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No. 1.]

JANUARY, 1822.

[Vol. VI.

For the Christian Journal.

then let us take a survey of the human

species. One generation we behold rise THE COUNTRY CLERGYMAN, NO. I.

up, spend a few years, and then pass to Reflections for the New Year. their long home. It is followed by an

other, that by a third, and so on to the The shortness of human life, and the end of the world. Each of these generapidity with which it flies, ought ever rations is composed of inany millions to be to mankind subjects of serious re of inhabitants of all ages, some just beflection. When we consider how day ginning to draw the breath of life, soine after day, week after week, month after advanced to childhood, some in the month, and year after year, are passing bloom of youth, some in the meridian of imperceptibly away, without leaving their days, and some on the borders of scarcely a trace of their existence be- the tomb. Our attention is principally hind them; when we reflect how short employed in contemplating those who the term of our days is, even at the best, depart from life. We behold the aged how few the years of the longest life, every day, every hour, nay, every miand how much fewer the years of the nute, sinking into the grave. Their plagreatest portion of mankind; with what ces are filled up, and they are forgotten. serious and sober feeling ought we to Those in the vigour of life, soon also be impressed ? “Our days upon earth," reach old age, and disappear. The saith holy scripture, “are a shadow." youthful part have advanced to fill their No description of human life could be places, and have met with a similar more correct, both as it respects the ac- fate. Children and infants have become tual length of it, and the impression its incorporated with the young, the midevents leaye upon us. Like the shadow dle-aged, the old, and the dead. Other which at one moment is seen, and at infants, children, youth, middle-aged, another moment is gone,so are our days and old men, have taken their places, when compared with the endless years and are pursuing the same path. Like that fill the great period of eternity. a forest of trees, where we at all times Man springs into life, spends a short behold some dead, some dying, some time among his fellow mortals, decays, flourishing in strength and beauty, and and sinks again to the dust from whence some just springing from the earth; so he was taken. Another succeeds him, are the inhabitants of this world; there pursues the same path, and sinks also is no stability among them, they flee as into the grave. Another, and another, it were a shadow, and never continue in in like manner rise up and fill their one stay. Our minds are struck with places, and in like manner become in- awful and solemn feelings, when makhabitants of the tomb. So that the term ing reflections like these. How trifling, of each is in reality a mere shadow, that how insignificant does each individual Aits before our eyes and vanishes. What of this innumerable multitude appear? a solemn consideration ! Let us en Like the evanescent shade, they now large a little upon this idea.

are, and now are gone. While the sun fancy ourselves, for a moment, upon an of life beats upon their heads, they apeminence from which we can view all pear; but when the clouds of death obthe nations of the earth, with all the hu- scure that sun, they vanish, the shadows man beings they contain. Let us also are no more seen. Like the tender leaf, fancy ourselves possessed of lives equal they flourish during the spring and sumin length to the duration of time; and mer of their days; but when autumn VOL. VI.


et us

the last year.

Like a

and winter arrive, they wither and fall too, and forgotten. Like the dark and to the ground. How justly then, when stormy cloud which sometimes obscures we compare the life of man with time, the sun, so they for a short period broke may it be called a shadow? But when in upon our pleasures; but these clouds we look back upon our own lives, when have dispersed, and the sunshine of our we each one of us review the days that former enjoyments beats upon our we ourselves have spent, the compari- heads. : So justly may our days and son will appear still more just. Does years, and all the events of our lives, not the time past of our lives seem like be compared to a shadow. Nothing a shadow ? Is it not as a dream, as a here below is lasting. Eternity alone is tale that is told ? Is there any sub- permanent and substantial. stance, any reality left? Look back If then such are the world and the upon yesterday. Where is it? It is things of the world, what is the course gone. Like the fleeting visions of the which we ought to pursue while here night, it cannot be recalled. Look back below? Is it not our interest to grasp upon last month.

