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For the Christian Journal.
erudite shepherds. Another circum[Concmunication.]
stance which had a very powerful ef
fect to depress the Church, was the erReview of a Sermon, entitled, “The
roneous, but at that time very prevagrounds of the Christian's love to lent idea, that Episcopalians, or, as they the Church, and the means of pro
were in those days called, Church of moting her prosperity, with an Ad- England men, were necessarily fa. dress to a Candidate for the holy vourers of the English dynasty, and order of Deacons ; preached at the reluctant to throw of the colonial yoke. late Annual Convention of the Pro- To the influence of this sentiment, testant Episcopal Church in the Dio- which our good friends the Presbytericess of Pennsylvania, by the Rev.
ans took special care to cherish and J. Montgomery, A. M. Rector of St. proclaim, we are to attribute several Mark's Church, Mantua, and pub- very disgraceful acts of violence comlished at the request of more than
mitted upon the persons and property two thirds of the members of the of Episcopalians, as well the demoli
tion of not a few of their churches, and The Episcopal clergy of our country the sacrilegious dispersion of their funds. are beginning to assume a higher station The peculiar circumstances of the both in literature and theology than times, and the force of human prejuthey have been accustomed to hold dice, may be considered as some aposince the days of our colonial existence. logy for these violent acts. They preDuring the period of our dependence sent us, however, with a cause of upon England, the Episcopal Church, the depression of the Church, and in some places, was supplied by clergy, what is a necessary consequence of that whose theoretical attainments in reli- depression, the inferiority of her clergy gion farexceeded theiradvances in prac- for several years subsequent to the re tical piety, and who, indeed, (with some volution. The prejudices against the very honourable exceptions,) may be Church, both political and civil, which regarded as a set of ecclesiastical adven- existed and operated in those days, turers, whose minds and hearts were were not removed in a moment, they more strongly fixed upon the emolu- subsided gradually but slowly; and in inents, than upon the duties and obliga- niany portions of the eastern states are tions of their sacred profession. Such not even yet entidely, without their inmen could not but bring the Church fluence. into disrepute, and their evil influence We have made the preceding obserwas feebly counteracted by the zeal and vations purposely to explain the causes piety of their less learned, but more of the well known fact of the interiocorrect and consistent brethren. When rity of the Episcopal clergy in literary the struggle for independence had ter- and theological acıquirements for a long minated successfully, the resources of time after the war. The interests of the Church were in many places cut the Church were committed for many off, and, in her impoverished state, she years to men, more remarkable for their was deserted of course by those who zeal and piety,than for their talents and had entered her holy temples with no learning. To men of this character we other view ihan to feed in idleness upon stand indebted, under Providence, for her bounty, and was left to the foster- the preservation of our Church. They ing care of a few faithful, but not very submitted, in the service of their Divine VoL: VI.
Master, to privations, toil, poverty, and, ant in heaven.” These severałgrounds in many places, to a species of perse- the author illustrates briefly, but with cution which, to our view, should invest clearness, force, and feeling. We exthem with a similar sacredness to that tract the following remarks, in reference with which we are accustomed to re- to the last mentioned ground of the gard the primitive promulgers of the Christian's love to the Church, viz. be Christian faith.
cause it prepares for the glory and bliss We rejoice, however, that such times of the Church triumphant in heavenare passed, and such prejudices are “ To be participants of glory in eterwearing off, and that our clergy have nity, we must in time become the chilassumed, as the discourse now before us dren of grace. To be qualified for the fully, proves, a more elevated rank in enjoyment of the beatitude of heaven, theology and learning than they have and for the blissful society of saints and heretofore held.
angels, we must on earth cultivate those In giving our readers an account habits of piety and virtue, which con(which, perhaps, they have been rather stitute the only preparation of the impatiently expecting,) of the sermon heart; passing the time of our probawhich stands at the head of this article, tionary struggle in intimate communion we shall state its several divisions of with heaven; and endure as seeing the subject brought under view, and ex- him who is invisible.' tract just so much into our paper as “ To this preparatory discipline the till be sufficient to illustrate our opinion Church most efficiently ministers.-of its merits, and, we hope, lead to an Trained up in her most holy ways; sancextensive circulation of it ainong the tified by that Spirit, of which her ordie members of our Church. In conclusion, nances are the means and pledges; enwe shall offer some general remarks lightened by that word, of which she is upon its style and sentiments.
