Rer. Bennificence in the permanent location of jamin T. Onderdonk was chosen Serrethe General Theological Seminary of tary, Mr. Gulian Ludlow, Treasurer, our Church, where peculiar facilities are and Mr. Henry M·Farlan, Agent. afforded to the promotion of its objects, and in its establishment upon principles best calculated to insure its har For the Christian Journal. monious and successful operation, we Gather up the fragments that remain, also esteem a subject of sincere felicitation.
that nothing be lost, St. John vi. To the name of this revered bene We may remark our blessed Masfactor, it is our privilege to add that of ter's care, that the fragments remainanother, who, devoutly attached to the ing might be gathered up, and put into Church in life, did not, in death, forget baskets; for which, no doubt, this had it. Mrs. SARAH STARTIN, long a pat- been a sufficient reason, that those tern of walking in the commandments might prove both the reality of the miand ordinances of the Lord, has set her racle, and the exceeding greatness of seal to the sincerity of her desire for the increase. But, in regard our Lord the diffusion, through the Church, of assigns another, when saying, "Gather the inestimable blessings of religion, by up the fragments that nothing be lost;" a liberal bequest to that high and im- the proper use, I think, of this head is, portant object.
thence to form a direction how to maSuch instances of beneficence cannot nage our substance to the best advantbut warm the Christian heart with gra- age; and so to approve ourselves chatitude and admiration; and must be ritable and kind, as at the same time viewed by the true patriot, and enlight- not to be profuse and indiscreet. Jesus, ened statesman, as the best evidences it is true, by setting his whole store ben of love of country; inasmuch as they fore the multitude, hath left us a pattend to diffuse that religion which forms tern of beneficence and largeness of the most upright magistrates, the most heart. The provisions, growing so profaithful citizens, and the best members digiously upon his hands, are an emof society. Let them encourage us in blem and intimation of those unaccountthe sphere of usefulness which has fallen able accessions, which we may someto our lot; and excite our hopes, and times observe to the fortunes of genewarm our prayers, that our labour may rous and mercitul persons: and, by not be in vain in the Lord.
some passages of Scripture, an unwary Signed by order of the Board, reader might be led to think, that in
those actions there could be no excess, J. H. HOBART, President.
at least no possibility of offending by Attest,
such excess: but yet the same Jesus BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, Sec'ry.
would not, that even fragments"
should be lost. And herein he hatha Feb. 20,
shewed, that all reserving for the future VOL. VI.
is not unlawful; that charity is very this opinion was accompanied by seveconsistent with frugality; indeed not ral arguments drawn from fitness, from only that they may, but should, go to- expediency, and from the consistency gether. For God will be sure to make a of the whole service, and the rubrics mighty difference between the virtue, concerning it. and the specious extreme beyond it; Besides its intrinsic force, and the between the liberal, and the lavish man weight of the authority from which it
[Dean Stanhope. emanated, it will be readily admitted
that great deference is due to the senti
ments of the venerable and learned For the Christian Journal.
presiding Bishop, to whose pen the enOn the Duty of parents to lay up mo tire document is generally attributed; ney for their children; and the Folly because, having been a member of the of amassing Fortunes for them. Conventions by whom the Liturgy was IF I be asked, “Should Christian pa
modelled into its present form, when the rents lay up money for their children?” words which have given rise to a difI answer-It is the duty of every pa
ference in opinion and practice were rent, who can, to lay up what is neces- introduced, he is not only acquainted sary to put every child in a condition to with the professed purpose of their in
also with the cotempo earn its bread. If he neglect this, he troduction, but undoubtedly sins against God and na
raneous interpretation given to them, ture. 66 Bút should not a man lay up,
to which he observes, “a contrary sense besides this, a fortune for his children, had not been heard of for a long course if he can honestly?” I answer, Yes, if of years." there be no poor within his reach; no
The exposition given by the House good work which he can assist; no
of Bishops, it is believed, cannot be reheathen region on the earth to which futed in any of its parts. Still there he can contribute to send the Gospel of
are some clergymen, and perhaps layJesus; but not otherwise. God shows, men too, embracing a few who claim to in the course of his providence, that be rubrical, but probably more who this laying up of fortunes for children
are disposed to indulge in a wider latiis not right; for there is scarcely ever
tude on these subjects; who persist in a case where money has been saved up
the disuse of the ante-communion serto make the children independent, and vice if there be a sermon. They congentlemen, in which God has not cursed tend that the plain language of the ruthe blessing.