Where is it? It is the present with all our care-to lay gone. Like the empty shadow, it is hold of time before it flies, knowing beyond our grasp. Look back upon that it can never be recalled? Surely Where is it?

if life is but short at best, we ought to wave of the sea, it for a while showed make the most profitable use of the its head, but it has sunk again into the time we enjoy. We should consider for immeasurable ocean of eternity. Look what end we were sent into the world, back upon your past lives. Where are and apply ourselves diligently to its acthey ? ' Like the evanescent dew of complishment. If our existence is to the morning, they have vanished for terminate here, we should strive to enever.

joy this life, we should seize with aviLet us look back also upon the most dity the pleasures it affords, we should important events of our past lives; eat and drink lest to-morrow we die. those events to which, before they took But if our existence is not to terminate place, our most anxious attention was here; if this is only the beginning of directed. Where are they now? Past, our days; if beyond the grave there is never more to disturb us. What joy to be an existence that will never end, have we experienced at certain periods, and such I hope we all believe to be when some long-expected and desirable the truth--then our interest is to act as occurrence has taken place! What those whose home is not in this world, fears and anxieties filled our breasts, but who are looking forward to a house before the event, lest some unforeseen not made with hands, eternal in the circumstance should cause a disappoint- heavens, whose builder and maker is ment! Where are these fears, these God. This world was designed by our anxieties and joys now? Gone, and Creator to be to us a state of probation. forgotten. Other anxious feelings have Like children sent to school, in order to taken their places, and are causing in prepare them for the proper performour breasts the same agitations. What ance of their duties, when they come to sorrow has filled our hearts, when some man's estate, and to enable them to fill unlooked-for and mournful event has the stations they may be in with honour occurred, when perhaps a friend or re to themselves and usefulness to their lative who was near and dear to us, has fellow men; so are we, as it respects dropped into an untimely grave! How the world to come. This life is to us a have our souls been harrowed up with school, a probationary state of existthe most painful emotions, and how in

We are beset on all sides by different have all earthly objects then temptations. We are attacked by foes appeared to us? How insipid all those within and foes without. The world, pleasures in which we had formerly en- the flesh, and the devil spread before gaged? The world had lost its charms, us their allurements, to draw us aside and sorrow and mourning alone filled from the paths of virtue. He who reour breasts. Where now are these sor sists these temptations, and preserves rows and mournful lamentations? Gone his heart free from their dominion, will


on it

receive the rewards which God hras

For the Christian Journal. promised to his faithful servants in the next life. He will enjoy happiness in

Corruptions of the Sacred Text. expressible, and will dwell at his right I HAVE frequently, in reading various hand, where there are pleasures for editions of the holy volume, discovered evermore. He who, on the other hand, errors, some of which would make a yields to these temptations, who be- considerable variation in the sense. comes the slave of vice, must suffer pu- They are mostly, perhaps, of a kind nishment in the regions of woe. When which may be considered as typograconsidered as a state of probation, as a phical ; that is, accidental oversights in place of preparation for an existence correcting the press. The two followimmortal and blessed, this life assumes ing, however, are of such magnitude, an importance which no other consider- that charity itself can scarcely avoid ation could give it. Although short the suspicion that they are intentionand fleeting, yet on it depends our con

al. dition in the next world. Although its In a Bible belonging to the desk of foundation is weak and uncertain, yet

one of the churches in this diocess, there may be built a superstructure that is the following reading of 2 Peter iii. 9, will insure us a peaceful and happy re- _“not willing that any should perish, treat throughout the endless ages of but that all should come to recompense :" eternity. It is then our truest wisdom the true reading is that all should to devote ourselves immediately to the come to repentance.It is very diftimportant object of our being. Our cult to free the mind from a suspicion days fly swiftly away. Time is always that the proof-reader was devoted to in motion, always hastening our lives to that system of doctrine which denies a close. We know not what a day or that “God is willing that all should an hour way bring forth. Some sudden come to repentance." This edition disease, some unexpected accident may is in folio, on fair type and beautiful hurry us from the stage of life sooner paper; printed in Philadelphia 179 than we think. How many thousands In a Bible belonging to the desk of of our fellow mortals every year fall another church in this diocess, the victims to untimely deaths; Is it not change of a periodinto a comma, between then the interest of all persons to attend two verses, 1 Thess. v. 18, 19, makes without delay to those concerns which not only a variation, but a complete will place them as it were beyond the change in the sense; and in favour of power of accidents, to seek' first the the system of doctrine above mentionkingdom of God? Reason pronounces ed. The true reading is with a period in a loud voice, that such should be our at the end of verse 18; leaving verse 19 conduct; that our principal aim in this unconnected with the former: thus,life should be to seek for that crown “ In every thing give thanks; for this is which is incorruptible; that the plea- the will of God in Christ Jesus concernsures and honours of this world should ing you. Quench not the Spirit.”be esteemed as of but secondary im- Here are two distinct precepts of the portance. If we pursue this course, and Apostle. Give thanks in every thing, disease or death then come unexpect