the depository and dispenser; and aniThe text is the 9th verse of the 122d mased with the view of that crown of Psalm— Because of the house of the glory to which she points their hopes ; Lord our God, I will seek thy good." her children proceed from strength to
After a brief, but beautifully simple strength, from virtue to virtue, till at exposition of the whole Psalm, in which length, ripened for immortality, they he traces the gradual progress of its enter into the joy of their Lord. pious sentiments, as they may be sup- “ How inconceivably happy then are posed to have arisen in the mind of the those who, nurtured in ker bosom, are Psalmist, the author remarks—"Con- prepared for the hour of death-that sidering the whole Psalm, therefore, as awful hour in which accommodated to the Christian Church, the last two verses inculcate the daty
Our hopes and fears
• Start up amaz’d, and o'er lile's narrow verge of promoting its peace and prosperity Look dow ---on what'! from two motives, viz. love to the “A fåthornless abyss, a dreau eternity! brethren, and love to the Church; and,
llow surely our's!' to the consideration of the latter, our That hour, to the wicked, 0 how as attention is now to be confined." ful! is, to the soul of the expiring
He then proceeds to state the grounds Christian, fraught with heavenly conof the Christian's love to the Church, solation : for his momentary pang ot reducing them to three, viz.“ because terror over-he resumes his confidence; it is founded by the Redeemer, who is he fears no evil; a smile of joy plays its Head, and who presides over it- upon his lips; a beam of hope lights because it is a mean and pledge of a up his eye; he feels the ineffable atvital union with the Saviour, and of all tractions of celestial love; he utters an the covenanted mercies of God to all ejaculation of triumphant faith; he dies. its members who, to an outward union His spirit returns to God who gave ity with it, add the indispensible requisi- and, at the consummation of bliss both tions of faith, repentance, and obedi- of body and soul, it will ascend to Zion, encemand because it prepares for the where the redeemed shall walk, and the glory and bliss of the Church criumph- ransomed of the Lord shall return
with songs and everlasting joy upon was about to assume. This, of course, their heads; where they shall obtain was no way connected with the subject joy and gladness; and sorrow and he had discussed, and was a violation sighing shall fee away."
of the unity of his sermon.
But it Having thus discussed the grounds was a violation that could not be avoidof the Christian's love to the Church, ed, and one which we are very willing the author occupies a few pages
with a to excuse, on the single consideration statement of the means by which he of the excellency of his remarks upon will endeavour to promote its prospe- the importance of the ministerial ofrity. He enumerates, among those fice, and the conduct to be observed by means, the winning and suasive influ- those who are invested therewith. We ence of the believer's own example, an are strongly tempted to transfer to our habitual attendance on the sanctuary, a review the several pages which relate diffusion of the precious word of life, to these points, but are forced to conand an extension of the knowledge of tent ourselves with the following exher principles and constitution; and to tract:these, he adds, the application of his "Apply yourself unremittingly to munificence to those of his brethren the acquisition of knowledge-of that who may be unable to secure to them knowledge especially which has a more selves the enjoyment of the ministry immediate relation to our office. Our and ordinances of the Church. To this profession is one of incessant labour. enumeration we would have added We must always be pressing forward. what perhaps the author may consider Idleness may be ruin. Study habitually as included in an attendance on the the oracles of truth, that you may be sanctuary, but what, to our view, justly able rightly to divide the word of God, claims a separate notice and enforce- and give to every man his portion in ment-a compliance with the Chris
due season. Shun not to declare the tian sacraments, and especially with whole counsel of God: and do it with the Lord's Supper. This we think a seriousness, with simplicity, with copowerful means of promoting the pros- gency, with gracefulness. Remember, perity of the Church, for the brightest it will be your duty to call men off from example of piety can never be regarded a world which lieth in wickedness, as compensating for a neglect of these and to direct them in the pursuit of positive institutions of our Divine Mas- their eternal interests. Never
comprater. The devout composer of the mise, therefore, with its follies or its Psalm, which has furnished our author vices by a reluctant, equivocal, or par. with his text, would not have esteemed tial exhibition of the truth as it is in himself a promoter of the prosperity of Jesus.' Discountenance and check, in that Zion which so often called forth the every prudent way, the too prevalent plaintive, and, sometimes, exulting propensity of worldly minds to fritter strains of his muse, had he lived in ha- away the peculiar and essential docbitual neglect of the Passover, or of ļrines of the Gospel, and to limit the any other of the stated festivals of his scope of the obedience it enjoins, by Church. Nor can the Christian be displaying the former in all their simviewed in so favourable a light as the plicity, and enforcing the latter in all anxious friend of the spiritual Zion, if its extent and obligation. In whatever he constantly refuses to comply with part of the Church militant your lot the dying injunction of its Great Ilead may be cast, let your standard bear and Preserver.
