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are accepted; the battle is immediately ami on this subject, Mr. Marsden says: renewed, (as before mentioned) and all “ They first alleged that it originated in common feed upon the after-slain. from the largest fishes of the sea eating They eat the slain, not so much for other fishes, and of some even eating food, as for mental gratification; and to their own kind—that large fishes eat display, publicly; to the enemy, their small ones-small fishes eat insects bitter revenge.
dogs will eat men, and men will eat dogs, “Wishing to know if the Areekees and dogs devour one another the birds prayed secretly to their gods, at the of the air also devour one another time of performing the above ceremo and one god will devour anothér god. nies, I asked them the question: to I should not have understood how the which they replied, No; but publicly, gods could eat one another, if Shungand with an audible voice, that all might hee had not before informed me, that, hear what was prayed for-unless the when he was to the southward, and had Areekees disapproved of their proceed- killed a number of people, he was afraid ings : in that case, their prayers were that their god would kill him in retalianot heard.
tion, esteeming himself a god; but he 6 The New Zealanders are not only caught their god, being a reptile, and afraid of being killed in battle, if they eat part of it, and reserved the other enter on war without permission of part for his friends, as it was sacred their god;, but they are also afraid of food; and, by this nyeans, he rested saspiritual consequences that they will tistięd that they were all secure from either be afterward killed by the anger his resentment.” of their own god, or that of their enemy. “They fully believe that a Priest has
Retuliation the Substitute for Lau.. power to take away their lives by in “ As these people have no regular cantation or charm; and attribute many established government; it appears that of their deaths to this cause.
all crimes are punished, either by an “In the village of Tippoonah, I ob appeal to the sword, or by plundering served the heads of eleven Chiefs stuck the offender of his little property, and up on poles, as trophies of victory. I laying waste his potatoe-grounds." learned that they were part of those Mr. Marsden relates the following whom Shunghee brought with him from instance, among various others, of this his last expedition to the southward. spirit of retaliation : He had cured them all. Their counte « The people of a village between nances were very natural, excepting Whangarooa and the North-Cape had their lips and teeth, which had all a taken the bones of the father of Shung. ghastly grin, as if they had been fixed hee's wife from the sepulchre, and had by the last agonies of death.
made fish-hooks of them. Having sa6 How painful must these exhibitions tisfied himself of the fact, Shunghee be to the wives, children, and subjects proceeded to the village where the peoof these departed Chiefs, who are pri- ple lived who had committed the sacrisoners of war, and labouring on the lege; and, going up within gun-shot of very spot, with these heads in full view! them, in the open day, informed them My mind was filled with horror and that he was come to punish them for disgust at the sight of this Golgotha: at spoiling the sepulchre where his wife's the same time I anticipated, with pleas- father's bones had been deposited, and ing sensations, that glorious period, for making his bones into fish-hooks.. when, through the influence of the Gos- They admitted his charge, and the pel, the voice of joy and melody would justice of his conduct: he then, without be heard in these habitations of dark- entering the village, fired upon them, ness and cruelty, where nothing now and killed five men; whereupon the reigns but savage joy on one hand, and party attacked, requested him to fire no weeping and mourning on the other." more; for the death of those who were
shot was a sufficient atonement for the Alleged Origin of eating Human Flesh. offence committed. Shunghee answer
Conversing with the Chiefs of Ti- ed that he was satisfied; and the busi
ness was thus decided, with the mutual Strength of Natural Affection in the consent of both parties.
New Zealanders. “ The death of a Chief may be revenged by his children's children, if the Mr. Marsden gives an affecting actribe to which he belonged should ever count of the meeting of Tooi and his have strength to retaliate. Hence the sister, on one of Korrokorro's islands: foundation is continually laid for new " When we had reached the beach, acts of cruelty and blood, from genera- Tooi said one of his sisters was coming, tion to generation; as the remembrance whom he had not seen since his return; of these injuries seems never to be for- and earnestly requested me to get into gotten by them,
the canoe before she arrived, as he did
not wish to have his first meeting with Superstitious Fear of their Gods.
