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of the piety of those early times; how- particularly, its consigning either to anever prodigious the army of their Mar nihilation or to damnation, of all who tyrs, and however splendid the accounts are taken from life in infancy. which have come down to us of their Parishioner. I pray your excuse beneficence.
from this opprobrium. I believe, that Parishioner. They may have erred all infants are saved; those who die in this matter, without the forfeiture of being first regenerated. their Christian character.,
Minister. I do not doubt what you Minister. Permit me to remind you say of your belief; but ascribe it to again, that our opinion is described, as your wishes,counteracting your theory. in contrariety to whatever is spiritual According to your notion of regenerain religion. It is said to be hostile to tion wrought on infants; whether it be vital godliness; to be attached to on elect infants, as is said by some, or merely formal profession and practice; on all who die, as is said by you; I and, under other terms, equally censori- know of no passage of Scripture, which ous. I do not see, how the like censure has even been offered in proof of such can consistently be withheld from seve a change. ral of the most distinguished Fathers of Parishioner. I repeat, that I bethe first three centuries. To go a lit- lieve they are all saved. The Church tle below the age of Martyrs, we find of England pronounces it only of the the same opinion and in the same lan- baptized; and is so far less charitable guage in such men as Chrysostom and than I could have wished. Austin. I especially wonder, how our Minister. Because she rests it in opponents get over the case of the last regard to them, on the word of God; mentioned father. Having introduced which would have been unauthorized in into the Church tenets, which, accord- her, were it not conformable to her ing to the Confession of Calvin, had not doctrine of baptismal regeneration. been taught by the Fathers before him, Other infants she leaves to his uncoveand seeing this point of the baptismal nanted mercies: and he is not “a hard regeneration of infants to be in his way, Master, who reaps where he has not but not venturing to set himself in op- sown, and gathers where he has not position to the declared and universal strawed.” Whatever
may be conceded sense of Christendom, he invented the by you, or by others, from your and distinction of attributing to their bap- their benevolence, I am mistaken, ir tism all grace, except that of persever- the severer aspeet of your theory has
And next, there is the censure not a more legitimate operation on which the opinion passes on all the some minds. Many years ago, a pious churches of the Reformation.
and exemplary lady, the mother of Parishioner. I have not informed young children,
told that considermyself minutely on the subject of di- ing the temptations they would enversity among Protestants at that pe- counter in the world, she could reconriod, but can say confidently, that of eile herself to the loss of them, were the Protestant denominations around she sure they would go to a place of us, I converse with none of the mem- blessedness. And I know a man, a bers who hold your opinion, except of high professor of religion, who, coming the church to which you and I belong. out of a grave-yard with another man,
Minister. That may be; and yet an attendant with him on a funeral, rethe confessions of the Reformation re- marked, with no little appearance of main, and may be appealed to. It sadness, that it would take a burden seems to me the detracting materially from his mind, could he be assured, from the merits of that great event, if that his infants, deposited in that yard, we so far impeach the piety of the had died in the Lord. It would be an principal agents in it, as to say, that alleviation of the bitterness of this conthey overlooked a material corruption sequence, if the theory were not a disintroduced by Popery, and such as af- couragement of the pious education of fects the vitals of religion. But I pass children. to consequences of a different kind; Parishioner. Why so? Although
it is contended that regeneration is the sequence---the case of a former infant, work of the Spirit of God, this does now at an age proper for the reception not dispense with the use of means. of the holy communion. Your theory
Minister. I believe it to be the work has an important result in this partiof God, in the sense defined by our cular. 10th article; which speaks of his grace Parishioner. I do not perceive a
preventing,” or going before, " that connexion between the two subjects. we may have a good will, and working Minister. There is an intimate conwith us, when we have a good will." nexion. On the ground taken by our This is a distinction, against which Church such a person, sufficiently inCalvin decides positively. And the structed, and there being no known spirit of what he taught concerning ir- hindrance in his life and conversation, resistible grace, is discernible in the and having submitted to the ordinance creeds of many who do not profess tę of confirmation, comes as a matter of follow him. They say, that we na- right to the Sacrament of the Lord's turally hate God, and goodness, and Supper; and the minister repelling him good men. Under this impression, I would be disorderly. But on the do not wonder, if they deem lightly of ground taken by your informants, his moral suasion and of ordinary means; regeneration or conversion should be and if they remit the work to the hoped previously inquired into and judged of. for