It was saved from the bric admits of no other interpretation poor, from the ignorant, from the than their own,--that as it declares cause of God; and the canker of dis- that if there be no sermon, &c. the serpleasure consumed this ill saved
vice is to be used, the converse neces
property. [Dr. Adam Clark. sarily follows, that if there be a sermon,
&c. it is not to be used that there be
ing no sermon, &c. is the condition and For the Christian Journal.
the only one upon which the use of the An Attempt towards a Right Con- service is permitted, -and, in answer
struction of a Rubric concerning the to general considerations, extrinsic to Use of the Ante-Communion Service. the rubric, they allege, that in the con
struction of a law we can have notning At the last General Convention, the to do with the supposed views or inHouse of Bishops “deemed it their duty tentions of its makers, if they vary from to express the decided opinion, that the its obvious import,-that, whatever be rubrics of the communion service, as the inconveniences or incongruities well as other general considerations, which follow, these must be supposed enjoin the use of that part which pre- to have been in the contemplation of cedes the sermon, on all occasions of the lawgiver, and submitted to for the sermon or communion, as well as on attainment of some greater good,-that those festivals and fasts when neither the last law, if it be inconsistent with sermon nor communion occurs." And former ones, should be considered as
repealing, but ought on no account to IĄ his eighth chapter, title “ Etymobe annulled by, them,-and, finally, logy of the English Consonants," will that the rubric may be altered, but, be found a full explanation of this one, while it stands in its present shape, it and of its derivation, which in page 111 is enough for them to know " ita lex of the same volume, he had affirmed to scripta est."
be the imperative of the verb “ to give." Without stopping to inquire into the “If” and “an,” says he, “may be used soundness of these reasonings,—at least mutually and indifferently to supply some of which might be safely question- each other's place," and "an" is noed,,it is proposed to meet the ques- thing more than the imperative of the tion upon the ground which is assum verb “to grant.” “If” is rendered by ed, and to inquire critically into the him $ dato," i. e. “ grant"_" allow meaning of the words of the rubric. that ;" and he observes that “gif,”
The rubric stands thus. “ Upon the which is the same as “if,” is to be found Sundays and other holy days (if there in all our old writers; many of whom be no sermon or commụnion) shall be he cites and quotes in confirmation of said all that is appointed at the com- its meaning. Again, in p. 154,“ as munion, until the end of the general the Latin 'si' (if) means be it,' and prayer," &c. The words italicised were nisi and sine (unless and without) introduced by the Convention of 1789. mean he not;' so • etsi’ (although)
We must bear in mind that the ru means and be it.?” And in page 150, tric, with the exception of the words he states “tho'-though," to be deriv
sermon or” was established so long ed from the same source with “if” or ago as in the reign of king Edward. We “gif," and to mean, to allow, permit, ought therefore to go far back for au: grant, yield, assent. The reader is thorities to fix the meaning of the requested to refer to the book itself, words; and should there be any vari- and it will be presently shewn, from ance between their ancient and modern the best authority, that “if” in this aceeptation, the former is to be prefer- very rubric, is regarded as synonymous red.' For it cannot be supposed that with “ although. the Convention did not understand In Mr. Reeves' Introduction to the the meaning of the old rubric, and Book of Common Prayer, we find this still less that, when they altered it, rubric closely examined. He remarks, they intended the words should have a that whereas formerly the ante-comsense in relation to the new matter they mụnjon service was directed to be read introduced, different from that which on Wednesday and Friday, “at prethey had originally, and that “if” sent the rubric does not make such apshould mean one thing when applied pointment, but only for Sundays and to 4 sermon," and another thing when holy-days, when, although there be no applied to communion.” Yet" it is communion, all shall be said,” &c. said of ose”, who differ from us in this It we turn to Johnson, our construcmatter “ that they conceive themselves tion will be found to be sustained by bound to use the whole service on a him also. “ Įf,” explained, 1.“ Supcommunion day!!