ber there. I begged him to wast for her, From Mr. Marsden's conversations as she was hastening down the hill, and with the Chiefs of Tiami, we extract not to regard me; but I could not presome passages on this subject : vail upon him: he leaped into the canoe,
“They said, if they did not pay very urging me to follow him. I delayed till particular attention to all that their she had reached the beach, when I stept Priests told them, they should dię. If in. Tooi ordered the canoe to put off: they went to battle, and neglected any but, at that moment, his sister sprung ceremony relative to their food, &c. and into the canoe, weeping aloud, and passa spear only touched them, they shoulded by me. She fell on her knees, and die immediately; but if they observed grasped Tooi's: he saluted her, when the ceremonies, and a spear should go she gave vent to her feelings in tears and through their bodies, they should not die. loud lamentations, which she continued I asked them, if a Chief had been spear- for about an hour. When we landed on ed through the heart, or the temples of Motoorooa, she still sat weeping for a the head, whether he would recover or long time. Tooi conducted hiinself with not, admitting he had been tabooed. great propriety; he suppressed all the They replied that he would not. I then wild feelings of an uncultivated mind, wanted to know of what use their taboo. and yet shewed all the soft and tender ing was, as Europeans recovered from feelings of nature toward his sister. I similar wounds with themselves with could not but view his conduct with adout tabooing.
miration; and told him to indulge his “We told them, that Pomare, King of affection for his sister, without any reOtaheite, thought, some time ago, as spect to my being present. I saw that they did. He tabooed his houses and he was anxious, lest the warmth of his provisions, and was constantly under sister's affection, and the strong manner fear lest his god should kill him and in which she manifested it, should overhis people: but, since the Missionaries come his manly fortitude, and cause him have lived at Otaheite, and he and his to imitate her example; as he had done people had been taught the meaning of on a former occasion, when I first visitGod's Book, he had abolished alltaboo- ed New-Zealand.” ing; and had eaten any proper food, On leaving New
Zealand, Mr. Mars. and had slept any where, like the Euro- den took some sons of Chiefs with him. peans; and was under no fear of being of the parting scene, he
sayskilled by bis former gods. They were “The Chiefs took leave of their sons, much surprised at this information, and with much firmness and dignity, in the inquired how long it was since Pomare cabin; while, on the deck, the mothers had ceased to taboo. We told them that and sisters of the boys were cutting it was more than three years ago since themselves, after their manner, and Pomare had embraced our religion. mingling their blood with their tears. The Chiefs then replied, that if we Shunghee, the head Chief, parted with would send Missionaries to instruct his favourite son in the cabin, without a them, and to convince them that their tear: I afterwards heard him on deck religion was wrong, and to prevent their giving vent to his feelings, with the gods from killing them, they would loudest bursts of weeping." hink and act as we did."
Hopelessness of the Natives in their On his visit to Tiami, he says-
“ About six o'clock, while I was An affecting scene was witnessed by heard the loudest lamentations.
taking my breakfast, on a sudden I
On Mr. Marsden in the river Gambier :" As we passed along I observed a turning to the place from whence they
I observed several women crying Chief's wife making loud lamentations. aloud, with the blood streaming down On inquiring the cause of her deep dis
their countenances. On inquiry, I tress, she informed me, that, since our
learnt that the Chief's wife who had acpassing down the river, she had lost her two sons, and one child belonging
to the companied us, had buried a child not
long before ; and these women were village with them. The children had been sent, in a canoe, to gather çockles that account. They held all their faces
come to mourn and weep with her, on on a sand-bank in the river, which is dry together, mingled their blood with their at low water. The wind arose on the
tears, and cried aloud, cutting themflow of the tide, and carried away
the canoe, leaving the children on the bank; flint-stone. I was much shocked at the
selves, at the same time, with pieces of and when the tide arose, it swept
them all away. She added, that her husband if I was afraid ; I answered I was not
sight. TheChief came to me, and asked was also lately dead. She was a young afraid, but I was much grieved to see woman. Her mother was sitting beside them cut themselves in such a manner;. her, mourning and weeping with her. that this custom did not prevail in any They had cut themselves after their nation of Europe, and was a very bad manner, for the dead. I felt for her af
one. He replied that the New-Zealandfliction, and would gladly have relieved her distress. I had nothing to give her could not shew it sufficiently, without
ers loved their children very much ; and knife; with which
I presented her, and shedding their blood. I replied, to weep which she thankfully received."
