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of the subject-by the Rev. Dr. Beas- parish was enjoying the ministry of the ley, Provost of the University of Penn- Rev. Peter Williams, jun. one of their sylvania. He has chosen an abstruse own colour, who had been admitted and difficult theme, but the more ho- into Deacons' Orders; and his services nour will redound to himself and the

were blessed to the gradual increaseand country, if he shall be found to have rec. spiritual advancement of its members. tified false theories, and shed new The Clergy who occasionally assisted lights on the science of our intellectual him in his public ministrations, boreunibeing. His researches into doctrines, form testimony to the orderly and deand his investigation of first principles vout manner in which the services of the and appropriate phenomena, have, we Church were there conducted. There know, been indefatigable. We believe was every prospect of the establishment the students of Metaphysics, and the being largely instrumental to the religiclass of persons generally, who have a ous and moral improvement of the cotaste for this exalted branch of know- loured members of the coinmunity. ledge, are more numerous in this coun- The dispensation of divine Providence, try than is commonly imagined. It is which thus suddenly deprived the connot, therefore, to be apprehended, that gregation of their place of worship, there will be an absolute want of curio- was naturally a source of deep regret sity and judgment as regards the pur- and no small anxiety to its friends. port and value of bis labours. His li- These feelings, however, have been terary station and repute are such as to greatly relieved by discovering that the render it superfluous for us to say more vestry had taken the prudent precauin relation to his work, until its ap- tion to have the building insured. The pearance shall enable us to speak of its amount which they will thus receiveexecution. It is now in the press, un- might, perhaps, enable them to rebuild der the title of A Search of Truth of wood, the material of which their the same as that of the celebrated trea- late church was composed. But the tise of Father Mallebranch.Philad. experience of this loss, and general Nat. Gaz.

considerations of propriety and safety, R.P. & C. Williams, of Boston, have urge to the erecting of a church of in press

the Sermons of the Rev. John brick or stone. To enable them to do Penn, M. A. Rector of Chapham, in 3 this, they have determined to solicit vols. 8vo. They are posthumous, and public liberality. We hope it cannot three editions have already been print- be doubted, that they will derive from ed in England. The two first volumes this source such an addition to the made their appearance in 1814, and amount of their insurance, as will put the third and last in 1818. Reviews of it into their power to erect a durable, these Sermons are to be found in the and fire-proof building, in which the Christian Observer, vol. 14, p. 26, and benefit to themselves and to the public, vol. 17, p. 655.

arising from the religious and morat Both the above works will appear in improvement of that portion of the the course of January, 1822, and will coinmunity, will be secured to posterity be for sale at the store of T.&J. Swords, as well as to the present generation. No. 99 Pearl-street, New-York.

The fact of their having insured the church will, we hope, increase the

public confidence in the care and pruConflagration of St. Philip's Church. dence with which they manage their WE regret to state, that on the even

The same fact also suggests ing of Tuesday, December 18th, St. reflection on the great advantage of alPhilip's Church, in this city, was ways thus securing churches against destroyed by fire. This church was loss by fire. The burning of one may finished and consecrated in the summer be the ruin of a parish, while the small of 1819. It was designed for the use, addition of the required premium to its and occupied by a numerous and re- annual expenses would hardly be felt. spectabie congregation, of the coloured To the churches in this city, especially, members of our communion. The

Riany

thousand dollars would have been

concerns.

saved, within the last eight years, if the : permanency should be secured to this precaution so providentially taken by Journal; and the Publishers have great the vestry of St. Philip's, had been pleasure in assuring its friends, that the adopted by others.

prospect of attaining this object is very flattering. They trust this declaration

will not induce any to withdraw their Dist, on Friday, the 21st of De- subscriptions, but that it will stimulate cember, 1821, Mrs. ANN C. LYELL, its friends and patrons to continue their consort of the Rev. Thomas Lyell, names and exertions in its favour, and Rector of Christ Church, in the city will prompt new ones to add theirs to of New-York.