agency of the Holy Spirit, accord. I have no doubt, that the system is reing to the aforesaid idea of his opera- laxed in practice; so that a young man tion. Neither is it surprising, that the or a young woman, trained in the pracerror of the rejection of infant bap- tice of religious duties, and manifesting tism should be so extensive. This I the power of religion over the conmention as another consequence. science and the affections, is admitted
Parishioner. It ought to have been on the supposition of a conversion, of prevented, by a comparison of the law which the successive steps cannot be with the confessedly more beneficent distinctly traced; and which, I think, Spirit of the Gospel; which, on the may be called constructive. But in the ground taken by that people, is less mean time be aware, how much it subgracious than the other : children hav. mits to the private opinion, to the dising been comprehended within the pale. cretion, and to the impartiality of every
Minister.' This is a weighty argu- pastor. Although decidedly Episcoment against them. But we find the palian, I am opposed to such power in promise to Abraham, of being a God Bishops, as cannot be regulated by ecto him and to his seed after him: of clesiastical laws; but disapprove more which promise circumcision was the the making of a sort of Pope of every seal, identifying the ordinance with pastor of a congregation; who, if so the performance of the promise.— dispoşed, may make as bad a use of his Therefore, if, under the Gospel, chil- power, as was ever made of the Roman dren are brought into the visible Church Catholic sacrament of confession. We only, I see not why baptism may not know that on our plan, a formalist, or be deferred, until the benefit may com even a hypocrite may obtrude on the mence; and might be easily brought to communion; but we think, that the believe, that Divine Wisdom had not proper check to this is pastoral instrucmade a ministerial application which tion; and not the vesting of the pastor signifies nothing at the time, and may with a power, which may be either not signify any thing in future. But I abused by him, or evaded by a crafty adverted to this point in our first con- member of his flock. The list of the versation, and shall only add, concern. evils of your theory does not stop here, ing those whom I have known to join but places conversion too much in the the deniers of infant baptism from agitation of the animal frame, and the other societies, that they had been pre. unequal excitement of its sensibilities, viously taught to sever the sign from Parishioner. I am not one of those the immediate possession of the thing who place the Christian character in signified. We will go to another con- operations of that sort.
Minister. I believe you are not; ceived the inconsistency between the but I have known many, who, like doctrine of baptismal regeneration, and you, would plead for the fruits of the that of the final perseverance of the spirit in the heart and in the life; yet saints. In my conscience, I think, find it difficult to believe, that there is that there is no foundation in Scripa distribution of the Christian charac ture for the latter, and for the points ter, in any who have occasionally re connected with it; and this is with me turns of the sensibilities referred to. an additional argument, for sustaining There have come under my observa- what has been delivered to us under tion, instances of those who have the former head, from the earliest ages lived and died in sin, not without such of the Church, through the channel of returns, I have known them excited, the Church of England. But it is time by excess in the use of ardent spirits. to draw towards a conclusion: which These extremes out of the question, shall be preceded by the consequence, they have been seen by me in alliance that you have fallen into something with exterior morals and a visible
pro like the error which you attributed to fession, dishonoured by unsocial and me in the beginning—the “Opus operaeven by malignant tempers; while the tum.”. I told you, that I had not a root of the matter has been thought clear idea of a physical quality stamped to be not wanting, by persons of a on the soul; which we consider as an higher grade of character; all ow- immaterial substance; and not capa . ing to a leaning towards similarity ble of a quality, which would seem in the complexion of devotion. The from the name to belong to matter. extravagancies referred to, are not the You approximate to this, when you only errors considered by me as in al- conceive of a moral change wrought on liance with the rejection of baptismal dying infants. In regard to the state regeneration. There is a closer con- they are to be taken from, and that to nexion of it with the Calvinistic sys- which they are to be transferred, they tem.