as God has willed or directed. Quench edly, they will not find us unprepared not the Spirit, But in the edition of the to meet them. We shall stand firmly Bible named, it reads thus, In every on the rock of safety, and although the thing give thanks; for this is the will of enemies of our peace may strive to fill God in Christ Jesus concerning you, us with fear, yet the spirit of him who quench not the Spirit.” Here is only overcame death, and burst the bands of one course of thought: give thanks unthe grave, will fortify our hearts, and der all circumstances, for it is the will enable us to say with the Psalmist- of God that the Spirit in you shall not “ Yea, though I walk through the val- be quenched. By so slight a varialey of the shadow of death, I will fear tion is the Calvinistic doctrine of final no evil, for thou art with me; thy rod perseverance forced upon a passage and thy staff they comfort me." which affirms directly the reverse,

For if the true reading be preserved, The Bishop delivered the following it implies that we may quench the Spi- address to the Convention :: rit.” Lest I should be mistaken in saying

My BRETHREN OF THE CLERGY, that the above reading is unauthorised,

AND OF THE LAITY, ise I have referred toGriesbach, Hammond, In pursuance of the Canon “provid

Macknight, Doddridge, Poole's Synop- ing for an accurate view of the state of sís, and Poole's Annotations, and do not the Church, from time to time,” it now find a hint that the passage vould bear becomes my duty to lay before you a such a modification. They refer the statement of the affairs of the diocess language, “this is the will of God," to since the last meeting of the Convention. the previous clause or previous verses, I have administered the holy rite of and not to the verse following. This confirmation in 34 parishes. The folédition is a large quarto, London,1793, lowing list shows the times, the places, on excellent type and paper. It appears and the number of persons confirmed: to be of the kind noticed in the journal -June 20th, at the church in Hebron, of the house of Bishops for 1820, p.54; 50 persons; July 12th, at Trinity an edition issued in evasion of the Church, Branford, 22; August 17th, law," " by the appending of a few notes at Trinity Church, Watertown, 8; 18th, in the lower margin, with the intent of at Trinity Church, Northfield, 24; 22d, their being either retained or cut off at at St. John's Church, Waterbury, 41; the pleasure of the purchaser.” In this 23d, at St. John's Church, Oxford, 13; copy a very few insignificant notes, oc- 24th, at St. Paul's Church, Ripton, 37; cupying one line low down in the mar. 25th, at St. Peter's Church, Huntinggin, are retained; enough to make it ton, 25; 26th, at St. Peter's Church, evident that it is one of the spurious Trumbull, 37; 27th, at Christ Church, editions described, and thus sanction Stratford, 55; 28th, at Trinity Church, the belief that the above error is not Fairfield, 20; 29th, at Trinity Church, unintentional.

Weston, 10; 29th, at Trinity Church, While on this subject it may be add- Reading, 11; 31st, at Trinity Church, ed, that in a school-bible printed some Newtown, 22; September 10th, at Triyears ago in Connecticut, it was found nity Church, Simsbury, 37; 25th, at that the words “ whom we (Apostles) Trinity Church, Middle-Haddam, 4; may appoint" to be deacons, were 26th, at Trinity Church, Chatham, 17; changed to “whom ye (people) may 27th, at Trinity Church, Glastenbury, appoint;" Acts vi. 3. Such a corrup- 9; October 10th, at St. Matthew's tion would "-wrest scripture" to an ap- Church, Plymouth, 22; 11th, at St. proval of lay ordination.

Peter's Church, Plymouth, 40; 12th; CLERICUS. at St. Peter's Church, Woodbury, 13;

13th, at St. Peter's Church, Roxbury,

8; 14th, at St. John's Church, WashAbstract of the Proceedings of the Milton, (Litchfield) 5; 17th, at St.

ington, 11; 15th, at St. John's Church, Annual Convention of the Diocese John's Church, Barkhamstead, 20; of Connecticut, held in St. John's 21st, at St. John's Church, East-WindChurch, Waterbury, on the 6th and sor, 4; April 15th, at Trinity Church, 7th of June, 1821.