so laudable a purpose. Sudden was the dispensation of Pro

The Publishers are aware that some vidence which we here record: for the have objected to the. Journal as not Sunday subsequent, to that when she sustaining that entire theological cast attended as a worshipper in the House which could be desired. In reply to of God, beheld a large assemblage this objection it is sufficient to state, there collected to solemnize the rites that among its subscribers there is a that. committed her mortal part to great variety of tastes, and that in every the tomb. It was the remarxable cha- instance to please all can scarcely be racteristic of her, whose death we now expected. The abstracts of the journotice, that she discharged all the du- nals of the various conventions present ties of a wife and a mother with a ten- a view, and form an accurate history of

derness and fidelity not to be excelled. the Church: while the accounts of the e

forgotten in her devotion to her liusband . connected with her, show the interest and her family. And, as far as numer- which Episcopalians take in advancing ous domestic cares admitted, her kind the good of society at large. These abattentions were extended to the circle stracts and these accounts must be gra: of her acquaintance and friends; in tifying to every one, and are sufficiently

her intercourse with whom she always important to form of themselves a semanifested a mildness and unaffected parate publication. But to give variety courtesy which won their confidence to its pages, biographical sketches, reand affection. Exemplary in all the re- views of books, passages illustrative of lations of life, she was not a stranger to

historic fact, or of the manners and those pious exercises that sanctity all

customs of nations, or communities, our other duties; and which afford the moral anecdote, and occasionally moground of confidence, that, throngh the ral tales, &c. &c. have been, and will merits of the Divine Master whom she continue to be selected. These alse served, her spirit has gone to the Para- cannot fail to be pleasing to a great madise of God, awaiting in bliss and joy jority of the readers of the Journal. the period when her corruptible shall

In our last volume the mass of oriput on incorruption, and her mortalginal theological essays has not been immortality.

large; but the Publishers indulge a hope, that the lovers of this kind of

reading, whose gratification they are Publishers' Address.

ever inclined to consult, will not have

cause to complain on this score in the THE Publishers of the Christian volume now begun : and they trust, Journal, in acknowledging with grati- that the permanent establishment in tude a large increase to the list of their this city of the Theological Seminary subscribers during the last year, re- of the Protestant Episcopal Church will spectfully solicit a continuance of its have a benign influence on the Chrispresent patronage, as well as the fur- tian Journal, in securing for it valuable ther countenance of those who are communications, and will be instru1riendly to the interests of religion and mental in advancing its literary reputhe Church, and of literature in general. tation, and in obtaining for it a large It is important to those interests that additional patronage.

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Lifeof Archbishop Sancroft; abridged ticism, which was by too many misfrom a Review of his Life, by Dr. taken for an improvement upon her D'Oyly, in the British Critic. pure and apostolic discipline.

The following extract from a letter WILLIAM SANCROFT was born at to his father, written about the time Fresingfield, in the county of Suffolk, when he entered into holy orders, exJanuary 30th, 1616-17. His family presses the serious feelings with which was ancient and respectable, having he contemplated the duties of the minisbeen settled and possessed of property terial office; and the deep sense he enat Fresingfield, from the time of Henry tertained of the awful responsibility inIII. or Edward I. He appears to have curred by those to whom it was combeen educated at Bury, and, at the age mitted. of eighteen, he was entered a member “ I have lately offered up to God the of Emmanuel College, in Cambridge, first fruits of that calling which I inof which his uncle, Dr. William San- tend, having common-placed twice in croft, was at this time the master. By the chapel; and if, through your pray. this circumstance his choice of a college ers, and God's blessing on my endea, was naturally determined; and though vours, I may become an instrument in he was deprived of his relative and pa- any measure fitted to bear his name be tron before he had finished his acade fore his people, it shall be my joy and mical course, he must, as Dr. D'Oyly the crown of my rejoicing in the Lord. observes, be considered as peculiarly I am persuaded that for this end I was fortunate in having commenced it under sent into the world; and, therefore, if such superintendance.