pose it to be so, or, it were so, that.” The construction depends then upon 2. “Whether or no.” 3. “ Allowing the interpretation of the word " if,” that;" " Suppose it be granted that." which it is proposed to ascertain. Perhaps a yulgar acceptation has
Horne Took, the author of the Di- been given to the word somewhat difversions of Purley, complained that, in ferent from these authorities, but surely a certain prosecution, he was made the there is no need to use words in supmiserable victim of-two prepositions port of these, when opposed to vulgarand a conjunction. Whatever may be ism. thought of this, it is believed that no one Let the rubric then be read accordwill deny that, on the subject of philo- ingly grant that”_" allow that” – logy, his book is unrivalled authority. suppose it to be so that;" or, as On it, it is intended therefore, mainly Reeves and the House of Bishops, “alto rely
though” there be no sermon,-or as
Johnson “ whether or no" there be a over the counties in the more remote sermon, and, it is presumed all diffi- parts of our state. Our pious and inculty vanishes. It will not surely be defatigable Bishop, in his late charge then pretended, that the rubric allows to the Convention of Delegates, ob the omission of the ante-communion serves, that to“ Missionary labours service, “jf” there be a sermon; and we are indebted for the advancement then it will be rescued from the other- of our Church, which, in almost every wise palpable contradiction, of direct- instance, in the new settlements, has ing a part of a service to be omitted at risen from the smallest beginnings ;" the same time that it requires the whole he describes “ Churchmen few in of it to be performed.
number, adhering with a zeal which no A LAYMAN. depression could extinguish, and no Philadelphia, March 13, 1822. difficulties daunt, to the faith, the mi
nistry, and the worship of that fold of
their Redeemer in which they are to be Second Report of the Managers of the nurtured for heaven; communicating
Episcopal Missionary Association their zeal to others, gradually aug, of Zion Church, New-York.
menting their small assemblies, and THE Managers of the Episcopal cherished by the occasional visits of a Missionary Association of Zion Church, Missionary, forming congregations and congratulate their fellow members on erecting edifices for worship.” This the arrival of a second anniversary, and, “is the history of the rise of our Church in the discharge of their official duty, in almost all those many cases in present the following report of their which we see her exhibiting the standproceedings for the past year : ard of apostolic truth and primitive
We have been enabled, from the order in the new settlements of our bounty of our subscribers, after defray- state; and this,” he continues, "might ing the contingent expenses of the in- be the history of the rise of our Church stitution, to pay over into the fund of the in innumerable more cases, could we general society the sum of $ 59, leav- extend the sphere of Missionary exering a balance of 12 cents in the hands tions. Could every individual of our of our Treasurer.