have neither intelligence nor volition; Parishioner. You are aware, that and, therefore, I do not perceive how Calvinism is the favourite view of the change can ke place. I know Christianity with many excellent and not, whether the same notion may not able persons; and that they affirm it have produced what I have been creto be the doctrine of our Church. dibly ivformed of in some, who have
Minister. I acknowledge the worth hoped of deceased friends after their and the talents of many of its profess- having led ill lives, that they may have ors;
but as to its being the doctrine of been regenerated in the extremity of our Church, its intrusion into our pale disease, and when there were no reis conspicuous in various ways; and, mains of reason or of consciousness. among them, in its having been the These are human imaginations, for cause of the decrease of the estimation which I have not heard of any pretence of the scriptural and primitive view of from Scripture. the ordinance of baptism. The two Parishioner: As you intimate a doctrines may be compared to the speedy conclusion, I must first express struggling of Zarah and Phares in the
to you the impression which has been womb of Tamar. In some minds, the on my mind all along, that your opiyounger has taken the place of the el- nion is hostile to the scripturas doctrine der; which, however, it is to be hoped, of original sin. will always claim its birth-right. After Minister. I protest against being so that St. Austin had laid what subse- understood. Its contrariety to the imquently proved the foundation of Cal- putation of ahe sin of Adam, so as to vinism; and although his system was lay all mankind under the sentence of much cultivated by some orders of damnation on that account, I confess. Monks; the two theories, however dis. But the diseases, the weaknesses, and cordant, were professed together. Per- the wants of the body, and the other haps it would have so continued to the accompaniments of its destination to present time, had there not been per- death, have produced a deterioration of
soul. We retain the original proper- Abstract of the Proceedings of the Thirtyties of our material and of our imma
fourth Annual Convention of the Diocean terial substance; which are virtuous or
of South-Carolina, held in St. Michael's
Church, Charleston, from the 13th to the vicious, according to the direction 16th of February, inclusive, 1822. given to them, and according to the de
The Convention was composed of the Right grees of their excitements. The pro. Rev. Bishop Bowen, 11 Presbyters, 6 Meacons, per direction and measure, can only be and 39 Lay Delegates, representing 21 parishes.
It was opened with Morning Prayer, conunder the operation of Divine Grace.
ducted by the Rev. 11:"urice H. Lance, Rector To begin with two of the appetites of Prince George's, Winraw; a serraon by the hunger and thirst: they have in them Rev. Allston Gibbes, Assistant Minister of St. nothing of moral evil; but without due Philip's Church, Charleston ; and the adminis
trition of the holy communion by the Bishop, government, produce an immensity of assisted by the Rev. Milward Pogson, Rector it. Anger is an innocent and useful of St. James's, Goose Creek. property-for St. Paul has said, “ be elected Secretary and Treasurer.
The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, M. D. was ye angry and sin not”—but in its mis
A letter was read from the vestry and wardirection and excess, exceedingly sin- dens of St. Mark's Church, Manchester, Sumful. Desire is the same property of church, in conformity with the constitution and
ter district, stating the organization of their our being, whether it be of those plea- canons of the Protestant Episcopal Church, resures which are at God's right hand for questing to be recognized by the Bishop, and ever, or grovel on the world, in pursuit received by the Convention into union with
their body. of its unsatisfying enjoyments. And Whereupon it was, on motion, resolved, aversion is the same property, when it that the church of St. Mark's, Manchester, be causes us to turn away with disgust ei- received into this Convention.
On motion of the Rev. Mr. Hanckell, the ther from the contemplation of the thanks of the Convention were presented to the adorable perfections of the Creator, or Rev. Mr. Gibbes, for his excelent and approfrom what is poured out in blasphemy priate discourse, delivered before them this day.