God lends me life and abilities, I shall For he had not only to guard against be willing to spend myself and be the common dangers which assail every spent upon the work." youth on his first entrance into life, but About the year 1642 he appears to others to which he was more particu- have been elected a fellow of his collarly exposed by the society into which lege; and during his residence there, he was thrown; as the college had, it he discharged the usual collegiate offic seems, been long noted for the preva- ces, and was diligently employed as a lence of puritanical opinions among its tutor, in superintending the education members, and a young man of eighteen, of the junior members of the society. of Sancroft's character, which appears It is pleasing to observe the respect and to have been early marked by strong veneration in which he seems to have impressions of piety, and an anxious been held by his pupils, with some of desire to fulfil his religious duties, whom he long continued to correspond might have been in some peril from after they had been separated from him, the contagion of such examples. His and with others he preserved an unincollege attachments, however, were terrupted friendship and familiarity formed with great prudence; and his throughout his life; so far was he from conduct clearly roves, that he was being what a partial historian has rethen, as during the whole of his subse- presented him," a cold, dry, reserved, quent life, steadily and zealously at- and peevish man, whom none loved, tached to the genuine doctrines of the and few esteemed."* Church of England; and that he well But the times in which Mr. Sanknew how to distinguish their dictates from that morose and gloomy fana- * Burnet's Own Times, pol. 1, p. 393. VOL.VE.

5

croft rose into life were times of consu- "I do not,” says he to the same friend, sion and alarm, pregnant no less with “count myself obliged to go to chapel, calamity and mourning to the whole and read common prayer, till my brains nation, than with severe trial to the be dashed out." feelings of individuals, and detriment to

To his perseverance in this cautious their worldly prospects. More especi- line of conduct, not less perhaps than to ally were they times of sore anguish the exertions of some individuals, who and tribulation to those who, being the employed their influence with the ruling authorized ministers of the Established powers to protect him, he owed his unChurch, were called upon by feelings of disturbed continuance in his fellowship, duty and conscientious attachment to while numbers of his contemporaries defend it against assailants; but whose were èjècted : and it was not until the anhappy lot it was to behold its sacred middle of the year 1651, that bis time institutions profaned, its fences rudely of persecution arrived, and he was broken down, and the axe of desolation forced, as he said, to "sigh out a long applied to its roots.”

and sad farewell to Cambridge." His conduct under these trying cir- We are far from laying it down as a cumstances was eminently prudent. rule, that, in times of national peril, all He steadily refused to commit himself, are called upon, without regard to their by any compliance with the illegal re- habits, situations, or cireumstances, to quisitions of the now prevailing party; array themselves in active opposition and he indignantly rejected the solemn to the advance of such a torrent as then league and covenant, declaring that he swept away the' very foundations of our would cut his hand off before it should · holy Church. But we may be allowed de lifted up to subscribe his name to to remark, that a much higher meed of such a document.

commendation should be awarded to But though he was determined not to those who thus “ jeopardy their lives comply with the unlawful injunctions unto the death in the high places of the of the usurping authorities; though he field," in defence of principles which was firm in his refusal to take the cove. they conscientiously approve; than to nant or the engagement; and could not those who, like Sancroft, take refuge in de induced by any fear of personal caves and dens of the earth from the losses to conform to the Directory, fury of the tempest, and satisfy themwhich in the prosecution of their fa- selves with patiently submitting to the vourite work of overthrowing the inflictions of illegal penalties, rather Church they had substituted for the than comply with illegal demands. In Liturgy; he seems to have early taught the Church of England many at that himself to believe, that in his situation time were found, who, with a noble patient submission to the evil which was contempt of personal danger, continued likely to befal him was his only duty. in defiance of threats and injuries, pubHe suffered the stream to flow over licly to celebrate her holy worship; aud him, without a murmur on his own aca some, who could not even be deterred count; he felt only for the calamities by the danger of a pistol, from praying which it was bringing on the Church according to their duty. To such heand nation; but, though he scorned to roic courage our highest encomiums are bend to the current, he never thought of owing; and to such men should we resisting its course, or contributing, by look, as to those around whom the true strenuous personal exertions, to divert friends of the Church of England it from those objects, for whose safety would rally, if in the wise dispensahe was much more nearly concerned tions of Providence it should be deterthan for his own.