New Haven, 110; 19th, at Trinity The Convention was composed of the Church, North-Haven, 19; 27th, at Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, twenty- Trinity Church, West-Haven, 27; eight Presbyters, four Deacons, and May 10th, at Trinity Church, WallingLay Delegates from thirty-one parishes. ford, 12; 11th, at St. Andrew's Church,

The Convention was opened by Meriden, 31; 27th, at St. John's Morning Prayer, conducted by the Rev. Church, Bridgeport, 10; 29th, at Christ Charles Smith, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Guilford, 33; June 3d, at Church, Wilton, and Church, Christ Church, East-Haven, 29-in Ridgefield; and a Charge to the Clergy all, 836. by the Bishop

It is probable that there is no part of

our country where the utility of the rite nourable to the zeal and liberality of of confirmation is more duly appreci- the parish, and creditable to the taste ated than in this diocess. Yet even of the architect. When at Washinghere the beneficent designs of the ton, on the 14th of October, I conseChurch are but very imperfectly ac- crated the church there, by the name of complished. It does not seem to be St. John's Church. It had recently sufficiently understood that all who been finished in a very neat manner; have been baptized belong, in fact, to and I observed among the congregathe Church of Christ--that its privi- tion a zeal, which is almost as surely leges and benefits are their proper in- the consequence, as the cause of liheritance, and that the obligations of beral exertions for the support of rethe Christian covenant are binding ligious institutions. upon them : nor that it is their imperi I have preached in all the churches ous and indispensable duty, publicly where I have performed these Episcoand solemnly, to assume their baptismal pal duties, and have also officiated in engagements, and live in conformity several other parishes which were eito their Christian profession. I cannot, ther vacant, or but partially supplied. therefore, urge it too strongly upon the Among the changes which have Clergy, as well as upon Christian pa- taken place in the diocess since the last rents, frequently and earnestly to im- meeting of the Convention, it becomes press upon the young the nature of my duty to notice the death of the Rev. their vows of baptism, and the obliga- Dr. Smith. He was a man distinguishtion which rests upon them to make a ed by his theological and literary attainformal recognition of them by the pub- ments, and for many years took an aclic profession of their Christain faith. tive part in the concerns of this dioSuch a public profession will have a cess. After a long life, chequered by tendency to produce in them a consist- much trouble and suffering, he has ency of conduct; and by fixing deeply gone, as we would earnestly hope, to in their minds a sense of the resposibi. that better world, where sighing and lity under which they live, will excite sorrow shall be no more. The Rev. them to vigilance and diligence in the Nathaniel F. Bruce has returned to the performance of their Christian duties. diocess of New-York, and the Rev.

On the 12th day of July last; at Tri- Edward Rutledge has received letters nity Church, Branford, I admitted to demissory, on his removing to Springthe holy order of Priests, the Rev. field, in the eastern diocess. The Rev. Origen P. Holcomb, Minister of that Ambrose Todd has returned to this church, and St. Andrew's Church, diocess from that of New-York, and North-Branford, and the church in has taken charge of the parishes of North-Haven. And, on the 30th day Reading and Danbury. The Rev. of August, at the church in Danbury, I Beardsley Northrop, lately admitted to admitted the Rev. Daniel Somers to the holy orders, has been appointed to the holy order of Deacons—he having parishes of Oxford. The Rev. Reuben passed his regular probation as a can- Ives has resigned his rectorship of the didate in the diocess, and exhibited to parish of Cheshire, with the consent of me all the requisite testimonials. I that parish, and the Rev. Dr. Bronson have also admitted, pursuant to the has been appointed to succeed him, Canons, the Rev. Beardsley Northrop, with the Rev. Asa Cornwall for his aslately a Minister of the Methodist con sistant. nexion, to the holy order of Deacons. The following persons are, at preThe ordination was held at Trinity sent, candidates for holy orders in this Church, New-Haven, on Wednesday, diocess, viz.---Lemuel B. Hull, David the 2d day of May.

Botsford, Bennet Glover, Shadrach On my visit to Ripton, on the 24th Terry, William Shelton, John M. Garday of August, I consecrated the new field, Franceway R. Cossit, William church in that parish, by the name of Jarvis, Martin Snell, Seth Paddock, St. Paul's Church. It is a spacious, Richard Haughton, Ashbel Steele, neat, and commodious: building; how Moses P. Bennet, Asa Griswold,

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