this motto-For I am determined to Having thus stated the grounds of know nothing among you save Jesus the Christian's love to the Church, and Christ, and him crucified-and on the the means of promoting her prosperity, reverse be inscribed— And they that the author turns to the duty imposed are Christ's have crucified the flesh upon him by the occasion of an ordina- with the affections and lusts. Allure ţion which was to take place at that men to duty by displaying to their view ține--the duty of addressing the can. the mercy of the Almighty in sending didate upon the subject of the office he his Son to die for sinners, and by point.
ing them to that eternal weight of glory hearty approbation on the pure evangereserved for his people. Or else "know- lical sentiments which pervade this sering the terrors of the Lord,' persuade mon. "It is this fervent strain of dismen. Tell thein of the sanctions of ciplined piety, which we delight to hear his law. Erect before them the tri- emanating from the pulpits of our bunal of his justice. Kindle to their Church. Enemies, we profess our view the flames of Tophet. Say to selves to be, to that cold explication of the righteous, it shall be well with him the nioral code, which is sometimes but to the wicked, it shall be ill with falsely called a sermon-and not less him. Remembering always who hath hostile are we to that ultra-evangelical said, 'If thou dost not speak to warn declamation which more rarely is heard the wicked from his ways, that wicked from our pulpits. Give us sound, senman shall die in his iniquity, but hissible, fervent, scriptural discourses like blood will I require at thine hands."" the one before us, and we are satisfied.
These are sentiments which it would be well for every minister of Christ, whatever be his age or standing in the
Por the Christian Journal, Church, to have deeply imprinted on his mind. This is language which I HAVE recently seen a splendid edishould often echo from the walls of the tion of “ The Book of Common Prayer, sanctuary on occasions like the one &c with notes explanatory, practical, which called it forth. The word of ex- and historical, from' approved writers hortation is as needful to the clergy as of the Church of England. Selected to the laity. Possessed of the same and arranged by the Rev. Richard nature, subject to the same frailties, Mant, D. D.” &c. &c. Its plan is, I exposed to the same templations, they presume, similar to that proposed by too require their zeal to be excited, their Bishop Brownell, of Connecticut, for languor to be forced off, and their ex- an edition of our Liturgy, which, it is ertions to be animated and encouraged hoped, will meet with adequate encouby such plain and forcible appeals. ragement from the members of the And we doubt not that many who Church. heard the serious exhortation of our au- But my reason for bringing Dr. thor, beside the youthful candidate to Mant's book to the notice of your whom it was more particularly address. readers is, because it confirms the coned, felt its application to themselves, struction which I ventured upon the and were benefitted by the remem. authority of Mr. Reeve, and Horne brances it excited.