mined, that a similar course of suffering But when called upon to decide upon were again preparing for her. At the his own conduct in this emergency, he same time we are willing to give due chose that middle and safer course, applause to the passive courage of a which, while it refuses to comply with Sancroft, and to the disinterested integ'iniquitous commands, avoids irritating rity which would suffer every deprivathose in power by active opposition. tion, rather than act illegally for the It may,

sake of present advantage. In such an the bold asserturs of the horrible decree hour it is no mean praise to have with- of reprobation in its most gloomy and stood temptation, and to have chosen repulsive form. rather to suffer evil, than to concur in “ The dialogue,” says Dr. D'Oyly, it." But we are bound to place active" is managed with great address and exertion on a higher grade than mere ability; and, what must have given it passive fortitude; and to esteem those its greatest effect, the statements of the more highly 'who suffer for doing well, Calvinistic doctrines are made in the than those who endure affliction' pa- actual words of the principal writers of tiently, rather than violate their faith or that persuasion, of whom not fewer their engagements. We speak not this than forty are quoted, and specially reinvidiously, or with any desire to de- ferred to in the course of this short preciate the 'real merits of the vener- work. perhaps, be deemed, on able prelate who is the subject of Dr. the whole, the most successful expo D'Oyly's eulogy; but we live in times sure which has ever appeared of the when it will be our wisdom to prepare tendency of the Calvinistic doctrines for the recurrence of the calamitous when maintained in their unqualified scenes he has alluded to; and if such a strictness; as showing that, instead of day should come, we trust that the nurturing and encouraging those feelChurch of England will find among ings of humility, piety, and goodness, her affianced sons, and the ministers of which are the genuine fruits of Christiber holy services, many who will defend anity, they give birth to spiritual pride her boldly, as well as suffer with her and self-satisfaction; give a free rein to patiently; many who will not only re- licentious passions; bring the sinner to ject with 'scorn the offers and the a hardened and impenitent state; and shreats of her enemies, but will openly thus pervert the whole effect which this and firmly bear testimony to the truth, holy religion ought to have upon the and, if need be, resist even unto human heart." blood striving against sin."

" It should also be remembered Thus driven at last into retirement that, at the time when this tract was by the faction which had succeeded in written, the effects of these doctrines establishing itself upon the ruins of the were exhibited to the eye of every ob. Church and the monarchy, Mr. San- server in the most frightful forms. Un"croft employed his talents in endea- der the assumed sanction of a perverted vouring, through the medium of the religion, the worst crimes had been press, to guide the opinion of the pub- perpetrated; all the sacred institutions Tic into a healthier course.

of the country had been torn up by the The first of these was a Latin dia- roots; hypocrisy and enthusiasm had, logue, entitled Fur Prædestinatus, in- with a portion of the nation, whom the tended to expose those Calvinistic doc- success of their machinations had trines which were then held, in all raised on an eminence so as to be seen their rigour, both by the Puritans and from far, usurped the place of genuine the Independents; and were pushed Christian feelings; and they who sig. by each of these conflicting parties to nalized themselves by the commission the extreme of Antinomianism. It is of the boldest enormities, had made necessary to bear this fact in mind, in their unhallowed boast that they were order fully to appreciate the merits and doing the work of the Lord. At such utility of the Fur Prædestinatus. We a time, the disease was so violent in must consider Calvinism, not in the its symptoms, and so fatal in its effects, subdued and milder form in which it is as to admit of no sparing hand in the now generally presented to us by those, application of the remedy. This was who would reject not less readily than no season for disguising the truth, or their opponents, the consequences flattering with soft and smooth speech, which in this tract are ably deduced But it became an imperative duty to from it; but as it was then exhibited pourtray, in broad and deep lines, the by the stern uncompromising advocates harsh and rugged features of a system of the supralansarian hypothesis, by from which these evils had, in great

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