Church,” exclaims our faithful Bishop, The parent association, in their fifth “ feel as I have felt, when compelled annual report, acknowledges the receipt to damp every hope, urged by the most of our donation in the following very affecting entreaties of receiving even flattering and encouraging terms : the occasional supply of Missionary " The auxiliary association of Zion services, the means of furnishing them Church, whose institution was last would be amply afforded." year particularly noticed, have con To this well drawn picture of the tinued their liberality, and have paid wants, the hopes, and expectations of our Treasurer this year the sum of our assistant brethren, we will only $ 59.” Commendation for our feeble add, that if every spark of Christian efforts, emanating from so high a charity and love have not taken a final source, we shall ever be proud to de- leave of our bosoms; if every obligaserve; we shall always welcome it tion which the well known commandwith gratitude and respect; it will, we ment imposes of “loving our neightrust, warm us into acts of beneficence bour as ourselves,” and “ doing unto and zeal in the sacred cause we have others as we would they should do unto espoused, and enable us to maintain for us," be not totally blotted from our our infant institution a distinguished memory, then are we sure the foregorank among her sister auxiliaries in the ing forcible and eloquent appeal to the future annals of the parent society. most exalted attribute of the Christian
As a further incentive to untiring heart, cannot, will not, be made in vain." benevolence and exertion, we would We would, moreover, invite your bring into view the destitute condition aid, not merely as Christians, but as and pressing wants of our Christian philanthropists, from the happy results brethren, who are widely scattered which have already flown from Mis
sionary labours among our untamed The waters of the troubled deep, brethren of the wilderness; for since
To their abysses fled;
The mountains, and the solid earth, the disciples of our blessed Saviour
Shook with excessive dread. have been sent out among them, from Amazement was in heaven! But who whose lips the precepts of the Re The solemn mystery saw, deemer's kingdom have been poured that struck, even in the heaven of heavens, forth in strains of 66
Angelic liosts with awe? peace and good
At that tremendous, awful hour, will towards men," humanity has sel
The gates of heaven were closed: dom had to mourn over the smoking The fabric of the rolling spheres ruins and butchered remains of our
With consternation paused. innocent and unoffending borderers;
Meantime what deeds were done on earth!
Deeds of atrocious strife! the scalping knife and tomahawk, The powers of death and darkness strove those terrific ensigns of torture and of Against the Lord of life! death, have become, through the mild And conquered as they vainly deem'd! whisperings of the Gospel, converted Nor, in their frenzy, knew into useful instruments of husbandry;
That they should, by that heinous act,
Their own rebellion rue. the ruthless savage has become dis- The darkness flies away! the gates armed of his wonted ferocity, and his Of heaven are opened wide! thirst for blood, rapine, and brutal
And sudden, from the sapphire throne,
Bursts an effulgent tide. vengeance, have been lulled to sleep by the sweet melody of religion's voice.
Emerging from the cloud of light,
With beaming harps, behoid! With these brief remarks on the im In bright attire, the Seraphim portance and worthiness of our object,
Their radiant forms unfold. we shall repose with confidence on the On high their loud hosannas flow;
Messiah's praise they sing: known spirit and liberality of our The nether orbs resume their speed, members and Church in general, for And with hosannas ring. our future advancement and usefulness; “ Messiah triumphs,” they proclaimreminding them of the admonition of Soon will he burst the bands of death,
“ Though in the grave he lies, an inspired writer, “ that they do
And re-ascend the skies. good, that they be rich in good works, “Ten thousand thousand angels then ready to distribute, willing to commu Shall join the vocal lay; nicate."
And hail, triumpbant, his return
To everlasting day
“ To him a crown of majesty Officers for the year 1822.
Amid the hosts of heaven, The Rev. Thomas Breintnall, Presi
Shall by Jehovah be with power
And wide dominion given. dent; Mr. B. R. Robson, 1st Vice
“Far through the starry realms of space, President; Mr. James M-Murray, 2d
Blazing with be:ms of gold, Vice-President; Mr. Richard E. Pur. His banner, at the gate of heaven, dy, Secretary; Mr. William Bakewell, An angel shall unfold. Treasurer.
“ Then, pealing with tremendous voice,
The Seraph of the sun
His people to the sky
Shall soar and reign with glory crown'd T. Pinkney, George C. Morgan, Samuel
In realms of bliss on high. Heath, John Richardson, William
“ Glory to God, and to the Son, M'Laughlin.
And to the Spirit pure!
For ever shall endure."
The New Testament in Persia. Translation of an Easier llymn, sometimes recited! in the Churches of the Greek A Russain captain, lately returned Communion.
from Persia, mentioned to a friend, in O what an awful, awful hour,
Astracan, that, when he was in that Beheld our Saviour die! The sun, in dire eclipse, withdrew
country, he happened one day to go His radiance from the sky.
into the house of a native, where he