was very good, but not to cut them
selves. This barbarous custom univerMr. Marsden writes afterward sally prevails among the natives of this “At day-break this morning, we heard island." the lamentations of the poor widow, on the summit of the hill, weeping for her
Motives and Encouragements. children. Her affliction of mind was “ The wants of these poor
heathens very heavy. She was left wholly to the have only to be made known to the feelings of pature, which appeared to be Christian world, and then they will be intolerable. The consolations of reli- relieved. Their country, which is now gion could not pour the oil of joy into only an uncultivated wilderness, will her wounded spirit
. She knew not then stand thick with corn; and the God; and evidently had no refuge to voice of joy and gladness will then bo fly to for relief. In the fullest sense of heard in these dreary regions of darkthe Apostle's meaning, she was without ness, superstition, cruelty, and sin!" hope, and without God in the world; Having assembled one Sunday, on and this is the situation of the whole of the beach, for public worship, as there her countrymen, when under affliction.
was no place for divine service suffiThey will sit for months, night and day, ciently large to hold the people, they mourning in a similar manner, for the were surrounded by natives, among loss of their dearest relatives. The whom were a number of Chiefs from blessings which Divine Reveļation com different districts, sone even from the municates in the whole body of a nation river Thames. On this occasion, Mr. who are favoured with it, can never be Marsden writes, adequately estimated. The knowledge “It was very gratifying to our feelof the only true God spreads its genial ings, and afforded us a pleasing prosinfluences, from the king on his throne, pect, to be able to perforin the worship through all the different ranks of his of the true God in the open air, withsubjects, down to the condemned felon out any sensations of fear or danger, in his cel!.”
when surrounded by cannibals with
their spears stuck in the ground, and part of this state, the prospects of the their pattoo-pattoos and daggers con- Church are highly encouraging. Early cealed under their mats. We could in the summer, the corner stone of a not doubt but that the time was at new brick church was laid in Newhand, for gathering to the fold of Christ Preston; and, on the 4th of July, the this noble race of men, whose tempo- corner stone of another was laid in ral and spiritual wants are inconceiva- Salisbury. In addition to these, more bly great, and call loudly on the Chris- than $2,000 have already been subtian world for relief. Their misery is scribed towards erecting an Episcopal extreme. The prince of darkness, the house of worship in Canaan. It is god of this world, has full dominion pleasing to receive such pieces of inover both their bodies and souls. Under telligence as these. 6 pray for the the influence of darkness and supersti- peace of Jerusalem : they shall prosper tion, many devote themselves to death; that love thee. Peace be within thy and the Chiefs sacrifice their slaves as a walls, and plenteousness within thy satisfaction for the death of any of their palaces. For my brethren and comfriends so great is the tyranny which panion's sake, I will wish thee prospeSatan exercises over this people !-a rity.” tyranny, from which nothing but the We extract a few paragraphs from Gospel can set them free.”
the address delivered at the laying of On the last Sunday which Mr. Mars- the corner stone of the church in Shaden spent, on this occasion, in New- ron, on the 4th of July:Zealand (November 7, 1819) he ad « We have assembled, my brethren, ministered the Lord's Supper to the and Christian friends, to lay the corner settlers, and baptized nine children, stone of an edifice, to be expressly and born to them on the island. We quote religiously appropriated to the solemn his impressive remarks on this occasion: service of Almighty God. We are met
“I trust that the Divine Word and to supplicate the blessing of Heaven on ordinances will continue in this land our endeavours--to implore success of darkness to the end of time. I have from the Author of all things the no doubt but that the Lord will pre- Giver of every good and perfect gift. pare for himself a people in New-Zea- The object in which we are engaged is land. He never fed any nation with most laudable. It is trusted that the manna from heaven, but the Israelites; holy temple about to be erected will be and as he has now sent the manna of sacredly appropriated to the pious dehis word among these heathens, we may sign of its founders--the pure safely infer that he will provide Israel- mitive worship of the Almighty. ites in this wilderness to feed upon it. « With the advancement of our His promises are sure ; and known un- strength as a nation, and the progressive to him are all his works from the be- diffusion of light and knowledge, we ginning.