Conformably to the 45th canon of the Geneagainst them. Love and hatred, joy ral Convention, " providing for an accurate and sorrow,
and every other affection, view of the state of the Church,” the Right might be a subject of the same re
Rev. Bishop Bowen delivered the following ad
dress :mark. Under the direction of Divine Grace, they are “ a renewing after the My Brethren of the Clergy,
and of the Laity, image of him who created us;" and in It has afforded great solace to the affiction, dependently on that control, they take under which it has pleased God that I should such a direction as likens us to beasts labour, during sp large a portion of the year
which has elapsed, since we last met each other of prey, and, perhaps, to spirits of here, that I have, in no period of it, been rendarkness.
dered entirely unable to discharge the duties It is time to finish. I think that all appertaining to the relation in which I am re
quired at present to address you. Indeed, the the necessary topics have passed under
Divine Goodness, which, in all periods of the review. There has been no endeavour infirmity with which I have been visited, still to draw from you either conviction of enabled me to attend to alınost every demand
of diocesan duty which occurred, claims my the truth of my doctrine, or rejection utmost gratitude. of it; because, in each case, it should Under circumstances which imperiously rebe the result of mature consideration. quired it, I was absent during part of the sum
mer from the diocess. A journey, however, That you have misunderstood it in in the prosecution of the main object of such some particulars, you have voluntarily absence, through the north-western extremity declared; which gives me hopes as to
of the state, was made to me the happy occa
sion of fulfilling a duty, to which engagements the issue.
of a stronger claim and more immediate urParishioner. You are right, Sir, as gency,
had before put it out of my power lo at.
iend. I mean that of visiting congregations, to my more favourable estimate of your opinion, than when we begun; and I whiclı, by the means of the Society for the Ad
vancement of Christianity in South-Carolina, act on the maxim which you have sug- had been formed in the districts of Pendletou gested, of consideration requiring and Greenville. I found there the Society's time. In whatever it may end, I shall Missionary, the Rev. Mr. Dickinson, who by
appointment of each of the congregations, has retain a sense of your kind endeavours become the minister of both, faithfully per's to instruet me; and with this I take my forming the laborious duties of his station. At leave.
Pendleton, measures have been laken towarcis
the erection of a church; a Sunday school has W.W.
been instituted, and there is reason to hope,
that the seed sown in a seemingly unfriendly come vacant in the course of the year, is that soil, will spring up and flourish to the divine of $t. Mark's, Williamsburgh: the Rev. Mr. glory, through that sound and wholesome edi- Chanler, who had served that, in conjunction fication of the people, which will manifest its with St. Mark's, Clarendon, having found him. $nfluence in an ameliorated moral aspect of so
self unable to continue his services to congre. ciety.