Tooke, an eminent philologist, to give We intended to offer some remarks to the disputed rubric concerning the more at length upon the style and sen- use of the ante-communion service. timents of this sermon, but we have Dr. (now, I believe, Bishop) Mant extime and space only to observe- plains this rubric by a quotation from
1st. That we exceedingly admire the Wheatley, whose book I have never simple, manly, unaffected style of its seen. The quotation is too long to be composition. There is no attempt to here introduced ; but, after a satisfacglitter, no effort to procure, by figure tory historical view of the matter, he and fancy, the applause of such as are observes-_" But afterwards, as piety delighted by flowers and ornaments. grew calder and colder, the sacrament Nor are we disgusted by any affected began to be more and more neglected, coarseness of language'which, with the and, by degrees, entirely laid aside on many, passes for strength. Tlie style ordinary week-days. And then the is adapted to the subject and to the Church did nột think it convenient to place. And the author seems to have appoint any of this service upon any been more anxious, as every writer of other days than'holy-days and Sundays. sermons should be, about the substance But upon these days she still requires
of his discourse, than the peculiar dress that (ALTHOUGH there be no communion, in which it should be clothed.
yet, fic. &c. &c.)”
He gives many 2dly. We desire to bestow equally reasons for this order of the Church,
and, among others, that there are many the sermon—will reconsider this matthings in the ante-communion service ter gravely and conscientiously. They which ought to be read as well to those will bear in mind their vow to “give who do not, as to those who do, com- their faithful diligence always so to mimunicate; such as the Decalogue, the nister the doctrines, and sacraments, Collects, Epistles, and Gospels, PRO- and the discipline of Christ, as the Lord FER to all Sundays and holy-days, hath commanded, and as this Church . without which those festivals would hath received the same;" a vow too sopot be distinguished either from one lemn and obligatory to be broken upon another, or even from ordinary days, any pretence of convenience. In the nor consequently celebrated so as to words of Archdeacon Sharp, "we may; answer the end of their institution— affirm in general, that we are under the Nicene Creed, wherein the divinity higher obligations to observe the ruof our Saviour, the ground upon which bric, than any other ecclesiastical law our whole religion was planted and whatever; that, excepting a very few. propagated, is asserted and declared, cases, or under some necessary limitathe offering and the prayer for the tions and reservations, we are bound to: whole state of Christ's Church militant adhere to it literally, punctually and here on earth."
perpetually; and that whosoever Most of these things, he remarks, among the clergy, either adds to it, or made up the “Missa Catechumeno- diminishes from it, or useth any
other rum” of the ancient Church, that is, rule instead of it, as he is in the eye of that part of the ancient service at the law so far a non-conformist, so it which the Catechumens, who were not behoves him to consider with himself admitted to the reception of the Eu- whether, in point of conscience, he be charist, were allowed to be present. not a breaker of his word and trust, and And he shows that the use of this ser- an eluder of his engagements to the vice, according to his construction of Church.”'
A. Layman. the rubric, accords with the practice of Philadelphia, October, 1822. both the Greek and Latin Churches.
It is conceived, then, that the force of these reasons for the use of the ante
For the Christian Journal. communion service is in no manner Sermon, delivered at the opening of the weakened by the interpolation of the Annual Convention of the Protestsermon' or into the ancient
ant Episcopal Church in the State rubric; that the omission of it is of New-York, in St. Paul's Church, against the immemorial custom of the Troy, on the 15th day of October, Church; and, we may add, upon the 1822, by the Rev. William B. Lacey, testimony of those by whom the words A. M. Rector of St. Peter's Church, were introduced, that it was not their
Albany. intention or design that the meaning of
2 Tim. iv. 2.-Preach the Word. the rubric, as to the occasions when the service is to be used, should be In condescension to the exigences of changed. It has, moreover, been our fallen and guilty race, God has not shown, by a critical analysis of the only provided for them a Redeemer in words of the rubric as it stands, that its the person of Jesus Christ, a Sanctifier fair construction is such as is here con- and Comforter in the Holy Ghost, but tended for.
likewise instructors in the ministry of And, may it not be hoped, that those the Christian Church. When Messiah of our clergy who, with good intentions, had accomplished his mediatorial work have fallen into a practice contrary to below, he ascended on high, leading this construction, whether it be froin a captivity captive, and gave gifts unto too easy disposition to indulge the im- men: and, among these gifts, an active patience of their congregations, or some and efficient ministry held a permaof their members, who complain of the nent and and iniportant rank. He gave length of our service-or from a mis- somé apostles, and some prophets, and taken desire to make more room for some evangelists, and some pastors and