look for a proportionate increase of No permanent mission could have edifices dedicated to the offices of relibeen established in New Zealand, or gion; in which men shall offer their in any other island in the South Seas, tribute of gratitude for the innumerable had not his over-ruling Providence led public and private blessings they enthe British nation to establish a colony joy, and yield the homage due from the in New South Wales. Through the dependent creature to the Sovereign medium of the British nation, he has Creator. now sent his Gospel to the very ends “ While beauty and magnificence of the earth; and the Trumpet of the pervade the works of creation, to have Jubilee has been sounded from pole to the temple of God's residence mean
and sordid, would reflect discredit on a
heathen community- much more on From the Church man's Magazine, Sept. 1822. an enlightened and privileged Christian New Churches.
congregation. It was this sentiment We are able to give the pleasing in- that pervaded the breasts of the pious formation, that in the north-western patriarchs of old. They grieved to see
themselves accommodated in splendid heart—that nerve the arm employed in mansions, while the King of kings the cause of religion—that lighten the dwelt“ within curtains.” It was this fatigues of labour, and cheer the hours feeling which prompted good king Da- of toil. vid to erect a suitable temple for the “ May the blessing of heaven, then, worship of the Supreme-which in- rest on your efforts in the present unspired his illustrious successor to “rise dertaking. May you go on and prosand build."
per. May uninterrupted success minis6 No reason can be assigned why ter to this your labour of love--your churches, erected to the honour of God, satisfaction will not be wanting on should not exhibit the elegancies of earth-your reward will not be want architecture. God is the fountain of ing in heaven." every thing great and noble. To him the cunning artificer owes his faculties of reason and contrivance, and the
The Church in Virginia. power of executing those noble edifices
Ar an early period the Church of which excite in the mind of the be, England was established by law. Notholder a sentiment of admiration at the withstanding the laudable efforts of the labour, and grandeur, and genius they colonists to procure a succession of able display. Let all the works of God, and faithful men by the endovyment of therefore, join in praising God. Let the a college for their education in the faculties he has bestowed on man be country, most of the clergy were Euemployed in advancing the glory of his ropeans. Of these, some were men of Maker. While we liberally expend high qualifications and most exemplary time and means in the adornment of zeal, and others were mere adventurers, our private mansions, let a portion of who sought admission into the Church our wealth be expended in adorning the as a decent way of making a living, Temple of the living God.
Their unworthy conduct brought reli“ Èven in a temporal view, you have gion into contempt, and the Church no reason to regret your religious un into discredit. At the commencement dertaking. When this church, dedi- of the revolution the establishment was cated to the worship of the Redeemer, overthrown. At this time there was in shall have been completed, it will con- possession of the Church property to stitute an additional ornament to a
the value of nearly four hundred thout town already respectable. The appear- sand dollars, consisting of glebe lands ances of a yet more flourishing and and houses. In consequence of peti: increasing community will soon pre- tions presented from year to year sent themselves in this place. The to the Legislature by the Baptist Soark of God will be, as it were, in the ciety, an act was passed, in 1802, aumidst of you to bless you--your chil- thorizing the sale of this property. The dren will arise and call you blessed. money arising from this sale, which ai The memory of those who have come times even included the sacramental forth, and generously laid the founda- vessels, was appropriated not to purtion of this structure, will descend, with poses of moral and intellectual imthe most gratifying recollections, to p#ovement, but to the temporary dimi posterity. Those who come after us nution of the county and parish levies! will point out to the passing stranger The present situation of the Church the goodly edifices of this plain; and, in Virginia, and her delightful prospects, “ see what our fathers have done for are well known. May she soon gain, us,” will be the effusion of full and by purity and zeal, the ascendency grateful bosoms. Through the blessing which the secular arm once bestowed. of God on your well directed zeal, many I have before me a manuscript list of souls will be saved from destruction the parishes and incumbents in Virgias the fruits of your pious labours, many nia, in 1775, from which it appears immortals will rejoice through a glori- there were, at that period, 95 parishes, ous eternity. These are the considera- 164 churches, and 91 clergymen.tions which animate the good man's One parish (Amherst) contained five