tiens so widely separated. Besides these places, I have visited officially, The Rev. Mr. Anthon, whose services were Trinity Church, Columbia; Claremont Church, discontinued at St. Bartholomew's in May last, State burg; St. Mark's, Clarendon; and St. has been followed in the same field of lalour Stephen's, l'ineville. At these churches, with by the Rev. Mr. Andrews, of Connecticut. the exception of that at Claremont, I adminis. Under a resolution of the board of trustees tered confirmation. This rite was administered of the Society for the Advancement of Christialso at Pendleton. In St. Mark's parish, Claren: anity in South-Carolina, placing sundry sums at don, the new building, provided by the libera my discretionary disposal for missionary puro lity of a few individuals, in lieu of the parish poses, the Rev. Mr. Mitchell, a Deacon of this church, which was destroyed in the Revolu- diocess, was appointed by me, in the spring of tionary War, and near its site, was consecrated the last yer, to ofliciate for a few weeks in the to the worship of Almighty God, according to Vacant churches of St. James's parish, Santee. the form and usage
our Church; and the This has resulted in Ir. Mitchell's being inRev. J. W.Chanler, under whose faithful and vited by the vestry of that parish 10 become useful ministry, partly as a missionary of the its minister. Under the same provision of the society, the parish, within the last year and a trustees of the same excellent society, the Rev. half, had become reinstated in the eajoyment Mr. Vanpelt, of Pennsylvania, was, in Novem. of divine worship, was admitted by me to the ber last, appointed to a yery'short mission in holy order of Priests ; the Rev. Mr. Delevaux, St. Luke's parish and places adjacent. This of St. Matthew's parish, and the Rev. Mr. mission has given place to an appointment of Folker, of Columbia, being present and assist: Mr. Vanpelt, by the vestry of St. Luke's, lo ing me in both solemnities. It is highly grate
officiate there until the summer.' It is desirful to me, to have it in my power to state also,
able that some more permanent engagements that exertions made by the Rev. Mr. Chanler, should be entered into between himself and to form a congregation in the village of Man the members of our Church in that part of the chester, distant about 14 miles from his parish diocess. The Rev.' Mr. Taylor, mentioneri church, have been so far successful, as that above, as recently admitted to Deaconis' orders, vestrymen and wardens have been elected at a having been appointed, in conformity with the meeting held for the purpose, who have regu 13th canon of the General Convention, to offiJarly invited Mr. Chanler to hold service, as ciate at the chapel near North Santee Ferry, their minister, under suitable temporary ar. has been engaged by the proprietors of that rangements. It is hoped that a place of wor chapel to serve them until the first Sundáy in ship, proper to the congregation thus formed, June. will not long be wanting.
Thc receiving of the new congregation of No other ordination has been held in this dio- Manchester into the Convention, by their deleeess within the year.
gates, reminds me again to suggest for your Mr. Thomas H. Taylor, who was reported consideration, the importance of instituting last year as a candidate for orders, was, iu No. some regular uniform mode of receiving vember last, ordained a Deacon, in Philadel churches newly organized into our diocesan phia, by virtue of letters dimissory from this association. At the opening of the Convendiocess.
tion of the last year, three congregations, as reFive persons have been received as candi- cently formed, claimed to be received by their dates for holy orders, viz. Paul Trapier Keith, delegates as members of this body. It was apFrancis Sluger Rutledge, Mellish J. Motte, prehended that one of them at least had an ex. William P. Coffin, and Benjamin Huger Flem istence of a very frail and uncertain nature, and ming. These, together with some reported at the apprehension then entertained has been prior Conventions, make the whole number of justified by the subsequent dissolution of the candidates at present belonging to the diocess little manufacturing community of the Southto be seven.
Carolina Armory, of which it was composed, Since the last Convention, the church at and the discontinuance of all public religious Claremont has unhappily become destitute of a service there, since the month of June last. minister; the Rev. Mr. Adams, who had so And yet, a delegation from this church, last satisfactorily served it, having resigned the year so ealled, being admitted to an equal para charge, and returned to the diocess of New- ticipation with that of every other church in all York. Since the month of July last, divine the business of the Convention, might havedeservice has been performed in that church by a cided by its vote questions, in the estimation of candidate for orders, regularly licensed by me, some at least who had engaged in their discusto officiate for a season as a lay reader. It has sion, deeply interesting to the Church. bern painful to me, in an extreme degree, to I would take occasion also, at present, to sugbe called, since our last meeting, to record the gest for your consideration, whether it be not removal from this diocess of the Rev. Mr. expedient to institute some rule, by which proJohn B. Campbell. I have mourned with the vision may be had, against receiving as wemshurch, which he had served, with much abi bers of this body, persons, not in any sense lity and faithfulness, the amicting change of members of the particular congregations or their condition; and am earnestly desirous of corporations which they are appointed to reassisting, to some happy issue, exertions his present. I am the less reluctant to make this therto made by them, without success, to sup- suggestion, and am persuaded there will be less ply themselves with the offices of a stated mi. reluctance on your part, to act upon the subsistry. The only other church which has be. ject to which it relates at present, in conse